Arnt Fløysand

Arnt Fløysand
Høgskulen på Vestlandet | HVL · The Mohn Centre for Innovation and Regional Development

Professor

About

59
Publications
21,957
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,174
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
765 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
Høgskulen på Vestlandet
Position
  • Professor
August 1991 - December 2022
University of Bergen
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Through the case of the salmon aquaculture sector in Chile, the risks involved in the development of a non-traditional export sector are reviewed, in order to point to failings (lessons not learned) and opportunities (lessons learned, new plans), and the changing scales of stakeholder interactions. In particular the paper highlights the ways in whi...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we criticize the bipolar polemic on globalization that tends to be limited to arguing over its desirability or destructiveness, and argue that it is necessary to probe deeper into the power relationships that are produced by the restructuring of relationships in time and space. The theoretical debate on politics of scale opens the...
Article
Full-text available
Recent contributions within the system of innovation approach are marked by an instrumentalism that views innovation as a predictable and standardized process that in most aspects counters theories and empirical observations stressing the multilevel, spontaneous and complex features of innovation. Informed by the relational turn within economic geo...
Article
Full-text available
Departing from evolutionary economic geography, the objective of the article is to reveal the dynamics of institutional work by regional key actors with a need to achieve green restructuring in regions dependent on the oil and gas industry. The authors combine quantitative and qualitative methods to investigate how, why, and when regional stakehold...
Article
Full-text available
This study introduces a social science informed technology approach to move towards a more comprehensive understanding of industry renewal. We achieve this through an evolutionary perspective scrutinising how materiality and discourse interact in an ongoing technology greening programme within the salmon farming industry in Norway. The empirical pa...
Article
Full-text available
This paper's major focus is to study if firms' emphasis on environmental and social sustainability has impacted how they have been affected by and responded to COVID-19. A survey of Norwegian firms across industries shows that those emphasizing environmental and social sustainability have had a relatively strong response to COVID-19, albeit not hav...
Article
Full-text available
While historically the core missions of universities have been research and teaching, it has become increasingly recognised that universities have become significant sources of knowledge and capabilities. This third mission is cementing the role of universities as suppliers of qualified labour and generators of knowledge and technologies that promo...
Article
Full-text available
Combining insights from evolutionary economic geography and socio-technical transition studies, this article provides a conceptual framework and a theory-informed empirical analysis of policy dimensions for regional green restructuring. The combination of these two perspectives allows the application and confrontation of analytical concepts with th...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper has been to explore, in depth, the place-based conditions enabling and constraining the directionality of responsible innovation in the Tasmanian salmon farming industry, and to discuss how this case can inform the broader literature on directionality of innovations. Theoretically, we argue that the combination of literature o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Sammendrag Med utgangspunkt i en bedriftssurvey analyserer kapitlet karakteristikker ved bedrifter i norsk naeringsliv som introduserer grønne innovasjoner. Signifikante karakteristikker ved de grønne innovatørene er at de har en åpen bedriftskultur, internasjonalt samarbeid og koblinger til andre bransjer. Det kan også synes som om det å ha en god...
Article
Full-text available
Theoretically and conceptually, evolutionary economic geography has paid little attention to technological characteristics when explaining the emergence of new industries. Building on the literature on technological innovation systems, the article develops a framework for investigating interconnections between territorial dynamics and technological...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) has earned a prominent position in policy spheres by offering forward-looking approaches and a framework for reflecting on the societal impact of research and innovation. Nevertheless, RRI remains an immature and relatively narrow area of inquiry, with a top-down approach and guided by s...
Article
Full-text available
The cluster literature in general and evolutionary economic geography in particular emphasizes the importance of extra-regional linkages for cluster evolution. However, the literature does so without necessarily nuancing the content, i.e., heterogeneity, of such linkages. We argue that treating extra-regional linkages as homogeneous hampers an impo...
Article
The New Zealand salmon farming industry is building its salmon. farming brand on a green image of a clean industry, operating in pristine. environments and thus producing a high-quality premium product. The paper. pursues the discursive dynamics behind this green profile by investigating how different stakeholders reveal industry related risk perce...
