Arumugam Nallanathan

Arumugam Nallanathan
Queen Mary, University of London | QMUL · School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science

Professor of Wireless Communications

About

676
Publications
137,114
Reads
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17,244
Citations
Introduction
Arumugam Nallanathan currently works at the School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary, University of London. Arumugam does research in Wireless Communications, Electrical Engineering and Electronic Engineering. Their current projects are on 'Massive MIMO', Millimeter Wave Communications, Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer and Massive MTC.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
Queen Mary, University of London
Position
  • Professor
April 2013 - August 2017
King's College London
Position
  • Professor
September 2011 - March 2013
King's College London
Position
  • Reader in Communications

Publications

Publications (676)
Article
Signal detectors are quite important to attain the diversity of doubly-dispersive wireless channels. Detectors based on message-passing (MP) of factor graphs have been regarded as the way to achieve the near-optimal performance for OTFS. In this paper, by deriving the pattern of the multipath vectorized channel matrix of the orthogonal time frequen...
Article
The integration of Cognitive Radio (CR) with Un-manned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is an effective step towards relieving the spectrum scarcity and empowering the UAV with a high degree of intelligence. The dynamic nature of CR and the dominant line-of-sight links of UAVs poses serious security challenges and make the CR-UAV prone to a variety of attack...
Article
In multi-access edge computing (MEC), most existing task software caching works focus on statically caching data at the network edge, which may hardly preserve high reusability due to the time-varying user requests in practice. To this end, this work considers dynamic task software caching at the MEC server to assist users' task execution. Specific...
Article
Full-text available
Covert communications is critical in many application scenarios for ensuring transmission security and privacy. Two-way protocols are widely adopted in intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) assisted relaying networks to enable covert communications and prevent wireless signals from being overheard. To quantify the performance of covert communication...
Article
This work proposes a novel resource allocation strategy for anti-jamming in Cognitive Radio using Active Inference (AIn), and a cognitive-UAV is employed as a case study. An Active Generalized Dynamic Bayesian Network (Active-GDBN) is proposed to represent the external environment that jointly encodes the physical signal dynamics and the dynamic in...
Article
Control-and user-plane separation (CUPS) and network slicing are two key technologies to support increasing network traffic and diverse wireless services. However, the benefit of CUPS in decoupling the network coverage and data service functions has not been fully utilized to facilitate network slicing. In this paper, we present a novel CUPS-based...
Article
With the growing demand for latency-critical and computation-intensive Internet of Things (IoT) services, the IoT-oriented network architecture, mobile edge computing (MEC), has emerged as a promising technique to reinforce the computation capability of the resource-constrained IoT devices. To exploit the cloud-like functions at the network edge, s...
Article
Although the frequency-division duplex (FDD) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system can offer high spectral and energy efficiency, it requires to feedback the downlink channel state information (CSI) from users to the base station (BS), in order to fulfill the precoding design at the BS. However, the large dimension of CSI matrices in...
Article
With the exponential growth of data traffic in wireless networks, edge caching has been regarded as a promising solution to offload data traffic and alleviate backhaul congestion, where the contents can be cached by unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and user terminal (UT) with local data storage. In this article, a cooperative caching architecture of U...
Article
Massive connections and diverse quality of service (QoS) requirements pose a major challenge for machine-type communication (MTC) networks. In this paper, to satisfy various QoS requirements of a massive number of MTC devices (MTCD-s), the devices are divided into multiple clusters based on the QoS characteristics. The cluster access control and in...
Article
UAV communication has received widespread attention in MEC systems due to its high flexibility and line-of-sight transmission. Users can reduce their local computing pressures and computation delay by offloading tasks to the UAV as an edge server. However, the coverage capability of a single UAV is very limited. Moreover, the data offloaded to the...
Article
The simultaneously transmitting and reflecting reconfigurable intelligent surface (STAR-RIS) is capable of providing full-space coverage of smart radio environments. This work investigates STAR-RIS aided downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) multi-cell networks, where the energy of incident signals at STAR-RISs is split into two portions f...
