Ariel Malinsky-Buller

Ariel Malinsky-Buller
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Institute of Archaeology

Phd

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39
Publications
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Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Classification of the Paleolithic into Lower, Middle, and Upper has both chronological and cultural meanings serving as a framework for reconstructing cultural evolution and interpreting behavioral processes. Traditionally, the Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition in Eurasia is regarded as a bio-cultural turning point, in which local Neanderthals...
Chapter
This chapter presents the first collective synthesis of Late Middle Palaeolithic lithic technology (MIS 4–3, ≈ 70-40 ka) from the Altai mountains to the Atlantic coast of Western Europe and the Mediterranean regions of Europe and the Levant. As early as the first half of the twentieth century, archaeological debates focused on characterising and in...
Article
Pollen-based vegetation change has been inferred from sediments in Kalavan Red Lake. This small lake is placed in the beech-oak-hornbeam forest, about three kilometres away from archaeological remains. It has the potential to document the Holocene forest history and climate and human impacts on the Lesser Caucasus. However, this lake happens to be...
Article
Full-text available
The Early Middle Palaeolithic (EMP) in the Levant presents a unique phenomenon, diverse forms of blade production dominate the technological organization. Contrary to the discontinuous presence of blade production across Eurasia, both before and after the EMP, blades and their by-products were, between 250 and 160,000 years ago, the main "behaviora...
Article
The archaeological literature contains ample suggestions for lithics-based proxies of mobility, often used individually. In this study we use a combination of proxies to address changes in mobility in a persistent Late Middle Paleolithic open-air locality in the Levant (‘Ein Qashish). Low densities of finds (lithic and fauna) at 'Ein Qashish are co...
Article
Full-text available
Shovakh cave is a late Middle Paleolithic cave site in Northern Israel, situated ca. 8 km from the Sea of Galilee. The Cave was originally was excavated by Sally Binford in 1962, and results of the analyses of its lithic assemblages played a major role in the then-raging Bordes-Binford debate, as well as in the initiation of the field of inquires k...
Article
Full-text available
The Armenian highlands encompasses rugged and environmentally diverse landscapes and is characterized by a mosaic of distinct ecological niches and large temperature gradients. Strong seasonal fluctuations in resource availability along topographic gradients likely prompted Pleistocene hominin groups to adapt by adjusting their mobility strategies....
Cover Page
The ERC-funded project, Transcause: Investigating Pleistocene population dynamics in the Southern Caucasus under the directorship of Dr. Ariel MalinskyBuller is offering a four-year doctoral scholarship at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem beginning October 2021 or as soon as possible. The successful applicant will conduct a lithic study aimed at...
Article
Full-text available
Here we report the findings from excavations at the open-air Middle Palaeolithic site of Alapars-1 in central Armenia. Three stratified Palaeolithic artefact assemblages were found within a 6-m-thick alluvial-aeolian sequence, located on the flanks of an obsidian-bearing lava dome. Combined sedimentological and chronological analyses reveal three p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The extent that hunter-gatherer societies are found today within marginal eco-systems has often been explained as a result of their displacement from more favorable habitats by agricultural societies. Yet, recent studies have shown that modern hunter-gatherer population density can be correlated with abundance and stability of exploited resources,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sedimentary records of lipid biomarkers, such as leaf wax n-alkanes, are not only influenced by ecosystem turnover and physiological changes in plants, they are also influenced by earth surface processes integrating these signals. We collected both soil and stream sediments between 1500 and 2500 m.a.s.l. from the Areguni Mountains, a subrange of th...
Article
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This study presents the geoarchaeological and geochronological aspects of Shovakh Cave and the first comparative context to the nearby Amud Cave (~ 500 m downstream), providing an exceptional opportunity to explore the range of human behaviours within a small geographic area. Sediment samples from two newly excavated areas at the rear and entrance...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last two decades, much of the recent efforts dedicated to the Levantine Middle Paleolithic has concentrated on the role of open-air sites in the settlement system in the region. Here focus on the site of 'Ein Qashish as a cases study. Located in present-day northern Israel, the area of this site is estimated to have been >1300 m 2 , of whi...
Article
Over the last two decades, much of the recent efforts dedicated to the Levantine Middle Paleolithic has concentrated on the role of open-air sites in the settlement system in the region. Here focus on the site of 'Ein Qashish as a cases study. Located in present-day northern Israel, the area of this site is estimated to have been >1300 m 2 , of whi...
Article
Full-text available
‘Ein Qashish is a Middle Palaeolithic open-air site in the southern Levant, encompassing an excavated area of several hundred square meters and a 4.5-m thick stratigraphic section. Its placement within a fluvial system, combined with the presence of Neanderthal skeletal remains and diverse material culture finds, presents possibilities for understa...
Article
Full-text available
The late Middle Palaeolithic (MP) settlement patterns in the Levant included the repeated use of caves and open landscape sites. The fossil record shows that two types of hominins occupied the region during this period—Neandertals and Homo sapiens. Until recently, diagnostic fossil remains were found only at cave sites. Because the two populations...
Article
A salvage excavation at the Lower Paleolithic site of Kefar Menahem West in the interior of the Israeli coastal plain yielded a flake industry devoid of handaxes and their byproducts. The archeological finds covering an area exceeding 2000 m 2 , are found at the contact of two distinct sedimentological units: Quartzic Brown and hamra (red clay loam...
Article
