Arto Reiman

Arto Reiman
University of Oulu · Department of Industrial Engineering and Management

Doctor of Engineering

About

68
Publications
5,715
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224
Citations
Introduction
Reiman acts as a post doc researcher and as a research team leader in the Industrial Engineering and Management (IEM) research unit at the University of Oulu. His research team is interested in the synergies between well-being at work and productivity.

Publications

Publications (68)
Article
Ever expanding use of temporary agency work (TAW) easily attracts irresponsible actors on the business feld in the hopes of making big profts and many narratives frame the emergence of contingent agency work as a positive evolution for employers and workers alike. The purpose of this study is to examine corporate social responsibility (CSR) in temp...
Article
Full-text available
Ever expanding use of temporary agency work (TAW) easily attracts irresponsible actors on the business field in the hopes of making big profits and many narratives frame the emergence of contingent agency work as a positive evolution for employers and workers alike. The purpose of this study is to examine corporate social responsibility (CSR) in te...
Article
Introduction Finnish companies are legally required to insure their employees against occupational accidents. Insurance companies are then required to submit information about occupational accidents to the Finnish Workers’ Compensation Center (TVK), which then publishes occupational accident statistics in Finland together with Statistics Finland. O...
Article
Recent demographic developments in Europe have increased the demand for home care. Working in other people’s home environment is challenging. Home care personnel’s musculoskeletal disorders are common, and care personnel overall often have sleep disturbances. In this study, associations between occupational physical and psychosocial factors and pos...
Chapter
Full-text available
In industry, to enhance the operating conditions of companies, development measures are required for work, work environment, technologies and products. Development of the work affects the quality of working life, which is one of the factors that make it possible to experience well-being at work. The goal of ergonomics is to organize the work and th...
Chapter
Process industries focus on their core processes whilst certain activities are bought as outsourced services from a variety of suppliers. Corporate social responsibility highlights the need to manage and develop suppliers’ HSEQ capabilities. This study focuses on large Finnish industrial companies’ HSEQ cluster, and its’ actions for supplier develo...
Article
Full-text available
Industry 4.0 revolution has brought rapid technological growth and development in manufacturing industries. Technological development enables efficient manufacturing processes and brings changes in human work, which may cause new threats to employee well-being and challenge their existing skills and knowledge. Human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) is...
Article
Purpose To investigate safety at truck drivers' work outside the cab with a special focus on work environment and equipment maintenance to prevent occupational accidents. Design/methodology/approach Two statistical databases on Finnish occupational accidents for truck drivers are analysed. Firstly, the national accident statistics database is exam...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines a network approach to sustainably developing suppliers in the context of a Finnish industrial cluster. The approach (HSEQ AP) aims to assess and develop the health, safety, environmental and quality-related capabilities of the suppliers of the buying companies that form the cluster. In this study, the impact of this approach,...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines a network approach to sustainably developing suppliers in the context of a Finnish industrial cluster. The approach (HSEQ AP) aims to assess and develop the health, safety, environmental and quality-related capabilities of the suppliers of the buying companies that form the cluster. In this study, the impact of this approach,...
Article
Informal caregiving of children with special needs is a complex entity with a mixture of different caregiving tasks performed on a regular basis. This study is focused on the perceptions of the safety and health challenges of the informal caregivers of children with special needs in Finland. An in-depth analysis was conducted on data collected from...
Research
Omaishoitajien hyvinvointi nousee tärkeäksi kysymykseksi, kun mietitään omaishoidon kehittämistä. Omaishoitotyö tulisi nähdä koko yhteiskuntaa tukevana voimavarana, jonka avulla säästetään yhteiskunnan resursseja ja mahdollistetaan hoidettavien kotona asuminen. Omaishoitajien tuki on kuitenkin usein hajanaista ja epäselvää. Omaishoitajien kuormitus...
Chapter
Supplier management is a key issue for many large industrial companies from both performance and sustainability viewpoints. In this study, a supplier audit system in a Finnish industrial cluster is examined. The cluster has created a supplier assessment procedure, and roughly 200 supplier HSEQ audits have taken place. The aim of this study is to an...
