Arun Shivnath Ninawe

Arun Shivnath Ninawe
Government of India · Department of Biotechnology

MSc., Ph.D.

About

65
Publications
42,574
Reads
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955
Citations
Introduction
Accomplished scientist with Doctorate in Marine Sciences, dealt programs related to life sciences under the Ministry of Science and Technology and spent more than 26 years of experience in project, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and policy issues. Coordinated project implementation activities by identifying research priorities, peer-review experts, project formulation group for sanctioning and funding of various R&D and demonstration projects and schemes in the areas of animal sciences, fisheries, marine sciences and societal development. Challenges undertaken for developing innovative concepts for utilising the research outcome to benefit scientists, farmers, practitioners and industry. The developed technologies useful to inland, coastal and rural sectors were effectively transferred to target community after assessment, validation and cost effectiveness study.
Education
October 1981 - July 1985
Cochin University of Science and Technology
Field of study
  • Ecophysiology of Marine Microbes

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has demonstrated high intensity to affect human beings in the world-and how each individual responds can potentially affect everyone else. Initially observed in the Wuhan province of China, now vastly spreading around the world. In the world, the 80 percent death was recorded from Europe and American continents o...
Article
Full-text available
Mid-culture outbreaks due to pathogenic Vibrio spp. are most common and frequent disease problems encountered in shrimp aquaculture. Literature showed that the decades old shell disease to recent early mortality syndrome are caused by vibrios as primary and/or secondary etiological agents. Poor water quality, deteriorated pond bottom due to over fe...
Article
Full-text available
Indian farming has been suffering due to indiscriminate application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and due to lack of farm based integrated farming based interventions. Further, the monocropping pattern also one of the major factors that have contributed for disinterest and apathy among farmers. The indiscriminate increase in cost of produc...
Article
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The administration of phage therapy for aquaculture disease has been anticipated by the researchers over a decade as an effective and an alternative control mechanism, though the application of phages as a disease control agent in aquaculture projects various beneficial aspects, critical limitations, and negative influence on production. This prese...
Article
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Purpose: Light intensity is one of the important environmental factors that have strong influence on larviculture. Culture of fish at high intensity of light generates harmful radicals in the body that can compromise their health and production. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of various light intensities on the physiology of rohu Lab...
Article
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Among the developing countries, India has recognised the importance of biotechnology. Policies are being framed by the Government of India for progressive growth in education, research and employment and to bring self-sufficiency to meet the ever-growing need of the biotech industry for skilled manpower. However, there are still impediments in the...
Article
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The family Sarthroviridae includes a single genus, Macronovirus, which in turn includes a single species, Macrobrachium satellite virus 1. Members of this species, named extra small virus, are satellite viruses of Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus, an unclassified virus related to members of the family Nodaviridae. Both viruses have isometric, sp...
Article
The family Nodaviridae includes two genera, Alphanodavirus and Betanodavirus. The family name derives from the Japanese village of Nodamura where Nodamura virus was first isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquitoes. Virions are non-enveloped and spherical in shape with icosahedral symmetry (T=3) and diameters ranging from 25 to 33 nm. The geno...
Article
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Terrestrial and marine algae are known as conventional energy production sources for the future bio-fuel production. It can be a major source for liquid and gaseous bio-fuel, further exploration of these renewable resources for bio-fuel production is needed on sustainable basis. The majority of research has been focused on producing fuels both from...
Article
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Objective: This study aims to investigate the ameliorative role of dietary bee honey and royal jelly against cisplatin-induced alterations in hematological parameters in male wistar albino rat.Methods: Male wistar albino rats of same age and weight were randomly divided into four groups; G, I: control group which was given 0.9% saline, G: II: cispl...
Article
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Sponges are sessile benthic filter-feeding animals, which harbor numerous microorganisms. The enormous diversity and abundance of sponge associated bacteria envisages sponges as hot spots of microbial diversity and dynamics. Many theories were proposed on the ecological implications and mechanism of sponge-microbial association, among these, the bi...
Article
