Artemis Alexiadou

Artemis Alexiadou
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | HU Berlin

About

202
Publications
31,148
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,722
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2002 - present
Universität Stuttgart

Publications

Publications (202)
Article
Full-text available
The syntax of Clitic Left Dislocation (CLLD) has been widely debated due to its mixed properties, which in some cases indicate movement (e.g. island sensitivity, certain connectivity effects) and in other cases base generation of the CLLD-ed phrase (wide scope, lack of weak crossover). In this paper we discuss scope facts with CLLD in Greek, reveal...
Article
This paper investigates the use of kati “some” by Greek Heritage Speakers (HSs) in comparison to monolinguals. While all Greek determiners are marked for gender, case, and number, and agree with their nominal complement, kati is an exception, as it lacks agreement and combines only with plural nouns. Building on the existing literature, we show tha...
Article
Full-text available
Voice syncretism is widely attested crosslinguistically. In this paper, we discuss three different types of Voice syncretism, under which the same morpheme participates in different configurations. We provide an approach under which the same Voice head can convey different interpretations depending on the environment it appears in, thus building on...
Article
Full-text available
We argue for a perspective on bilingual heritage speakers as native speakers of both their languages and present results from a large-scale, cross-linguistic study that took such a perspective and approached bilinguals and monolinguals on equal grounds. We targeted comparable language use in bilingual and monolingual speakers, crucially covering br...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate the use of commissive causative morphology in child French, whereby children use faire tuer ‘make kill’ to convey the exact same meaning as tuer ‘kill’. We conduct a corpus study on child French causatives in CHILDES corpora, showing that children produce commissive faire ‘make’ when the embedded verb has causative sem...
Article
Full-text available
Approximative constructions present special interest for acquisition due to the counterfactual and scalar inferences they give rise to. In this paper we investigate the acquisition of Greek approximatives by heritage speakers in Germany and the USA. We show that while in English and German there is a single lexical item encoding counterfactuality a...
Article
This study tests grammatical aspect in adult Heritage Speakers (HSs) of Greek in Germany (HSs-Germany) and the US (HSs-US), a topic which has not been investigated before for this language, exploring the role of the dominant language and the default value as an acquisition strategy. In an oral elicitation task (Experiment 1) targeting the productio...
Article
This study investigates the acquisition of grammatical gender in Heritage Greek as acquired by children (6–8 years of age) and adolescents (15–18 years) growing up in Adelaide, South Australia. The determiner elicitation task from Varlokosta (2005) was employed to assess the role of morphological and semantic cues when it comes to gender assignment...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the acquisition of grammatical gender in Heritage Greek as acquired by children (6–8 years of age) and adolescents (15–18 years) growing up in Adelaide, South Australia. The determiner elicitation task from Varlokosta (2005) was employed to assess the role of morphological and semantic cues when it comes to gender assignment...
Chapter
Generative grammar is an approach to the study of language which is explicit, mentalistic, and based on the claim that the ability to acquire language is innately specified. This chapter outlines some of the recent history leading up to contemporary generative grammar. It provides some context for the emergence of Principles and Parameters and the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates gender agreement mismatches between nominal expressions and the targets of agreement they control in two groups (adults and adolescents) of Heritage Greek speakers in the USA. On the basis of language production data elicited via a narration task, we show that USA Greek Heritage speakers, unlike monolingual controls, show mi...
Article
Full-text available
The theory of language must predict the possible thought—signal (or meaning—sound or sign) pairings of a language. We argue for a Meaning First architecture of language where a thought structure is generated first. The thought structure is then realized using language to communicate the thought, to memorize it, or perhaps with another purpose. Our...
Article
Passivization played a central role in shaping both linguistic theory and psycholinguistic approaches to sentence processing, language acquisition and impairment. We present the results of two experiments that simultaneously test online processing (self-paced reading) and offline comprehension (through comprehension questions) of passives in German...
