Arthur Maurice Lucas

Arthur Maurice Lucas
King's College London | KCL · Department of Education and Professional Studies

Zoology, genetics, education,

About

128
Publications
8,064
Reads
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1,294
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
August 1985 - September 2003
King's College London
Position
  • Professor of Science Curriculum Studies
Description
  • Acting Principal, King's College London, May 1992-March 1993 Principal, Kings College London, March 1993- September 2003.
April 1980 - July 1985
Chelsea College, University of London
Position
  • Professor of Science Curriculum Studies
January 1974 - April 1980
Flinders University
Position
  • Lecturer/Senior Lecturer in Education
Description
  • Head of School of Education 1977-1979

Publications

Publications (128)
Data
Table S1 "Location and state of copies of Volume 1 of Fragmenta phytographiae australiae for which data were obtained". To accompany Two states of fascicle 1 of Mueller’s Fragmenta phytographiae australiae by Thomas A. Darragh and A. M. Lucas Archives of natural history 42.2 (2015): 301–307
Article
Full-text available
For historians, as well as systematists, collection labels are not an infallible guide to the collector. The problems arising from inaccurate labels of botanical specimens on the 1891 expedition intended to explore the last great unmapped areas of Central and Western Australia are discussed using some problem cases.
Article
Full-text available
Flora Martin née Campbell was a pioneer mycologist active in collecting, research, publication and advocacy in nineteenth century Australia. Standing in the way of her scientific advancement were a number of substantial barriers, including entrenched prejudice against women, and the relatively isolated and undeveloped state of her colonial scientif...
Article
In the early 1890s, J. H. Maiden considered that kino exudates might be a useful character to consider alongside structural features in grouping Eucalyptus species. He found that although some types of kino supported morphological analyses, most did not and they were not as useful as he had hoped. His commitment to the concept of variability caused...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Public records created by the United Kingdom government, including the devolved Government of Wales, but not of Scotland, are controlled under the provisions of the Public Records Act 1958, as amended by subsequent legislation. That Act specifies what is to become of documents created by the Government and certain other bodies. Like most other coun...
Article
Full-text available
The first fascicle of Ferdinand von Mueller's part-work, Fragmenta phytographiae australiae (1858-1882), exists in two states, one privately printed for Mueller, and the other a reset reprint by John Ferres, the Victorian Government Printer. Two title-pages for volume 1 exist, and there are binding variants in volume 1 issued by the Government Prin...
Article
The botanist Ferdinand von Mueller (1825–1896) collected few of the very large number of zoological specimens distributed in his name, although museums often record him as the collector. Analysis of his correspondence allows some of the field collectors, and agents who acted between them and Mueller, to be identified, and the provenance of some spe...
Article
There is more than one sense in which “collector” can refer to the roles of participants in describing the natural world. Examples of botanical and zoological collectors and collections demonstrate these senses, which have been confused in the literature. Considering the provenance of specimens in a supply chain may be a more productive approach th...
Article
Ferdinand von Mueller, Government Botanist of Victoria from 1853 to 1896, was commemorated in a large number of zoological species, mostly as a result of his export of specimens to European museums.
Article
The Royal Literary Fund supported the migration of James Rennie (1787–1867) to Australia, and his later applications to it reveal details of his life there, and help establish that he was not elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, but has been confused with James Rennie FRS (1806–1883).
Article
As Royal Cabinets were converted to modern museums of natural history during the nineteenth century, European States used appointments to Orders of chivalry to encourage the supply of specimens. The Melbourne botanist Ferdinand von Mueller developed as a middleman a private trade in zoological specimens to accumulate an exceptional number of such m...
Article
G. E. Dennes, the long-term Secretary of the Botanical Society of London who disappeared from British records soon after the Society was wound up, has been traced to Canada, and to Australia where he died.
Article
In a replication study in Barcelona using a structured interview with 23 pupils of 9 years old, 40 of 12 years old, and 41 at 15, the confusion between everyday and 'scientific' senses of the term 'animal' evident in studies in New Zealand and other English-speaking countries did not occur. The results are interpreted in terms of English, Catalan,...
Article
‘Alternatives conceptions’ studies of children's thinking have now produced much data on a range of physical science concepts and a smaller range from biology. There is a danger that the application of these results to curriculum design will reinforce the view of school science as a series of unconnected small topics, rather than encouraging the de...
Article
The importance of examining both the natural history of the organisms being investigated and numerical data from long-term field experiments is illustrated by a description of a long running field experiment at an English Field Study Council Centre. Sample results are discussed, and alternative methods of using field studies in biology teaching are...
Article
Studies of the development of the concept of life have typically used approaches focussing on children's use of “movement” as a criterion. An alternative approach was designed to overcome some of the problems of earlier studies. A photograph of an unfamiliar object was shown to 944 boys and girls in grades 2-10. They were asked to write down as man...
Article
Although Ferdinand Mueller (later von Mueller), Government Botanist of Victoria, opposed Darwin's theories when "On the origin of species" was published, there has been little detailed study of the nature of Mueller's opposition from 1860, when he received a presentation copy of "Origin," to his death in 1896. Analysis of Mueller's correspondence a...
Article