Article
Full-text available
Informed by the evolutionary literature on economic geography, this paper develops a conceptual framework for analysing the complexity between foreign direct investment (FDI) and renewal of industries. Present contributions tend to explain the impact of FDI on regional industry evolution as a static, output-oriented phenomenon, that is, informed by...
Article
Full-text available
For more than two decades, cluster theory has served as a basis for widespread implementation of regional development policies in several countries. However, there are still persistent struggles in academia towards agreement on clear operational definitions of a cluster. In this article, we argue that this definitional haziness, reflected by diffic...
Article
This report analysis the processes of restructuring and innovation in Ferrol, a one- company town. It is based on fourteen field reports developed by students of the Department of geography at the University of Bergen in spring 2001. The paper starts with a theory discussion focusing on the concepts of regional development, restructuring, and innov...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the connection between changing ideas for regional policy formulation in Norway and Spain taking on a “scalar politics” framework. The analysis demonstrates that regional industrial policies are rooted in processes of downscaling in Norway and upscaling in Spain, while rescaling of regional policy away from being primarily a...
Article
This article offers a critical reading of theories on embeddedness emphasised in discussions focusing on innovation in rural areas. A striking characteristic of current innovation studies is a strong emphasis on innovation as a process of interactive learning, characterised by continuous internal and external feedback involving all stakeholder grou...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite its recognition as a Latin American ‘jaguar’ economy since the early 1980s, Chile remains wedded to natural resource extraction for its export-oriented economic model. Over 80% of its exports are based on minerals, agriculture and fisheries; most of these have a relatively low level of added value. The intensity of extraction and harvesting...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to contribute to an understanding of clusters, including both the material and discursive dynamism of cluster construction, and shed light on how clusters—once established—affect the actors, institutions and processes that constitute them. It does this by viewing clusters as an actant, i.e. something that acts or to which a...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we argue for the continuing relevance of the national scale in understanding the geographies that shape and constrain labor agency. Recent contributions to labor geography have held that some of the central concepts used to understand the transformative capacities of labor, such as agency and scale, are under-theorized. On the basis...
Chapter
Full-text available
As democracy has become more consolidated in Chile, there has been an emergence of socio-environmental conflicts, indicative of the desire of local actors to oppose large-scale projects associated with “national development” that do not satisfy local development needs. This can be seen as a conflict between two different visions of development, one...
Article
Full-text available
The authors use the 2007 ISA virus outbreak in Chilean salmon aquaculture, coupled with insights from post-structural political ecology, as an opportunity to examine the institutional architecture and discursive hegemony of particular production strategies that silenced local experiences with the industry in favour of continuing exploitation. The a...
Article
Full-text available
The article discusses the dynamic relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and local conditions in a peripheral area by introducing the Jakobsen model for how outcomes of FDI on local economies differ according to contextual interplays between local conditions and the content of a given FDI. The dynamics are demonstrated in the case of...
Article
Full-text available
Given recent processes of regional restructuring and provincial development in Chiloé, Chile, traditional communities have witnessed the ‘glocalisation’ of their economic base and socio-cultural aspects of their lives. The article focuses on the municipal position in terms of the impacts generated by salmon aquaculture and the faculties that they e...
Article
Full-text available
A partir de los procesos recientes de reestructuración regional y desarrollo de la provincia de Chiloé, Chile, las comunidades tradicionales se ven enfrentadas a la “glocalización” de su base económica y de sus aspectos socioculturales. Se señala el punto de vista de las municipalidades en relación a los impactos generados por la industria salmoner...
Article
Given recent processes of regional restructuring and provincial development in Chiloé, Chile, traditional communities have witnessed the 'glocalisation' of their economic base and socio-cultural aspects of their lives. The article focuses on the municipal position in terms of the impacts generated by salmon aquaculture and the faculties that they e...
Article
Full-text available
In tune with professional football in other European countries, Norwegian football has experienced increased commercialization and a growing international influence since the mid‐1990s. A conventional view is that such processes will result in a de‐coupling or dis‐embedding of the organization from its local context. By analysing the spatiality of...
Article
Full-text available
La provincia de Chiloé, un territorio conformado por un archipiélago del sur de Chile, es el escenario de un proceso de reestructuración y desarrollo regional gatillado por la irrupción de la industria salmonera. Durante las dos últimas décadas se han desarrollado actividades de cría y proceso de salmón que han llevado a que este país sea el segund...