Chapter
In this paper, we use the domain of object experiencer verbs in Greek to discuss the behavior of non-agentive causative construals of this verb class with clear implications for the syntax of causative predicates in general. We argue that eventive causative object experiencer verbs are best analyzed as instances of transitive internally caused chan...
Article
This paper discusses the formation of synthetic compounds with proper names. While these are possible in English, Greek disallows such formations. However, earlier stages of the language allowed such compounds, and in the modern language formations of this type are possible as long as they contain heads that are either bound roots or root- derived...
Article
In this paper, I discuss nominal compound formation in language contact situations, the question being of how compounding in language mixing can inform both theories of mixing and theories of word-hood. This contributes to our further understanding of how word formation operates in cases of language mixing and what exactly is being mixed in mixing,...
Article
This paper discusses two patterns of language mixing involving verbal predicates produced by bilingual speakers, the so-called light verb construction and the so-called affixal pattern. The empirical focus of the study is on Greek-German and Cypriot Greek-English varieties, which are contrasted to the Spanish-German variety discussed in González-Vi...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, I discuss nominal compound formation in language contact situations, the question being of how compounding in language mixing can inform both theories of mixing and theories of word-hood. This contributes to our further understanding of how word formation operates in cases of language mixing and what exactly is being mixed in mixing,...
Article
Full-text available
A comparative study of English and Greek tough-movement constructions In this paper, we discuss tough-movement constructions in Greek, which we compare to their English counterparts. We argue that Greek provides evidence for a base generation analysis of tough-movement constructions. We furthermore offer an explanation for the fact that only very f...
Article
Full-text available
The article discusses compound formation involving proper names from a comparative perspective. While proper names can appear within compounds in English, this is not possible in Greek. The article argues that this follows from a basic difference between English and Greek: English, but not Greek, allows phrases as non-heads of right-headed compound...
Article
Full-text available
The paper investigates two related questions that concern the realization of plural morphology on nouns across languages. The first question is whether markedness in the sense of complexity in form goes hand in hand with complexity in meaning. In other words, since plural nouns are formally more complex than singular nouns, does that mean that they...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper explores some properties of so-called pancake sentences in Brazilian Por-tuguese and French. Pancake sentences are copular sentences built with a (postcopular) adjective, but differ from run-of-the-mill copular sentences in two respects: (i) the nominal expression in the subject position, which is individual-denoting in its literal meani...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses novel experiencer‐object verbs (NEOs) and proposes to align their syntax as well as the syntax of nonagentive experiencer‐object verbs to the syntax of verbs undergoing the causative alternation under similar restrictions. We provide support for the view that (i) volitional agents do not occupy the same structural position as...
Article
Passive sentences are considered more difficult to comprehend than active ones. Previous online-only studies cast doubt on this generalization. The current paper directly compares online and offline processing of passivization and manipulates verb type: state vs event. Stative passives are temporarily ambiguous (adjectival vs verbal), eventive pass...
Article
Full-text available
Language mixing is a ubiquitous phenomenon characterizing bilingual speakers. A frequent context where two languages are mixed is the word-internal level, demonstrating how tightly integrated the two grammars are in the mind of a speaker and how they adapt to each other. This raises the question of what the minimal unit of language mixing is, and w...
Article
Full-text available
Language mixing is a ubiquitous phenomenon characterizing bilingual speakers. A frequent context where two languages are mixed is the word-internal level, demonstrating how tightly integrated the two grammars are in the mind of a speaker and how they adapt to each other. This raises the question of what the minimal unit of language mixing is, and w...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with some restrictions on the formation of '-able 'adjectives from object experiencer verbs in comparison to subject experiencer verbs, focusing on English and Greek. Building on Oltra-Massuet (2013), the paper assumes that there are two places of attachment for '-able', a high one, which combines with a structure including passive...
