Aras Bozkurt

Aras Bozkurt
Anadolu University · Department of Distance Education

PhD

About

188
Publications
263,701
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3,850
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Introduction
Aras Bozkurt is a researcher and faculty member in the Department of Distance Education at Anadolu University, Turkey. He has an MA and PhD in distance education. He conducts empirical studies on online learning through resorting to critical theories including connectivism, rhizomatic learning and heutagogy. He is interested in emerging research paradigms including social network analysis, sentiment analysis and data mining. He shares his views at https://twitter.com/arasbozkurt
Additional affiliations
February 2017 - present
Anadolu University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
September 2013 - June 2016
Anadolu University
Field of study
  • Distance Education
September 2011 - June 2013
Anadolu University
Field of study
  • Distance Education

Publications

Publications (188)
Chapter
Full-text available
As pragmatist, interdisciplinary fields, distance education (DE) and open and distance learning (ODL) transform and adapt themselves according to changing paradigms. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to examine DE and ODL from different perspectives to discern their future directions. The study concludes that DE and ODL are constantly de...
Article
Full-text available
Emergency remote teaching in a time of global crisis due to CoronaVirus pandemic “Sometimes it takes a natural disaster to reveal a social disaster” Jim Wallis
Article
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Uncertain times require prompt reflexes to survive and this study is a collaborative reflex to better understand uncertainty and navigate through it. The Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic hit hard and interrupted many dimensions of our lives, particularly education. As a response to interruption of education due to the Covid-19 pandemic, this study i...
Article
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The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has been more than a crisis; it has been a global wake-up call to change our paradigms and the way we perceive the world. Not surprisingly, the pandemic has altered the way we interpret the normal as well as the way we live. Normal, by its nature, is a relative term and, presently, we have different derivations o...
Article
Full-text available
The many known and unknown consequences of the pandemic have generated not only a biological crisis but a social and psychological crisis as well. As one of the greatest global crises in recent human history, the pandemic has changed the way we perceive and interpret the world as we know it. The field of education too has had to undergo many change...
Article
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The blending learning model, a combination of onsite and online learning modalities formulated by relevant pedagogies, modalities, and technologies, offers learning experiences that involve the different factors shaping each modality, such as time, space, path, and pace, through sequential or parallel designs. In its relatively short history, this...
Preprint
Bu bölümde Sorgulama Topluluğu Kuramı bileşenleriyle birlikte açıklanarak alanyazındaki ilgili makalelerin analizi yapılmıştır. Sorgulama Topluluğu Kuramı, çevrimiçi öğrenme ortamlarında, öğrenenlerin birbirleriyle etkileşim kurarak işbirlikli etkinlikler gerçekleştirmelerini amaçlamaktadır. Kuram, sosyal bulunuşluk, bilişsel bulunuşluk ve öğretims...
Article
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The Metaverse has been the centre of attraction for educationists for quite some time. This field got renewed interest with the announcement of social media giant Facebook as it rebranding and positioning it as Meta. While several studies conducted literature reviews to summarize the findings related to the Metaverse in general, no study to the bes...
Article
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The rapid and unexpected onset of the COVID-19 global pandemic has generated a great degree of uncertainty about the future of education and has required teachers and students alike to adapt to a new normal to survive in the new educational ecology. Through this experience of the new educational ecology, educators have learned many lessons, includi...
Article
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Technology acceptance is essential for technology success. However, individual users are known to differ in their tendency to adopt and interact with new technologies. Among the individual differences, personality has been shown to be a predictor of users’ beliefs about technology acceptance. Gamification, on the other hand, has been shown to be a...
Chapter
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This chapter sets out to explore the research field of open, distance, and digital education (ODDE) building upon the 3 M-Framework developed in the context of distance education along three broad lines of research: ODDE systems and theories (global macro-level); management, organization, and technology (institutional meso-level); and teaching and...
