Arto Mustajoki

Arto Mustajoki
University of Helsinki | HY · Department of Modern Languages

About

50
Publications
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262
Citations
Citations since 2016
23 Research Items
182 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
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1. ВВЕДЕНИЕ Рассматривая в своей книге Функциональный синтаксис русского языка базовые модели утвердительных повествовательных предложений, М. А. Шелякин дает конструкции ‘‘О (= объект; вин. п.) + П( = предикат; безличная форма глагола) + С( = субъект; твор. п.)’’ следующее определение: ‘‘Типовое значение – ‘субъект действия выступает в качестве ст...
Article
This article aims to introduce new insights to further the understanding of easy language (EL) and plain language (PL) as examples of tailored language and place them within a broader context of linguistic varieties. We examine EL and PL in relation to standard language, and we consider the degree of conscious effort required in tailoring and the c...
Article
In an ordinary interaction, communicants have various, mostly unconscious goals which reflect their interactional, social and personal needs. In these interactions, people’s minds try to find a balance between reaching these goals and consuming cognitive energy. If a speaker puts too little effort into speech production, she risks not achieving her...
Article
Russian, as a pluricentric language, demonstrates differences in pronunciation, lexis, syntactical structures, and regional specificity of grammar deviations. The imposition of a norm, which is difficult even in the metropolis, is hardly possible in the diaspora, where host countries’ realities have a strong impact on the Russian language spoken ou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper deals with communication failures in everyday spoken discourse. The spontaneous character of oral speech is its basic property and becomes a prerequisite for the appearance of such a phenomenon as communicative failures. By communicative failures, we mean speech situations when the recipient of a speech message does not understand it corr...
Article
Full-text available
Interaction between people is a cornerstone of being human. Despite huge developments in languages and communicative skills, interaction often fails, which causes problems and costs in everyday life and work. An inability to conduct dialogue also produces conflicts between groups of people, states and religions. Therefore, there are good reasons to...
Article
Full-text available
Based on a large dataset of Russian material, the paper presents these general features of a of the home: a place to spend leisure time containing a long-established group of different ages and sexes free to move about in their environment These factors lead to tension between communicants and a diversity of topics of conversation. Inadequate recip...
Article
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Covid-19 is highly relevant in 2020; among other things, it is attracting new globalsocio-communicative and linguistic research. Scholars are addressing the linguisticresponse to the social and psychological situation in different countries in the era ofcoronavirus. us, the Editorial Board has created a forum for specialists to com-municate (in wri...
Article
Full-text available
The study analyses occurrences of Russian nouns meaning ‘science’, ‘religion’, ‘economy’, ‘politics’ and ‘culture’ as human-like subjects. This kind of use is interpreted as an example of a conceptualization described as Personification-With-Metonymy. On the basis of the fact that Russian examples work well in translation into other languages, we a...
Article
Full-text available
Referring to journalistic materials of the Russian, Mongolian, and Finnish press, the authors consider the features of the metaphorical use of language means that verbalise the elements of the culinary and gastronomic sphere in political discourse. The figurative use of the Rus. кухня, Mong. гал тогоо, Fin. keittiö “kitchen” fixed in explanatory di...
Chapter
Full-text available
In pure dialogues, the speakers address their words to recipients who concentrate on listening, while in pseudo-dialogues the recipients are not able to listen, or prefer not to listen. The speaker may be fully aware of the recipient's mental absence. The aim of the chapter is to study how pseudo-dialogues are used in everyday communication. We dif...
Article
Full-text available
Russian-speakers in Finland are the country’s largest (and growing) immigrant group. Despite their ethnic diversity and their willingness to integrate in Finnish society, they are often framed in Finnish discourse as “representatives” of Russia with dual loyalties. They are also being simultaneously developed, by different political agents, as both...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the commodification of Russian in Finland, where recent decades have seen a sharp rise in the size of the Russian-speaking population and the number of tourists from Russia. We particularly consider the use of Russian in the fields of traditional and medical tourism, education, and culture - all of them areas where Russian tou...
