Arash Mehrjou

Arash Mehrjou
University of Tehran | UT · School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Master of Science

About

34
Publications
4,184
Reads
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143
Citations
Citations since 2017
30 Research Items
128 Citations
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Additional affiliations
September 2012 - January 2016
University of Tehran
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Simulating the spread of infectious diseases in human communities is critical for predicting the trajectory of an epidemic and verifying various policies to control the devastating impacts of the outbreak. Many existing simulators are based on compartment models that divide people into a few subsets and simulate the dynamics among those subsets usi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Causal discovery, the inference of causal relations from data, is a core task of fundamental importance in all scientific domains, and several new machine learning methods for addressing the causal discovery problem have been proposed recently. However, existing machine learning methods for causal discovery typically require that the data used for...
Preprint
Mapping biological mechanisms in cellular systems is a fundamental step in early-stage drug discovery that serves to generate hypotheses on what disease-relevant molecular targets may effectively be modulated by pharmacological interventions. With the advent of high-throughput methods for measuring single-cell gene expression under genetic perturba...
Preprint
Diffusion-based generative models learn to iteratively transfer unstructured noise to a complex target distribution as opposed to Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) or the decoder of Variational Autoencoders (VAEs) which produce samples from the target distribution in a single step. Thus, in diffusion models every sample is naturally connected...
Preprint
To predict and anticipate future outcomes or reason about missing information in a sequence is a key ability for agents to be able to make intelligent decisions. This requires strong temporally coherent generative capabilities. Diffusion models have shown huge success in several generative tasks lately, but have not been extensively explored in the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Federated learning (FL) has been proposed as a method to train a model on different units without exchanging data. This offers great opportunities in the healthcare sector, where large datasets are available but cannot be shared to ensure patient privacy. We systematically investigate the effectiveness of FL on the publicly available eICU dataset f...
Preprint
Model-free and model-based reinforcement learning are two ends of a spectrum. Learning a good policy without a dynamic model can be prohibitively expensive. Learning the dynamic model of a system can reduce the cost of learning the policy, but it can also introduce bias if it is not accurate. We propose a middle ground where instead of the transiti...
Article
A computational approach to simultaneously learn the vector field of a dynamical system with a locally asymptotically stable equilibrium and its region of attraction from the system's trajectories is proposed. The nonlinear identification leverages the local stability information as a prior on the system, effectively endowing the estimate with this...
Preprint
Full-text available
Out-of-distribution (OOD) detection is a well-studied topic in supervised learning. Extending the successes in supervised learning methods to the reinforcement learning (RL) setting, however, is difficult due to the data generating process - RL agents actively query their environment for data, and the data are a function of the policy followed by t...
Preprint
In vitro cellular experimentation with genetic interventions, using for example CRISPR technologies, is an essential step in early-stage drug discovery and target validation that serves to assess initial hypotheses about causal associations between biological mechanisms and disease pathologies. With billions of potential hypotheses to test, the exp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Score-based methods represented as stochastic differential equations on a continuous time domain have recently proven successful as a non-adversarial generative model. Training such models relies on denoising score matching, which can be seen as multi-scale denoising autoencoders. Here, we augment the denoising score-matching framework to enable re...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory disease with rapid human-to-human transmission caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Due to the exponential growth of infections, identifying patients with the highest mortality risk early is critical to enable effective intervention and prioritisation of car...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans show an innate ability to learn the regularities of the world through interaction. By performing experiments in our environment, we are able to discern the causal factors of variation and infer how they affect the dynamics of our world. Analogously, here we attempt to equip reinforcement learning agents with the ability to perform experiment...
Preprint
Full-text available
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging respiratory disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) with rapid human-to-human transmission and a high case fatality rate particularly in older patients. Due to the exponential growth of infections, many healthcare systems across the world are under pressur...
Preprint
A coupled computational approach to simultaneously learn a vector field and the region of attraction of an equilibrium point from generated trajectories of the system is proposed. The nonlinear identification leverages the local stability information as a prior on the system, effectively endowing the estimate with this important structural property...
Preprint
Learning controllers merely based on a performance metric has been proven effective in many physical and non-physical tasks in both control theory and reinforcement learning. However, in practice, the controller must guarantee some notion of safety to ensure that it does not harm either the agent or the environment. Stability is a crucial notion of...