Article
Passivization played a central role in shaping both linguistic theory and psycholinguistic approaches to sentence processing, language acquisition and impairment. We present the results of two experiments simultaneously testing online processing (self-paced reading) and offline comprehension (through comprehension questions) of passives in German w...
Article
Rochelle Lieber , English nouns: The ecology of nominalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. Pp. ix + 197. ISBN 9781107161375. - Artemis Alexiadou
Preprint
Full-text available
We demonstrate syntactic adaptation to complex, but highly reliable cues (tense and verb type) within the context of an acceptability judgement experiment. Since adaptation is relevant for methods that require large number of trials (e.g. ERP) we also examine how adaption may be modulated by the reliability of the cues in a follow-up study.
Poster
Full-text available
The present study is part of a research program that aims to fill the gap of systematic cross-linguistic experimental work on genericity by going also beyond Germanic/Romance languages, where the majority of studies have been conducted (Ionin et al. 2011; Serratrice et al. 2009; Leslie et al. 2011). Despite the abundance of semantic literature on g...
Chapter
Full-text available
It is usually assumed that a difference between pro-drop and non-pro-drop languages is the presence of overt expletives in the later group, but not in the former (cf. Rizzi 1982; 1986; Alexiadou & Anagnostopoulou 1998). Compared with this two-way classifcation, partial pro-drop languages, i.e. languages in which the distribution of pro is more restr...
Article
Full-text available
We show that the theoretical construct “phase” underlies a number of restrictions on code-switching, in particular those formalized under the Principle of Functional Restriction (González-Vilbazo 2005) and the Phonetic Form Interface Condition (MacSwan and Colina 2014). The fundamental hypothesis that code-switching should be studied using the same...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenon of Partial Control (PC; cf. Landau in Elements of control: structure and meaning in infinitival constructions, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2000) has received a great deal of attention in recent literature, with two general approaches: while some authors take PC to be a core phenomenon that should be captured by control theory (e.g., Landau 20...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses two patterns of language mixing involving verbal predicates produced by bilingual speakers, the so-called light verb construction and the so-called affixal pattern. The empirical focus of the study is on Greek-German and Cypriot Greek-English varieties, which are contrasted to the Spanish-German variety discussed in González-...
Chapter
This paper discusses the syntax of roots by way of looking at four different views discussed in the literature: (i) roots merged as complements, (ii) roots merged as modifiers, (iii) roots merged either as complements or as modifiers, and (iv) roots merged in a unique way. A lot of time is devoted to (i) and to demonstrate empirical challenges from...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we discuss the results of the first large-scale experimental investigation of Partial Control (PC) in German. The results show that Partial Control is indeed available in the language, pace claims to the contrary in the literature. Moreover, they support the existence of two different mechanisms to derive Partial Control in German. W...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the absence of the causative alternation with psych predicates in English from a comparative perspective. It argues that English lacks the psych causative alternation due to a combination of factors that have been pointed out independently in the literature, but not discussed in the context of the literature on the causative al...
Article
Full-text available
Copyright © 2016 Alexiadou and Lohndal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The comprehension of passive sentences is considered to be problematic due to a heuristic which assumes an agent-first order (Bever, 1970; Ferreira, 2003). While comprehension accuracy has been found to be lower for passives than actives (Ferreira, 2003), consistent with the heuristic, online reading times have been found to be numerically faster f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The comprehension of passive sentences is considered to be problematic due to a heuristic which assumes an agent-first order (Bever, 1970; Ferreira, 2003). While comprehension accuracy has been found to be lower for passives than actives (Ferreira, 2003), consistent with the heuristic, online reading times have been found to be numerically faster f...
Poster
Full-text available
The comprehension of passive sentences is considered problematic due to a heuristic which assumes an agent-first order (Bever, 1970; Ferreira, 2003). These studies used predicates with different event structures. Events and states differ in their passivization cross-linguistically: events consistently deliver verbal passives, but states either do n...
