Arun Kumar Jaiswal

Arun Kumar Jaiswal
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi · Department of Psychology

M. Sc., Ph. D. (Psychology)

About

80
Publications
65,195
Reads
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1,321
Citations
Citations since 2017
24 Research Items
353 Citations
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Introduction
Initially I worked in the area of nutritional and environmental manipulations and rodent behaviour, behavioural pharmacology, neuropharmacology, and Indian medicinal. plants. At present I am also working in the area of functional and dysfunctional metacognitions and meta-emotions. Currently development of a meta-emotion questionnaire is underway.
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Working in area of adaptive and maladaptive metacognitions and meta-emotions. Development of a meta-emotion questionnaire is under process.
September 2016 - present
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Teaching Biopsychology and Psychopathology to undergraduate and pos-graduate students. Doing research in the field of meta-cognition and meta-emotions.
September 2010 - July 2016
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi, India
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Teaching Biopsychology, Psychopathology and research Methods to undergraduate and post-graduate students. Doing research in the field of health psychology
Education
September 1979 - August 1986
Banaras Hindu University
Field of study
  • Physiological Psychology and Experimental Animal Behaviour
July 1976 - June 1978
Banaras Hindu University
Field of study
  • Psychology
July 1973 - June 1976
Banaras Hindu University
Field of study
  • Science with Psychology (Hons)

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
The present study was conducted to elucidate the effects of positive metacognitions and positive meta-emotions on perceived stress in adolescents. The sample consisted of 300 adolescents (150 boys and 150 girls) studying in Standard X and XII in schools of Varanasi city and preparing for competitive examinations. The participants were individually...
Article
The present study was planned to explore the effects of positive metacognitions and positive meta-emotions in marital communication. The sample consisted of 300 married couples (300 husbands and 300 wives) chosen from Chowk and adjoining areas of Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh, India. The participants were individually administered Hindi version of...
Article
The current study examined how men's and women's positive thoughts and negative suicidal thoughts were affected by metacognitions. 300 men and women from Chowk and nearby neighbourhoods of Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh, India, made up the sample. The participants were individually administered Hindi versions of Metacognitions Questionnaire and Pos...
Article
This study was conducted to establish the construct, convergent and predictive validity of Hindi translation of Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in Hindi speaking Indian cultural context. For the purpose 17 to 65 years old 396 men and women participants with minimum High School education from Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh, India, comp...
Article
The study's goal was to evaluate the Hindi version of the Perceived Stress Scale-10's psychometric characteristics, factorial structure, and predictive validity in an Indian cultural environment. Five hundred participants aged 19 to 65 years from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, were given a 10-item Perceived Stress Scale and a Satisfaction with Life Scale...
Article
This study was carried out to establish the construct, convergent and predictive validity of Hindi translation of Meta-emotions Scale in Hindi speaking Indian cultural context. For the purpose 16 to 78 years old 1324 men and women participants with High School education from Chowk and adjoining areas of Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh, India, comple...
Article
The study was conducted with the objective to construct a scale to measure quality of sleep in Hindi language and to assess its psychometric properties, factorial structure, and predictive validity in Indian cultural context. Two hundred 20 to 67 years old participants from Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh were administered a 15-item Sleep Quality Sc...
Article
The study examined the impact of positive and negative meta-emotions on marital adjustment in married couples. The participants (300 husbands and 300 wives, N=600) were individually administered Meta-Emotion Scale-(Hindi) and Dyadic Adjustment Scale-(Hindi). Results revealed non-significant main effects of spouses and significant main effects of le...
Poster
Full-text available
The study examined the effects of positive meta-cognitions and meta-emotions on positive and negative affect. Findings indicated facilitating effects of positive metacognitions and meta-emotions on positive and negative effect.
Article
The study aimed to elucidate the effects of positive meta-emotions and negative meta-emotions on worry in CHD patients with hypertension, CHD patients without hypertension and control individuals. Two hundred respondents (28 to 78 years old) (clinically diagnosed 50 patients with hypertension and 50 patients without hypertension, and 100 individual...
