Arnold Tannenbaum

Arnold Tannenbaum
University of Michigan | U-M

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105
Publications
43,021
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2,034
Citations
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January 1962 - December 2008
University of Michigan

Publications

Publications (105)
Article
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Kibbutzim differ from one another in democratic and egalitarian practice and in equality itself. We explore hypotheses in 49 kibbutzim that attempt to explain these differences by the opposing effects of a technological imperative that implies a rational striving for economic efiiciency and an ideological imperative that implies a commitment by mem...
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A number of authors have proposed or alluded to the significance for consciousness of sensing within the brain. This article reviews some of these proposals along with questions that have been raised and argues that consciousness might be understood as a property of a system that functions as a sense in the biological meaning of that term. The sens...
Article
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I propose that consciousness might be understood as the property of a system that functions as a sense in the biological meaning of that term. The theory assumes that, as a complex system, the sense of consciousness is not a fixed structure but implies structure with variations and that it evolved, as many new functions do, through the integration...
Article
Full-text available
Kibbutzim differ from one another in democratic and egalitarian practice and in equality itself. We explore hypotheses in 49 kibbutzim that attempt to explain these differences by the opposing effects of a technological imperative that implies a rational striving for economic efficiency and an ideological imperative that implies a commitment by mem...
Article
Full-text available
As well as hiring workers who are members of the kibbutz and who, therefore, are owners of the means of production, some kibbutz factories have hired workers who are not kibbutz members. Our hypotheses, drawn from the writings of Marx and others, suggest both “individual” and “contextual effects” of ownership on alienation. At the individual level,...
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Sweden has introduced schemes of participation widely in its industrial and business organizations. We present in this article data concerning some of the social psychological effects of two forms of participation, indirect and direct, in ten Swedish factories. Indirect participation entails decision making through representatives of the employees;...
Article
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Employee ownership modifies the traditional and prevailing relationship in most societies between workers and their work organization, and there are arguments suggesting that this modification has implications for the quality of working life of employees and their performance for the company. One set of arguments suggests that such effects occur th...
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This article reports the results of a study that explored the implications of workers' participation for the exercise of control as perceived by members of ten German companies. Data based on questionnaire responses by members at all levels suggested that the distribution of control was more egalitarian and/or that it implied a greater total amount...
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The legal system of workers' self-management in Yugoslavia provides to all of the employees of each enterprise ultimate authority over basic policy, personnel, and technical issues of the firm. This study explores the "actual" and the "ideal" distribution of control in Yugoslav industrial organizations as reported by members during a five-year peri...
Chapter
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This article reports a study of the activities and performance of institutional review boards to protect human research subjects. Researchers and institutional review board members were generally supportive of the review system, although substantial criticisms were also heard. Institutional review boards had some direct impact on half of the propos...
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Several current theories predict the psychological effect of a discrepancy between the reward persons receive from their job and the reward they would like to receive. Data from 1, 750 persons in 52 industrialplants of five countries are analyzed to explore some conflicting implications of these theories. For example, researchers dispute the assert...
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This study deals with control, participation, and effectiveness in four Yugoslav industrial organizations. It investigates (1) the relationship between degree of participativeness in workers' councils, and participativeness defined in terms of social-psychological relations among all members of the organization; and (2) the relationship of particip...
Article
Traducción de: Social psychology of the work organization Incluye bibliografía e índice
Article
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This study explores the relative tenability of 2 hypotheses concerning the effects on members' loyalty and activity of membership influence in an organization. The phenomenological hypothesis explains the effects in terms of the influence which the members perceive to exist; the structural hypothesis in terms of the influence that actually does exi...
Article
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Methods for separating the effects of group structure or composition from individual effects have been proposed by Blau and by Davis, Spaeth, and Huson. Both methods are useful, but they do not always hold individual or group characteristics strictly constant as intended, thereby making it possible to obtain spurious group or individual effects. Se...
Chapter
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The analysis focuses upon the control aspects of organizations. Organizations are characterized as orderly arrangements of individual human interactions, in which control is essential ingredient. A major assumption is that the total amount of control or influence in an organization is not a constant, fixed amount, but that it may vary. Increasing t...
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The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
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One of the more unwieldy concepts with which social scientists struggle is that of power. How can one compare the power of a policeman to direct traffic with the power of a professor to get his students to do a homework assignment, or with the power of a father to get his son to wash behind his ears? The persons are so different, the behaviors so d...
Article
Full-text available
tThe analysis focuses upon the control aspects of organizations. Organizations are characterized as orderly arrangements of individual human interactions, in which control is essential ingredient. A major assumption is that the total amount of control or influence in an organization is not a constant, fixed amount, but that it may vary. Increasing...
Article
Full-text available
A probability sample of the relatively autonomous local Leagues within the League of Women Voters of the United States was used to test two hypotheses concerning the causes and effects of varying patterns of control in organizations. Both are stated in terms of dimensions of the descriptive technique known as the "control graph." The hypotheses sta...
Article
To what extent can personality change, when it occurs, be understood in terms of effect of specific environmental conditions? In a large clerical organization, two experimental groups were created and subjected for more than a year to different programs of control. A paper-and-pencil questionnaire designed specifically to measure 26 personality tre...
Article
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The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
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There is a substantial body of research which documents the importance of the leader's interpersonal skills in determining the attitudes and behavior of group members. Most of this work has been done in industry and has been concentrated on the relationship between the foreman and his men. The present article represents an attempt to replicate seve...
Article
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"The attitude of favor or disfavor, developed by workers in a large business organization to 2 experimental programs with contrasting patterns of allocating authority appears to be a function, as was predicted, of the interaction between the personality structure of the individual and the structure of the work-program in which he is operating. Thos...

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Project (1)
Project
Understanding psychological implications of consciousness as an emergent property of a sensory information processing system in the brain.