Book
The handbook offers an overview of syntactic theory and analysis, in terms of different theories, different languages, and different methods. The Handbook presents the state of art in syntactic analysis, also dealing with the methodology employed, and the rules of argumentation required to achieve such analyses for a wide range of phenomena.
Book
This Handbook represents the development of research and the current level of knowledge in the fields of syntactic theory and syntax analysis. Syntax can look back to a long tradition. Especially in the last 50 years, however, the interaction between syntactic theory and syntactic analysis has led to a rapid increase in analyses and theoretical sug...
Book
The handbook offers an overview of syntactic theory and analysis, in terms of different theories, different languages, and different methods. The Handbook presents the state of art in syntactic analysis, also dealing with the methodology employed, and the rules of argumentation required to achieve such analyses for a wide range of phenomena.
Article
This paper investigates in detail the properties of a particular morphological reflexivization strategy in Greek, named afto-prefixation. The basic building blocks of afto-prefixation are the prefix afto-, shown to be an anti-assistive intensifier, and Middle Voice, a non-active syntactic Voice that gives rise to an existential interpretation of th...
Book
This Handbook represents the development of research and the current level of knowledge in the fields of syntactic theory and syntax analysis. Syntax can look back to a long tradition. Especially in the last 50 years, however, the interaction between syntactic theory and syntactic analysis has led to a rapid increase in analyses and theoretical sug...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to offer an overview of the different approaches to the complex interaction between syntax and the lexicon. As will be shown, the way linguists conceive of the interaction between syntax and the lexicon has been constantly re-examined through the development of linguistic theory. This chapter will review some proposals in...
Chapter
This article provides a broad introduction to Syntax, as it is conceived in this handbook. We will present a number of assumptions that have been considered to constitute common ground for all syntacticians. But they are as fundamental as they are controversial for syntactic theory and analysis. In fact, approaches to syntactic analysis as well as...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is concerned with the variation found with respect to how languages morphologically mark argument structure (AS) alternations, a variation that I take to be related to the realization of the syntactic Voice head. The paper discusses the behavior of dispositional middles and reflexives in languages such as English as opposed to their Gree...
Article
In this paper, we argue that Greek and Romanian exhibit a psych causative alternation. Evidence for this comes from the following empirical domains: first, object experiencer verbs alternate with subject experiencer forms and the morphology is the same as in the causative alternation. Second, these languages use special prepositions to mark causers...
Article
In this paper, we argue that adjectival passives across languages do not seem to differ in terms of the presence/absence of verbal layers (v, Voice), and we provide morphological evidence for this claim from German, English, and Greek. Particular restrictions observed with adjectival passives compared to verbal passives, such as a more limited avai...
Article
Internally caused change-of-state verbs have recently been established as alternating verbs in languages such as English and Greek, thus becoming an important component of any analysis of the causative alternation. Generally, this type of alternation qualifies as a labile one, as in both intransitive and transitive uses of such verbs the same form...
Article
In this paper, we provide evidence based on case alternations in passives in favor of the view that dative is a mixed case. Dative, but also other cases, has the property of being either inherent/lexical or structural. We propose an analysis of datives aiming to account for their mixed status within and across languages. Building on Řezáč’s (2008)...
Article
Full-text available
This paper shows how certain differences in the nature of Voice systems across languages are responsible for the behavior of passives, dispositional middles and also regulate the distribution of deponency.
Article
In this paper, we discuss the restriction on the realization of non-agentive causers in nominalizations (see Adultery separated Jim and Mary. vs. ??the separation/*the separating of Jim and Mary by adultery). By comparing English to German and Romanian, we show that this restriction may have two sources: the event complexity of the nominalization o...
Article
In this paper, I examine nominal and verbal -ing forms in English and discuss aspects of their historical development. In particular, I investigate certain differences between verbal and nominal gerunds in comparison with the present participle with respect to what I call here gradience in verbal traits. I put forward the following hypothesis. Diac...
