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Irrigation is one of the land managements that can affect the local climate. Recent literature shows that it affects mostly the near-surface variables and it is associated with an irrigation cooling effect. However, there is no common parameterization that also accounts for a realistic water amount, and these factors could be ascribed as causes of...
Irrigation is crucial for sustaining agriculture in certain regions; however, there are effects on the local climate. Previous studies discussed that the irrigation signal might depend on the geographical region as well as the synoptic and climatic conditions. The work presented here aims to investigate the mechanisms behind changes in the irrigati...
Irrigation is crucial in sustaining food production and it is found to have a cooling effect. Changes at the surface affect both the circulation and the precipitation. The magnitude depends on the model used, the irrigation description and the water amount, as well as the region. The study focuses on northern Italy (the Po Valley) due to its vulner...
The Urban Heat Island (UHI) describes the increase of near surface temperatures within an urban area compared to its rural surrounding. While the concept of the UHI is in itself quite simple, it is more complex to apply it to gridded datasets. The main complication lies in the rural baseline definition. Therefore, we propose three approaches to cal...
Irrigation is a method of land management that can affect the local climate. Recent literature shows that it affects mostly the near-surface variables and it is associated with an irrigation cooling effect. However, there is no common parameterization that also accounts for a realistic water amount, and this factor could ascribe one cause to the di...
The increase of temperature attributed to anthropogenic emissions is projected to continue in future climate scenarios. Protocols and policies are being put in place in several European countries to reduce both emissions and impact of human activities on climate. The Irish Reforestation policy is a good example of such protocols. Nevertheless, ofte...
The increase of temperature attributed to anthropogenic emissions is projected to continue in future climate scenarios. Several protocols and policies are being put in place in several European countries to reduce both emissions and impact of human activities. The Irish Reforestation policy is a good example of such protocols. Nevertheless often co...
Call: H2020-SC5-04-2015-two-stage “Improving the air quality and reducing the carbon footprint ofEuropean cities” Duration: 3 years starting in September 2016 Partners: University College Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, Università di Bologna, University of Surrey, Ilmatieteen Laitos (Finnish Meteorological Institute), Universiteit Hasselt, Technische Universität Dortmund, JRC - Joint Research Centre - European Commission - Institute for Environment & Sustainability, Institut D'Aequitectura Avancada De Catalunya - FabLab Barcelona, T6 Ecosystems srl, Nanoair Solutions S.r.l., Future Cities Catapult Ltd., Dublin City Council, Agenzia Regionale Prevenzione e Ambiente dell´Emilia- Romagna, European Network of Living Labs. Test Cities: Dublin (IE), Innovation-City Ruhr (Bottrop - DE), Lazzaretto Bologna (IT), Vantaa (FI), Hasselt (BE), Bologna (IT), Guilford (UK) Description: The iSCAPE project aims to integrate and advance the control of air quality and carbon emissions in European cities in the context of climate change through the development of sustainable and passive air pollution remediation strategies, policy interventions and behavioural change initiatives. It will tackle the problem of reducing air pollution at target receptors with an innovative SME-led approach, focusing on the use of “Passive Control Systems” in urban spaces. Improvements in air quality, microclimate and behavioural aspects of urban dwellers will be achieved by applying real-world physical interventions on the urban tissue to alter ventilation rates and dispersion patterns in the selected cities assessed for future climate change scenarios and representative of different cultural&life styles in Europe. Through the approach of Living Labs the team will deploy a network of air quality and meteorological sensors (both stationary and mobile) and evaluate through analysis and a suite of up-to-date numerical modelling the benefits expected from the interventions on a neighbourhood and city-wide scale for several aspects ranging from quantification of pollutant concentration to exposure. iSCAPE encapsulates the concept of “smart cities” by promoting the use of low-cost sensors, engaging citizens in the use of alternative solution processes to environmental problems. iSCAPE will support sustainable urban development by promoting the sharing of results with policy-makers and planners using local test-cases, and providing scientific evidence ready-to-use solutions potentially leading to real-time operational interventions. This integrated approach will include the development and assessment of a framework aimed at changing the mobility behaviour of people by studying processes and dynamics that lead to more resilient, healthy, and sustainable cities, by bringing together theory from urban planning, public policy, urban and environmental sociology and urban geography.