Arianna Baldinelli

Arianna Baldinelli
Università degli Studi di Perugia | UNIPG · Department of Industrial Engineering

Doctor of Philosophy

About

39
Publications
6,623
Reads
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643
Citations
Citations since 2016
34 Research Items
636 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
Researcher in the field of hydrogen technologies. Main interest: Fuel cells and electrolyzers, Energy storage, Sector coupling, power-to-gas
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - December 2018
Università degli Studi di Perugia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2014 - January 2017
Università degli Studi di Perugia
Position
  • PhD Student
January 2014 - January 2017
Università degli Studi di Perugia
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (39)
Preprint
Full-text available
Engineers and scientists are increasingly interested in clean energy options to replace fossil fuels in response to rising environmental concerns and dwindling fossil fuel resources. There has been an increase in the installation of renewable energy resources, and at the same time, conventional energy conversion systems have improved in efficiency....
Article
Full-text available
The development of decarbonised systems is being fostered by the increasing demand for technological solutions for the energy transition. Solid Oxide Cells are high-efficiency energy conversion systems that are foreseen for commercial development. They exhibit potential power generation and power-to-gas applications, including a reversible operatio...
Article
Concerning limited sources of fossil fuels, humankind should ensue new avenues to meet its energy demands. Towards this, geothermal energy is acknowledged as a promising, reliable, safe, and clean means for this aim. In the present study, a multi-generation system driven by geothermal energy, which produces electrical power, hydrogen, oxygen, and c...
Article
Access to affordable renewable energy and clean water are among the most prominent challenges humankind faces to ensure a non-discriminatory comfort of living. Innovation in system engineering meets with new energy carriers, enabling synergistic effects defined as “sector-coupling”. For instance, hydrogen and Reversible Solid Oxide Cells (rSOCs) ar...
Article
Full-text available
Solid oxide cells represent one of the most efficient and promising electrochemical technologies for hydrogen energy conversion. Understanding and monitoring degradation is essential for their full development and wide diffusion. Techniques based on electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and distribution of relaxation times of physicochemical proce...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Chapter
This chapter aims to present several modelling approaches to analyze energy systems that implement a particular category of fuel cells and electrolyzers, namely reversible Solid Oxide Cells (rSOCs). This technology allows the dual operation mode, hence requires particular care in the analysis of processes, transient operation and energy/power manag...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable Development Goals establish the main challenges humankind is called to tackle to assure equal comfort of living worldwide. Among these, the access to affordable renewable energy and clean water are overriding, especially in the context of developing economies. Reversible Solid Oxide Cells (rSOC) are a pivotal technology for their sector...
Article
Solid Oxide Cells are potentially one of the most efficient energy conversion systems, yet unfavourable operating conditions may cause a performance drop. These electrochemical devices can be operated in reversible mode (fuel cell /electrolysers); therefore, they are suitable in chemical storage applications. However, reversible operation and inver...
Article
Full-text available
Solid Oxide Cells (SOCs) can work efficiently in reversible operation, allowing the energy storage as hydrogen in power to gas application and providing requested electricity in gas to power application. They can easily switch from fuel cell to electrolyzer mode in order to guarantee the production of electricity, heat or directly hydrogen as fuel...
Article
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) are complex systems in which gas-phase mass transport, heat transfer, ionic conduction, chemical reactions and electrical conduction take place simultaneously. Therefore, reliable simulation tools are needed to control and optimize their operation. Machine Learning (ML) can quickly estimate and generalize the relationsh...
Article
Full-text available
Bio-waste embeds an extraordinary renewable potential, and it becomes a source of energy savings when transformed into a valuable resource, like biogas. Cogeneration (CHP) from biogas employing high-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) scores a high sustainability level, thanks to improved environmental and energy performances. The synergy be...
Poster
High temperature electrolysis has been recently studied for the production of hydrogen with high efficiency and high energy density. Molten Carbonate Electrolysis (MCE) can be used as innovative technology operating a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) in reverse mode. MCE can be easily implemented tanking advantage of the know how developed for the...
Article
Intermittency and unpredictability of variable renewable energy sources, as well as the mismatch between generation and users' demand, are the major hurdles to overcome looking at 100% renewable grids. Energy storage (ES) technologies are the answer to this question, yet high market costs are still compared to market parity. For the possibility to...
Article
Full-text available
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) stand out among other fuel cell types because of their specific characteristics. The high operating temperature permits to reach optimal conductivity and favours kinetics without requiring noble metal catalysts. The SOFC behaviour analysis is fundamental to optimise operating conditions and to obtain the best performa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Solid Oxide Cell (SOC) is a promising technology, featuring versatile applications from combined heat and power generation to power-to-gas storage. Whilst their commercial readiness is poor, their advantages in terms of efficiency and environmental sustainability are undeniable. However, lifetime is an overriding concern. In the normal practice, in...
Article
Full-text available
Coupling biomass gasification with high temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) is a promising solution to increase the share of renewables and reduce emissions. The quality of the producer gas used can, however, significantly impact the SOFC durability and reliability. The great challenge is to ensure undisturbed operation of such system and to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Biowaste embeds an extraordinary renewable potential and it becomes a source of energy savings when transformed into a valuable resource, like biogas. Cogeneration (CHP) based on biogas by means of high temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) scores a high sustainability level, thanks to improved environmental and energy performances. The synerg...
Article
In order to make Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) a promising alternative to Internal Combustion Engines for Combined Heat and Power generation, the impact of biogas cleaning and pre-processing on the system complexity and costs must be reasonable. While cleaning is strongly needed, biogas pre-reforming might be avoided. To this end, this paper invest...
Article