Full-text available
The terms Lower Palaeolithic and Middle Palaeolithic represent research constructs within which cultural evolution and prehistoric hominin behaviours can be studied, with the transition usually understood as marking a watershed in our evolution: an adaptation with a million-year record of success that gives way to something new. The interpretation...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last 150 years, the Paleolithic era was divided into the Lower, Middle and Upper Paleolithic. This scheme is an arbitrary research construct that confounds chronological, behavioral, and evolutionary meanings. Transitions between these discrete units, and in particular the Lower/Middle Paleolithic transition, received lesser attention. At...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ein Qashish is an open-air, late Middle Paleolithic site located on the bank of the Qishon River, on the eastern piedmont of Mt. Carmel in the Yizra'el Valley, Israel. This location is interesting because it is close to many of the major Middle Paleolithic cave sites in northern Israel, in an area where no open-air sites were previously known. e si...
Article
Full-text available
Technological organization entails the ways in which hunter-gatherers shape, make, use, maintain, recycle, and discard stone tools. Those decision-making processes are dependent upon the mode of occupation and land-use patterns. These issues are widely discussed in both ethnographic and Paleolithic literature; however, it has rarely been demonstrat...
Article
Information retrieved from open-air sites is necessary for a more complete reconstruction of Middle Paleolithic behaviors, which is currently often based mainly on data from caves and rockshelters. However, open-air sites present methodological and analytical challenges that differ from those encountered in cave sites. Being essentially an integral...
Article
Full-text available
‘Ein Qashish (EQ) is a late Middle Paleolithic (∼60 ka) open-air site located in the Yizra'el Valley east of Mt. Carmel, at the geographic center between some of the major Middle Paleolithic cave sites in northern Israel. Three seasons of excavation at the site revealed a small faunal collection and a diverse lithic assemblage. In this paper we dis...
Article
a b s t r a c t Lithic reduction sequences reflect decisions made by ancient tool makers. The first stages of a reduction sequence concern raw material procurement and include identifying sources on the landscape, testing the quality of raw material, knapping on the spot or moving material to other locations. The distance from raw material source t...
Article
The Middle Paleolithic site of ‘Ein Qashish is located on the floodplain of the Qishon stream, northern Israel, which drains into the Mediterranean Sea. It is located at the inlet to a narrow water gap between Mt. Carmel and Tiv'on Hills. The excavation and 3 trenches up to 5 m deep provide the stratigraphy and allow a reconstruction of the paleoge...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article livre les resultats de la fouille de sauvetage effectuee a Bir el-Maksur, un site du Neolithique pre-ceramique A (PPNA) situe en Basse Galilee, dans le nord d’Israel, ou a ete mise au jour une vaste occupation avec de riches assemblages. Malgre l’absence de structures architecturales claires, les nombreux artefacts permettent de reconst...
Article
Full-text available
The recognition of the dynamic role of site formation processes led archaeologists to recognize a behavioral dichotomy between [`]living floors' and palimpsests', Yet the archaeological proxies of [`]living floor' and [`]palimpsest' were never defined formally, and therefore have been used variably. We use archaeological criteria mentioned in the a...
Article
Full-text available
The late Lower Palaeolithic was a turbulent period with many changes in subsistence as well variations in the material culture. Yet, despite its importance, few detailed descriptions have been published. In this article we present a techno-typological report on the variability and continuity along the depositional sequence of Area C East, at the op...
Article
In this paper we present new data pertaining to the paleo-landscape characteristics at the Acheulian site of Revadim, on the southern coastal plain of Israel. Sedimentological, isotopic, granulometric and micromorphological studies showed that the archaeological remains accumulated in an active fluvial environment where channel action, overbank flo...
Article
Full-text available
A salvage excavation at Kefar Menachem West in the Southern Shephela, Israel exposed a Lower Paleolithic site in a primary context. This open-air site is embedded on top of a hamra layer overlain by a quartzic brown paleosol approximately three meters below the modern surface. The lithic assemblage is characterized by flake tools that were produced...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
Its eco-geographic variability makes Armenia an ideal locale to test multi-scalar models of environmental impacts on hominin settlement patterns. The research conducted here aims to create an environmental framework for several paleolithic sites (MIS3) throughout Armenia according to the elevational gradient. By combining modern ecological data (including genetic analysis) and the paleolithic record of herpetofauna and small mammalian species over different ecological niches, this project aims to understand the human-environment-dynamics of the past.
Project
The TransCause project investigates eco-geographically distinct sub-regions within Armenia between MIS 7 to 3 (250 – 29 ka). The TransCause research group brings together a wide range of independent innovative and established methodologies within a single research program as a means to test various models of hominin resilience in a multi-scalar manner. TransCause project aims to build a comprehensive behavioral, chronometric, biological using ancient population DNA, as well as establishing refined environmental frameworks. The project position in its heart as a main goal to unravel the past hunter-gatherer’s decision-making as a coping mechanism with challenging environments such as those of Armenia. The understanding of the economic, demographic, and social mechanisms behind the behavioral plasticity of our species is the ultimate ambition of this project. TranCause is an ERC Starting Grant starting in October 2021.
Project
UISPP XIX, Meknes 1-6 September 2020 - Session ID 287849 Session is open for abstracts. We look forward to a vibrant discussion relating to the interaction between core and peripheral societies as complementary segments of past settlement systems and their manifestation in the archaeological record.