Arshad Naji Alhasnawi

Arshad Naji Alhasnawi
Al Muthanna University · Department of Biology

PhD

About

54
Publications
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212
Citations
Introduction
Asst. Prof. Dr. Arshad Naji Alhasnawi currently works at the Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Sciences, Al-Muthanna University. Arshad does research in Biotechnology and Genetics. Their current project is 'improve plant for salt and drought tolerant using biotechnology and gene technology

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Employing DNA markers allowed determining genetic diversity and relationships amongst five apricot genotypes. In this study, two relative gene expressions pertaining to ParARF3 gene, which could be distinguished from the genotypes that were exposed to various concentrations of marine alga treatments. As per our results, screening of seven primers w...
Article
Full-text available
The application of molecular markers in agricultural growth characteristics is an important factor, which is highly worthy of attention. This investigation was conducted during growing season of 2018-19 at private nursery in Iraq to assess the effects of nanotechnology-manufactured organic (marine alga extracts) and chemical fertilisers (potassium...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Salinity, which is regarded as a harsh environmental factor, can severely decrease the productivity and growth of the crops. In this study, the researchers conducted experiments for assessing the chemical changes occurring in the Trigonella foenum–graecum L. plants that were exposed to the exogenous application of Salicylic Acid (SA) and salinity s...
Article
Full-text available
The salinity-stress casts an inhibitory effect on rice, which is not only complex but also a key reason for impeding plant growth as well as decreasing crop productivity. A helpful method to improve our understanding in this space would be to make a direct comparison pertaining to the response to salinity by considering two closely related cultivar...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to complete the molecular evaluation of five Acacia species including first by determining the genetic diversity of the plants using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) method. This investigation was carried out to assess fingerprint and thus genetic variations among the Acac...
Article
Abbreviations: (ISSR) Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats, (PIC) Polymorphism information content. Abstract The objective of this study was to complete the molecular evaluation of five Acacia species including first by determining the genetic diversity of the plants using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) metho...
Research
Full-text available
Abbreviations: (ISSR) Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats, (PIC) Polymorphism information content. Abstract The objective of this study was to complete the molecular evaluation of five Acacia species including first by determining the genetic diversity of the plants using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) metho...
Article
Full-text available
Abiotic stresses assess the main impendences or barriers to the improvement of agriculture. Subsequently, the efforts to improve stress-tolerant plants are of major importance in increasing crop productivity. In recent years, plant tissue culture techniques established in vitro have appeared as cost-effective tools and a practical method for the de...
Article
Full-text available
An experiment was conducted at the nursery of Agriculture Faculty during growing season 2014-2015 to study the effect of spraying Roselle extract and vitamin B1 on growth and flowering characteristics of freesia plant. Experiment was adopted a Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) with three replicates in two factors, First three concentration...
Article
Full-text available
World wide, the most important cereal crop is rice (Oryza sativa L.) However, its production goes through from salty environments in several areas since it is one of the salt perceptive crops. NaCl mainly contributes salinity that is one of the significant abiotic stress aspects and, the leading cause of crop failure in the world. Tissue and cell c...
Article
Full-text available
Inter simple sequence repeats (ISSRs) have been utilized widely for molecular markers in analyzing the genetic diversity and phylogenetic and regions in the genome flanked by microsatellite sequences. PCR amplification of these regions using a single primer yields multiple amplification products that can be used as a dominant multilocus marker syst...
Article
Rice is an important staple crop but is highly susceptible to abiotic stress. Polysaccharides (β-glucan) and BG serve as crucial functions in regulating plant development and growth, especially in responding to abiotic stress. Callus responds to BG and NaCl signals through various chemical and biochemical processes. However, no prior study on BG si...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the present study is to develop callus induction and plant regeneration; an experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of growth regulators on callus induction in rice mature embryo culture. In this experiment, callus was initiated from the mature seed scutellumof two Malaysian indica rice, MRQ74 and MR269. Callus was induc...
Article
Full-text available