Preprint
With the development of next-generation wireless networks, the Internet of Things (IoT) is evolving towards the intelligent IoT (iIoT), where intelligent applications usually have stringent delay and jitter requirements. In order to provide low-latency services to heterogeneous users in the emerging iIoT, multi-tier computing was proposed by effect...
Preprint
Full-text available
Contrary to orthogonal multiple-access (OMA), non-orthogonal multiple-access (NOMA) schemes can serve a pool of users without exploiting the scarce frequency or time domain resources. This is useful in meeting the sixth generation (6G) network requirements, such as, low latency, massive connectivity, users fairness, and high spectral efficiency. On...
Article
This work proposes an analytical framework for multi-reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) aided networks with limited backhaul capacity, where a simple symmetric structure is considered to explore the characteristics of multi-RIS systems with coherent transmissions. By using the Gamma distribution to model the composite RIS-aided channels, clos...
Article
In this paper, we investigate how to deploy computational intelligence and deep learning (DL) in edge-enabled industrial IoT networks. In this system, the IoT devices can collaboratively train a shared model without compromising data privacy. However, due to limited resources in the industrial IoT networks, including computational power, bandwidth,...
Preprint
The limited communication resources, e.g., bandwidth and energy, and data heterogeneity across devices are two of the main bottlenecks for federated learning (FL). To tackle these challenges, we first devise a novel FL framework with partial model aggregation (PMA), which only aggregates the lower layers of neural networks responsible for feature e...
Article
The incorporation of intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) into wireless communication systems can extend the coverage and enhance the data transmission rate. This paper studies the joint transceiver and IRS designs in IRS-assisted multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems under both perfect channel state information (CSI) and imperfect CSI. Specifica...
Preprint
Full-text available
We consider an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)-aided wireless powered non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) network, in which double IRSs are adopted to boost the communication between transmitter and receiver. We split the overall process into two phases: downlink wireless energy transmission (WET) in the first phase, and followed by the upli...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Internet is the most complex machine humankind has ever built, and how to defense it from intrusions is even more complex. With the ever increasing of new intrusions, intrusion detection task rely on Artificial Intelligence more and more. Interpretability and transparency of the machine learning model is the foundation of trust in AI-driven int...
Preprint
Full-text available
Covert communications is critical in many application scenarios for ensuring transmission security and privacy. Two-way protocols are widely adopted in intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) assisted relaying networks to enable covert communications and prevent wireless signals from being overheard. To quantify the performance of covert communication...
Article
In this paper, we investigate a mobile edge computing (MEC) network, where the user has some computational tasks to be assisted by multiple computational access points (CAPs) through offloading. We consider practical communication scenarios with limited spectrum resources, and the cochannel interference arising from the aggressive reuse of frequenc...
Conference Paper
Grant-free non-orthogonal multiple access (GF-NOMA) is a potential technique to support massive Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communication (mURLLC) service. However, the dynamic resource configuration in GF-NOMA systems is challenging due to the random traffics and collisions, which are unknown at the base station (BS). Meanwhile, joint considera...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose to introduce an emergent Self-Awareness (SA) module at the physical layer (PHY) in Cognitive Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Radios to improve PHY security, especially against jamming attacks. SA is based on learning a hierarchical representation of the radio environment by means of a proposed Hierarchical Dynamic Bayesian N...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) as a promising technology rendering high throughput in future communication systems is compatible with various communication techniques such as non-orthogonal multiple-access (NOMA). In this paper, the downlink transmission of IRS-assisted NOMA communication is considered while undergoing imperfect channel state...
Article
Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) allows multiple users to share link resource for higher spectrum efficiency. It can be applied to unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and mobile edge computing (MEC) networks to provide convenient offloading computing service for ground users (GUs) with large-scale access. However, due to the line-of-sight (LoS) of U...
Article
As revolutionary technologies that can actively change the communication link signal, intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) have emerged as reliable, economical and convenient wireless communication solutions for a variety of practical scenarios. Therefore, this paper focuses on an IRS empowered UAV downlink communi...
