Arianna Azzellino

Arianna Azzellino
Politecnico di Milano | Polimi · Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

MS Biology, PhD Environmental Engineering

About

115
Publications
26,964
Reads
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2,262
Citations
Introduction
ARIANNA AZZELLINO, born in Codogno (MI) April 22 1971, graduated in Biology at the University of Milano in 1995. PhD in Environmental Engineering at Politecnico di Milano (Milan University of Technology), in 2000. Since July 2017 she is Associate Professor at Politecnico di Milano (ICAR/03).
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Tethys Research Institute
Tethys Research Institute
Position
  • Scientific coordinator of the CSR Project (Cetacean Sanctuary Project)
January 2012 - July 2012
Aalborg University
Position
  • Researcher
November 2005 - present
Tethys Research Institute
Tethys Research Institute
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Involved, since 1993, in fieldwork activities and data analysis. Topics of interest: the study of driving factors affecting cetacean distribution and habitat selection.
Education
November 1997 - November 1999
Politecnico di Milano
Field of study
  • Environmental Engineering
November 1993 - October 2020
University of Milan
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (115)
Conference Paper
Abstract Reverse osmosis (RO) is the most promising membrane technology in organic micropollutants (MPs) removal of drinking water treatment. For 78 MPs, passage and removal were evaluated with an ESPA3 RO membrane. The MPs were classified according to their charge and hydrophobicity. The results showed that the size of neutral compounds was negati...
Article
Full-text available
Powdered activated carbon (PAC) is a promising technology to reduce organic micropollutants (OMPs) in drinking water treatment plants and combined with biological treatment processes such as rapid sand filters (RSFs), has the potential to remove a broad range of OMPs during water treatment. However, the removal of OMPs by a combination of two treat...
Article
Co-located offshore wind turbines and wave energy converters are of great interests as several studies established that combined power productions are more predictable, less-fluctuating and more continuous than when wind and wave technologies are working individually. However, what happens at nearshore locations with special focus to thermal winds,...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Consumption of pharmaceuticals by people is growing. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is an extensively used anti-epileptic drug that is recalcitrant to degradation. As a result, CBZ has been widely detected in the aquatic ecosystem due to its daily consumption and drainage in sewage systems. Leakages from sewage networks and septic tanks may represen...
Article
Full-text available
Reverse osmosis (RO) is the most promising membrane technology in organic micropollutants (MPs) removal of drinking water treatment. For 78 MPs, passage and removal were evaluated with an ESPA3 RO membrane and the robustness of RO against MPs was studied. The MPs were classified according to their charge and hydrophobicity. The results showed that...
Article
Full-text available
Whale sharks are known to aggregate in coastal areas. In the South Ari Marine Protected Area (Maldives) a aggregation, mostly represented by young males with a high level of residency, has been described in the literature. Despite the worldwide interest in the natural resources of the Maldives, this population is increasingly subjected to anthropog...
Article
Full-text available
The Milano Metropolitan Area (named FUA Functional Urban Area) has a history of heavy industrialization causing a large portion of area being affected by significant diffuse contaminations of soil and groundwater. Among the various contaminants, chlorinated solvents (e.g. tetrachloroethylene and trichloroethylene) are the most used in industrial pr...
Article
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The area of Bagnoli (Gulf of Naples, central Tyrrhenian Sea) has been heavily exposed to pollution for over a century due to the presence of industrial sites along its coastline. The aim of this study is to analyze contaminant concentrations (i.e., heavy metals and hydrocarbons) in seabed sediments through a statistical multivariate approach. Multi...
Conference Paper
Whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) are usually observed in coastal areas throughout the highly productive tropical and subtropical regions. Whale sharks are filter feeders, feeding mainly on plankton, therefore their occurrence in these regions is tightly connected to seasonal increases in productivity. The Indo-Pacific sub-population in the last 75 ye...
