Aristides Kiprakis

Aristides Kiprakis
The University of Edinburgh | UoE · School of Engineering

Professor
Leading the Agile Energy Research Group; conducting research on renewables integration, smart grids & energy demand

About

83
Publications
31,619
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,695
Citations
Introduction
I am Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) in Power Systems and Director of the MSc in Advanced Power Engineering at the School of Engineering, University of Edinburgh. I've been involved in 10+ UK and international projects with a total budget of over £30M. I lead a group of 12 Researchers working in the areas of renewable energy and smart grids, and have authored more than 80 peer reviewed publications. I am Senior Member of the IEEE, Member of the IET and a STEM Ambassador.
Additional affiliations
July 2011 - present
The University of Edinburgh
Position
  • Lecturer in Power Systems
July 2011 - present
The University of Edinburgh
Position
  • Lecturer in Power Systems
Description
  • Teaching courses on Renewable Energy and Control Engineering at both UG and PG levels.
November 2010 - July 2011
The University of Edinburgh
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Worked on the DESIMAX research project, looking into Multiscale Modelling for Electrical Demand Side Management.
Education
October 2000 - September 2005
The University of Edinburgh
Field of study
  • Electrical Power Engineering
September 1999 - May 2000
University of Strathclyde
Field of study
  • Communications, Control & Digital Signal Processing
September 1994 - May 1999
Hellenic Mediterranean University
Field of study
  • Electronics Engineering