Chapter
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zet: Teknoloji, insanlık tarihinde gelişimin ve dönüşümün önemli belirleyicilerinden biri olmuştur. Bu gelişim ve dönüşüm sürecinde teknoloji, eğitime yönelik pek çok anlayışı ve uygulamayı da etkilemiştir. Uzaktan eğitim anlamlı öğrenme deneyimlerinin gerçekleşmesi ve alanın doğasında varsayılan olarak yer alan farklı uzaklık türlerini azaltmak; ö...
Book
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The idea for a dedicated Task Force on Diversity and Inclusion (TFD-I) emerged from the EADTU General Assembly meeting of October 2020 in which some member universities indicated to have this topic is a priority in their new strategies and policymaking. Diversity and Inclusion generate great attention and even more so for EADTU members as they hav...
Chapter
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Bu çalışmada Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma Amaçları’nın (SKA) 4. olan eğitimde sürdürülebilirliği sağlamak amacına Açık ve Uzaktan Öğrenme (AUÖ) uygulamalarının eğitimde eşitlik, adalet, hakkaniyet ve demokrasi gibi temel değerler bağlamında nasıl desteklediği tartışılmıştır. Eğitimde açıklık felsefesinin ekosistem düşüncesini nasıl beslediği ele alınmış...
Chapter
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Open, distance, and digital education (ODDE) is meant to provide unique educational opportunities for everyone, including learners with special needs. While promising flexible and accessible learning experiences for learners with special needs, ODDE may simultaneously result in the creation of certain barriers. Supporting learners with special need...
Article
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This article is a collective response to the 2020 iteration of The Manifesto for Teaching Online. Originally published in 2011 as 20 simple but provocative statements, the aim was, and continues to be, to critically challenge the normalization of education as techno-corporate enterprise and the failure to properly account for digital methods in tea...
Chapter
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The technology used by Open, Distance, and Digital Education (ODDE) to deliver educational content includes social media (SM), which provides many opportunities to support learning in ODDE processes. This book chapter explains the use of SM in educational processes and the use of SM as a web-based educational technology, focusing specifically on th...
Article
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There are a multitude of terminologies in the field of learning and training to refer to how we design and approach learning experiences–two of them being instructional design and learning design. Online searches and forum discussions among practitioners and researchers reveal the confusion surrounding the use of these terms. Both terms have someti...
Article
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This paper explores faculty’s perspectives and use of open educational resources (OER) and their repositories across diferent countries by conducting a multiple case study to fnd similarities and diferences between academics’ awareness, perceptions and use of OER, as well as examining related aspects of institutional policy and quality that may inf...
Article
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For many people, digital transformation offers a great opportunity to keep pace with the requirements of the current age, while for others, it is all hype and needs to be approached with caution. However, be it opportunity or hype, digital transformation impacts every part of our human life, where we especially see and experience it in numerous are...
Article
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Teknolojik gelişmelerle hızla değişim yaşayan bilgi ekolojisi ve öğrenme süreçleri toplumun ihtiyaçlarına ve beklentilerine cevap verebilecek yenilikleri benimsemektedir. Bu yeniliklerden biri olan mikro-krediler (micro-credentials) yüksek öğretim süresince ve sonrası çalışma hayatı için dönüştürücü bir potansiyel olan bir yenilik olarak kabul edil...
Article
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The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has been a global crisis, affecting many areas of society, including higher education, which has not been immune to its effects. This study, therefore, examines COVID-19 from the perspective of higher education, applying data mining and analytics approaches, i.e., t-SNE analysis, text-mining, and social network a...
Article
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This paper presents and analyses solutions where open education and open science were utilised to reduce the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education. The COVID-19 outbreak and associated lockdowns created huge challenges in school and higher education, demanding sudden responses which aimed to sustain pedagogical quality. Responses have varied...
Article
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The purpose of this research is to examine the research that has been done on MOOCs by applying data mining and analytic approaches and to depict the current state of MOOC research. The text mining revealed four broad themes: (I) MOOCs as a mainstreaming learning model in HE, (II) motivation and engagement issues in MOOCs, (III) assessment issues i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Bu bölümde Sorgulama Topluluğu Kuramı bileşenleriyle birlikte açıklanarak alanyazındaki ilgili makalelerin analizi yapılmıştır. Sorgulama Topluluğu Kuramı, çevrimiçi öğrenme ortamlarında, öğrenenlerin birbirleriyle etkileşim kurarak işbirlikli etkinlikler gerçekleştirmelerini amaçlamaktadır. Kuram, sosyal bulunuşluk, bilişsel bulunuşluk ve öğretims...