Article
Covert communication can hide the legitimate transmission from unauthorized eavesdropping. Benefiting from the deployment flexibility, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can be utilized to enhance communication confidentiality. In this correspondence, we consider a covert communication network with the aid of a full-duplex UAV relay, which is employed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Realizing efficient, delay-bounded, and reliable communications for a massive number of user equipments (UEs) in massive Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communications (mURLLC) is extremely challenging as it needs to simultaneously take into account the latency, reliability, and massive access requirements. To support these requirements, the third g...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
AI-empowered Cognitive Radio (i.e., AI-enabled radios) is a paradigm shift to achieve the highest level of Self-Awareness in future wireless communications. This work proposes a joint automatic modulation conversion and classification (AMCC) framework, which allows an AI-enabled wireless node to predict signals' dynamics of different modulation sch...
Article
Increasing the deployment density of small base stations (SBS) is a key method designed to satisfy high data traffic in 5th generation mobile network (5G). However, a large number of SBSs in such ultradense network (UDN) may cause ping-pong handovers (HOs), accompanied by increased delay and HO failure. In addition, because of the separation of con...
Article
With the rapid growth of data traffic in cellular networks, edge caching has become an emerging technology for traffic offloading. We investigate the caching placement and content delivery in cache-enabling cellular networks. To cope with the time-varying content popularity and user location in practical scenarios, we formulate a long-term joint dy...
Article
This paper investigates the optimal signal detection problem with a particular interest in large-scale multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. The problem is NP-hard and can be solved optimally by searching the shortest path on the decision tree. Unfortunately, the existing optimal search algorithms often involve prohibitively high complexit...
Preprint
Full-text available
The upcoming sixth generation (6G) wireless communication networks will face the great challenges of extremely low power demand, high transmission reliability and massive connectivities. To meet these requirements, we propose a novel non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) assisted two-way ambient backscatter communication (TW-AmBC) system. Specifica...
Article
In this paper, we propose a deep state-action-reward-state-action (SARSA) λ learning approach for optimis-ing the uplink resource allocation in non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) aided ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC). To reduce the mean decoding error probability in time-varying network environments, this work designs a reliable...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose a deep state-action-reward-state-action (SARSA) $\lambda$ learning approach for optimising the uplink resource allocation in non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) aided ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC). To reduce the mean decoding error probability in time-varying network environments, this work designs a r...
Article
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is considered as a promising technology to realize a smart wireless communication system. In detail, RIS is a man-made surface consisting of massive passive reflecting elements, where each element can reflect the incident signal with tunable phase shifts. To protect wireless communication from security breac...
Preprint
Full-text available
To mitigate the radar and communication frequency overlapping caused by massive devices access, we propose a novel joint communication and sensing (JCS) system in this paper, where a micro base station (MiBS) can realize target sensing and cooperative communication simultaneously. Concretely, the MiBS, as the sensing equipment, can also serve as a...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we propose a deep state-action-reward-state-action (SARSA) $\lambda$ learning approach for optimising the uplink resource allocation in non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) aided ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC). To reduce the mean decoding error probability in time-varying network environments, this work designs a r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Massive Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communications (mURLLC), which integrates URLLC with massive access, is emerging as a new and important service class in the next generation (6G) for time-sensitive traffics and has recently received tremendous research attention. However, realizing efficient, delay-bounded, and reliable communications for a m...
Article
This paper investigates a wireless federated learning (FL) network with limited communication bandwidth, where multiple mobile clients train their individual models with the help of one central server. We consider the practical communication scenarios, where the clients should complete the local computation and model upload within a defined latency...
Article
The heterogeneous fog radio access networks (Fog-RAN), the integration of fog computing, and traditional heterogeneous radio access networks can be implemented through the next-generation wireless communication networks. However, most of the solutions are limited to the spectrum efficiency optimization, and cross-tier interference existing in the f...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate how to deploy computational intelligence and deep learning (DL) in edge-enabled industrial IoT networks. In this system, the IoT devices can collaboratively train a shared model without compromising data privacy. However, due to limited resources in the industrial IoT networks, including computational power, bandwidth,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antenna arrays have a long history of more than 100 years and have evolved closely with the development of electronic and information technologies, playing an indispensable role in wireless communications and radar. With the rapid development of electronic and information technologies, the demand for all-time, all-domain, and full-space network ser...