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In the present study the fish fauna of Telangkhedi lake is studied for two years and recorded 36 fish species belonging to 6 orders 17 families and 28 genera. Cypriniformes was the dominant order represented by 15 species, followed by Perciformes (11 species), Silurifomres (6 species) while Synbranchiformes, Beloniformes and Osteoglossiformes were...
Article
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Advancements in the DNA sequencing technologies and computational biology have revolu- tionized genome/transcriptome sequencing of non- model fishes at an affordable cost. This has led to a paradigm shift with regard to our heightened under- standings of structure-functional relationships of genes at a global level, from model animals/fishes to non...
Chapter
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The physical environment, the nonliving part of the world, sets the background for all living beings. A major factor of the physical environment is climate, which ultimately determines water availability and thermal conditions. These two factors interact to determine how an amazing variety of organisms is distributed in different parts of the world...
Article
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Orchids, belonging to the family Orchidaceae exhibit an incredible range of diversity in size, shape and colour of their flowers. They occupy top position among all the flowering plants valued for cut flower production and as potted plants. They are known for their longer lasting and bewitchingly beautiful flowers, which fetch a high price in the i...
Article
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Considering the advantages of gene editing technologies, in recent years, emphasis has been given on three main techniques of gene editing i.e. zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and the CRISPR/Cas9 RNA-guided endonuclease system. In all of these three technologies one thing is common i.e. the te...
Chapter
Naturally occurring microorganisms in the human body have a very fragile balance in the immune system and the gastrointestinal tract. Probiotics are living beneficial microbes that can change the microbial ecology of the intestine by inducing antimicrobial metabolites and thereby enhancing the immune response of the body. Probiotic bacteria are nor...
Article
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Aim : This investigation was aimed to develop antibacterial strategy to circumvent the problem of antibiotic resistant P. fluorescens infecting L rohita and Indian walking catfish, C. batrachus in Himalayan and Sub Himalayan regions. Methodology : Four lytic phages (PFPD, PFPK, PFPN and PFPC) were isolated against ten isolates of pathogenic P. fluo...
Article
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Indian aquaculture industry was growing steadily and showed a sixfold growth in production over the last two decades. However, the overall development of aquaculture in India did not reach the levels as projected due to frequent disease outbreaks and related issues. Shrimp and fish are predominantly affected by viruses including white spot syndrome...
Article
The paper deals with the traditional method adopted for collection of freshwater prawn juveniles by the local tribal fishermen " Katkari " by employing indigenous cylindrical bamboo traps, commonly known as 'dhodali' at a Kalu river near a pilgrimage town, Titwala in district Thane (MS). The river Kalu originates from the water sheds of Sahyadri ra...
Article
The global energy demand has been increasing rapidly due to depletion of fossil fuels, continuous growth of world population and industrialized economy. India has surpassed to Japan and Russia and become the third largest oil consumer in the world. Unfortunately, India’s primary energy consumption has increased due to reduced oil and gas production...
Article
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Aquaculture & marine biotechnology sector is emerging rapidly to play a key role in addressing the grand challenges in sustainable development. The present market growth of marine biotechnology is still in a nascent stage and it accounts for a tiny percentage of the overall biotechnology market. The global marine biotechnology market is expected to...
Article
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The complete mitochondrial genome of Etroplus suratensis, the Green chromide cichlid, was determined for the first time through NGS method. The genome is 16,467 bp (Accession no. KU301747) in length and consisted of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes and one control region. Organization of genes and their order are in accordance w...
Article
The progress in the sequencing technology has significantly augmented single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) discovery and genotyping in fish genetic research. The affordable cost, development in Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology and computational tool has rationalized SNPs discovery in various model and non-model aquaculture species. The...
Article
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Transgenesis is the revolutionary science of making a genetically modified organism. Interestingly, fish offer easier genetic manipulation compared to mammalian counterpart, as they bred easily and large number of eggs is laid by female (higher fecundity) and have independent embryonic biology. The primary goals for genetic manipulation of fish spe...
Article
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Simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are becoming a choice of markers in fish genetic research due to their abundance in the genome, co-dominant nature, high polymorphism and ability to reproduce. Thus, in this review, we have discussed regarding SSRs markers developed in fishes using different techniques. These markers have been used for revealing genet...