Presentation
Full-text available
🔴 A Global Study of Macro, Meso and Micro aspects of Open Education due to COVID-19 #oercampglobal #oercamp Friday, 2021 December 10 • 11:30am - 12:30pm Un estudio global de los aspectos macro, meso y micro de la educación abierta debido a COVID-19 #oercampglobal #oercamp Um estudo global dos aspectos macro, meso e micro da educação aberta devido...
Presentation
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Presentation at OER Camp Global 2021. A Global Study of Macro, Meso and Micro aspects of Open Education due to COVID-19: Christian M Stracke & Ramesh Sharma & Ebba Ossiannilsson. 由于 COVID-19 对开放教育宏观、中观和微观方面的全球研究
Article
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Gamification, which is defined as the use of game design elements in non-game contexts, is put forward as a solution to low motivation and is suggested for the creation of a sustainable learning ecology in open and distance learning (ODL). The overall purpose of the present study was to examine the distribution of the Hexad gamification user types...
Article
Full-text available
Blended learning, which has emerged as a mainstream approach for bridging onsite and online learning, promises flexibility to stakeholders in the educational process. This paper argues that blended learning can be understood as a process that combines onsite and online learning by blending the strengths of one modality and neutralizing the weakness...
Preprint
Full-text available
The term instructional design has been widely used to depict a discipline concerned with improving the process of instruction, but as different approaches and technologies emerged over time, different terms entered the field under the umbrella term learning design. In order to better understand the evolution of these terms and emerging themes, a tr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While causing unprecedented disruption worldwide, COVID-19 has also stimulated the mainstreaming of digital technologies in the delivery of formal education. For most key stakeholders-organisations, educators, and students-this has been a new and challenging experience and has been described in policy terms as 'emergency remote education'. For many...
Article
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The provision of online learning experiences has been implemented by many universities worldwide to overcome several challenges, including inequality in education. However, this experience is still not a common approach in public universities in the Arab region. Furthermore, several research studies have pointed out that a country's culture should...
Technical Report
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Projede ulusal bir dijital öğrenme içerik ekosisteminin gereksinimleri ve bu sistemde yer alması gereken bileşenlerin yapısal özelliklerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Projede, dijital içerik ekosisteminde yer alması gereken bileşenler üç grupta toplanmıştır. Öncelikli olarak, makro düzeyde; hazırbulunuşluk, strateji belirleme, kalite standartları...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The term instructional design has been widely used to depict a discipline concerned with improving the process of instruction, but as different approaches and technologies emerged over time, different terms entered the field under the umbrella term learning design. In order to better understand the evolution of these terms and emerging themes, a tr...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we provide a critical exploration of the concept of lurking in online learning spaces through a phenomenological inquiry. We begin from a position that lurking is often misunderstood—or perhaps not understood—in education, and that the term itself is quite problematic, as it is typically applied to a disparate range of behaviors by...
Article
Full-text available
新冠肺炎大流行不但造成了生物意义上的后果,而且也产生了社会和教育意义上的影响。本文作者认为这场大流行病危机是人类历史上的一个转折点,其影响如此深远,可以被称为“大重启”,虽然其诸多后果仍然不为我们所了解。我们在转而采用应急远距离教育的过程中有过严重失策之举,比如模仿面对面教育、过度依赖数字使能实践和盲目相信数字解决方案。诸如此类的教育之“罪”有损教学效果,导致数字倦怠和疲劳,且进一步扩大数字鸿沟。本文还讨论了新冠肺炎大流行对后新冠时代世界的影响。在线全球化日趋显现,这意味着教育应该重新确定自己在这个变化中的世界的位置。在新常态下,数字学习生态系统在很多方面给我们带来希望,但是也要求我们谨慎处理隐私关切、监控和伦理等方面的问题。这场大流行病给我们带来的一点慰藉或许是使我们更好地认识到教育开放的...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a longitudinal study of global teaching and learning experiences during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study is based on material presented in two articles written 1 year apart from each other by a group of 84 authors from 20 countries. The first article, ‘Teaching in the Age of Covid-19’, consists of short testimonies and workspa...