Conference Paper
The paper describes a pilot experiment aimed at revealing the occurrences of miscommunication between interlocutors in everyday speech recordings. Here, miscommunication is understood as situations in which the recipient perceives the meaning of the message in a different way from what was intended by the speaker. The experiment was based on the me...
Book
Full-text available
The book does not give exact rules about what is right or wrong. What it offers are tools and skills which can be used when research communities make choices concerning how to do research and publish research results, and also concerning students' supervision, recruitment , reviewing other researchers’ works and merits and being in contact with med...
Book
In this book the expert international contributors attempt to answer questions such as: How far is it possible to attribute change in contemporary Russia as due to cultural factors? How does the process of change in cultural institutions reflect the general development of Russia? Are there certain philosophical ideas that explain the Russian interp...
Article
The article analyses the Russian project “Word of the Year 2015” as compared to similar Finnish and German projects. The main parameters of the most important words in literature are compared with the characteristics of the words included in the rating list of the year. The authors demonstrate that words of the year correlate with the parameters of...
Article
Full-text available
The article analyses the Russian project “Word of the Year 2015” as compared to similar Finnish and German projects. The main parameters of the most important words in literature are compared with the characteristics of the words included in the rating list of the year. The authors demonstrate that words of the year correlate with the parameters of...
Chapter
Despite their short history, global university rankings have gained wide visibility in the media’s way of reporting on academic life. At the same time, most people at European universities pay little attention to rankings because they are all too well aware of the problems in compiling them: the indicators used are onesided, and the aggregate unive...
Article
Full-text available
The starting point for the paper is the famous article by Ju.N. Karaulov from 1991 «On the state of the Russian language of our days», where a classifi cation of the forms and spheres of existence of Rus-sian was launched. The purpose of the present paper is to try to update the ideas expressed by Karaulov by taking into account the developments wh...
Article
Full-text available
Combining ideas from different research directions and fields, the paper presents a multidimensional model of communication which enables to explain the risks of communication more comprehensively than before. The process of producing and interpreting speech is described through a message transfer circle. The model also includes the mental worlds o...
Chapter
Full-text available
The study provides an overview of the sociolinguistic situation in Kyrgyzstan and the current role of Russian and Kyrgyz in the republic. We present initial results of a mass survey of language use that show that the efforts to introduce the Kyrgyz language on all levels of societal use had some effect. At the same time, Kyrgyzstan is a multination...
Article
Full-text available
The study provides an overview of the sociolinguistic situation in Kyrgyzstan and the current role of Russian and Kyrgyz in the republic. We present initial results of a mass survey of language use that show that the efforts to introduce the Kyrgyz language on all levels of societal use had some effect. At the same time, Kyrgyzstan is a multination...
Chapter
Full-text available
"Conativeness" (purposeful action) is often mentioned as a meaning of the Russian imperfective aspect. The paper takes the notion of conativeness as a semantic category and shows that it is often expressed by analytical constructions. Thorough literature survey is followed by an extensive corpus based quantitative analysis of relevant "conative pre...
Article
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The article deals with Russian lexical units which are handled in grammars as words but consist of more than one orthographic unit.
Book
Full-text available
The case selection in Russian negative sentences has been analysed on the basis of corpus materials in relation to more than 50 factors.
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with different types of explanations when we try to understand how language is functioning . The examples are from Russian.
Article
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The paper analyses the peculiar way of using the Russian temporal adverbs escho (still) and uzhe (already)
Book
Full-text available
The book analyses the selection of the object case in negative Russian sentences. A special design of the implemented experiment made it possible to determine the influence of single factors to the choice of the case.
Article
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The paper presents an alternative view to stress paradigms of Russian nouns
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of linguistic research using the Integrum database (further Integrum). 1 The examples concern Russian language research carried out in the Department of Slavonic and Baltic Lan-guages and Literatures at the University of Helsinki. It is a well-known fact that Integrum is not compiled from a linguisti...