Salinity stress causes a considerable reduction in callus growth. Mushroom polysaccharides (β-glucan) are the most promising groups of antioxidant compounds. An in vitro experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential function of exogenously applied β-glucan in alleviating the accumulation of antioxidants in rice callus. In this study, morpholog...
Article
Salt stress is considered to be the most important abiotic stress and is the main problem in the interruption of the metabolic processes of plants, thereby limiting crop production. The present study was carried out to examine the effects of exogenously applied mushroom polysaccharides (β-glucan) on the growth of two rice varieties of Oryza sativa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Trichoderma sp. is a plant growth promoting fungi in many crops. Initial observation on the ability to enhance rice germination and vigor have been reported. In this study, the effectiveness of a local isolate Trichoderma asprellum SL2 to enhance rice seedling growth was assessed experimentally under greenhouse condition using a completely randomiz...
Conference Paper
The study is aimed to evaluate in vitro somatic embryogenesis to gamma ray exposure and the use of growth regulators to mature embryos explants for rice callus induction. Seeds of local rice genotype (MR269) were exposed to gamma rays at 350 Gy (Source: Caesium-137). Matured embryos were cultured to induce callus on Murashige and Skoog (MS) supplem...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important cereal crops globally, as it feeds half of the world’s people. Salinity is a natural constraining influence in agriculture and a major challenge for food security. β-glucan consist of beta glucan, which is a chain of glucose molecules that acts as an antioxidant and protects the plant from free ra...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objective: Aromatic rice MRQ74, known as Maswangi is an important rice variety in Malaysia. However, drought tolerance is essential for the growth of MRQ74. This study was conducted by exposing naked seeds to acute gamma radiation to induce callus embryogenesis. Methodology: A dose response experiment was performed at the Nuclear Mal...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objective: Aromatic rice MRQ74, known as Maswangi, is an important rice variety in Malaysia. To ensure the sustainability of cultivation even in drought conditions, drought tolerant of MRQ74 variety is indispensable. This study was conducted to determine the effect of gamma radiation on enhancing the drought tolerant MRQ74 rice plant...
Article
Full-text available
Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring compound with antioxidant activity that plays a pivotal role in plant cell adaptation to salinity stress. The objective of this work was to assess the influence of exogenous ascorbic acid on embryogenic callus of indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) cv. MRQ74 cultivated under saline conditions. NaCl (200 mM) decrease...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The application of in vitro systems can lead to new methods of crop amelioration. This method has been widely utilized for breeding tenacities, particularly for stress tolerance selection. Salinity causes oxidative stress in callus by enhancing the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), resulting in an efficient antioxidant system. The exogen...
Article
Full-text available
Gamma ray, a mutagen used in crop and ornamental plant breeding, is expected to induce novel mutations. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of different doses of gamma-ray (Caesium-137) irradiation on the germination rate, plant height, and appropriate dose for causing boom in two varieties of local rice, namely, MRQ74 and MR269....
Article
Full-text available
Background: A drought-tolerant genotype should be identified and improved for the continuity of food security because of the global importance of rice. Mutation and tissue culture techniques are effective and important for studies on the development of potential rice resources. The effects of irradiation and drought stress on rice genotype MR269 of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is currently considered as the most economic important cereal crops and leading food crops in the world.The objective of the present study is to develop in vitro callus induction; an experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of growth regulators on callus induction in rice mature embryo culture. In this experiment, c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Salt stress is a serious issue in rice, the crop that feeds half the world, since it is sensitive to salt accumulation. Establishment of an efficient tissue culture technique protocol is an essential prerequisite in harnessing the advantage of cell and tissue culture for genetic improvement and can be used as a source for genetic variability by mea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the present investigation was to study in vitro somatic embryogenesis and to screen callus for drought tolerance using mature embryos as explants. Seeds of two varieties of local rice (MRQ74 & MR269) were exposed of dose (350 Gy) of gamma-ray (Caesium-137) in the Malaysian Nuclear Agency. To increase the genetic variation for drought tol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The positive performance of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) method in increasing rice growth and yield can be understood in terms of the interaction of rice plants and microbes in the soil. This is especially true for systems such as SRI which relies on slightly aerobic, unsaturated water soil conditions, absence of synthetic chemical fertiliz...