Article
Full-text available
Research indicates that academic procrastination is a common attitude among learners, and that it generally has a negative correlation with academic performance. The present quantitative causal-comparative study aims to determine the cause of differences, in terms of procrastination tendency, in academic performance among online learners. The study...
Article
Full-text available
This study undertook a bibliometric mapping analysis of research papers on Open Educational Practices (OEP) in the Web of Science and Scopus databases. This study functions as a guide for new research, serving to identify trends in the OEP field and compare the existing research so as to identify gaps and promising future paths. A total of 635 stud...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview of the status of Open Education and Open Science for our global society in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic: It presents practices and uses cases from 12 countries and global regions on the challenges for formal education during the COVID-19 outbreak. A special focus is led on the potential solutions and examp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview of the status of Open Education and Open Science for our global society in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic: It presents practices and uses cases from 12 countries and global regions on the challenges for formal education during the COVID-19 outbreak. A special focus is led on the potential solutions and examp...
Article
Full-text available
Açık ve uzaktan öğrenme günümüze kadar eğitimde açıklık felsefesi ekseninde evrilmiş ve bu düşünce ekseninde farklı yaklaşımlardan faydalanmıştır. Türkiye'de de bu gelişmelerin bir yansıması olarak farklı Kitlesel Açık Çevrimiçi Ders (KAÇD) platformları ortaya çıkmıştır. Bu düşünceler bağlamında bu çalışmanın genel amacı Türkiye'de sunulan KAÇD'ler...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, the authors provide a critical exploration of the concept of lurking in online learning spaces through a phenomenological inquiry. The authors begin from a position that lurking is often misunderstood – or perhaps not understood – in education, and that the term itself is quite problematic, as it is typically applied to a disparate...
Article
Full-text available
Koronavirüs (Covid-19) pandemisiyle beraber yaşanan kriz ortamında eğitimin devamlılığını sağlamak ve eğitimi sürdürülebilir kılmak adına [acil] uzaktan eğitim uygulamaya konulmuştur. Bu bağlamda araştırmanın amacı, yükseköğretim öğrencilerinin Covid-19 pandemisi sürecindeki uzaktan eğitim algılarını nitel olgubilim (fenomenoloji) yöntemi çerçevesi...
Article
Full-text available
Dijital bilgi çağında, enformasyon bilgiyi, bilgi ise bilgeliği sağladığı için, veriyi işleyip enformasyona dönüştürme en temel eylemlerden birisidir. Bilgi, dönüşümün tetikleyicisi ve hızlandırıcısıdır ve bu süreçte hayatta kalabilmenin bir yolu da dijital dönüşüm sürecine uyum sağlamaktır. Bu çalışma bağlamında dijital bilgi çağında dijital toplu...
Book
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Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak has turned to be a global pandemic and educational institutions were closed to slow down the Covid-19 (Bond, 2020; Bozkurt et al., 2020). Closures of schools and interruption of education affected more than 1.6 billion enrolled students of all ages which equal nearly 90% of the global student population. Consequently...
Article
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Açık ve Uzaktan Öğrenme (AUÖ) eğitsel anlamda eşitsizlikleri gidermenin yanı sıra cinsiyet eşitsizliğini de gidermede dönüştürücü sosyal role sahip eğitsel bir araçtır. Bu düşünce doğrultusunda, bu çalışmada feminist bakış açısıyla AUÖ sisteminin kadın öğrenenlere sunduğu fırsatlar ve eğitimde cinsiyet eşitsizliğinden doğan açıklığı kapatmakta sağl...
Article
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Since the turn of this century, much of the world has undergone tectonic socio technological change. Computers have left the isolated basements of research institutes and entered people’s homes. Network connectivity has advanced from slow and unreliable modems to high-speed broadband. Devices have evolved: from stationary desktop computers to ever-...