Preprint
Modern implicit generative models such as generative adversarial networks (GANs) are generally known to suffer from issues such as instability, uninterpretability, and difficulty in assessing their performance. If we see these implicit models as dynamical systems, some of these issues are caused by being unable to control their behavior in a meanin...
Preprint
We present a novel single-stage procedure for instrumental variable (IV) regression called DualIV which simplifies traditional two-stage regression via a dual formulation. We show that the common two-stage procedure can alternatively be solved via generalized least squares. Our formulation circumvents the first-stage regression which can be a bottl...
Preprint
We consider the problem of recovering a common latent source with independent components from multiple views. This applies to settings in which a variable is measured with multiple experimental modalities, and where the goal is to synthesize the disparate measurements into a single unified representation. We consider the case that the observed view...
Preprint
Modern implicit generative models such as generative adversarial networks (GANs) are generally known to suffer from instability and lack of interpretability as it is difficult to diagnose what aspects of the target distribution are missed by the generative model. In this work, we propose a theoretically grounded solution to these issues by augmenti...
Preprint
Stability analysis plays a crucial role in studying the behavior of dynamical systems with theoretical and engineering applications. Among various kinds of stability, the stability of equilibrium points is of the greatest importance which is mainly studied by Lyapunov's stability theory. This theory requires finding a function with specified proper...
Preprint
Filtering is a general name for inferring the states of a dynamical system given observations. The most common filtering approach is Gaussian Filtering (GF) where the distribution of the inferred states is a Gaussian whose mean is an affine function of the observations. There are two restrictions in this model: Gaussianity and Affinity. We propose...
Preprint
Encoding a sequence of observations is an essential task with many applications. The encoding can become highly efficient when the observations are generated by a dynamical system. A dynamical system imposes regularities on the observations that can be leveraged to achieve a more efficient code. We propose a method to encode a given or learned dyna...
Preprint
Efficient representation of observed data has many applications in various domains of engineering and science. Having a good representation of data, downstream tasks such as classification, regression, and decision making become easier. Even though representing still datasets such as images is a living branch in machine learning, representation of...
Preprint
Density estimation is a fundamental problem in statistical learning. This problem is especially challenging for complex high-dimensional data due to the curse of dimensionality. A promising solution to this problem is given here in an inference-free hierarchical framework that is built on score matching. We revisit the Bayesian interpretation of th...
Article
Generative adversarial networks are used to generate images but still their convergence properties are not well understood. There have been a few studies who intended to investigate the stability properties of GANs as a dynamical system. This short writing can be seen in that direction. Among the proposed methods for stabilizing training of GANs, {...
Article
Training deep neural networks requires many training samples, but in practice training labels are expensive to obtain and may be of varying quality, as some may be from trusted expert labelers while others might be from heuristics or other sources of weak supervision such as crowd-sourcing. This creates a fundamental quality versus-quantity trade-o...
Article
Malaria is a serious infectious disease that is responsible for over half million deaths yearly worldwide. The major cause of these mortalities is late or inaccurate diagnosis. Manual microscopy is currently considered as the dominant diagnostic method for malaria. However, it is time consuming and prone to human errors. The aim of this paper is to...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce a novel framework for adversarial training where the target distribution is annealed between the uniform distribution and the data distribution. We posited a conjecture that learning under continuous annealing in the nonparametric regime is stable irrespective of the divergence measures in the objective function and proposed an algorit...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose a mixture model selection criterion obtained from the Laplace approximation of marginal likelihood. Our approximation to the marginal likelihood is more accurate than Bayesian information criterion (BIC), especially for small sample size. We show experimentally that our criterion works as good as other well-known criteria...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A finite mixture model composed of several components that are each described by a linear mixture of independent sources is proposed in this paper. Randomly selected patches from a dataset of natural images constitute our main dataset. Independent sources and mixing matrix for each mixture component are estimated that help us derive a qualitative i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
—The ability to decompose superimposed images to their basic components has a fundamental importance in machine vision applications. Segmentation Algorithms consider an image composed of several regions each with a particular gray level, texture or color and try to extract those regions which are not covering each other. However, in this paper, we...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Malaria Diagnosis is normally accomplished by visual microscopy which is time consuming and offers low accuracy because of the operator's tiredness and lack of profession in job. To overcome this liability, we designed an automatic system which is able to take photos of blood smears automatically in high rate using motorized sophisticated microscop...

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