Book
Full-text available
Processes of regional restructuring, innovation and development has been experienced in the province of Chiloé in Southern Chile, where a traditional community faces to the internalisation of its economic base. From the point of view of representatives of municipalities on the characteristics of local governments and the salmon industry, we show th...
Article
Full-text available
This article offers a critical reading of theories on embeddedness emphasised in discussions on restructuring and other changes in rural areas. Despite expanding globalisation, embeddedness is considered a local or regional phenomenon that generally promotes the socioeconomic development of rural areas. We argue that the ways in which different for...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most significant recent elements of restructuring in rural areas is the transition from an economy based on agricultural production to an economy based on the countryside as a form of commodity. In this transition process, different narratives or images of an area are produced to promote villages and other places in the countryside as co...
Article
Full-text available
Esta artículo debate sobre las relaciones entre narrativos, ámbitos sociales y género en el contexto de la globalización. Tradicionalmente la división del trabajo en las comunidades pesqueras se ha vinculado al género. Este es también el caso de la comunidad pesquera de Muros, en Galicia (España). En el sector pesquero, las actividades marítimas ha...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses relations between narratives, social fields and gender in a context of globalisation. Traditionally the division of labour has been gendered in fishery communities. This is also the case in the fishery community of Muros in Galicia (Spain). In the fishery sector, the off-shore activities have been controlled by men, while wom...
Article
Full-text available
Since the early 1900s, foreign direct investments (FDs) have greatly affected Norwegian society, especially peripheral communities. This article analyses how transnational corporations (TNCs) use territory down to the local level, and how this complex relationship between firms and spaces is shaped by attributes related to the TNC and the character...
Article
Full-text available
This report analysis the processes of restructuring and innovation in Ferrol, a one- company town. It is based on fourteen field reports developed by students of the Department of geography at the University of Bergen in spring 2001. The paper starts with a theory discussion focusing on the concepts of regional development, restructuring, and innov...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses how the economic organization and evolution of industrial clusters is affected by how firms are embedded in social fields - dense agent networks with shared rules of conduct, coordinating interfirm relations. The article points out that while clusters represent a local form of economic organiza- tion, they do not depend solel...
Article
Full-text available
The fish-processing industry, one of the most important industries of coastal Norway, consists of approximately 500 firms employing 12,500 people. This article draws attention to the regional specialisation of the Norwegian fish-processing industry. Changes in the level of activity and in profitability at the regional level can to a large extent be...
Article
Full-text available
The article discusses relations between globalisation and local capitalism. Despite an increased globalisation of the international economy, economic actors continue to be spatially and culturally situated. A methodology to discuss global/local relations is presented, and applied in a fishery-dependent region in Norway. An intensive study of two im...
Article
Full-text available
The paper discusses relations between globalisation and local capitalism. The discussion focus on how firms in the Norwegian fish processing industry have adapted to increasing international competition and national political liberalisation during the 1990s. In an intensive study we analyse how historical, spatial and cultural conditions relate to...
Article
Full-text available
Summary Globalization sometimes strengthens existing patterns of social interaction and sometimes changes these patterns. In both cases the empirical outcomes can be of homogeneous as well as of heterogeneous character. This means that the process of globalization isdouble edgedª and impossible to forecast. At best it can be exposed through theory...