Article
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本文阐述高等教育背景下开放教育的内容。文章首先介绍开放教育的起源及其理论基础,随后根据远程开放学习研究的宏观、中观和微观层次框架讨论远程开放学习、开放教育实践、开放学术、开放教育资源、慕课、先前学习认定、学习者特征和开放教育国际化等主题的内容。最后从宏观、中观和微观层面提出今后的研究方向。
Article
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The field of distance education (DE) is dynamic and constantly evolving; it reflects and adapts according to changes in socio-cultural, demographic, political, and technological domains. Thus, there is a need to understand past and present activities in the field, in order to better inform future research. The main purpose of this study was to exam...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) has penetrated every layer of our lives, and education is not immune to the effects of AI. In this regard, this study examines AI studies in education in half a century (1970–2020) through a systematic review approach and benefits from social network analysis and text-mining approaches. Accordingly, the research identif...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to present the similarities and differences of three learning communities: communities of practice (CoPs), professional learning communities (PLCs), and professional learning networks (PLNs). For this purpose, researchers adopted a qualitative phenomenological approach and interviews with three connected educators and...
Chapter
The open nature of online networked spaces enables diverse participation from all around the globe, raising cultural diversity as a paramount issue within the learning perspective. In this context, the purpose of this research is to examine participation and engagement patterns in online networked learning spaces in terms of cultural dimensions. Th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a review of distance education literature published in the Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE) to describe the status thereof and to identify gaps and priority areas in distance education research based on a validated classification of research areas. The articles (N=784) published between 2000 and 2015 were rev...
Article
Full-text available
The conversation with Alexandra Elbakyan intends to explore the Sci-Hub phenomenon and the core motives that initiated Sci-Hub. Accordingly, Sci-Hub is an open science project that has gone viral and is driven by people who pursue knowledge. The core idea behind the Sci-Hub is very simple: people should have access to knowledge without any restrict...
Chapter
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The connections and networks we make both inside and outside of the classroom are critical to our current and future professional success and to the development of lifelong learning skills. Learner agency plays a central role in establishing and building those connections and networks, and by using a variety of online, networked theories, instructo...
Conference Paper
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Amaç: Covid-19’un küresel bir salgın olarak ortaya çıkmasıyla beraber neredeyse dünyanın her yerinde eğitim kurumları kapatılmıştır. Olağan dışı durumlarda yürütülen ve acil uzaktan eğitim olarak da tanımlanan bu süreçte ders içeriklerinin eşzamanlı ve/veya eşzamansız yollarla sunulması kararlaştırılmıştır. Ancak birçok üniversitenin yeteri kadar u...
Article
In this current era of the fourth industrial revolution, the fifth generation of distance education has held out hopes of unique opportunities for engineering. With the aim of investigating the field of engineering through distance education, this study conducted a systematic review involving text‐mining and social network analysis to examine 120 p...
Article
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This Special Issue of Sustainability focuses on a topic that is demanding increasing attention because of the many lessons learned during the COVID-19 pandemic, including the significance of emergent distance education and sustainable distance and online education. The articles in this Special Issue will target the many futures of education in whic...
Article
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This paper explores elements of open education within the context of higher education. After an introduction to the origins of open education and its theoretical foundations, the topics of open and distance learning, international education issues in open education, open educational practices and scholarship, open educational resources, MOOCs, prio...
Article
Full-text available
Educational technology (EdTech) is a dynamic, evolving field and as such, in identifying and mapping research patterns in this field, a systematic approach is required. Starting from when the World Wide Web became publicly available, this study conducts a systematic review of educational technology research patterns. The review showed that after 19...
Article
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This paper reports on the first stage of an international comparative study for the project "Digital educational architectures: Open learning resources in distributed learning infrastructures-EduArc", funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. This study reviews the situation of digital educational resources (or (O)ER) framed...
Article
Full-text available
Koronavirüs (Covid-19) pandemisiyle beraber tüm eğitim kurumları kapatılmış, eğitimin devamlılığını sağlamak üzere (acil) uzaktan eğitim uygulamaları devreye sokulmuştur. Bu süreçten yükseköğretim kadar ilk ve ortaöğretim düzeyindeki öğrenciler de etkilenmiştir. Bu bağlamda bu çalışma ilköğretim öğrencilerinin pandemi süresince edindikleri deneyiml...