Article
This study was carried out to establish the construct, convergent and predictive validity of Hindi version of Marital Communication Inventory (MCI) in Indian cultural settings. For this purpose three hundred married couples with at least graduation qualification were sampled from Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh following a multistage sampling proced...
Article
The Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) developed by Schraw and Dennison (1994) assesses metacognitive awareness of individuals in terms of 'knowledge of metacognitions' and 'regulation of cognitions'. In an attempt to ascertain psychometric adequacy and factor structure of MAI in Indian cultural setting exploratory and confirmatory factor anal...
Article
The present study aimed to elucidate the psychometric properties, factorial structure,and predictive validity of Hindi version of Satisfaction with Life Scale in Indian cultural milieu. A total of 1817 participants ranging in age from 16 to 78 years were conveniently sampled from Chowk and adjoining areas of Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh, complete...
Article
The present study aimed to elucidate the psychometric properties, factorial structure, and predictive validity of Hindi version of Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale in Indian cultural milieu. A total of 300 couples, 21 to 75 years old (300 husbands and 300 wives) were, conveniently sampled from Chowk and adjoining areas of Varanasi city of Uttar Pr...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to elucidate the psychometric properties, factorial structure, and predictive validity of Hindi version of Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale in Indian cultural milieu. A total of 21 to 75 years old 300 couples (300 husbands and 300 wives), conveniently sampled from Chowk and adjoining areas of Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh,...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to establish the construct, convergent and predictive validity (gender and age differences) of Hindi version of Dyadic Adjustment Scale in Indian cultural milieu. For the purpose three hundred 21 to 75 years old married couples (300 husbands and 300 wives) with at least graduation qualification were sampled from Chowk and ad...
Article
The study aimed to examine the effect of positive metacognitions and meta-emotions on marital satisfaction. The study was conducted on purposively sampled 318married couples (159 husbands and 159 wives) from the Chowk area of Varanasi city of India. The subjects were individually administered Hindi versions of: (1) Positive Metacognitions and Meta-...
Article
The present study explores the role of positive meta-cognitions and meta-emotions in predicting of alexithymia. Alexithymia is an established construct newly complemented with positive meta-cognitions and meta-emotions. The study was conducted on 20 to 50 years old 300 (150 men and 150 women) conveniently sampled participants from the Chowk area of...
Article
Full-text available
The present study has been conducted to assess the anxiolytic activity of chloroform extract of Abies webbiana leaves in rats using different anxiety model viz. Open field exploratory behavior, elevated plus maze [EPM] and elevated zero maze [EZM] tests. Chloroform extract orally at different dose levels once daily x 3days, while lorazepam [LR: 0.5...
Article
Objective of this study was to examine the effect of positive meta-cognition and meta-emotions (PMCEQ-H) on satisfaction with life. The study was conducted on 20 to 50 years old 300 (150 men & 150 women) conveniently sampled participants from the Chowk area of Varanasi city of India. The participants were individually administered Hindi versions of...
Article
The Positive Metacognitions and Meta-emotions Questionnaire (PMCEQ) developed by Beer and Moneta (2010) measures adaptive metacognitive beliefs when facing challenging situations. The cultural adaptation of Hindi version of PMCEQ was conducted in 17 to 75 years old (n = 838) Hindi speaking men and women participants of Varanasi city of Uttar Prades...
Article
The positive metacognitions and meta-emotions measured by PMCEQ measures adaptive metacognitive beliefs people hold about their own cognitive and emotional processes. The study aimed to examine the independent and interaction effects of 'gender' (men & women) and 'levels (low & high) of facets of positive metacognitions and meta-emotions' on marita...
Article
Behavioural teratological effects of prenatal fluoxetine exposure were investigated on elevated plus maze and elevated zero maze parameters of anxiety in rats. Pregnant rats were administered fluoxetine (5 and 10 mg/kg/day) orally once a day during the gestation days 13 to 20. The pups born were subjected to elevated plus maze and elevated zero maz...