Chapter
A shared workplace, according to Finnish legislation, is a workplace in which one employer exercises the main authority while additional employers or self-employed workers operate simultaneously or successively in such a way that their work may affect the safety or health of other employees. This study aimed to form a holistic view of the occupatio...
Article
Occupational safety and health (OSH) have constantly changed and evolved throughout the industrial revolutions and in recent years. The aim of this systematic literature review was to give an overview of future OSH challenges in industrialized countries. A search within the Scopus database returned 31 peer-reviewed journal articles published since...
Article
Full-text available
The trend of outsourcing in industries has led to a situation in which various service providers are working at industrial sites. Managing such complex multi-employer worksites is a challenge. This study introduces a collaboration procedure for supplier audits in the context of integrated health, safety, environment, and quality management by large...
Article
Background: Young employees have often poorer occupational safety and health (OSH) skills and knowledge than older employees. Efforts should be made at different educational levels to strengthen young employees' OSH skills and knowledge. Objective: To analyze OSH perceptions and attitudes among university students and to examine OSH professional...
Article
Studies across trades suggest that occupational accident and injury rates and costs are higher than average in the construction industry. There is a need for innovative and cost-effective occupational safety approaches. The Finnish construction industry and its key stakeholders have introduced a new safety training concept, called the Safety Traini...
Technical Report
Tulevaisuudessa tullaan kohtaamaan vanhojen ja jo tiedossa olevien lisäksi uusia ja nousevia työturvallisuus- ja työterveysriskejä. Esimerkiksi työelämän ja ympäristön muutokset sekä teknologian kehitys aiheuttavat monenlaisia haasteita myös työturvallisuudelle ja –terveydelle. Tässä raportissa tarkastellaan, millaisia riskejä on tutkimuskirjallisu...
Article
BACKGROUND Service organizations and their employees encounter challenges today due to an increase in the average age of employees, a decrease in recruitment, and changes in work tasks, sites, and communities. These factors give rise to physical and psychosocial burdens that can lower the work ability and productivity of the employees.OBJECTIVE The...
Article
The aim of this study was to create a holistic view of shared workplaces and the ways in which these 'special situations' for organizing work take place in practice. The characteristics of shared workplaces and the associated phenomena and challenges were also points of interest. Occupational safety and health inspection reports (N = 200) from the...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on human resource management (HRM) and high performance work practices in small restaurants. Empirical material is collected through interviews aimed at individuals working in the restaurant industry. In the first phase of this study in 2010, ten employees were interviewed, and in the second phase in 2018, five of them were re-in...
Chapter
Currently, many service organizations encounter challenges that set new requirements for management: individual employees face changes to worksites, job tasks, and work communities while there is a simultaneous decrease in recruitment and increase in the average age of employees. Both physical and psychosocial burdens caused by these factors can lo...
Chapter
Construction is one of the most unsafe industries worldwide. Safety training is one essential element to improve occupational safety skills and performance. A wide variety of different safety training methods has been introduced, and a need for more engaging training methods has been recognized. Finnish construction industry has introduced a new Sa...
Conference Paper
Supplier management is a key issue for many large industrial companies from both performance and sustainability viewpoints. In this study, a supplier audit system in a Finnish industrial cluster is examined. The cluster has created a supplier assessment procedure, and roughly 200 supplier HSEQ audits have taken place. The aim of this study is to an...
Article
Full-text available
Delivery truck drivers face various physical and psychosocial discomforts and risks in their work. Psychosocial perceptions are linked to physiological and psychological loads—strain and stress—affecting drivers throughout various mechanisms within activities and conditions. In this study, participatory video-assisted analyses were utilised for ide...
Article
This article discusses holistic well-being in a balanced work system theory framework. Holistic well-being is a combination of well-being in both work and non-work domains. Theories of balanced work systems and balanced organisations are retold in light of holistic well-being to show how different individuals in organisations can contribute to achi...
