Arezoo Sanei

Arezoo Sanei
Asian Leopard Specialist Society · Visit: www.leopardspecialists.com/index.php/who-we-are

PhD, Wildlife Ecology and Management
www.leopardspecialists.com www.Persian-leopard.com www.PersianLeopard-Habitat.com

About

27
Publications
11,370
Reads
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222
Citations
Introduction
I started researches on leopard since 2002 with Bachelor's thesis about "status assessment of the Persian leopard in Iran". I graduated with a master's degree in wildlife management in 2010. My thesis was population size and occupancy status of leopard in a secondary forest in Malaysia. I received my PhD in wildlife management and ecology with my thesis entitled as “modeling regional cumulative effects of land use/land cover variations in relation to persistence of the Persian leopard in Iran”.
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - November 2020
Department of Environment
Position
  • Strategic supervisor for the execution of the Persian Leopard National Action Plan in Iran
Education
December 2010 - October 2015
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Field of study
  • Wildlife Ecology and Management
January 2007 - September 2010
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Field of study
  • Wildlife Management
October 2000 - October 2004
Islamic Azad University
Field of study
  • Natural Resources Management Engineering

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
A study concerning prey availability for Malayan leopard (Panthera pardus delacouri Pocock 1930) in a highly fragmented secondary forest, namely: Ayer Hitam Forest Reserve located in Selangor, Malaysia was conducted from February 2008 to March 2009. The main objectives of this study were to investigate (i) a priori unknown leopard potential prey sp...
Article
The objective of this study was to estimate the population size of common leopard (Panthera pardus) in Ayer Hitam Forest Reserve in Selangor, Malaysia. Long term survival of leopard population in this area is threatened due to small size of the forest, isolation and presence of various disturbances in the habitat. However, no estimates are availabl...
Chapter
Cumulative effect of various land use and land cover variables that eventually affect suitability level of set/sets of habitats is a main concern in wildlife habitat conservation efforts. Even though, there have been various methodologies to identify the factors that influence probability of species persistence, survival, or occurrence in a particu...
Chapter
This chapter is dedicated to assessing the Persian leopard potential distribution in Iran on a regional basis that aims to address four objectives and a null hypothesis. Objectives are concerning (1) estimation of the leopard potential distribution, (2) possibility of a major fragmentation in the Persian leopard range in Iran as first mentioned by...
Chapter
Species potential habitats predicted via various techniques, e.g. MaxEnt modelling in case of the current research, provide helpful information in terms of conservation and management programs, prioritization of limited resources and relative decision makings. Previous chapter was concerned with the modelling of the distribution of the Persian leop...
Chapter
To study the Persian leopard potential habitats, to assess conservation needs and priorities, and also to conduct relative conservation and management programs, considering extensive variability of natural and socioeconomic characteristics across the leopard range in Iran is essential. Iran is a vast country with wide range of the Persian leopard a...
Chapter
This part is consisted of 6 other chapters concerned with various research programs dedicated to the Persian leopard in Iran. The first chapter is an introduction to the historical and cultural significance of the species. Furthermore, conservation requirements of the leopard is also discussed. In the next chapter, natural and socioeconomic charact...
Book
Full-text available
The population of the Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) has drastically declined; this Asian leopard subspecies has disappeared from some parts of its former range. Containing large areas of potential habitats with leopard presence across almost all of its provinces, Iran is known to be the last stronghold for the Persian leopard in the r...
Chapter
Similar to the other big cats of Iran (i.e., the Asiatic lion Panthera leo persica and the Caspian tiger Panthera tigris virgata that are extinct in the region), the Persian leopard Panthera pardus saxicolor has a unique importance in the Iranian art, history, and literature. Symbolization of these species over centuries to emphasize on strength, i...
Chapter
Even though the Persian leopard Panthera pardus saxicolor is an endangered subspecies with the main population inhabiting in Iran (Khorozyan and Abramov, Zool Middle East 41:11–24, 2007; Kiabi et al., Zool Middle East 26(1):41–47, 2002), earlier studies (Sanei et al., Assessment of the Persian leopard mortality rate in Iran. In: Proceedings from UM...
Chapter