Article
Full-text available
Emotions play key role in families functioning and mantalUfe. Thus, emotional maturity may be considered a basis in marital adjustment and a happy marital life. As such, the present study is an attempt to understand the relationship between marital adjustment and emotional maturity in Indian cultural context. For this purpose hundred (100) couples...
Article
Behavioural teratological effects of prenatal fluoxetine exposure were investigated on behavioural despair and learned helplessness parameters of depression in rats. Pregnant rats were administered fluoxetine (5 and 10 mg/kg/day) orally once a day during the gestation days 13 to 20. The pups born were subjected to forced swimming test of behavioura...
Article
Pregnant rats were administered sodium valproate (12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg/day) orally once daily during the gestation days 13 to 20. Maternal sodium valproate treatment produced a dose dependent significant reduction in litter size at birth and reduced body growth during postnatal days. Sodium valproate treatment had no significant effect on maternal...
Article
Parental rearing behavior is a significant etiological factor in a vulnerability model of psychopathology and connected to child's psycho-social development and social problems. As such, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between perceived parenting rearing styles and marital satisfaction in adult Indian married couples. Theref...
Article
Parental rearing behavior is a significant etiological factor in a vulnerability model of psychopathology and connected to child' psycho-social development and social problems as such, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between perceived parenting rearing styles and satisfaction with life in adult Indian married couples. Theref...
Article
Behavioural teratological effects of prenatal clobazam exposure were investigated on anxiety parameters in rats. Pregnant rats were administered clobazam (0.5, 1, 2 and 5 mg/kg/day) orally once a day during the gestation days 13 to 20. The pups born were subjected to open-field exploratory behaviour, elevated plus maze and elevated zero maze tests...
Article
Full-text available
s Behavioural teratological effects of phenobarbital, a frequently prescribed anticonvulsant drug, on anxiety parameters were investigated in rat offspring. Pregnant female Charles Foster (CF) rats weighing approximately 200 gm were administered phenorbibatone sodium (5, 10 and 20 mg/kg/day, ip) during days 13-20 of gestation. The pups born were su...
Article
Full-text available
The possible anxiogenic effects of fluoroquinolones, namely ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin, were investigated in adult Charles Foster albino rats of either sex, weighing 150-200 g. The drugs were given orally, in doses of 50 mg/kg for five consecutive days and the experiments were performed on the fifth day. The tests included open-field exploratory...
Article
Full-text available
Lipophilic extracts of Ginkgo biloba L. leaves were tested for their possible role on rodent models of depression and stress. Lipophilic extracts of Ginkgo leaves (LEG) at (50 and 100 mg/kg, p.o.) exhibited dose dependent, significant antidepressant activity in the behavioral despair test and learned helplessness rodent model of depression. The act...
Conference Paper
Lipophillic exts. of Ginkgo biloba L. leaves (LEG) were evaluated on rodent models of depression and stress. LEG (50 or 100 mg /kg, p.o) exhibit dose dependent, significant anti- depressant activity in behavioral despair and learned helplessness model. The activities were comparable to imipramine (15 mg /kg) and EGb 761 (50 mg /kg) . In cold immobi...
Article
Full-text available
Prenatal alprazolam (APZ) treatment in 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg/day doses during 13-20 days of gestation induced significant increase in open-field ambulation, rearings, self-grooming and faecal pellets in rat offspring. Prenatal APZ treated rats displayed significantly increased anxiogenic behaviour on elevated plus maze (spent less time on open arms, mo...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental deprivation (ED) induced a significant increase in open-field ambulation, rears, self-groomings, faecal pellets and decrease in activity in centre in Charles Foster albino rats of 30, 45 and 60 days age groups. In elevated plus maze, significant attenuation of open arm time/entries and augmentation of enclosed arm time/entries were no...
Article
Full-text available
Putative anxiolytic activity of ethanolic extract of Indian A. pindrow Royle leaf was investigated in rats using various experimental paradigms of anxiety viz. open field exploratory behaviour, elevated plus maze (EPM) and elevated zero maze (EZM) tests. Pilot studies indicated that single dose administration of extract had little to no acute behav...