Article
In this paper, we investigate a secure mobile edge computing (MEC) network in the presence of multiple eavesdroppers, where multiple users can offload parts of their tasks to the computational access point (CAP). The multiple eavesdroppers may overhear the confidential task offloading, which leads to information leakage. In order to address this is...
Article
Edge caching has become an effective solution to cope with the challenges brought by the massive content delivery in cellular networks. In device-to-device (D2D) enabled caching cellular networks with time-varying content popularity distribution and user terminal (UT) location, we model these dynamic networks as a stochastic game to design a cooper...
Article
The cache-enabling unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) networks for mixture of augmented reality (AR) and normal multimedia applications are investigated, which is assisted by UAV base stations. The user association, power allocation of NOMA, deployment of UAVs and caching placement of UAVs are jointly optimized to m...
Article
Hovering inaccuracy of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) degrades the performance of UAV-aided radio frequency energy transfer (RFET). Such inaccuracy arises due to positioning error and rotational motion of UAV, which lead to localization mismatch (LM) and orientation mismatch (OM). In this paper, a hovering inaccuracy mitigation strategy in UAV anten...
Article
Full-text available
In millimeter wave (mmWave) communication, lens antenna array has been considered as a potential technique to combat the severe path loss. However, blockage effect still exists. To address this issue, we design an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) assisted wideband mmWave communication system with lens antenna array with limited radio frequency...
Article
Random access schemes in satellite Internet of Things (IoT) networks are being considered a key technology of new-type machine-to-machine (M2M) communications. However, the complicated situations and long-distance transmission can make the current random access schemes not suitable for the satellite IoT networks. The random access problem in the sa...
Preprint
Full-text available
The simultaneously transmitting and reflecting reconfigurable intelligent surface (STAR-RIS) is capable of providing full-space coverage of smart radio environments. This work investigates STAR-RIS aided downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) multi-cell networks, where the energy of incident signals at STAR-RISs is split into two portions f...
Article
Full-text available
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) revolutionizes future manufacturing facilities by integrating Internet of Things technologies into industrial settings. With the deployment of massive IIoT devices, it is difficult for the wireless network to support the ubiquitous connections with diverse quality of service (QoS) requirements. Although mach...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we exploit the capability of multi-agent deep reinforcement learning (MA-DRL) technique to generate a transmit power pool (PP) for Internet of things (IoT) networks with semi-grant-free non-orthogonal multiple access (SGF-NOMA). The PP is mapped with each resource block (RB) to achieve distributed transmit power control (DPC). We fir...
Article
In this paper, the problem of pilot contamination in a multi-cell massive multiple input multiple output (M-MIMO) system is addressed using deep reinforcement learning (DRL). To this end, a pilot assignment strategy is designed that adapts to the channel variations while maintaining a tolerable pilot contamination effect. Using the angle of arrival...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although the frequency-division duplex (FDD) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system can offer high spectral and energy efficiency, it requires to feedback the downlink channel state information (CSI) from users to the base station (BS), in order to fulfill the precoding design at the BS. However, the large dimension of CSI matrices in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Grant-free non-orthogonal multiple access (GF-NOMA) is a potential multiple access framework for internet-of-things (IoT) networks to enhance connectivity. However, the resource allocation problem in GF-NOMA is challenging and the effectiveness of such a solution is limited due to the absence of closed-loop power control. In this paper, we design a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes a novel Automatic Modulation Classification (AMC) method for CR-IoT based on learning multiple Generalized Dynamic Bayesian Networks (GDBN) as representations of various signals under different modulation schemes. The CR-IoT performs multiple predictions online in parallel and evaluates multiple abnormality measurements based on...
Article
Full-text available
With space and aerial platforms deployed at different altitudes, integrated ground-air-space (IGAS) networks will have multiple vertical layers, hence forming a three-dimensional (3D) structure. These 3D IGAS networks integrating both aerial and space platforms into terrestrial communications constitute a promising architecture for building fully c...
Article
Full-text available
Grant-free non-orthogonal multiple access (GFNOMA) is a potential multiple access framework for short-packet internet-of-things (IoT) networks to enhance connectivity. However, the resource allocation problem in GF-NOMA is challenging due to the absence of closed-loop power control. We design a prototype of transmit power pool (PP) to provide open-...