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Arthur R H Van Zanten

Arthur R H Van Zanten
Wageningen University & Research & Gelderse Vallei Hospital

MD PhD
Head of ICU & Research, professor at Nutritional Biology, Division of Human Nutrition.

About

262
Publications
87,772
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Introduction
Arthur R H Van Zanten currently works at the Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Gelderse Vallei Hospital. Arthur does research in Critical Care Nutrition and Metabolism, Infectious Diseases, Sepsis, Emergency Medicine and Emergency Medical Care. Their current project is 'Critical Care Nutrition.'
Additional affiliations
June 2020 - present
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • In this professorship by special appointment I collaborate to study the role of Nutrition in the Recovery from Metabolic Stress. From clinical science to basic science and back. Like research in ICU patients, post-ICU patients, COVID-19 patients, post surgical patients, starvation and refeeding patients etc. But also will build bridges to do research in Olympic and other athletes.
February 1998 - present
Gelderse Vallei Hospital
Position
  • Internist-intensivist, Medical Manager Care Division
February 1998 - present
Gelderse Vallei Hospital
Position
  • Internist-intensivist, Medical Head ICU & Research

Publications

Publications (262)
Article
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Background Previous cluster-randomized controlled trials evaluating the impact of implementing evidence-based guidelines for nutrition therapy in critical illness do not consistently demonstrate patient benefits. A large-scale, sufficiently powered study is therefore warranted to ascertain the effects of guideline implementation on patient-centered...
Article
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Background Increasing evidence indicates the potential benefits of restricted fluid management in critically ill patients. Evidence lacks on the optimal fluid management strategy for invasively ventilated COVID-19 patients. We hypothesized that the cumulative fluid balance would affect the successful liberation of invasive ventilation in COVID-19 p...
Article
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Background This review has been developed following a panel discussion with an international group of experts in the care of patients with obesity in the critical care setting and focuses on current best practices in malnutrition screening and assessment, estimation of energy needs for patients with obesity, the risks and management of sarcopenic o...
Article
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Background The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy (SWAB) in collaboration with relevant professional societies, has updated their evidence-based guidelines on empiric antibacterial therapy of sepsis in adults. Methods Our multidisciplinary guideline committee generated ten population, intervention, comparison, and outcome (PICO) questions re...
Article
Background Tachypnoea in acutely ill patients can be an early sign of a life-threatening condition such as sepsis. Routine measurement of the respiratory rate by GPs might improve the recognition of sepsis. Aim To assess the accuracy and feasibility of respiratory rate measurements by GPs. Design & setting Observational cross-sectional mixed-meth...
Article
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Introduction Nutrition plays an essential role in the recovery of critical illness. In the post-Intensive Care Unit (ICU) period, patients typically return to oral nutrition gradually. However, studies quantifying nutritional intake in the post-ICU hospitalization period are scarce and formal guidelines are lacking. This study aims to describe ener...
Article
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Purpose of review: Circadian rhythms, i.e., periodic oscillations in internal biological processes, modulate metabolic processes such as hormonal signalling, nutrient absorption, and xenobiotic detoxification. Meal timing is a strong entraining cue for peripheral clocks in various organs, and eating out of circadian phases can impair glucose, gast...
Article
Purpose of review: To summarize the incidence, features, pathogenesis, risk factors, and evidence-based therapies of prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) acquired weakness (ICU-AW). We aim to provide an updated overview on aspects of poor physical recovery following critical illness. Recent findings: New physical problems after ICU survival, such...
Article
Background: Point-of-care testing (POCT) has shown promising results in the primary care setting to improve antibiotic therapy in respiratory tract infections and it might also aid general practitioners (GPs) to decide if patients should be referred to a hospital in cases of suspected sepsis. We aimed to assess whether biomarkers with possible POC...
Article
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Despite high mortality rates of COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) in the ICU, antifungal prophylaxis remains a subject of debate. We initiated nebulized conventional amphotericin B (c-AmB) as antifungal prophylaxis in COVID-19 patients on invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Objectives: To assess the CAPA incidence in COVID-19...