Conference Paper
The potential effects of the ocean renewable energy sector on marine organisms have been comprehensively discussed and include effects on nearshore intertidal and benthic habitats, fish, fish habitats, large marine vertebrates (sea birds, marine mammals and large fish), oceanographic and coastal processes. However, due to the novelty of wave and ti...
Article
Full-text available
Il territorio lombardo, caratterizzato da un processo storico di industrializzazione, è interessato da significative contaminazioni del suolo e delle acque sotterranee. Il continuo sviluppo di aree urbane (comprese aree edificate, periferie e distretti industriali) ha un rapporto sempre crescente con la presenza di ampi spazi con acque sotterranee...
Article
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The opportunity to co-locate wind and wave energy exploitation is analysed in the Italian seas grounding on the rationale that benefits are greater when un-correlated resources are combined. The study shows that, although waves and winds are generally strongly correlated, in some conditions their correlation is lower and the combined energy harvest...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater status in highly urbanized areas is particularly affected by anthropogenic influence due to diffuse pollution deriving from many sources. This makes very often challenging to determine whether the observed groundwater conditions are the result of localized pollutant sources (PS-Point Sources). In the EU legislative framework it is accep...
Article
The biochemical methane potential (BMP) of primary and biological sludge varies in a wide range, mostly depending on location, sewer characteristics, wastewater treatment plant design and operating conditions. BMP tests are useful to verify the performance of a full scale digester, but they are not yet a common procedure in the operation of most It...
Poster
Full-text available
The Pelagos Sanctuary (NW Mediterranean) is known as a crucial summer feeding ground for fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus). Although several studies investigated the species’ habitat uses, most of them refer to short-time periods and rely only on presence data, without taking behaviour into account to discriminate foraging animals. Aiming to inves...
Poster
Full-text available
Tethys Research Institute’s long-term project operates in the Western part of the Pelagos Sanctuary (Ligurian Sea) since 1990, monitoring an area of approximately 24,000 km2. Between 1990 and 2017, a total of 67 sightings of bottlenose dolphin were recorded, mostly occurring at depths of 200-280 m and at a distance of 2-7 nautical miles from the co...
Poster
Full-text available
The Pelagos Sanctuary, a key area for Mediterranean cetaceans, constitutes an important feeding ground for fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus). The knowledge about the species’ critical habitats is still poor, although essential elements for a sound management exist. Mediterranean fin whales feed at depth, however, studies based on passive tracking...
Article
The paper describes the energy and environmental evaluation of a new patented process for the storage of liquid carbon dioxide (CO2) in glass capsules on the deep seabed. This technology is proposed as a safe option to store CO2 captured from flue gas of industrial processes and power plants, as well as directly from the atmosphere, in order to ove...
Article
Marine mammals are in many situations one of the most studied component of marine ecosystems. Their habitat requirements may be used to detect and describe the impacts of changes in the environmental conditions or in the human-induced pressures affecting the area where they live. The aim of this study is to investigate the distribution patterns of...
Article
This paper presents a knowledge-based planning of the most proper treatment schemes for drinking water supply (DWS) systems, jointly applying statistical tools and experimental tests. Milan city was chosen as case of study, being its DWS system composed of more than 20 DWS units, widespread in the urban area. First, multivariate statistical techniq...
Article
Full-text available
Cuvier’s beaked whale presence has been associated worldwide with continental slope and submarine canyons areas. In the Mediterranean Sea, a hot spot of the species presence has been identified in the Genoa Canyon area, located in the Gulf of Genova (Ligurian Sea, NW Mediterranean Sea). Within the framework of the NATO Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper provides a summary of 25 years of research on Risso's dolphins (Grampus griseus) in the western Ligurian Sea. Seasonal variations in abundance, distribution and habitat use were observed. Photographic mark-recapture methods provided a population size estimate for the period from 1998 to 2012, of about 100 individuals (95% CI of 60?220 in...