Article
Full-text available
The progress technology of molecular markers to genetic diversity has enabled to an increase in our knowledge of rice genetics and our understanding of the structure and behavior of genomes. DNA markers technology becomes the markers of the study of the genetic analysis of rice species, cultivars and genomes, because they are able to assessment the...
Article
Full-text available
An in vitro investigation was conducted to evaluate the potential role of exogenously applied ascorbic acid in alleviating the effect of sodium chloride (NaCl) in two varieties of rice, Oryza sativa L. (MRQ74 and MR269), that differ in salt tolerance susceptibility. Seven-day-old rice seedlings germinated on Murashige and Skooge (MS) medium were tr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of ascorbic acid (AsA) applied in vitro, through MS media on several physiological and chemical characteristics were examined in rice (Oryza sativa L.) (MR269) variety differing in salt-tolerance susceptibility. Seven day old rice seedlings germinated on MS media. Seedling were then trans...
Article
Full-text available
Rice is the primary source of food in many countries of the world and has conducted many studies in order to improve breeding and rice production, especially in the field of plant tissue culture. The aim of this study is to review some of the factors that influence the induction of callus from rice seeds. Of these factors are that genotype and expl...
Article
Full-text available
Abiotic stress factors are the main limitations to plant growth and yield in agriculture. Among them, drought stress, which is caused by water deficit, is probably the most impacting adverse condition and the most widely encounter Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) is one of the most important cereal crops that provides a staple diet for almost half of the wor...
Article
Full-text available
Salinity restricts the construction abilities of cultivation soils in large areas around the world. The attempts to expand stress tolerant plants are of enormous significance to enhance crop production. The resistance of plant to salinity stress efficiency of the antioxidant system. Salt stress is recognized to bring the structure of mechanical oxy...
Article
Full-text available
Abiotic stress factors are the main limitations to plant growth and yield in agriculture. Among them, drought stress, which is caused by water deficit, is probably the most impacting adverse condition and the most widely encounter Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) is one of the most important cereal crops that provides a staple diet for almost half of the wor...
Article
Full-text available
The plant tissue culture refers to the cultivation of different part of the plant, I both single cell organ tissue and under sterile circumstances at the media and industrial expansion in several controlled circumstances. The method of the plant tissue culture plays a pivotal role in the second green revolution that gene modification and biotechnol...
Article
Full-text available
Salinity considered as significant ecological regarding the productivity of different crops different arid and semi-arid areas all over the world. The most damaging things of salinity on herbal are usually related with low osmotic potential of soil solution, nutritional imbalance etc. Improving several plants usually happens under saline circumstan...
Article
Full-text available
The plant tissue culture refers to the cultivation of different part of the plant, I both single cell organ tissue and under sterile circumstances at the media and industrial expansion in several controlled circumstances. The method of the plant tissue culture plays a pivotal role in the second green revolution that gene modification and biotechnol...
Article
Full-text available
Salinity considered as significant ecological regarding the productivity of different crops different arid and semi-arid areas all over the world. The most damaging things of salinity on herbal are usually related with low osmotic potential of soil solution, nutritional imbalance etc. Improving several plants usually happens under saline circumstan...
Article
Full-text available
The term plant cell and tissue culture, which is also referred to as in vitro or artificial bioassay, and has gained wide acceptance both in scientific studies and commercial application. The success of plant biotechnology depends on the principles of plant tissue culture; which is an assembly of techniques used for the preservation or growth of pl...
Article
Full-text available
Salinity considered as significant ecological regarding the productivity of different crops different arid and semi-arid areas all over the world. The most damaging things of salinity on herbal are usually related with low osmotic potential of soil solution, nutritional imbalance etc. Improving several plants usually happens under saline circumstan...
Article
Full-text available
Rice is the primary source of food in many countries of the world and has conducted many studies in order to improve breeding and rice production, especially in the field of plant tissue culture. The aim of this study is to review some of the factors that influence the induction of callus from rice seeds. Of these factors are that genotype and expl...

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Projects (7)