In energy assets governed by decentralized generation from renewables and variable power sources, energy storage (ES) plays a crucial role to address the need for additional capacity and flexibility, as well as to increase arbitrage. Renewables management introduces two main missions for energy storage: a long-term storage to extend storage capacit...
Article
Full-text available
Coupling biomass gasification with high temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) is a promising solution to increase the share of renewables and raise energy efficiency. Optimal system integration and high durability of its components are both required for this purpose. Moreover, system optimization may ask for a compromise between optimal SOFC o...
Article
Full-text available
For their high flexibility of operation, Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising candidates to coach the transition towards cleaner and efficient energy generation. Yet, SOFC performance might be markedly affected by fuel composition variability and operative parameters. For that, reliable simulation tools are necessary for SOFC performance, t...
Poster
The objective of this study is a preliminary analysis for the development and characterization of novel catalysts to achieve high values of methane conversion and stable performance obtained by limiting or possibly avoiding carbon deposition. Four combinations of catalysts and inert dilution material were synthetized and tested in order to assess...
Article
Over the last decades, microalgae have gained a commendable role in the rising field of biofuel production as they do not compete with food supply, reduce greenhouse gases emission, and mitigate CO2. Specifically, thermochemical processing of microalgae yields products, which can be used both for energy and other industrial purposes, depending on t...
Presentation
Full-text available
For the guidelines towards the transition to a low-carbon economy, the increase in the share of renewables (RES) is a leading action. In support of that, in the “Clean energy for all Europeans” communication, the European commission has stressed the importance of rising efficiency levels and keeping energy prices competitive and convenient for a fa...
Poster
Full-text available
Compared to a traditional electrolyzer a MCEC is fed with carbon dioxide at the hydrogen electrode and produces carbon dioxide at the oxygen electrode. Due to the presence of carbon dioxide in the hydrogen electrode, carbon monoxide is also produced via electrochemical or chemical reaction. In particular the chemical reaction that reaches an equili...
Article
Despite their promising features, adverse economic feasibility still hamper SOFCs wide implementation and this effect is emphasized as long as the system size is reduced. According to previous investigations, the biogas pre-treatment section represents a burden for the economic viability. Aiming at reducing the extent of installation costs in SOFC-...
Article
Dealing with the increasing need for battery electrodes materials, renewable and widespread resources – such as bio-derived hard carbon – are under investigation to find a sustainable alternative to state-of-the-art materials, suffering for scarce availability with regard to rising demand. Hence, in a manufacturing scenario governed by the concept...
Poster
Full-text available
For their high flexibility of operation, Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising candidates to coach the energy transition. Yet, SOFC performance might be markedly affected by fuel composition variability and operative parameters. For that, a reliable simulation tool is necessary for SOFC performance, to optimize its working point and to provi...
Article
Aiming at designing biogas-to-electricity advanced systems, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells are promising candidates. They benefit from scalability on plant sizes that suit anaerobic digesters potentialities. For biogas-Solid Oxide Fuel Cells applications, the implementation of an external pre-reformer is usually considered. However, the possibility to perf...
Article
Abstract The aim of this work is to assess the feasibility of a Biomass Integrated Gasifier Fuel Cell (B-IGFC) plant. High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) are the most efficient energy systems currently being developed and they show good fuel flexibility thanks to their high operational temperature. For the application here discussed, the...
Article
Full-text available
In the outlook of the transition to the carbon-free society, low-carbon gases, such as natural gas or biogas, are very promising. The first is commonly used for stationary applications based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) equipped with external reformers. Similar installations are required when the SOFC is run on biogas. Yet, high SOFC operative...
Poster
Full-text available
In the frame of the exploitation of low GWP fuel gases, natural gas and biogas are good candidates to feed SOFCs. Existing systems based both on natural gas and biogas are usually equipped with an external reformer. Thanks to their high fuel flexibility, SOFCs offer the possibility to operate direct feeding, avoiding external fuel processing and, t...
Article
Full-text available
A gasification plant was designed and built to test syngas production from biomass for electricity generation on microscale. The plant is mainly composed by a downdraft reactor, a gas cleaning section with a cyclone and a wet scrubber, a blower for syngas extraction and an ICE (Internal Combustion Engine, Lombardini LGA 340), equipped with an alter...
Conference Paper
In the outlook of clean and efficient power production, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are a promising technology. Unlike other fuel cell technologies, SOFCs can be run on many fuel types, including RES-derived gases. Many synthesis technologies exist, yielding syngas with different compositions. In addition to that, syngas composition is influence...
Article
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are a promising technology for the electric power generation, because they are featuring high energy efficiency and fuel flexibility. Thus, unlike other fuel cell technologies (e.g. Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells), SOFCs can be run on a wide variety of fuel types. In this context, the employment of RES-derived fu...
Poster
Full-text available
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells can be run on a wide range of fuels. The coupling of an efficient technology such as SOFC with a renewable energy source appears very promising. Our aim is to integrate a wood downdraft gasifier with a SOFC system. Downdraft gasifier bio-syngas, however, is characterized by variable composition over the time and by the presen...

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Projects

Projects (9)
Project
The Grand Challenges Scholars Program (GCSP) is an academic educational supplement issued by NAE (http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/GrandChallengeScholarsProgram.aspx). It has been adopted by the Department of Engineering of the University of Perugia (https://www.ing.unipg.it/files/didattica/nae_gcsp_operational_doc_unipg_final.pdf) and numerous other engineering schools and K-12 programs worldwide. This program implements the NAE Grand Challenges to inspire practical projects for students and identifies the following five competencies that students must achieve to prepare to address these global challenges: Talent Competency, Multidisciplinary Competency, Viable Business/Entrepreneurship Competency, Multicultural Competency and Social Consciousness Competency. ​ For its intrinsic multidisciplinarity, the program prepares students to think in international terms and to develop globally relevant perspectives and skills.
Project