Article
This conceptual article discusses the roles of playfulness and well-being at work in the retail sector with a specific emphasis on service encounters. The aim is to create a new conceptual framework to enhance research on how the element of playfulness can be part of an employee's working environment in the retail sector, and to discuss how playful...
Article
This study provides a case example of an energy company that prioritised occupational safety and health and accident reduction as long-term, strategic development targets. Furthermore, this study describes the monetary benefits of this strategic decision. Company-specific accident indicators and monetary costs and benefits are evaluated. During the...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify various individual factors and combinations thereof that can contribute to truck drivers’ occupational accidents, particularly connected to work performed outside the cab in various work environments. Design/methodology/approach In total, 74 accidents were analysed through in-depth interviews with t...
Article
Recurrent occupational accidents provide valuable information for prevention purposes. Characteristics of recurrent occupational accidents were studied using a dataset of a Finnish insurance company including 21,580 subjects having at least two compensated workplace accidents with the same working process. For more than two thirds (70%) of the subj...
Article
In rail transport work, a wide variety of occupational accidents occur. This questionnaire study aims to investigate the occupational safety (OS) challenges and needs recognised by railway personnel (N = 9404). Altogether, 1087 people answered. Answers were categorised thematically, and differences in perceptions between personnel groups and betwee...
Article
Objective: To analyze the financial impact of a new work disability management system of a public in-house enterprise. Methods: The material was disaggregated from the enterprise’s and city group’s databases. A cost benefit model was utilized for the economic analysis of the period 2009 to 2012. Results: The main costs arose from the investments on...
Conference Paper
Employers are facing challenges to cut costs by different means. This study provides a case example of an energy company that has valued and nominated occupational safety as a long-term, continuous strategic development target. Further, this study describes the monetary benefits the company has reached through this strategic decision. The costs rel...
Article
Recent debate regarding the possibility for decreasing the risk of accidents within the construction industry has emphasized the need for innovative training methods. Training should combine behavior- and culture-based approaches, simulate real-life situations, and involve multiple methods. The concept of Safety Training Park (STP) has been develop...
Article
Objective: To analyze the financial impact of a new work disability management system of a public in-house enterprise. Methods: The material was disaggregated from the enterprise’s and city group’s databases. A cost benefit model was utilized for the economic analysis of the period 2009 to 2012. Results: The main costs arose from the investments on...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Heavy mining vehicle operators at arctic mines have a high risk of discomfort, musculoskeletal disorders and occupational accidents. There is a need for tailored approaches and safety management tools that take into account the specific characteristics of arctic work environments. Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a hol...
Article
Background The HSEQ Training Park concept is a unique safety innovation by which different actors of the construction industry and other branches can be trained on practical level to perform different work phases safely at construction sites. There are currently two training parks in Finland (in Espoo, founded 2009 and in Oulu (Northern Finland), 2...
Conference Paper
A large questionnaire was sent to a Finnish railway company personnel (n=9404). In the questionnaire, an open question was posed: “Tell us your own ideas how to improve occupational health and safety in your company”. In total 1087 persons (11.6%) answered the open question. All in all over 2100 ideas were expressed. Researchers identified ten cate...
Chapter
Local and short haul (L/SH) drivers work in various other work environments in addition to that of the truck cab, and the safety of these environments vary widely. In this study, we combined methods from three time perspectives; accident statistics analyses (past); video observations (present) and scenario workshops (future) in order to provide new...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To compare the work-related and lifestyle factors that support the musculoskeletal health of city bus (CB) drivers and long-distance bus (LDB) drivers, and to find solutions for improving drivers' health. Methods: The participants were 62 bus drivers (aged 34-64 years). Data were gathered using a questionnaire, interviews and a workshop. A...
Chapter
Safety training in the construction industry needs new methods and procedures if it is to effectively reduce currently high accident statistics figures. The HSEQ Training Park is a novel safety training innovation that enables practical demonstrations and active participation. The Park was constructed in Northern Finland through the cooperation of...