East Azarbaijan Province in northwest of Iran contains considerable areas of trans-boundary habitats that connect the Persian leopard areas in this region to those in South Caucasian countries of Azerbaijan and Armenia Republics. This connection supports leopard presence in South Caucasus via trans-boundary movements of the Persian leopard individu...
Chapter
To ensure persistence of a viable population of the Persian leopard in its wide range across Iran wherein also supports trans-boundary movements of the leopards to adjacent areas, the Iranian Department of Environment together with the Asian Leopard Specialist Society embarked on preparation of a species specific conservation and management action...
Article
Full-text available
The geographic distribution and habitat association of most mammalian polymorphic phenotypes are still poorly known, hampering assessments of their adaptive significance. Even in the case of the black panther, an iconic melanistic variant of the leopard (Panthera pardus), no map exists describing its distribution. We constructed a large database of...
Article
Full-text available
The jungle cat Felis chaus is among the least known felids worldwide. A national survey was conducted to assess and document the status and distribution of this species in Iran. A total of 280 jungle cat presence records have been collected, including road kills, injured animals, hunted and trapped specimens and observations and reports made by exp...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a national survey to evaluate the recent status of the Persian leopard Panthera pardus saxicolor in Iran. Leopard presence records were investigated in 204 areas under the auspices of the Department of Environment DoE, i.e. in National Parks NPs, Wildlife Reserves WRs and Protected Areas PAs and elsewhere outside these areas within the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Persian leopard mortalities were recorded in 31 provinces of Iran while a national survey was undertaken to assess current status of the leopard in the country. Questionnaires were frequently sent out to the provincial offices of the Department of Environment in each province from 2007 to 2011. Interviews with hunters and local knowledgeable people...
Article
Full-text available
Very little is known about the leopard (Panthera pardus) in Malaysian tropical rainforests, particularly in a human-dominated and highly fragmented habitat after incidence of rapid deforestations. The objective of this study was to understand the impacts of disturbance factors on the leopard habitat use in a highly fragmented forest within Malaysia...
Article
Full-text available
The frequencies of primary threats in previously identified Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor Pocock 1927) distribution range in Iran were estimated in this study conducted from 2002 to 2006 using interviews with local settlements and shepherds, hunters and rangers of the Iran Department of Environment (DoE). Habitat assessments were done...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted in 67 protected areas throughout the Islamic Republic of Iran from 2002 to 2006 to investigate diversity and composition of the Persian leopard potential prey species over its distribution range in the country. The study was performed concurrently with leopard distribution studies using direct observations, rapid survey techni...
Article
Full-text available
This study is a new attempt to identify the latest distribution pattern of the Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor Pocock 1927) in its entire range in Iran. Furthermore, the paper aimed to analyse the climatic factors in the current range of the leopard in the country. The study was performed in 138 sites (56 protected areas, 34 non-protecte...
Article
Here we report a probable first evidence of jungle cat Felis chaus from Malaysia. A specimen thought to be a jungle cat was frequently detected in a highly fragmented secondary forest from February 2008 until April 2009, while a study on the status of the leopard Panthera pardus was undertaken.

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
Hello everyone. I have a query regarding the matter above. Uncertainties in the results (e.g. MAXENT modeling) caused by heterogeneity of environmental factors could be simply addressed by dividing the area to the smaller grids, each grid containing a source of variation (e.g. various types of topography features) and then continue the sampling to the each of the grids. This could reduce uncertainties associated with heterogeneity in environmental factors.
However, the question is: what are the other problems associated with heterogeneity either in 1- detection probability or the 2- environmental factors?
Thanks.
Question
A CT-scan study of a recently found injured Persian leopard revealed that there is sever damages to the spinal cord as he was shot several times This type of problem is usually thought to be incurable and irreversible. However, is anyone aware of any similar case that the veterinarian gave a chance with spinal cord problem?