Article
Full-text available
Online learning practices have gained momentum as a result of the developments in network technologies and an increase in the capacity of current technological devices that are used to deliver learning. While up-to-date studies have examined the online learning readiness of traditional higher education learners, there remains a need to examine it i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a review of distance education literature published in the Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE) to describe the status thereof and to identify gaps and priority areas in distance education research based on a validated classification of research areas. The articles (N = 784) published between 2000 and 2015 were r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
'Critical questions for open educational practices' is a special issue of the journal Distance Education (41/2, 2020, https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cdie20/41/2). On 16 June 2020 an 'issue launch webinar' was hosted by ODLAA featuring the special issue editors and authors. The recording is available here: https://youtu.be/32O9eTRfRW4 The slides...
Article
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Gender inequality is a pressing issue on a global scale, yet studies on this important issue have stayed on the margins of open and distance learning (ODL) literature. In this study, we critically analyse a batch of ODL literature that is focused on gender inequality in post-secondary and higher education contexts. We use Therborn’s social justice...
Article
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A phrase attributed to the Turkish poet and Sufi mystic Yunus Emre (1238–1320) says, “paylaştığın senindir, biriktirdiğin değil” (Aydemir et al., 2016, p. 58), which can be translated as “what you share is yours, not what you gather.” What would sharing mean at the time Yunus Emre lived? Perhaps the sharing of tools, art and crafts, experiences, an...
Chapter
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Blockchain is an online decentralized and distributed ledger technology that has the ability to keep and track records in a safe, verifiable, and transparent manner. More significantly, it has an infrastructure that is compatible with Web 3.0, which offers great potential for lifelong learning. This chapter explains the different modalities of lear...
Article
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Açık ve uzaktan öğrenme ortamlarında başarı için gerek şart olarak kabul edilen eylem yeterliği faktörü, öğrenme motivasyonunun önemli bir parçası ve öğrenen başarısının tamamlayıcısı olarak kabul edilmektedir. Bu bakış açısıyla açık ve uzaktan öğrenenlerin eylem yeterliklerinin incelenmesi önem taşımaktadır. Bu bağlamda bu çalışmanın amacı, Anadol...
Chapter
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Seamless learning is a form of learning whereby, regardless of location, the learning process, as it relates to learning needs and readiness, can continue through the aid of technology. Seamless learning environments are spaces that can be accessed independent of time and place through mobile or stationary devices, and that are equipped with techno...
Article
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Oyunlaştırma, başka bir ifadeyle oyun tasarım unsurlarının oyun dışı bağlamlarda kullanımı, son dönemde birçok alanda olduğu gibi eğitim alanında da sıklıkla adından bahsettirmektedir. Ancak eğitimde, öğrenen katılımını, motivasyonunu ve sürdürülebilir öğrenmeyi geliştirmek için kullanılan oyunlaştırmanın tasarımlanmasında, oyuncu türleri ve oyunla...
Article
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Bu araştırmanın amacı Kitlesel Açık Çevrimiçi Derslere (KAÇD) katılan öğrenenlerin öz-yönetimli öğrenme becerilerini incelemektir. Araştırma sorularına yanıt alabilmek için nicel tarama modeli kullanılmıştır. Araştırma Anadolu Üniversitesi Kitlesel Açık Çevrimiçi Ders Platformu olan AKADEMA katılımcılarından toplanan veriler ile gerçekleştirilmişti...
Chapter
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Kitlesel Açık Çevrimiçi Dersler (KAÇD) eğitimde açıklık felsefesinin bir sonucu olarak ortaya çıkmış, eğitim süreçlerinde sürdürülebilirliğin sağlanmasına olanak tanıyan ve yaşam boyu öğrenmeyi destekleyen bir yaklaşımdır. Bu düşünceler ekseninde kitabın bu bölümünde KAÇD’ler açıklanmış, sağladıkları üstünlükler ve sınırlılıklar bağlamında ele alın...
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