Chapter
The aim of this study was to review the Finnish investigation procedure for fatal accidents and to analyse four actual fatal accidents related to the transport of hazardous liquids, especially to service operations after the unloading phase. Content analysis was applied to identify the accident factors from the investigation reports. The accident f...
Conference Paper
Background In Finland many public services have been changed to in-house enterprises due to economic reasons. The yearly pension contribution payment of the enterprises depends on the retirement rate of the previous years. Occupational health (OH) services are mandatory for all workplaces and they should have a central role in the management of th...
Article
The aim of this study was to identify risks and ergonomics discomfort during work of local and short haul delivery truck drivers outside a cab. The study used a video- and computer-based method (VIDAR). VIDAR is a participatory method identifying demanding work situations and their potential risks. The drivers' work was videoed and analysed by subj...
Article
Delivery truck drivers’ work contains various physically and psychosocially demanding work situations. Fifteen drivers’ and 8 other stakeholders’ identifications of such work situations were examined by video analyses in this study. The identifications were analyzed in-depth by the researchers and compared with statistics on 3,507 accidents in the...
Article
Full-text available
Delivery truck drivers' work outside their cabs involves various occupational risks and hazards. Drivers and other stakeholders identified 202 ergonomic discomforts and hazardous work situations in video material of this work. The aim was to determine the types of situations identified and differences between the groups. Most of the identified situ...
Article
The labour-intensive manufacturing industry faces many working-life challenges in the rural, sparsely populated northern areas of Finland at both operational and strategic levels. These challenges vary, being in interaction with both technical and social systems and their combinations. In this paper, the authors review and evaluate needs, actions a...
Article
Local and short haul (L/SH) drivers work in various other work environments in addition to that of the truck cab, and the safety of these environments vary widely. In this study, we combined methods from three time perspectives; accident statistics analyses (past); video observations (present) and scenario workshops (future) in order to provide new...
Chapter
The labour-intensive manufacturing industry faces many working-life challenges in the rural, sparsely populated northern areas of Finland at both operational and strategic levels. These challenges vary, being in interaction with both technical and social systems and their combinations. In this paper, the authors review and evaluate needs, actions a...
Article
Truck drivers need improvements on their work environment in ergonomics and safety issues. In this study, participative video analyses were performed to identify areas of discomfort and the risks drivers face when working outside the cab. Analyses resulted in identification of 262 discomfort and risk factors of which roughly half occurred in trucks...
Conference Paper
Several tools, methods and indicators have been introduced to enable measurements and follow-up. The purpose of this paper is to introduce two new methods for measuring and assessing the performance of the company within specific areas. A total Quality management (TQM) approach serves as a basis for these methods. These methods are both unique and...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (7)
Archived project
The future challenges of occupational safety and health is a project financed by Workers’ Compensation Center (TVK). The views of the near future of occupational safety and health (OSH) are studied based on research literature. The project focuses on what kind of challenges are to be expected during the following five to ten years in OSH. Furthermore, the suitable research conferences during last five years (2014-2018) are gone through in order to create a view of the latest OSH themes, trends and issues.
Archived project
The informal caregivers' safety and well-being (2019 –2020) is a project financed by The Foundation for Municipal Development. The objective of the project is to clarify and to focus on the safety and well-being challenges met by the informal caregivers who live in Finland. After the analysis of the challenges good practices are searched and described for improving the safety and well-being of the informal caregivers, such as improving ergonomics and reducing the psychosocial load. Finally, the project aims to show the cost efficiency of the suitable measures. The project produces an analysis of the safety and well-being of the Finnish informal caregivers to municipalities. With the help of described solutions, the municipality can choose suitable measures in order to support the safety and well-being of the informal caregivers. When investing in informal caregivers, the informal caregivers’ health improves which in turn reduces the public health service needed by the informal caregivers and the need for institutional care for the care receivers.
Project
In a project, financed by the Finnish Work Environment Fund, the focus is on studying the effects of cooperation on a large supplier-contractor network under the themes of integrated HSEQ management (Health, Safety, Environment, Quality) and sustainability.