Arndt Pechstein

Arndt Pechstein
Biomimicry · Innovation Lab

Dr. rer. nat | PhD

About

22
Publications
3,101
Reads
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1,328
Citations
Introduction
Latest Projects: - Adviser for Cambridge University & Royal Technical University (KTH) Stockholm for Impact Strategy - Adviser for IKIAM Amazon University Ecuador - Development of Impact Innovation Lab - Adviser in collaboration w/ OpenLab Stockholm - Societal Impact Project Catalyst - Project-Adviser: Development of clean water supplies in rural Nepal - Audi Urban Future Initiative (Urban Mobility Concept) http://goo.gl/5QgRIl
Additional affiliations
October 2013 - present
Hasso Plattner Institute
Position
  • Design Thinking Coach
October 2013 - present
Hasso Plattner Institute
Position
  • Design Thinking Coach
August 2013 - present
phi360
Position
  • Owner
Description
  • Innovation - Design Thinking - Biomimicry - Creative Solutions

Publications

Publications (22)
Article
Full-text available
Endophilins-A are conserved endocytic adaptors with membrane curvature-sensing and -inducing properties. We show here that, independently of their role in endocytosis, endophilin-A1 and endophilin-A2 regulate exocytosis of neurosecretory vesicles. The number and distribution of neurosecretory vesicles were not changed in chromaffin cells lacking en...
Article
Full-text available
Liquid-liquid phase separation is an increasingly recognized mechanism for compartmentalization in cells. Recent in vitro studies suggest that this organizational principle may apply to synaptic vesicle clusters. Here we test this possibility by performing microinjections at the living lamprey giant reticulospinal synapse. Axons are maintained at r...
Article
Full-text available
Neurotransmission is mediated by the exocytic release of neurotransmitters from readily releasable synaptic vesicles (SVs) at the active zone. To sustain neurotransmission during periods of elevated activity, release-ready vesicles need to be replenished from the reserve pool of SVs. The SV-associated synapsins are crucial for maintaining this rese...
Article
Full-text available
Neurotransmission involves the exo-endocytic cycling of synaptic vesicle (SV) membranes. Endocytic membrane retrieval and clathrin-mediated SV reformation require curvature-sensing and membrane-bending BAR domain proteins such as endophilin A. While their ability to sense and stabilize curved membranes facilitates membrane recruitment of BAR domain...
Article
Neurotransmission depends on presynaptic membrane retrieval and local reformation of synaptic vesicles (SVs) at nerve terminals. The mechanisms involved in these processes are highly controversial with evidence being presented for SV membranes being retrieved exclusively via clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) from the plasma membrane or via ultraf...
Article
Full-text available
Sustained fast neurotransmission requires the rapid replenishment of release-ready synaptic vesicles (SVs) at presynaptic active zones. Although the machineries for exocytic fusion and for subsequent endocytic membrane retrieval have been well characterized, little is known about the mechanisms underlying the rapid recruitment of SVs to release sit...
Article
Full-text available
Neurotransmission in the brain critically depends on the maintenance of synapses as well as on regulated synaptic protein turnover. How synaptic proteostasis is held in check has remained largely enigmatic. A new paper in The EMBO Journal reports that the active zone proteins Piccolo and Bassoon put a brake on presynaptic protein turnover by restra...
Article
Full-text available
FKBP38 is a regulator of the prosurvival protein Bcl-2, but in the absence of detailed structural insights, the molecular mechanism of the underlying interaction has remained unknown. Here, we report the contact regions between Bcl-2 and the catalytic domain of FKBP38 derived by heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy. The data reveal that a previously iden...
Article
Full-text available
Sustained neurotransmitter release at synapses during high-frequency synaptic activity involves the mobilization of synaptic vesicles (SVs) from the tightly clustered reserve pool (RP). Synapsin I (Syn I), a brain-specific peripheral membrane protein that undergoes activity-dependent cycles of SV association and dissociation, is implicated in RP or...
Article
Clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) regulates many cell physiological processes such as the internalization of growth factors and receptors, entry of pathogens, and synaptic transmission. Within the endocytic network, clathrin functions as a central organizing platform for coated pit assembly and dissociation via its terminal domain (TD). We report...
Article
Synapsin I is the most abundant brain phosphoprotein present in conventional synapses of the CNS. Knockout and rescue experiments have demonstrated that synapsin is essential for clustering of synaptic vesicles (SVs) at active zones and the organization of the reserve pool of SVs. However, in spite of intense efforts it remains largely unknown how...
Article
Full-text available
Central inter-neuronal synapses employ various molecular mechanisms to sustain neurotransmitter release during phases of high-frequency synaptic activity. One of the features ensuring this property is the presence of a pool of synaptic vesicles (SVs) in the presynaptic terminal. At rest and low rates of stimulation, most of the vesicles composing t...
Article
Full-text available
Members of the Bin/amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) domain protein superfamily are involved in membrane remodeling in various cellular pathways ranging from endocytic vesicle and T-tubule formation to cell migration and neuromorphogenesis. Membrane curvature induction and stabilization are encoded within the BAR or Fer-CIP4 homology-BAR (F-BAR) domains, alpha...
Article
Full-text available
Clathrin-mediated synaptic vesicle (SV) recycling involves the spatiotemporally controlled assembly of clathrin coat components at phosphatidylinositiol (4, 5)-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2]-enriched membrane sites within the periactive zone. Such spatiotemporal control is needed to coordinate SV cargo sorting with clathrin/AP2 recruitment and to restrai...
Article
Full-text available
During neurotransmitter release, SVs (synaptic vesicles) fuse at the active zone and are recovered predominantly via clathrin-mediated endocytosis at the presynaptic compartment surrounding the site of release, referred to as the periactive zone. Exo- and endo-cytosis in synapses are tightly temporarily and spatially coupled to sustain synaptic tra...
Article
Full-text available
alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)-type glutamate receptors undergo constitutive and ligand-induced internalization that requires dynamin and the clathrin adaptor complex AP-2. We report here that an atypical basic motif within the cytoplasmic tails of AMPA-type glutamate receptors directly associates with mu2-adaptin b...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2] is an important factor for a variety of cellular functions ranging from cell signaling to actin cytoskeletal dynamics and endocytic membrane traffic. Here, we have identified the clathrin adaptor complex AP-2 as a regulator of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase (PIPK)-mediated PI(4,5)P2 syn...
Article
The microbial peptidomacrolide FK506 affects many eukaryotic developmental and cell signaling programs via calcineurin inhibition. Prior formation of a complex between FK506 and intracellular FK506-binding proteins (FKBPs) is the precondition for the interaction with calcineurin. A puzzling difference has emerged between the mammalian multidomain p...

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