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Arita Silapetere

Arita Silapetere

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24
Publications
3,645
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156
Citations
Citations since 2017
22 Research Items
155 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (24)
Thesis
QuasArs, eine neue Klasse von fluoreszierenden Membranspannungssensoren basierend auf Archaerhodopsin-3, wurde von Hochbaum et al. im Jahr 2014 beschrieben. Die neuen Konstrukte zeigen eine für mikrobielle Rhodopsine außergewöhnlich hohe Fluoreszenzquantenausbeute. Außerdem ist die Fluoreszenz spannungsabhängig, was für Membranspannungssensoren ein...
Article
Previously the retinal photocycle dynamics of the fluorescent voltage sensor Archon2, a mutant of Archaerhodopsin 3, in pH 8 Tris buffer was studied experimentally at room temperature by photo-excitation (excitation wavelengths 590 nm and 632.8 nm) of the protonated retinal Schiff base (PRSB) Ret_586 (absorption maximum at λmax = 586 nm) and follow...
Article
Full-text available
Rhodopsins had long been considered non-fluorescent until a peculiar voltage-sensitive fluorescence was reported for archaerhodopsin-3 (Arch3) derivatives. These proteins named QuasArs have been used for imaging membrane voltage changes in cell cultures and small animals, but they could not be applied in living rodents. To develop the next generati...
Article
The retinal photocycle dynamics of the fluorescent voltage sensor Archon2 in pH 8 Tris buffer was studied. Archon2 is a mutant of Archaerhodopsin 3 (Arch) from Halorubrum sodomense obtained by a robotic multidimensional directed evolution approach (Archon2 = Arch T56P-P60S-T80P-D95H-T99S-T116I-F161V-T183I-L197I-A225C). The samples were photo-excite...
Article
Full-text available
Archon2 is a fluorescent voltage sensor derived from Archaerhodopsin 3 (Arch) of Halorubrum sodomense using robotic multidimensional directed evolution approach. Here we report absorption and emission spectroscopic studies of Archon2 in Tris buffer at pH 8. Absorption cross-section spectra, fluorescence quantum distributions, fluorescence quantum y...
Article
Full-text available
The retinal photocycle dynamics of the fluorescent voltage sensor QuasAr1 (Archaerhodopsin 3 P60S-T80S-D95H-D106H-F161V mutant from Halorubrum sodomense) in pH 8 Tris buffer was studied. The samples were photoexcited to the first absorption band of the protonated retinal Schiff base (PRSB) Ret_580 (absorption maximum at λmax ≈ 580 nm), and the reti...
Article
Full-text available
QuasAr1 is a fluorescent voltage sensor derived from Archaerhodopsin 3 (Arch) of Halorubrum sodomense by directed evolution. Here we report absorption and emission spectroscopic studies of QuasAr1 in Tris buffer at pH 8. Absorption cross-section spectra, fluorescence quantum distributions, fluorescence quantum yields, and fluorescence excitation sp...
Article
Full-text available
Channelrhodopsins (ChRs) are algal light-gated ion channels widely used as optogenetic tools for manipulating neuronal activity. ChRs desensitize under continuous bright-light illumination, resulting in a significant decline of photocurrents. Here we describe a metagenomically identified family of phylogenetically distinct anion-conducting ChRs (de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Channelrhodopsins (ChRs) are algal light-gated ion channels widely used as optogenetic tools for manipulating neuronal activity. ChRs desensitize under continuous bright-light illumination, resulting in a significant decline of photocurrents. We describe a novel, metagenomically identified family of phylogenetically distinct anion-conducting ChRs (...
Article
Light-driven sodium pumps (NaRs) are microbial rhodopsins that utilize light energy to actively transport sodium ions out of the cell. Here, we used targeted mutagenesis and electrophysiological methods in living cells to demonstrate that NaRs can be converted into light-activated cation channels by molecular engineering. Specifically, introduction...
Article
Full-text available
A new microbial rhodopsin class that actively transports sodium out of the cell upon illumination was described in 2013. However, poor membrane targeting of the first-identified sodium pump KR2 in mammalian cells has hindered the direct electrical investigation of its transport mechanism and optogenetic application to date. Accordingly, we designed...
Article
Full-text available
Anion channelrhodopsins (ACRs) are of great interest due to their ability to inhibit electrical signaling in optogenetic experiments. The photochemistry of ACRs is currently only poorly understood and an improved understanding would be beneficial for rational design of ACRs with modified properties. Activation/deactivation of ACRs involve series of...
Article
Full-text available
Skin chromophore phantoms are widely used for better understanding of the light interaction with tissue and for calibration of skin diagnostic imaging techniques. In this work, different phantoms were examined and compared in order to find biologically equivalent substances that are the most promising for this purpose. For mimicking the skin medium...
Conference Paper
Skin phantoms can be used for better understanding of diffuse reflectance imaging of skin. In this study, skin phantoms of hemoglobin, bilirubin and melanin were developed and studied for possibilities to calibrate chromophore concentration values.

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