Arnoldo Pirela

Arnoldo Pirela
Central University of Venezuela/ Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement. · CENDES/ Ceped- Université Paris Descartes

PhD
Chercheur associé IRD-CEPED, France, Profesor Titular, Emérito UCV-CENDES, Venezuela

About

39
Publications
4,168
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149
Citations
Citations since 2017
9 Research Items
43 Citations
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Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Depuis plusieurs années, le Venezuela connaît une combinaison inédite de crises d’ordre à la fois politique et institutionnel, économique et social, sanitaire et sécuritaire. Après avoir perdu le contrôle du Parlement en 2015, le camp du président Nicolás Maduro n’a cessé de gouverner via l’état d’exception. Il réprime à loisir le dissensus et la...
Article
Full-text available
Desde hace ya varios años Venezuela atraviesa una combinación inédita de crisis tanto en términos político-institucionales como socioeconómicos, sanitarios, de seguridad pública, entre tantos otros. Tras perder el control de la Asamblea nacional en 2015, Nicolás Maduro y el oficialismo han gobernado el país a través de un estado de excepción inint...
Article
Full-text available
For several years now, Venezuela has been plagued by an unprecedented combination of political, institutional, economic, social, health, and security crises. After losing control of the Parliament in 2015, President Nicolás Maduro’s government declared a state of emergency that has not been lifted since. Dissent and protest have been fiercely supp...
Article
Climate change poses a double threat to Latin America, both to agricultural production and to the exploitation of its main comparative advantage ; fossil resources. This paper’s aim is to tackle the technological convergence/divergence in Latin America between the hydrocarbon and agrifood value chains in a context of energy transition. This theoret...
Article
Full-text available
We aim to identify how much there is of myth and reality in the economic historiography of Venezuela and in the theories or approaches to development that attempt to explain its current situation. In order to do so, we specify some of the elements that have built a Venezuelan semantics on oil, a kind of «social schizophrenia» that has served as a p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
América Latina frente al Cambio climático y la transición tecnológica: energía y sector agroalimentario. Arnoldo PIRELA Denis REQUIER-DESJARDINS Luis OROZCO El problema La COP21 o Acuerdo de Paris sobre Cambio climático y Transición energética es la expresión de un compromiso político de 195 países que refleja una preocupación sobre el destino de l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
América Latina frente al Cambio climático y la transición tecnológica: energía y sector agroalimentario. Arnoldo PIRELA Denis REQUIER-DESJARDINS Luis OROZCO El problema La COP21 o Acuerdo de Paris sobre Cambio climático y Transición energética es la expresión de un compromiso político de 195 países que refleja una preocupación sobre el destino de l...
Article
ABSTRACT: With development of globalization and integration of national economies the question on the state intervention in economy became more sharply. In modern economic and political conditions all governments in the world has intervention in economy but in different levels. Thus, almost nobody challenges the fact about necessity intervention in...
Book
Full-text available
Revisión crítica del origen, desarrollo y difusión de una teoría latinoamericana sobre el desarrollo y el subdesarrollo económico. Los antecedentes y la cristalización e institucionalización en la CEPAL, después de la II Guerra Mundial, y su evolución en la llamada Teoría de la Dependencia y en el "Dependentismo", hasta finales de los años 80's.
Article
We briefly review the different views and approaches about sustainable development to strength on the importance of multidisciplinary and multi-stakeholder proposals, including issues related to innovation as it relates to tourism as a matter of territorial management. We report the case of a sustainable development strategy designed for Ciudad Bol...
Article
This paper is a first approach to the design of a system of indicators that determine the level of competitiveness of an enterprise with an emphasis on sustainability. The system is specifically designed for tourism sector, with a strong anchor in the vision shared by all local stakeholders regarding the destination. Moreover, we aim not only to me...
Article
We briefly review the different views and approaches about sustainable development to strength on the importance of multidisciplinary and multi-stakeholder proposals, including issues related to innovation as it relates to tourism as a matter of territorial management. We report the case of a sustainable development strategy designed for Ciudad Bol...
Article
This paper is a first approach to the design of a system of indicators that determine the level of competitiveness of an enterprise with an emphasis on sustainability. The system is specifically designed for tourism sector, with a strong anchor in the vision shared by all local stakeholders regarding the destination. Moreover, we aim not only to me...
Article
Full-text available
Oil Strategy of Venezuela: the Orinoco Oil Belt supporting Bolivarian Revolution? The certification of Venezuelan heavy oil reserves in the Orinoco Belt has been, to the Venezuelan government, the cornerstone in the strategy to attract foreign investment and technology needed to intensify the exploitation of oil. But also, that aims to achieve Chav...
Article
Full-text available
The Orinoco Socialist Project (PSO) is the key component of the development plan for the Orinoco Belt (FPO), which occupies the south eastern strip of the Orinoco river basin. With it the government envisions a fundamental change of Venezuelan society, politically and ideologically, but also regarding its organization and territorial dynamics. PDVS...
Article
Full-text available
La Colombie a été confrontée au cours des vingt dernières années à la menace d'une perte de son autosuffisance énergétique, en particulier à cause de la chute de ses réserves pétrolières. Si ce déclin a pu être enrayé avec la reconstitution progressive de celles-ci depuis 2006 et une reprise de la production pétrolière qui a atteint un niveau moyen...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents and analyses the final results of a four-year experience aimed at developing innovative capacities and competitiveness by creating alliances between the state-owned oil company (PDVSA), and national firms supplying goods and services to the Venezuelan oil and petrochemical industry. The article proposes a different approach fr...
Article
RESUMEN RESUMEN Este documento analiza los aspectos referidos a la cultura de manejo, uso y búsqueda de información en empresas venezolanas proveedoras de la industria petrolera y sus estrategias para mantenerse informadas sobre las tendencias tecnológicas, organizativas y ambientales, sobre los cambios en la estructura del mercado; la demanda, l...
Article
The Venezuelan company Polar is one of the largest industrial conglomerates in Latin America. The company distinguishes itself from other Latin American companies by actively stimulating collaborations with the academic world. Polar has shown an entrepreneurial ability by its appreciation of the role of scientific and technological knowledge in bus...
Article
Full-text available
This article is un analysis of key aspects of industrial culture, private sector culture and thepolitical structure that lies behind the difficulties experienced by many of the instruments designed to construct and develop a broad relationship and technical cooperation between the national research system and the production structure of goods and s...
Article
Full-text available
In the last years we can observe a change in the analysis of technology transfers to developing countries. Instead of examining the formal and legal aspects of the sellers and buyers of technology, enfasis is given to absorption capacity of the technology "receptors", that is their capcity to integrate, manage, develop and master the adquiried tech...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN RESUMEN Este documento analiza el comportamiento de los grupos resultantes de empresas a partir de un análisis estadístico de clasificación automático de empresas. De esto resulta, lo que denominamos la “taxonomía” de empresas, es decir una clasificación que permite agrupar a las empresas de acuerdo a su comportamiento particular.
Article
Una de las atribuciones legales conferidas al Instituto Nacional de los Espacios Acuáticos e Insulares (INEA) es la Administración Acuática, función que anteriormente se encontraba dispersa entre varias instancias de la Administración Pública. Es por ello que el INEA, como ente de la Administración, debe prestar varios servicios públicos, entre ell...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
En la búsqueda de las estrategias emergentes de innovación y convergencia tecnológica entre las cadenas de valor de hidrocarburos y las de los sectores agroalimentarios: complementariedad, interdependencia y sinergia o coexistencia.