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
A bottom-up modeling approach is presented that uses a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method to develop demand profiles. The demand profiles are combined with the electrical characteristics of the appliance to create detailed time-varying models of residential loads suitable for the analysis of smart grid applications and low-voltage (LV) demand-s...
Article
Full-text available
A detailed study of the potential impact of low voltage (LV) residential demand-side management (DSM) on the cost and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is presented. The proposed optimisation algorithm is used to shift non-critical residential loads, with the wet load category used as a case study, in order to minimise the total daily cost and emissio...
Article
Buildings are responsible for some 40% of the total final energy consumption in the European Union and about 40% of the world's primary energy consumption. Hence, the reduction of primary energy consumption is important for the overall energy chain. The scope of the current work is to assess the energy efficiency measures in the residential and sma...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a fully coupled, wave-to-wire time-domain model that can simulate the hydrodynamic, mechanical, and electrical response of an array of wave energy converters. Arrays of any configuration can be simulated to explore both the effects of the array on the electricity network and of network events on the devices within the array. St...
Article
Full-text available
With the rapid increase in distributed generation (DG), the issue of voltage regulation in the distribution network becomes more significant, and centralized voltage control (or active network management) is one of the proposed methods. Alternative work on intelligent distributed voltage and reactive power control of DG has also demonstrated benefi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The gradual decommissioning of fossil fuel-driven power plants, that traditionally provide most operational flexibility in power systems, has led to more frequent grid stability issues. To compensate for the lack of flexible resources, Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) in distribution networks can be employed. To facilitate the use of DERs, the a...
Article
Full-text available
Given the ongoing transition towards a more decentralised and adaptive energy system, the potential of blockchain-enabled smart contracts for the energy sector is being increasingly recognised. Due to their self-executing, customisable and tamper-proof nature, they are seen as a key technology for enabling the transition to a more efficient, transp...
Article
Full-text available
Coupled blade element momentum-computational fluid dynamic (BEM-CFD) approaches have been extensively used to study tidal stream turbine performance and wake development. These approaches have shown to be accurate when compared to tests conducted in tow-tanks or in regulated flumes with uniform flows across the turbine. Whilst such studies can be v...
Article
Full-text available
Active surface morphing is a nonintrusive flow control technique that can delay separation in laminar and turbulent boundary layers. Most of the experimental studies of such control strategy have been carried out in wind tunnels at low Reynolds numbers with costly actuators. In contrast, the implementation of such a control strategy at low cost for...
Preprint
Full-text available
Unintended storage cycling is a modelling artifact that may unknowingly appear in many energy system models. It is observable through simultaneous charging and discharging of the same storage unit, when instead of curtailing renewable surplus electricity, unintended storage cycling creates energy losses that distort optimal dispatch decisions acros...
Preprint
Full-text available
Electricity network modelling and grid simulations form a key enabling element for the integration of newer and cleaner technologies such as renewable energy generation and electric vehicles into the existing grid and energy system infrastructure. This paper reviews the models of the African electricity systems and highlights the gaps in the open m...
Article
Tidal stream turbines (TST) are subject to large unsteady hydrodynamic loads which will result in fatigue of components and potentially failure. Control algorithms, if used effectively, have the ability to reduce these unsteady loads without affecting overall performance. To examine the effect of control strategy on performance and loads, experimen...
Article
Remotely Operated (underwater) Vehicles (ROV) have a wide range of maritime applications, including repair and maintenance. Quantifying hydrodynamic loads is important for the design and control of these ROVs. A novel approach with eight tethers was used to restrain a commercially available ROV, namely the BlueROV2 (Blue Robotics, Torrance, USA), i...
Preprint
Full-text available
An energy storage technology is valuable if it makes energy systems cheaper. Traditional ways to improve storage technologies are to reduce their costs; however, the cheapest energy storage is not always the most valuable in energy systems. Modern techno-economical evaluation methods try to address the cost and value situation but do not judge the...
Article
Full-text available
Predictive control methods can substantially improve the performance of Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs), particularly in shallow water environments or near the free surface where wave induced disturbance are of magnitude comparable to the vehicle characteristic inertia. To facilitate the adoption of these methods, a fast estimation of the time...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of SARS-COV-2 disease 2019 (COVID-19) abruptly changed the patterns in electricity consumption, challenging the system operations of forecasting and balancing supply and demand. This is mainly due to the mitigation measures that include lockdown and work from home (WFH), which decreased the aggregated demand and remarkably altered its...
Preprint
The outbreak of SARS-COV-2 disease 2019 (COVID-19) abruptly changed the patterns in electricity consumption, challenging the system operations of forecasting and balancing supply and demand. This is due to the mitigation measures that include lockdown and Work from Home (WFH), which decreased the aggregated demand and remarkably altered its profile...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a topology defragmentation method is developed for co-placements of phasor measurement units (PMUs) and their communication infrastructure. Electric power networks are defragmented into sets of branches and a realistic cost model, based on reports from industry, is developed. Instead of considering channel limitations, more practical...
Article
The frequency of power outages being experienced in Sub-Saharan Africa mean that traditional methods of electricity demand forecasting which rely on directly observed demand data are inadequate for use in projections. Nevertheless, accurate forecasting methods are urgently required to ensure efficient power system operations and expansion planning....
Article
Full-text available
The remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) are important to provide the technology support for both the traditional offshore structures and rapidly-growing renewable energy facilities during their full-lifecycles, such as site survey, installation, inspection, maintenance and repair. Regarding the motion and performance of a ROV, the understanding of it...
Article
Full-text available
Batteries offer a combination of balancing and regulation services within a smart grid to improve its resilience and flexibility. Maintaining an acceptable state of health and the highest rate of return requires dynamic modelling of the asset and rigorous optimisation. We compare the technical cost and economic benefit of battery employment in dyna...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have seen an increasing interest in Demand Response (DR) as a means to provide flexibility, and hence improve the reliability of energy systems in a cost-effective way. Yet, the high complexity of the tasks associated with DR, combined with their use of large-scale data and the frequent need for near real-time decisions, means that Art...
Article
Full-text available
Remotely Operated underwater Vehicles (ROVs) are growing in importance in the ocean environment for observation and manipulation tasks, particularly when used to maintain offshore energy and offshore renewable energy assets. Many such tasks require the dynamic positioning of ROV in challenging sea conditions with multiple disturbances resulting fro...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrodynamic forces are an important input value for the design, navigation and station keeping of underwater Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs). The experiment investigated the forces imparted by currents (with representative real world turbulence) and waves on a commercially available ROV, namely the BlueROV2 (Blue Robotics, Torrance, USA). Three...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For controlling Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) in deep water, Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control has previously been proposed. Disturbances due to waves are minimal at high depths, so PID provides an acceptable level of control for performing tasks such as station-keeping. In shallow water, disturbances from waves are considerably...