Article
Full-text available
Maternal hyperglycemic effect was studied on the offspring behaviour. Offspring were obtained from diabetic rats by mating a normal father with a diabetic mother (NFDM), diabetic father with normal mother (DFNM) and diabetic father with diabetic mother (DFDM). Rats were rendered diabetic by injecting streptozotocin (STZ, 50 mg/kg i.p.) in citrate b...
Article
Full-text available
The putative anxiolytic activity of 50% ethanolic extract of Indian Hypericum perforatum (IHp) was investigated in rats using various experimental paradigms of anxiety viz. open field exploratory behaviour (OFB), elevated plus maze (EPM), elevated zero maze (EZM), novelty induced suppressed feeding latency (FL) and social interaction (SI) tests. Pi...
Article
Full-text available
A standardised 50% aqueous ethanolic extract of Indian Hypericum perforatum (IHp) was investigated for its antidepressant activity on various experimental paradigms of depression, viz. behavioural despair (BD), learned helplessness (LH), tail suspension (TS) and reserpine-induced hypothermia (RIH) tests in rats and mice. Pilot studies indicated tha...
Article
Full-text available
Adults Charles-Foster rats were prenatally treated to phenobarbitone (10 mg/kg, i.p.) from day 13 to 21 of gestation, this being the critical period of neural development. Pregnant control rats were similarly treated with equal volume of vehicle. Adult rat offsprings at 8-9 weeks of age were subjected to open-field exploratory behaviour, elevated p...
Article
The high affinity binding sites were investigated in frontal cortical serotonin, striatal dopamine, hippocampal muscarinic cholinergic and benzodiazepine receptors in the brains of 3-day diabetic and insulin treated Charles Foster rats. Locomotor activity and conditioned avoidance response (CAR) were also studied. Diabetes was induced by injecting...
Article
Full-text available
Brain antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) levels were studied in the brains of early diabetic (72 hr) and long term diabetic (one month) rats. Diabetes was induced by injecting streptozotocin (50 mg/kg, i.p.) in citrate buffer. One group of diabetic rats was treated with insulin (1U/day/a...
Article
Full-text available
Effects of pre- and post-natal undernutrition on learning and memory parameters were studied in albino rats. Prenatal undernutrition was induced in rat pups by restricting the mother's diet by 50% during the entire gestation period, whereas postnatal undernutrition was induced in rat pups by restriction of their diet by rotating them between lactat...
Article
Full-text available
Haloperidol (50 mg/kg, i.p.) treatment was given once to two different groups of pregnant Charles Foster rats on gestational day 9 and 14, these being respectively the critical periods of neural morphogenesis and rapid neural cell proliferation in this species. Pregnant control rats were similarly treated with equal volume of vehicle. The pups born...
Article
Full-text available
Different groups of pregnant rats were treated with diazepam (10 mg/kg), phenobarbital (10 mg/kg), haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg), fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) and vehicle (normal saline) intraperitoneally once a day during gestation days 13 to 21. After birth these pups were culled to 8 pups/dam and foster-nursed by lactating mothers for 3 weeks and were reared...
Article
Full-text available
Ginkgolic acid conjugates (GAC) (6-alkylsalicylates, namely n-tridecyl-, n-pentadecyl-, n-heptadecyl-, n-pentadecenyl- and n-heptadecenylsalicylates) isolated from the leaves of Indian Ginkgo biloba Linn., (IGb) were tested for their putative role in anxiety in rats. Elevated plus maze, open-field behaviour, novelty-induced feeding latency and soci...
Article
The anxiolytic activity of diazepam (DZP) (0.25-1 mg/kg) was investigated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic adult Charles Foster albino rats of either sex. Diabetes was induced by injecting STZ IP (50 mg/kg; in citrate buffer, pH 4.5). Experiments were performed 72 h later. The rats were subjected to various anxiety paradigms, including the...
Article
Full-text available
Haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) treatment was given from day 12 to 20 of gestation to pregnant rats, this being the critical period for neural development in this species. The pups born were subjected to open-field exploratory behaviour, tunnel-board exploratory behaviour, elevated zero-maze and elevated plus maze behaviour tests at 7-8 weeks of age....