Chapter
Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris G. Cuvier, 1823) is the only beaked whale species commonly found in the Mediterranean Sea. Until recently, species presence in this area was only inferred from stranding events. Dedicated cetacean surveys have increased our knowledge of the distribution of Cuvier's beaked whales, even though many areas sti...
Conference Paper
The EU Water Framework Directive (EU-WFD) requires Member States to implement measures that reduce groundwater pollution resulting from the impact of human activity (article 4). In this context, it is essential to determine the contamination not related to widespread pollution, but significantly affected by still active human influence [1] in order...
Article
Full-text available
Cuvier's beaked whale presence has been associated worldwide with continental slope and submarine canyons areas. In the Mediterranean Sea, a hot spot of the species presence has been identified in the Genoa Canyon area, located in the Gulf of Genova (Ligurian Sea, NW Mediterranean Sea). Within the framework of the NATO Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation...
Article
The Italian law D.Lgs.152/2006 adopted the EU Water Framework Directive principles and entrusted the Regions with the task to identify the areas affected by groundwater diffuse pollution and to assess their contamination level. The proposed methodology (the Whole work has been supported by Regione Lombardia and ARPA Lombardia within the PLUMES Proj...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The wind energy industry is growing worldwide. Recently, a number of physical and numerical modeling studies have been carried out in Europe to implement the offshore wind turbine technology, as well as the wind resource. Accordingly, the consideration of the possible environmental impacts of this technology on the marine environment, already affec...
Article
In the last two decades, numerous models and modeling techniques have been developed to simulate nonpoint source pollution effects. Most models simulate the hydrological, chemical, and physical processes involved in the entrainment and transport of sediment, nutrients, and pesticides. Very often these models require a distributed modeling approach...
Conference Paper
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In Europe, wave energy developments are increasing in both number and size. Even though, most wave devices are still at the prototype development stage, an increasing number are now approaching sufficient levels of development where more advanced projects are already operative, in particular in North Europe. Accordingly, there is a growing need to...
Article
Stream ecosystems may suffer from the effects of multiple stressors. Planning restoration actions without knowing the relative weight of each stressor might lead to disproportionately costly or ecologically meaningless measures. This is particularly relevant under the EU Water Framework Directive where economic considerations play a role in justify...
Article
Full-text available
Resource diversity is considered the key to manage the intrinsic variability of renewable energy sources and to lower their system integration costs. The expected development of Marine Renewable Energy Installations is likely to result in further transformation of coastal sea areas, already heavily impacted. In this perspective, the combination of...
Conference Paper
Several threats are known to affect cetacean species and their habitats in the Mediterranean sea, most of them being related to human activities. To enforce effective mitigation actions, extensive knowledge of cetacean ecology is required. In this study a 23-year sighting series (1990-2012) of sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), Risso’s dolphin (...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the spectral analysis of waves based on a set of experiments undertaken at the Catalonia University of Technology in the large wave flume of the Maritime Engineering Laboratory. The scope of this study is to compare the effect of various wave regimes on very low frequencies generations. The influence of seiching related to the...
Conference Paper
This paper describes a set of experiments undertaken at the Catalonia University of Technology (UPC) in the large wave flume of the Maritime Engineering Laboratory (LIM). During the tests the shoreline response and the SZ hydrodynamics were carefully monitored when grouping waves, able to generate free waves and energy in the high frequency part of...
Conference Paper
The influence of a flash-mixing step before two in-series chicane contact tanks on peracetic acid (PAA) disinfection was evaluated through a pilot-scale experimentation, varying contact time, disinfectant dose and initial bacterial concentration. Preliminarily, a series of tracer tests was performed varying flow-rate and water level to identify the...
Conference Paper
The combination of peracetic acid (PAA) and ultraviolet radiation for the disinfection of secondary effluent is an interesting alternative to achieve high bacterial inactivation or to ensure the preservation of the effluent microbiological quality after discharge in the case of wastewater reuse. In the present work the process was assessed at the l...