Article
Robert G. Martindale has received honoraria from Baxter, Fresenius Kabi, and Nestle, and acted as an advisory board member for Nestle. Stanislaw Klek has received speaker's honoraria from Baxter, Braun, Fresenius Kabi, Nestle, Nutricia, Shire, and Vipharm, and acted as an advisory board member for Fresenius Kabi, Shire, and Tracheron. Zudin Puthuch...
Article
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Background The SpO2/FiO2 is a useful oxygenation parameter with prognostic capacity in patients with ARDS. We investigated the prognostic capacity of SpO2/FiO2 for mortality in patients with ARDS due to COVID–19. Methods This was a post-hoc analysis of a national multicenter cohort study in invasively ventilated patients with ARDS due to COVID–19....
Article
Importance: The efficacy of antiplatelet therapy in critically ill patients with COVID-19 is uncertain. Objective: To determine whether antiplatelet therapy improves outcomes for critically ill adults with COVID-19. Design, setting, and participants: In an ongoing adaptive platform trial (REMAP-CAP) testing multiple interventions within multip...
Article
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Background A large proportion of hospitalised COVID-19 patients are overweight. There is no consensus in the literature on how lean body mass (LBM) can best be estimated to adequately guide nutritional protein recommendations in hospitalised patients who are not at an ideal weight. We aim to explore which method best agrees with lean body mass as m...
Article
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Background: Recognising patients who need immediate hospital treatment for sepsis while simultaneously limiting unnecessary referrals is challenging for GPs. Aim: To develop and validate a sepsis prediction model for adult patients in primary care. Design and setting: This was a prospective cohort study in four out-of-hours primary care servic...
Article
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Introduction Critically ill patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) should receive nutritional support matched to their metabolic needs as both under- and overfeeding energy has been shown to increase mortality. Critical illness can significantly affect metabolism. Consequently, resting energy expenditure (REE) can vary markedly during critical i...
Article
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Case Presentation A 67-year-old obese man (BMI 38.0) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic atrial fibrillation, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia stage II, stable for 8 years after chemotherapy, and a history of smoking presented to the ED with progressive dyspnea and fever due to SARS-CoV-2 infection. He was admitted to a general ward and tre...
Article
p>Thromboembolic complications are frequently encountered in patients with severe COVID-19 disease in the intensive care unit (ICU). We assessed the prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in critically ill COVID-19 patients treated with dexamethasone and intensified thrombosis prophylaxis. To detect VTE, venous duplex ultrasonography was perfor...
Article
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The use of indirect calorimetry is strongly recommended to guide nutrition therapy in critically ill patients, preventing the detrimental effects of under- and overfeeding. However, the course of energy expenditure is complex, and clinical studies on indirect calorimetry during critical illness and convalescence are scarce. Energy expenditure is in...
Article
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Background The intensity of ventilation, reflected by driving pressure (ΔP) and mechanical power (MP), has an association with outcome in invasively ventilated patients with or without acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). It is uncertain if a similar association exists in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with acute respiratory fa...
Article
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The preferential use of the oral/enteral route in critically ill patients over gut rest is uniformly recommended and applied. This article provides practical guidance on enteral nutrition in compliance with recent American and European guidelines. Low-dose enteral nutrition can be safely started within 48 h after admission, even during treatment wi...
Article
PurposeInvestigate safety and tolerability of adrecizumab, a humanized monoclonal adrenomedullin antibody, in septic shock patients with high adrenomedullin.Methods Phase-2a, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled biomarker-guided trial with a single infusion of adrecizumab (2 or 4 mg/kg b.w.) compared to placebo. Patients with adrenomedullin...
Article
Introduction Patients with COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have been postulated to present with distinct respiratory subphenotypes. However, most phenotyping schema have been limited by sample size, disregard for temporal dynamics, and insufficient validation. We aimed to identify respiratory subphenotypes of COVID-19-re...
Article
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Background & Aims Gaining insight into readily obtainable baseline characteristics that allow prediction of adverse outcome in COVID-19 aids both treatment and healthcare planning. Bioelectric impedance (BIA) Phase Angle (PhA) is correlated with outcome in a multitude of diseases and may be of added value in predicting adverse outcome of COVID-19....