Article
Full-text available
Maailmanlaajuiset yliopiston rankinglistat ovat oikeastaan yllättävän nuori ilmiö. Suomessa Shanghai-listan nimellä tunnettu ranking ilmestyi ensimmäistä kertaa vuonna 2003. Toista tunnet-tua Times-lehden Higher Education Supplementin (THE-QS) vuosittaista yliopistoluokitusta alettiin jul-kaista vuotta myöhemmin. Sitä ennen oli toki jul-kaistu maak...
Article
Full-text available
Kieli on ihmisen nerokkaimpia keksintöjä. Tör-määmme kuitenkin joka päivä tilanteisiin, joissa kommunikaatio ei suju toivotulla tavalla. Yllättä-vää on se, että väärinymmärtämisiä tapahtuu yhtä paljon kotioloissa kuin keskustelussa ventovieraan kanssa. Elämämme niin kotona kuin kodin ulkopuolel-lakin perustuu suurelta osin ihmisten väliseen vuorova...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The goal of this collaborative (with Arto Mustajoki, University of Helsinki) project is to bring together a panel of experts in pragmatics, sociolinguistics, and language contact studies. The objective of this project is to address the following question: What are the linguistic consequences of Russia's February 2022 invasion of Ukraine? The panel will be a part of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA) 2023 Conference, which will take place from 9 to 14 of July, 2023, in Brussels, Belgium. If your work touches any of the topics listed in the Call for Papers below, consider submitting an abstract. The Call for Papers, aims of this project, and the panel description follow: Ukrainian and Russian are two closely related East Slavic languages, with a lot of shared vocabulary and structure; however, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 has upset the relatively stable linguistic status quo between these two languages. Typically, extralinguistic events—such as wars, migrations, and changes in social and political power relations—have separated or brought together speakers of different languages. Language contact leads to language change, but language separation also does. Some of the world’s languages have grown to resemble each other more under prolonged and amicable contacts; on the other hand, formerly mutually intelligible dialects have also split into mutually non-intelligible languages when contact has been severed by concrete barriers (rivers, oceans, and mountain ranges) or psychological barriers (social distance or simple dislike of the speakers of the other language). An obvious (albeit distant) example is the split of Proto-Indo-European into several different language families because of geographical distance, migrations perhaps triggered by a search for survival. A more recent example is the diversification of Serbo-Croatian into Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin during and after the Yugoslav Wars. In developing this panel, we aim to bring together linguists to address various aspects of the following question: What are the linguistic consequences (pragmatic, sociolinguistic, and structural) of the February 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine? Within this larger question, we welcome paper proposals whose objective is too address issues such as the following: • How has the war changed Ukraine’s language-political situation? How are the language choices changing in Ukraine? Are people shifting to more use of Ukrainian? Are Ukrainian and Russian now diversifying because of the war? Have the Ukrainians started to emphasize the features of their language that separate it from Russian? During the crisis in Ukraine, what is the role of the contact registers of Ukrainian and Russian, referred to as surzhyk (Ukrainian: су́ржик)? • What kinds of global changes in language practices are taking place because of the Russian invasion of Ukraine? Have the attitudes toward Ukrainian and Russian (both locally and globally) changed? Has the world’s interest in learning Ukrainian increased? How has the war affected the writing and pronunciation of proper names (e.g., Volodymyr vs. Vladimir; Kharkiv vs. Kharkov)? • How have different countries responded to the language needs of the Ukrainian evacuees? How have these countries answered, in terms of their language practices, to the challenge of the Ukrainian diaspora? Note that the submission of abstracts requires IPrA membership. The abstracts should be 250–500 words long (including possible references). For information and instructions, visit the IPrA Call for Papers (look for Panel Contributions). For detailed submission instructions, see https://ipra2023.exordo.com/submissions/new. When prompted to list the topic, please indicate that you are submitting your abstract to the panel “Language and geopolitics: On the linguistic consequences of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.” The deadline is 1 November, 2022. We look forward to your abstracts. If you have any questions regarding the panel or the submission process, please contact us. Helena Halmari (halmari at shsu.edu) and Arto Mustajoki (arto.mustajoki at helsinki.fi), panel organizers
Project
Research on various forms of Russian (Russian in diaspora, as lingua franca etc.)