Article
Full-text available
Charles Foster littermate albino rats (72) were randomized into 9 independent groups in a 3 x 3 factorial design by varying nutrition and environment each at three levels: normal nutrition, 25% nutritional restriction and 50% nutritional restriction; normal environment, 3-week environmental restriction and 6-week environmental restriction. The nutr...
Article
The effect of acute administration of Wrightia tinctoria (Wt) (leaves) methanolic extractives, constituting indigotin (HPTLC, relative abundance 21.97%), indirubin (27.13%), tryptanthrin (21%), isatin (2.70%) and rutin (14.24%), was studied on the rat brain concentrations of monoamines and their metabolites in five different brain regions, viz. hyp...
Article
Full-text available
Effects of pre- and post-natal undernutrition on anxiety and depression paradigms were studied in albino rats. Prenatal undernutrition was induced in rat pups by restricting the dam's daily food during the gestation period whereas postnatal undernutrition in rat pups was induced by rotating them between lactating and non-lactating maternalised fema...
Article
The concentration of monoamines and their metabolites were investigated in hypothalamus, hippocampus, striatum, pons-medulla and in frontal cortex region of brains of 3 day diabetic and insulin treated male Wistar rats. Diabetes was induced by injecting streptozotocin (STZ) (50 mg/kg i.p.). In one group insulin was given for 3 days from the day of...
Article
The effect of acute administration of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract of Indian origin (lGb) mainly constituting ginkgolic acid conjugates (1a-e). (and their equivalents) have been evaluated on the concentrations of catecholamines, serotonin and their major metabolites in five different regions of the rodent brain namely, hypothalamus, hippocampus, stri...
Article
Full-text available
Diazepam (10 mg/kg, ip) treatment was given from day 13 to 20 of gestation to pregnant rats, this being the critical period for neural development in this species. The pups born were subjected to open-field exploratory behaviour, tunnel-board exploratory behaviour, elevated zero maze behaviour and social interaction tests at 8-9 weeks of age. The r...
Article
Effects of prenatal undernutrition and phenobarbitone administration, individually and conjointly, was assessed on learning acquisition and subsequent retention of a black/white discrimination task and passive avoidance behaviour in rats. Undernutrition of the dams was induced by restricting food intake to half, throughout the period of gestation,...
Article
Full-text available
Isatin (2,3-dioxoindole), one of the components of tribulin, which has been postulated to function as an endogenous marker of stress and anxiety, was shown to induce a dose-related attenuation of learning acquisition in an active avoidance test and inhibition of learning retention, or memory, in a step-down passive avoidance paradigm and transfer l...
Article
Full-text available
Effects of nutritional and environmental restrictions on discrimination learning in a single unit black/white T-maze were studied in albino rats. Nutritional restrictions were imposed by 25 and 50% dietary restriction and environmental restrictions were given for 3 and 6 weeks. Both the restrictions were imposed at 46th day after birth. Long-term (...
Article
Full-text available
Putative anxiolytic activity of leaf extract of A. indica, was investigated and compared with that of diazepam in rats using elevated plus maze and open field behaviour test paradigms of anxiety. Doses (10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg) of freshly prepared leaf extract of A. indica and diazepam (1 mg/kg) were administered (po) once, 45 min p...
Article
Effects of prenatal undernutrition and chlordiazepoxide treatment on learning acquisition, and subsequent retention, of a black/white discrimination task, was assessed in the offspring. Undernutrition of the dams was induced by restricting food intake to half, throughout the period of gestation, whereas chlordiazepoxide (2.5 mg/kg, ip) treatment wa...
Article
Full-text available
Piracetam (PIR), a cyclic GABA derivative, is the prototype of a new class of psychoactive drugs, the nootropic agents, which improve learning acquisition and the retention of the learning as memory. It was proposed that nootropics act on processes essentially involved in information storage, thus facilitating memory. This property can best be inve...