Article
Background & aims The strategy of increasing the postoperative enteral nutrition dose to the target goal has not yet been clarified. This study aimed to determine whether an immediate goal-dose enteral nutrition (IGEN) strategy is non-inferior to a gradual goal-dose enteral nutrition (GGEN) strategy in reducing infections in patients undergoing abd...
Article
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Introduction: Despite widespread implementation of the Early Warning Score (EWS) in hospitals, its effect on patient outcomes remains mostly unknown. We aimed to evaluate associations between the initial EWS and in-hospital mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and hospital length of stay (LOS). Methods: We performed a retrospective co...
Article
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Background High-dose intravenous vitamin C directly scavenges and decreases the production of harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during ischemia/reperfusion after a cardiac arrest. The aim of this study is to investigate whether short-term treatment with a supplementary or very high-dose intravenous vitamin C reduces organ failure in p...
Article
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Background: Coronavirusdisease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumosepsis survivors are at a high risk of developing intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired weakness (ICUAW) because of high incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome and the common need for prolonged invasive ventilation. It remains unknown whether regular postpneumosepsis physical rehabilitati...
Article
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PurposeTo study the efficacy of lopinavir-ritonavir and hydroxychloroquine in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods Critically ill adults with COVID-19 were randomized to receive lopinavir-ritonavir, hydroxychloroquine, combination therapy of lopinavir-ritonavir and hydroxychloroquine or no antiviral therapy (cont...
Article
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Introduction In critically ill patients, nasogastric (NG) and nasojejunal (NJ) feeding tube placements are standard procedures. However, about 1.9% of blind tube insertions are malpositioned in the tracheopulmonary system, whereas guided procedures may result in a significant delay in nutritional delivery. Guided methods, such as Cortrak and fluoro...
Article
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Vanwege het positieve effect van tocilizumab op ziekteprogressie en overleving heeft het een rol gekregen in de behandeling van COVID-19. Resultaten van diverse studies laten vooralsnog geen aanwijzingen zien voor veiligheidsrisico’s anders dan de bekende bijwerkingen. Bij Bijwerkingencentrum Lareb zijn ruim tweehonderd (vermoede) bijwerkingen van...
Article
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We describe four secondary fungal infections caused by Mucorales species in COVID-19 patients. Three COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (CAM) occurred in ICU, one outside ICU. All were men aged > 50 years, three died. Clinical presentations included pulmonary, rhino-orbital cerebral and disseminated infection. Infections occurred in patients with and...
Article
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Purpose of review: Insight into body composition is of great value in the ICU. Bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) is the most applicable bedside technique. However, bioimpedance has not been validated in the critically ill, and the interpretation of the measurements poses challenges. This review discusses the potential clinical applications of B...
Article
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Background & Aims Low micronutrient levels in critical illness have been reported in multiple studies. Because of the antioxidant properties of various micronutrients, micronutrient deficiency may augment oxidative stress in critical illness. However, it remains unclear whether micronutrient concentrations in ICU patients are different from those i...
Article
Background The efficacy of interleukin-6 receptor antagonists in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is unclear. Methods We evaluated tocilizumab and sarilumab in an ongoing international, multifactorial, adaptive platform trial. Adult patients with Covid-19, within 24 hours after starting organ support in the intensiv...
Article
Purpose of review: To summarize recent evidence on prevalence, risk factors, significance, treatment, and prevention of electrolyte disorders in critically ill with a specific focus on disorders during the initiation of nutrition. Recent findings: Electrolyte disturbances appear to occur often during critical illness, and most of them seem to be...
Article
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Background: Both overfeeding and underfeeding of intensive care unit (ICU) patients are associated with worse outcomes. A reliable estimation of the energy expenditure (EE) of ICU patients may help to avoid these phenomena. Several factors that influence EE have been studied previously. However, the effect of neuromuscular blocking agents on EE, w...
Article
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Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction is frequent in the critically ill but can be overlooked as a result of the lack of standardization of the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. We aimed to develop a research agenda for GI dysfunction for future research. We systematically reviewed the current knowledge on a broad range of subtopics f...
Article
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Background The current severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic is unprecedented in its impact. It is essential to shed light on patient characteristics that predispose to a more severe disease course. Obesity, defined as a BMI>30 kg/m 2, is suggested to be one of these characteristics. However, BMI does not differentiate between f...