Network

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
This project is formed following by two previous projects concerning the Persian leopard (i.e. IRA/SGP/OP5/Y2/STAR/BD/12/02(168) and IRA/SGP/OP5/Y3/STAR/BD/13/07(183)) started since 2012 in Iran. The activities in this project mainly focuses on an article highlighted in the Persian Leopard National Action Plan in the country to design and establish an innovative monitoring scheme to provide a basis for systematic monitoring of the Persian leopard population and habitat across the country. Establishment of a national monitoring scheme focusing on the Persian leopard is vital since the main population of this leopard subspecies in the region is inhabiting in Iran and this population also supports the Persian leopard presence in the neighboring countries. Yet, earlier studies by the Asian Leopard Specialist Society signified that the leopard distribution in Iran is in the process of splitting to two fragmented parts while such fragmentation may eventually affects the overall Persian leopard status in the region. Several innovative platforms are developed during the execution of the project while additional activities are added to ensure sustainability of the achievements as well as management of the risks arisen because of Covid-19 pandemic. Focusing on the establishment of an individual monitoring site in a network of selected sites, the entire process is on the basis of a participatory mechanism that is developed by active involvement of members of the related local community. This is a win-win platform that is independent from external funds while it is integrated into the local livelihood in selected sites. Five working groups were involved in this project to focus on: (i) community based programs, (ii) monitoring techniques, (iii) updating the Persian Leopard Online Portal and the relative App, (iv) documentary, advocacy and knowledge management as well as (v) artists and the National Backup Fund. Three local groups are established during this project in provinces of North Khorasan, Golestan and Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari. Four levels of jobs generating income for various individuals are created. These include: - kilim and carpet weaving for a National Backup Fund, - production of grape syrup and other products and services (e.g. ecotourism) to establish Micro Funds by local people, - conducting monitoring techniques in each site by trained individuals, - training and capacity building by educators, trainers, academicians and experts in related fields concerning required skills for the members of each local group. In general, distinctive features of this project are remarked as: - Developing innovative mechanisms and long term beneficial platforms - Influencing policies and secondary conservation effects - Additional activities and added values - Covering larger audience and training more participants as well as covering more species and wider areas comparing to the project log-frame - Successful risk management - Extra financial contribution by the grantee comparing to the contract - Producing technical materials (e.g. guideline, book) to share the knowledge - Nomination for an award in relation to the project activities
Project
In a wide view, the project aimed at establishment of an innovative and sustainable platform for the long-term monitoring of the Persian leopard population and habitat suitability status in Iran. All ten targets set for the community-based aspect of the project were successfully achieved and all but one were exceeded. These quantified results were: 3 reference models established in 3 pilot sites with different procedures to address local environmental, cultural, financial and social characteristics (target was 1) 12 local coordinators trained to build capacity and 5 platforms established for this purpose (target was 1 platform) 3 groups of local people and one fund established (target was 1 group and 1 fund) 4 levels of jobs generating income for individuals created (target was 1) 3 local communities empowered in pilot sites (target was 1) 75 km2 covering 4 different types of landscapes positively influenced through project activities (target was 25 km2) 3 products sustainably produced (target was 1) 10 species influenced by project activities (target was 1) 154 individuals (82 women and 72 men) involved as direct beneficiaries of the project (target was 50) 25 publications and communication products produced to share the knowledge, techniques and lessons learned (target was 9). Executive Director of the Asian Leopard Specialist Society and the project leader noted that: the innovative procedure developed for the leopard monitoring scheme not only helps us to monitor the status of the species for further conservation and management planning; but it also elevates the actual conservation status of the non-protected areas due to the active involvement of local communities. The scheme is independent of external funding which supports the sustainability of the procedures and the results. The scheme also strengthens the protection status of the habitats by decreasing illegal activities, such as illegal hunting of the leopards and the prey species, and encroachment of habitats. To learn more visit the project at: https://www.iaf-world.org/site/award-winner/active-involvement-local-communities-establish-persian-leopard-monitoring-scheme-iran