Shortly before he died, John Lindley decided to dispose of his herbarium and botanical library. He sold his orchid herbarium to the United Kingdom government for deposit at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and then offered his library and the remainder of his herbarium to Ferdinand Mueller in Melbourne. On his behalf, Joseph Hooker had earlier unsuc...
Article
Ferdinand von Mueller (1825–96), the German-born Government Botanist of Victoria from 1853 until his death, and concurrently Director of the Melbourne Botanic Garden from 1857 until 1873, was a prolific systematic botanist, but also heavily involved in public educational activities. He conceived of the Garden as an educative place of recreation, bu...
Article
George Bentham's seven volume Flora australiensis (1863–1879) was the first continental Flora, and for over a century was the only flora treating the whole of Australia. The work was produced with the “assistance” of Ferdinand Mueller, later von Mueller, the Government Botanist of Victoria from 1853, who loaned his collection, group by group, to Ke...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies in exhibitions have begun to consider the cognitive content of the ‘dialogue’ between visitor and exhibit designer. Such studies have focused on the leisure visitor and not on organised school visits. The study reported here compares the conversational content of primary school and family visitors at the London Zoo and the Natural Hi...
Chapter
En: Alambique : Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales Barcelona 1996, n. 10 ; p. 91-107 Este documento se centra en analizar los factores que influyen en el currículo final, tal como es experimentado por los alumnos, y en ver que tipo de investigación podría aportar información para la toma de decisiones, p. 106-107
Article
Full-text available
The four-year wrangle over the ownership of what was then thought to have been the largest known meteorite, recognized near Melbourne in 1860, provides a fine-grained example of the interaction between scientific internationalism, metropolitan appetite for specimens, and colonial civic pride.
Chapter
Reprint of a chapter from "Environment and environmental education; conceptual issues and curriculum implications"
Article
Au cours des vingt dernières années, de nombreuses recherches ont été menées sur la façon dont les élèves et les étudiants comprennent les concepts scientifiques. Ce mouvement international a fourni un corpus très vaste de données intéressantes, mais malheureusement beaucoup d'études ont concerné des concepts isolés et étroits. Très peu s'intéresse...
Article
Pupils' understanding of ecological, biochemical, physiological and energy change aspects of photosynthesis, and their interrelationships, were investigated in three London secondary schools. Open-ended questions were administered to 74 pupils (14-15-years-old) of fourth year science (biology) classes. Although energy change was poorly understood,...
Article
The many sources from which members of the public can gain some science knowledge are but one manifestation of the current boom in the provision of entertainment and leisure activities with an information content. While there has been a large increase in the study of science learning from such informal sources, there has been little cross-referenci...
Article
Vistors to an interactive science centre were observed while assembling a large-scale lock and key kit. Males, and those who had previously watched another visitor, were faster at initial assembly of the lock, but for males this speed advantage disappeared in a reassembly test. After spending time with the exhibit, 70% of the visitors could provide...
Book
See also Nuffield Science Teaching Project: Select bibliography and archival sources. www.nuffieldcurriculumcentre.org/fileLibrary/doc/Nuffield_bibiography.doc
Article
The concept of ‘mutation’ is a central one in the interaction of genetics and evolution theory, and is included in most school biology courses. However, when secondary students in Barcelona were asked about the concept some treated the term as synonymous with metamorphosis, or with other developmental changes. Some of these interpretations may be d...
Article
A sample of the British adult population was interviewed about science and scientific issues. Respondents were also asked questions to assess their knowledge of simple scientific topics. The data for the biological topics are reported, and the responses analysed according to gender and educational background. There is little evidence for the effect...
Article
The knowledge that pupils bring to science lessons can come from many sources, including some that are deliberately educative and some that contain scientific information, although education is not necessarily their primary purpose. Museums provide a useful setting to investigate the process of learning from informal sources; samples of data obtain...
Article
Brief note on the chemist after whom the nut tree Macadamia was named.
Article
A previous paper (Lucas, 1980), described the origins and spread of Biological Science: The Web of Life, the adaptation of the American Biological Sciences Curriculum Study sponsored by the Australian Academy of Science that is now used as the basis of senior secondary school biology courses in all Australian states. This paper reviews the publishe...
Article
The Australian adaptation of the American Biological Sciences Curriculum Study materials was undertaken jointly by the South Australian Public Examination Board and the Victorian Universities and Schools Examination Board, with the sponsorship of the Australian Academy of Science. This paper describes the origin of Biological Science: The Web of Li...
Article
Analyzes the relationship between science education and environmental education, paying particular attention to (1) conceptual problems between the two fields, (2) difficulties of including an action component in science education, and (3) problems associated with the use of attitudinal rather than behavioral goals. (Author/WB)

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Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
Workers at the Technological Museum Sydney, Australia were characterising plant exudates and volatile oils as part of their committment to economic botany, but began to speculate on, and in some cases use, the nature of these products as a tool in classification at species level and in systematic arrangements. The use of these methods from the 1890s to the 1920s raises questions about varying species concepts, and apparent ignorance of developments in genetics.
Project
Ferdinand (later von) Mueller (1825-1896) migrated to Australia from Germany in 1847, and was the Government of Botanist from 1853 until his death. Selected correspondence has been published in print, and the full correspondence is being prepared for on-line publication.