Article
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Background: Early recognition and treatment of sepsis is crucial to prevent detrimental outcomes. General practitioners (GPs) are often the first healthcare providers to encounter seriously ill patients. The aim of this study is to assess the value of clinical information and additional tests to develop a clinical prediction rule to support early...
Article
Full-text available
Background & aims Both overfeeding and underfeeding of intensive care unit (ICU) patients are associated with worse outcomes. Predictive equations of nutritional requirements, though easily implemented, are highly inaccurate. Ideally, the individual caloric target is based on the frequent assessment of energy expenditure (EE). Indirect calorimetry...
Article
Purpose of review: Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with increased morbidity and mortality during and after critical illness. The concept of adaptive mitochondrial metabolic-bio-energetic downregulation rather than bio-energetic failure during the acute phase of critical illness has gained traction. As mitochondria are not able to utilize s...
Article
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Background and Aims Despite the presumed importance of preventing and treating micronutrient and mineral deficiencies, it is still not clear how to optimize measurement and administration in critically ill patients. In order to design future comparative trials aimed at optimizing micronutrient and mineral management, an important first step is to g...
Article
Background: Studies comparing the clinical outcomes between vancomycin intermittent infusion (InI) and continuous infusion (CoI) treated patients are generally underpowered. Moreover, due to large differences in the design and efficacy end points in these studies, a meta-analysis of the currently available data is not feasible. Therefore, this sys...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Early recognition and treatment of sepsis is crucial to prevent detrimental outcomes. General practitioners (GPs) are often the first healthcare providers to encounter seriously-ill patients. The aim of this study is to assess the value of clinical information and additional tests to develop a clinical prediction rule (CPR) to support ea...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Early recognition and treatment of sepsis is crucial to prevent detrimental outcomes. General practitioners (GPs) are often the first healthcare providers to encounter seriously-ill patients. The aim of this study is to assess the value of clinical information and additional tests to develop a clinical prediction rule to support early di...
Article
Full-text available
Metabolic alterations in the critically ill have been studied for more than a century, but the heterogeneity of the critically ill patient population, the varying duration and severity of the acute phase of illness, and the many confounding factors have hindered progress in the field. These factors may explain why management of metabolic alteration...
Article
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Purpose of the Review This paper will review the evidence for mitochondrial dysfunction in critical illness, describe the mechanisms which lead to multiple organ failure, and detail the implications of this pathophysiologic process on nutritional therapy. Recent Findings Mitochondria are particularly sensitive to increased oxidative stress in crit...
Article
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Background: Although mortality due to critical illness has fallen over decades, the number of patients with long-term functional disabilities has increased, leading to impaired quality of life and significant healthcare costs. As an essential part of the multimodal interventions available to improve outcome of critical illness, optimal nutrition t...
Article
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In the Emergency Department (ED) actual body weight (ABW) is essential for accurate drug dosing. Frequently, the ABW is unknown and direct measurement troublesome. A method using the mid-arm circumference (MAC) to estimate ABW has been developed and validated in the United States of America (USA). This study aimed to validate the MAC-formula for es...
Article
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Background: The optimal nutritional support for critically ill septic patients remains unknown. This study evaluates the associations of macronutrient intake during the first week of intensive care unit (ICU) admission and long-term clinical outcomes in septic and non-septic patients. Methods: Prolonged mechanically ventilated patients were retr...
Article
Purpose Enteral feeding intolerance (EFI) is a frequent problem in the intensive care unit (ICU), but current prokinetic agents have uncertain efficacy and safety profiles. The current study compared the efficacy and safety of ulimorelin, a ghrelin agonist, with metoclopramide in the treatment of EFI. Methods One hundred twenty ICU patients were r...
Article
Background: Beta-blockers have potential protective features during critical illness. Heart rate reduction, with limited effect on blood pressure and beneficial effects on metabolism, organ function and inflammation have been reported. We examined metabolic effects of beta-blockers among ICU patients, to address the effect on the estimated energy...
Article
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Background: Optimal energy and protein provision through enteral nutrition is essential for critically ill patients. However, in clinical practice, the intake achieved is often far below the recommended targets. Because no polymeric formula with sufficient protein content is available, adequate protein intake can be achieved only by supplemental a...