Article
This paper argues for a stronger emphasis on spatial micro-macro relations when analysing the relations between culture and competitiveness in local production systems. The term "glocal" is applied to emphasise this micro-macro dialectics, and the paper suggests a methodology to capture such dialectics. It also discusses how untraded assets and ins...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
We are currently engaged in a writing project dealing with theoretical and conceptual issues of evolutionary economic geography and innovation studies, where we intend to publish research on the following thematic areas (which are inclusive rather than exhaustive): • Regional industrial renewal • The space for agency in evolutionary approaches • Interplays between discourse and materiality in path evolution • Epistemological and ontological underpinnings of evolutionary theory and innovation studies • The impact of evolutionary theory on policy and practice within different contexts
Project
Proyecto Fondecyt Regular 2016 N° 1161417. ¿Quien es responsable del desarrollo local? La respuesta depende de muchos factores y perspectivas sobre la naturaleza del desarrollo y del modo en que surge. De particular interés en este proyecto es cómo se manifiesta en localidades específicas ligadas a procesos de producción y procesamiento para la exportación. Se vincula con la tradición de la geografía política que se ha enfocado en el rol del Estado en procesos de desarrollo territorial bajo presiones de globalización y del “desarrollo hacia afuera” desde los 1970s. De allí surge el concepto de neoestructuralismo, en comparación con el neoliberalismo donde actores privados toman un rol decisivo en la orientación del desarrollo. La geografía política se interesa por los actores detrás de las transformaciones territoriales para determinar derechos y responsabilidades. Si bien hay instrumentos de regulación que condicionan acciones sobre el territorio, también coexisten distintas perspectivas, ideas y planteamientos de desarrollo territorial que resultan en relaciones de cooperación y conflicto. En este proyecto se identifican como articulaciones publico-privadas. El proyecto busca destrabar esa diversidad de perspectivas y sus manifestaciones en comunas donde se concentra el modelo económico chileno: las comunas de exportación. La pregunta sobre la responsabilidad por el desarrollo local surge en el contexto en que la sociedad civil entra cada vez más como actor en asociación con el Estado y el sector privado, compitiendo por determinar la orientación del desarrollo y reclamando sobre la distribución de los beneficios y las externalidades negativas; el término zonas de sacrificio ha surgido para definir esta distribución desigual. En el debate nacional sobre la descentralización y el reparto de los efectos del modelo exportador resalta la discusión sobre escalas, de producción y procesamiento ligado a las actividades económicas de exportación. En esta discusión han emergido con fuerza durante las últimas dos décadas los conceptos de neoestructuralismo, gobernanza, legitimidad, articulación o asociatividad, poder y descentralización. Es clave aplicar estas construcciones conceptuales en prácticas y territorios específicos para reconocer su potencial para interpretar y explicar los dispares resultados del desarrollo ligado a la exportación de recursos naturales. El objetivo central de esta investigación es analizar los roles y responsabilidades del Estado y del sector empresarial en la articulación público-privada en Chile y sus efectos en comunas especializadas en actividades de exportación entre 2000 y 2014. Esto considera el período en que se ha destacado el papel de la participación e involucramiento ciudadano, aunque desde distintos enfoques y metas. Es por esta razón que el proyecto examinará seis comunas que han experimentado presiones de tres sectores productivos con evidente protagonismo del Estado, del empresariado y de la ciudadanía: Calama y Copiapó para la minería, Quemchi y Quellón para la salmonicultura y Nacimiento y Constitución para la actividad forestal. Adicionalimente, se busca matizar los conceptos y perspectivas actuales con dos conceptos centrales: spatial fix de David Harvey, que indica la forma en la cual el capital aprovecha y condiciona el uso del territorio, y fricción territorial, un concepto en proceso de elaboración por los autores para comunicar las formas de capturar e incorporar los beneficios de producción y exportación en el territorio de extracción o procesamiento. Para lograr el objetivo se aplicará una metodología mixta basada en entrevistas con actores claves para determinar posiciones y perspectivas respecto a responsabilidades y procesos de desarrollo local, y análisis de flujos de capital –patentes, inversiones en infraestructura, empleo, aportes culturales (responsabilidad social), entre otros. Los datos generados por las entrevistas serán sometidos a análisis temáticos, mientras que los flujos de capital serán expresados en términos de volúmenes, localizaciones (SIG) y flujos intra e intercomunales para graficar el tipo o propósito del flujo, los montos asociados, y a qué agenda corresponden. Esta metodología se contextualiza en un enfoque de casos de estudio con el que se espera vincular las posiciones de diversos actores frente a otros, evidenciar los aportes que contribuyen al desarrollo local y el grado de articulación en las decisiones de inversión y captación de beneficios del modelo exportador. Los resultados contribuirán a una mejor precisión de lo que se entiende por los roles y responsabilidades de actores en esas comunas, que a su vez influye en la definición de políticas, planes y programas diseñados para fomentar la descentralización, fortalecer el desarrollo sustentable local y asegurar una articulación público-privada capaz de reducir conflictos y mejorar la calidad de vida.