Article
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Digestive enzyme profile is a good indicator of the nutritional and health status of the fish. The present investigation aims to evaluate the effect of exogenous bath treatment of hormones, cortisol and triiodothyronine, on the digestive enzyme activities and growth of carp Catla catla (Ham.) during ontogenic development. Catla larvae (4 days old)...
Article
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Global biodiversity is declining with substantial losses of populations, species and habitats causing a significant impact on human life. Holistic and integrated approach for biodiversity conservation requires concrete and urgent action. Although there is increasing concern over the loss of species and degradation of habitat, still more innovative...
Article
Global biodiversity is declining with substantial losses of populations, species and habitats causing a significant impact on human life. Holistic and integrated approach for biodiversity conservation requires concrete and urgent action. Although there is increasing concern over the loss of species and degradation of habitat, still more innovative...
Article
Full-text available
Fish cell line has emerged as an important tool in fishery biotechnology. In recent years, various fish cell lines have been developed by different researchers across the country. National Repository on Fish cell lines, established with the aim to preserve fish cell lines for training and education to stakeholders, has started functioning at Nation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mid-culture outbreaks due to pathogenic Vibrio spp. are most common and frequent disease problems encountered in shrimp aquaculture. Literature showed that the decades old shell disease to recent early mortality syndrome are caused by vibrios as primary and/or secondary etiological agents. Poor water quality, deteriorated pond bottom due to over fe...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Rhamnolipid-biosurfactants are known to be produced by the genus Pseudomonas, however recent literature reported that rhamnolipids (RLs) are distributed among diverse microbial genera. To integrate the evolutionary implications of rhamnosyl transferase among various groups of microorganisms, a comprehensive comparative motif analysis was p...
Article
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A total of 24 molluscan macro-faunal species comprising 21 bivalves and three gastropods, were recorded from the sandy shore Mirya, Ratnagiri. Among the bivalves the genus Donax and Sunetta were most abundantly recorded while the other species such as S. menstrualis, S. meroe, S. truncate, S. effosa and eight unidentified species of genus Sunetta s...
Article
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Scheduled caste and scheduled tribe comprises about 16.6% and 8.6%, respectively of India’s population according to the 2011 census. The constitution lists 1108 Scheduled castes across 25 states and about 744 tribes across 22 states in the country. The tribals live in an around forests and other difficult terrains. They acquired unique knowledge ab...
Article
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The present investigation aimed to evaluate the effect of feeding regimes composed of various combinations of live food (LF), artificial food (AF) and mixed food (MF: LF and AF 50% each) on the digestive physiology of first feeding Catla catla (catla) larvae. Larvae (0.92 ± 0.21 mg) were cultured for 30 days under six different feeding regimes of...
Article
Full-text available
Sponges are closely associated with microorganisms that occur either intracellularly and extracellularly. Sponges are soft-bodied sessile organisms appear to be defenseless in facing predation. Microbial symbionts supposed to have a functional role in the host defense against pathogens, predation and microfouling processes. Recently, the ubiquitous...
Article
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This study was conducted to overcome the consequences of Pseudomonas fluorescens (PF) infections in fishes by explore the possibility of application of lytic bacteriophages against its antibiotic resistant isolates. Isolation of thirty eight lytic P. fluorescens phages (designated as PFP1 – PFP38) specific to twenty isolates of PF was made from the...
Article
There is paucity of information concerning the aspiration vacuum which is inconsistent. To date, the aspiration vacuum has usually been expressed in millimeter of mercury and has varied between 40 to 400 mmHg. However, the exact aspiration vacuum at the top of the needle depends on the construction of the ovum pick up device, the length and the dia...
Article
Full-text available
As an alternative strategy to antibiotic use in aquatic disease management, probiotics have recently attracted extensive attention in aquaculture. However, the use of terrestrial bacterial species as probiotics for aquaculture has had limited success, as bacterial strain characteristics are dependent upon the environment in which they thrive. There...
Article
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The paper elaborates upon the judicious utilization of aquatic resources for bioprospecting of useful products and processes and development of novel technology packages for entrepreneurs and industry. Some of the leads of national institutes working in fisheries and marine sector on technology development, dissemination and extension through the D...

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