Article
Full-text available
Piracetam (PIR), a cyclic GABA derivative without GABA-mimetic activity, is classified as a nootropic agent, a new class of psychotropic drugs which augment learning acquisition and retention of memory. The present study indicates that PIR has significant anxiolytic activity in rodents following subchronic, but not acute administration, when tested...
Article
Full-text available
Piracetam, a prototype of a new class of psychotropic agents, the nootropic agents, which improve learning ability and memory retention, was found to induce a dose-related prevention of disruption of acquisition of a passive avoidance response produced by electroshock application. The amnesia attenuating effect of piracetam was accompanied by preve...
Article
Effects of prenatal undernutrition, stress and diazepam treatment on learning acquisition, and subsequent retention of a spatial discrimination task was assessed in the offsprings. Undernutrition of the dams was induced by restricting food intake to half, throughout the period of gestation, whereas footshock stress and diazepam (0.5 mg/kg, ip) trea...
Article
Effects, in albino rats, of a processed shilajit (Sh-P), native shilajit (Sh-N) (unprocessed water-soluble fraction), and a preparation consisting of a mixture of ethyl acetate extractives (EE) and fulvic acids (FAs) from Sh-P, were evaluated in (i) an active avoidance, (ii) elevated plus-maze and (iii) open-field behaviour paradigms. This study wa...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of Shilajit was investigated for putative nootropic and anxiolytic activity, and its effect on rat brain monoamines using Charles Foster strain albino rats. Nootropic activity was assessed by passive avoidance learning and active avoidance learning acquisition and retention. Anxiolytic activity was evaluated by the elevated plus-maze tec...
Article
Shilajit, a panacea of oriental medicine, collected from different countries, exhibits overtly different levels of bioactivity. The effects of shilajit, collected from India, Nepal, Pakistan and Soviet Russia, and the effects of organic constituents isolated from a potent shilajit sample, were studied in a number of antistress and CNS activity para...
Article
The study was conducted on 64 Charles Foster strain albino rats, which were equally distributed into 8 evenly matched groups, following a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design, by varying three independent factors at two levels: nutrition--normal and undernutrition; environment--enrichment and impoverishment, and drug treatment--vehicle and dihydroergotoxine...
Article
The study was conducted on 64 CF strain albino rats, which were equally distributed into 8 evenly matched groups following a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design, by varying three independent factors at two levels: nutrition--normal and undernutrition; environment--enrichment and impoverishment, and drug treatment--vehicle and pyritinol (100 mg/kg, ip). Pren...
Article
Full-text available
Piracetam is the prototype of a new class of psychotropic drugs, the nootropic agents, which are claimed to selectively improve the higher telencephalic integrative activities. The effect of piracetam on rat brain monoamines and prostaglandins (PGs) was assessed so as to garner information on its mode of action. Two doses of the drug were used, a l...
Article
The study was conducted on 64 Charles Foster albino rats which were equally distributed into 8 even-matched groups, following a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design by varying three independent factors at two levels: nutrition--normal and undernutrition, environmental--enrichment and impoverishment, and drug treatment--vehicle and piracetam (100 mg/kg, ip)....
Article
Two new glycowithanolides, sitoindoside IX (1) and sitoindoside X (2), isolated from Withania somnifera Dun., were evaluated for their immunomodulatory and CNS effects (anti-stress, memory and learning) in laboratory animals, because the plant extract is used by practitioners of the Indian systems of medicine for similar purposes. The two compounds...
Article
Clonidine-induced automutilation in mice was investigated as a putative experimental model for human self-injurious behaviour. Clonidine (20, 50 and 100 mg/kg, ip) produced dose-related self-biting, causing severe automutilation in mice which had been isolated and food-deprived for 24 h. This clonidine-induced behaviour was significantly attenuated...

Questions

Questions (4)
Question
I need a free software for Confirmatory factor analysis (not SPSS-AMOS) for scale development.
Question
While calculating Guttman reliability by SPSS we find six values of reliability.  Which one should considered appropriate and why? 

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
To elucidate the effects of adaptive and maladaptive metacognitions and meta-emotions on affect, depression and well being in CHD patients.