Article
Full-text available
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires the assessment of the environmental status in relation to human pressures. In this study the biodiversity of the cetacean community is proposed as MSFD descriptor of the environmental status and its link with anthropogenic pressures is investigated. Functional groups are generally favoured ove...
Article
Recently has been suggested by some authors that resource diversity may be used to manage the variability of renewable power and lower the system integration costs of renewables. The key benefit, deriving from the diversification of the mix of renewable technologies, lies in the possibility of reducing the variability of the produced power. As MREI...
Article
Full-text available
The Lambro-Seveso-Olona (L-S-O) system derives from the human regulation of the natural hydrology of the territory around Milan city area. The average population density in the L-S-O area is among the highest in Italy and Europe. Industry is also highly developed in this basin: chemical, textile, paper, pulp and food industries being the most impor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (Directive, 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008) establishes a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy. The MSFD overall objective is to achieve the “Good Environmental Status” (GES) in the marine environment, by the year 2020, based on 1...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this analysis two case studies are investigated using a spatial planning approach. The first case study concerns the western portion of the Baltic Sea, where many offshore wind farms are already installed and many projects are in construction or in the planning stage. The second case study concerns the coast off Northern California where both wi...
Article
Full-text available
Benthic macroinvertebrates are widely used as indicators of the health of freshwater ecosystems, responding both to water quality and to the hydromorphological integrity. In urban streams, evaluations can be tricky for the synergistic effects of multiple stressors and confounding factors. In these situations, the most broadly used multimetric indic...
Article
In this analysis two Danish case studies are investigated using a spatial planning approach. The first case study concerns the area on the west coast of Denmark that has been elected as test site by the Danish Wave Energy Center (DanWEC), a foundation constituted by local authorities, Aalborg University supported by the national wave energy industr...
Conference Paper
Water policy in the EU needs to be increasingly coordinated under the integrated management structure required by Water Framework Directive. In the WFD framework, all river catchments are assigned to administrative River Basin Districts (RBDs) that produce river basin management plans (RBMPs). RBMPs need to define appropriate Program of Measures (P...
Article
Full-text available
In their paper “The environmental impact of a Wave Dragon array operating in the Black sea,” S. Diaconu and E. Rusu discuss the influence on the shoreline dynamics of a potential Wave Dragon installation in the Black sea. They use a simulation approach and evaluate the impact of the wave energy farm in the two representative scenarios: (1) scenario...
Article
The Lambro-Seveso-Olona system (L-S-O) is a effluent dominated watershed which derives from a strong urbanization process of natural river basins. The average population density in the L-S-O area is among the highest in Italy and Europe. Industry is also highly developed. Although at present the L-S-O system does not receive untreated wastewaters,...
Article
Habitat use of seven different species of cetaceans inhabiting the Pelagos Sanctuary was studied using 18-year summer shipboard surveys data, in an area of approximately 25,000 km2. 2940 sightings were collected: 1996 striped dolphins, 626 fin whales, 120 Risso’s dolphins, 114 sperm whales, 27 common bottlenose dolphins, 25 long-finned pilot whales...
Article
The Pelagos Sanctuary is the largest marine protected area of the Mediterranean Sea (87 500 km2), and is located in the north-west part of the basin. The presence of the bottlenose dolphin in this area is well documented but its distribution and abundance are not well known.The present study collected and analysed data from 10 different research gr...
Article
A multivariate statistical approach based on a large data set of abiotic and biotic variables was used to classify four contrasting-land-use soils. Soil samples were collected at increasing depth from a calcareous agricultural soil, a temperate upland grassland soil, a moderately acidic agri-cultural soil, and an acidic pine forest soil. Analytical...
Article
Full-text available
Disinfection kinetics has been extensively discussed in scientific literature, however, most of the studies refer to batch reactor experiences and mostly to potable water. Only few authors have compared batch kinetics to continuous flow performances and even fewer are the studies where kinetic models are provided with complete regression statistics...