Article
Full-text available
Tidal stream turbines are subject to complex flow conditions, particularly when installed in staggered array configurations where the downstream turbines are affected by the wake and/or bypass flow of upstream turbines. This work presents, for the first time, methods for and results from the physical testing of three MM1/15 scale instrumented turbi...
Data
This dataset presents a set of turbine loading and performance measurements carried out at the FloWave Ocean Energy Research Facility, around a closely spaced staggered array of three nominally 1:15 scale tidal turbines, with a 1.2m rotor diameter. Measurements were made at different rotation speeds, with the three turbine array compared to just th...
Data
This dataset presents a comprehensive set of flow measurements carried out at the FloWave Ocean Energy Research Facility, around a closely spaced staggered array of three nominally 1:15 scale tidal turbines, with a 1.2m rotor diameter, including empty tank baseline data.
Article
Full-text available
Demand response (DR) is an integral component of smart grid operations that offers the necessary flexibility to support its decarbonisation. In incentive-based DR programs, deviations from the scheduled DR capacity affect the grid’s energy balance and result in revenue losses for the DR participants. This issue aggravates with increasing DR deliver...
Article
Full-text available
The use of battery energy storage system (BESS) is one of the methods employed in solving the major challenge of overvoltage, experienced on distribution networks with high penetration of photovoltaics (PV). The overvoltage problem limits the penetration levels of PV into the distribution network, and the benefits that could be gained. This study p...
Article
Full-text available
The use of battery energy storage systems (BESS) is one of the methods employed in solving the major challenge of overvoltage, experienced on low voltage (LV) distribution networks with high penetration of photovoltaics (PV). The overvoltage problem limits the penetration levels of PV into the LV network, and the benefits that could be gained. This...
Conference Paper
This paper proposes an optimisation program for scheduling the operations of battery energy storage system (BESS) in a distribution network, in order to maximise energy arbitrage gains. BESS are increasingly being deployed for stationary applications in power systems globally. Due to the high capital cost of BESS deployment, it is necessary to have...
Article
Full-text available
Demand Response (DR) is a Smart Grid technology aiming to provide demand regulation for dynamic pricing and ancillary services to the grid. Thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs) are among those with the highest potential for DR. Some of the challenges in modelling TCLs is the various factors that affect their duty cycle, mainly human behaviour a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a review of the main electrical components that are expected to be present in marine renewable energy arrays. The review is put in context by appraising the current needs of the industry and identifying the key components required in both device and array-scale developments. For each component, electrical, mechanical and cost co...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents an economical distributed control scheme for operations in the low-voltage network. The scheme aims to keep bus voltages within the desired statutory range of values while increasing the penetration of solar photovoltaic (PV) renewable energy within the network. Rather than curtailment, battery energy storage system (BESS) is fi...
Article
Full-text available
Great Britain has begun to implement significant modifications that are ought to change the national electricity generation. Adding a large amount of renewable capacity to the energy mix will impact different areas of energy use from the landscape used for installation to the electricity market. This study presents an approach to determine the opti...
Article
Full-text available
Current developments in wave energy conversion have focused on locations where the wave energy resource is the highest; using large devices to generate hundreds of kilowatts of power. However, it is possible to generate power from low power waves using smaller wave energy devices. These lower rated wave energy converters can form arrays to supply p...
Conference Paper
Nowadays, with the introduction of different types of variable renewable energy sources, generators and other actors in the electricity market are faced with a new layer of complexity they have to adapt to. This upsets the electrical consumption profile power generation production has mostly followed and the established merit order, which was assum...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces a techno-economic analysis framework to assess different transmission options for marine energy converter (MEC) farms. On the technical front, the feasibility of the transmission options considering supply quality constraints and the optimal sizing of reactive power compensation to allow maximum real power transfer capability...
Article
Full-text available
Domestic heating has a large share in the UK total energy consumption and significant contribution to the greenhouse gas emissions since it is mainly fulfilled by fossil fuels. Therefore, decarbonising the heating system is essential and an option to achieve this is by heating system electrification through heat pumps (HP) installation in combinati...
Conference Paper
This paper explores smoothing in the net real power generated by arrays of point absorber type wave energy converters (WECs) brought about by spacing WECs appropriately within the array. Smoothing is measured by assessing the voltage flicker introduced by injecting the generated power into electricity networks. Uniformly spacing WECs at 0.25Opeak,...
Conference Paper
A better understanding of the process of setting wholesale electricity prices does benefit not only the generating companies but also the end users as it forces them to be responsible with their energy use in the time of peak electricity demand leading to smaller fluctuations in demand. Determining when a generator could maximise the profit based o...
Conference Paper
This paper discusses the potential of the domestic sector to provide Demand Side Management (DSM) services. The inherent drawback of the domestic sector is its structure, consisting of numerous small loads, the high variety of sub-types, the deviation of consumption profiles between households but also the daily variation of each household’s demand...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Domestic heating which is dominated by fossil fuels has a large share in the UK total energy consumption. Heat pumps (HP) with thermal energy storage (TES) in combination with renewable electricity generation are a viable low carbon heating option. TES allows the shifting of heating demand to off peak periods or periods with surplus renewable elect...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A better understanding of the process of setting wholesale electricity prices does benefit not only the generating companies but also the end users as it forces them to be responsible with their energy use in the time of peak electricity demand leading to smaller fluctuations in demand. Determining when a generator could maximise the profit based o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Direct drive permanent magnet linear generator have been proposed as an alternative to conventional generators due to the simplification they introduce in a wave energy converter system. Due to the ability of the permanent magnet generators to generate power at low speeds it is possible to generate power from low power waves using small wave energy...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a simulation tool for the design and analysis of offshore ocean energy array networks. The tool integrates a number of modules which are divided into two core functions: the automation of the cable laying algorithm and subsequent creation of the network model, and the other performing the power flow analysis. The results of the...
Article
A Nortek Aquadopp current profiler was tested at the University of Strathclyde's Kelvin Hydrodynamics Laboratory. To evaluate both the accuracy and precision of the instrument, it was towed on a carriage at a range of speeds up to 3.5ms-1. The effect of the spatial resolution and range parameter settings on these uncertainties has also been studied...
Article
Full-text available
More effective energy production requires a greater penetration of storage technologies. This paper takes a looks at and compares the landscape of energy storage devices. Solutions across four categories of storage, namely: mechanical, chemical, electromagnetic and thermal storage are compared on the basis of energy/power density, specific energy/p...
Presentation
Full-text available
Despite the significant share of heat demand in the UK energy consumption, the management and storage of thermal energy have been overlooked relative to its electrical counterpart. However, Thermal Energy Storage (TES) is one of the key technologies to enable more efficient heating systems and the decarbonisation of the heating sector. The domestic...