Article
This paper provides an analysis of the syntax clitics across languages, showing that the variation found in Romance and Greek cannot be considered from a unified viewpoint. In particular, we argue that three independent syntactic proposals in the literature conspire to do justice to the crosslinguistic behavior of clitics. These are: a defragmented...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper I examine two types of nominalizations related to color adjectives in Greek, a suffixed one and a neutral one, which I will compare to their English and Dutch (and German) counterparts. I show that the two differ in that suffixed nominalizations denote stage level properties, while neuter nominalizations denote individual level proper...
Article
The paper offers a theoretical characterization of the middle Voice as distinct from the passive Voice, and addresses the cross-linguistic morphological variation in realizing these two non-active Voices in different classes of languages, represented by Hebrew, Greek and English. The two non-active Voices are the morphological realization of two di...
Article
This article aims at offering a novel account of the similarities and differences between get-passives and their be-counterparts. It is shown that get-passives are ambiguous between a passive and an anticausative interpretation. Next, get-passives are compared to anticausatives and dispositional middles, as they seem to share some properties with t...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, I examine the morpho-syntax of stative verbs and their corresponding nominalizations. I first offer a discussion of two different classes of stative verbs in Greek: verbs that are ambiguous between a stative and an eventive reading, and verbs that are unambiguously stative. I then investigate the nominalizations of these two classes...
Article
  The paper discusses the complex behavior of a subgroup of relational demominal adjectives, namely ethnic adjectives. These adjectives exhibit a hybrid nature, sharing properties of both nouns and adjectives. The paper proposes that these adjectives have a nominal source visible at the level of interpretation. This nominal ‘base’ explains basic as...
Article
Background: Recent studies revealed that aphasic speakers have difficulties with the production of the intransitive (unaccusative) variant of verbs entering transitivity alternations. A key point of the current interpretations of these difficulties concerns the movement operations taking place at surface syntax, namely, the A-movement operation (Ba...
Article
In this paper we focus on the ability of Argument Supporting Nominalizations (ASNs) to realize morphological plural. We think that this aspect of their behavior is instrumental in our understanding of their properties and their syntax within one language and across languages. Our factual investigation deals with Romanian, English, German and Spanis...
Article
Nominalizations have remained in the center of linguistic discussion at least since 1960, and one might be correct in stating that they are still much of a puzzle. In this paper, I offer a partial historical overview of the literature on nominalizations, beginning with a discussion of Chomsky’s Remarks on nominalization, surveying the lexicon vs. s...
Article
In this paper I will present two approaches to the aspectual properties of nominalizations by comparing lexical and syntactic approaches to one another. In addition, I will highlight some open questions in this area.
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we investigate the peculiar distribution of the auxiliaries have and be in Earlier English and its consequences for theories of the perfect and auxiliary selection. We argue on the basis of a large-scale corpus study that the periphrastic construction with be was restricted to a stative resultative interpretation, whereas that with...
Article
Full-text available
The chapter investigates the variation at the level of morphology and at the level of productivity in the anti-causative alternation on the basis of a non-derivational approach to the alternation. It proposes to correlate the differences in productivity with the differences in the way languages morphologically mark the alternation. Two main groups...
Article
In this paper, I examine the morpho-syntax of stative verbs and their corresponding nominalizations. I first offer a discussion of two different classes of stative verbs in Greek: verbs that are ambiguous between a stative and an eventive reading, and verbs that are unambiguously stative. I then investigate the nominalizations of these two classes...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Although the acquisition of Greek voice consists a debatable research topic with important theoretical implications, it remains understudied, especially in bilingual populations. Psycholinguistically, the ambiguity and/or optionality of Non-active morphology are good examples for the study of the online processing of voice and the corresponding strategies the (bilingual) parser employs, which may further influences the developmental path of (bilingual) acquisition. The current study explores the interaction between Greek voice morphology and certain verb categories (passives, reflexives, and anticausatives) in Greek monolingual and Greek-German bilingual children in online and offline comprehension.