Apostolos Sarris

Apostolos Sarris
University of Cyprus · Department of History and Archaeology Archaeological Research Unit.

Professor
Lab of Digital Humanities GeoInformatics (DigHumanities GeoInfo Lab) Silvia Ioannou Chair on Digital Humanities

About

326
Publications
129,646
Reads
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3,313
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - present
University of Cyprus
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Sylvia Ioannou Chair of Digital Humanities, Lab of Digital Humanities GeoInformatics (DigHumanities GeoInfo Lab)
September 1996 - July 2021
Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • Head of the GeoSat ReSeArch Lab

Publications

Publications (326)
Article
Full-text available
Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a well-established technique used in archaeological prospection and it requires a number of specialized routines for signal and image processing to enhance the data acquired and lead towards a better interpretation of them. Computer-aided techniques have advanced the interpretation of GPR data, dealing with a wide...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study explores the potential use of integrated radar and optical freely and open access distributed satellite images, namely the Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2, respectively, to detect areas with archaeological interest. The Google Earth Engine platform was used to extract the backscattering signal from the Sentinel-1 sensor and the reflectance val...
Article
Cyprus, the third largest Mediterranean island, is located at an exceptional crossroad in the eastern Mediterranean, where cultures from the Middle East, Africa and Europe have interacted for more than 10 000 years. The aim of this paper is to present an exhaustive review of the past archaeological geophysical surveys on the island. The result of o...
Preprint
Many ancient Greek cities are characterised by a regular orthogonal road network. These roads are ideal targets for geophysical investigation mainly due to their extensive geographic extent that makes them challenging to define by excavation. Geophysical mapping of these features will contribute to understanding ancient cities as it can provide con...
Preprint
Archaeological geophysics is a range of techniques for the minimally invasive, remote investigation of the physical parameters of the nearsurface environment. This suite of methods is complementary to archaeological survey or excavation as it can provide information about the stratigraphy of the survey area, locate anthropogenic traces of the past,...
Preprint
The Innovative Geophysical Approaches for the Study of Early Agricultural Villages of Neolithic Thessaly (ARISTEIA-IGEAN) Project made an extensive use of geospatial technologies in the study of the natural environment and social dynamics of Neolithic settlements within the coastal region of eastern Thessaly, Greece. The goal of the project was to...
Preprint
Full-text available
The systematic exploration of large archaeological sites in the Mediterranean has evolved considerably since the “big dig” excavations. Pedestrian field surveying and remote sensing applications, including satellite and airborne image analysis, are now practical and relatively cost-efficient methods of characterizing large and diachronically divers...
Preprint
Electromagnetic instrument responses suffer from signal drift that results in a variable response at a given location over time. If left uncorrected, spatiotemporal aliasing can manifest and global trends or abrupt changes might be observed in the data, which are independent of subsurface electromagnetic variations. By performing static ground meas...
Preprint
Full-text available
Archaeological sites can be discovered and recorded in a high-resolution and non-invasivemanner using geophysical methods. These measure the spatial variation of a range ofphysical properties of the soil which may be representative proxies of the subsurfacearchaeology. Less-invasive and cost-effective field procedures have become top-priority tomit...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on the possible drawbacks and pitfalls in the GPR data interpretation process commonly followed by most GPR practitioners in archaeological prospection. Standard processing techniques aim to remove some noise, enhance reflections of the subsurface. Next, one has to calculate the instantaneous envelope and produce C-scans which...
Article
Full-text available
Among the environmental threats, the intensification of natural hazards, such as soil erosion may threaten the integrity and value of cultural heritage sites. In this framework, the present study’s main objective was to identify archaeological sites susceptible by soil erosion, taking the case study of Chania prefecture in Crete Island. Remotely se...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigates metacognitive awareness, students reading strategies preferences and their correlation to independent demographic and educational variables. Data were gathered through the MARSI-2fGR inventory administered to a random sample of 632 students aged 12-24 from 68 schools in various urban, semi-urban and rural regions in Greec...
Poster
Full-text available
Cultural heritage monuments and sites, as an integral part of the human-built environment, are completely exposed to natural hazards' adverse actions. Hence, the identification of the sites being exposed to soil erosion can be considered as a crucial need. In this framework, this study's main objective was to identify archaeological sites susceptib...
Article
Electromagnetic (EM) instrument responses suffer from signal drift that results in a variable response at a given location over time. If left uncorrected, spatiotemporal aliasing can manifest and global trends or abrupt changes might be observed in the data, which are independent of subsurface electromagnetic variations. By performing static ground...
Article
Full-text available
A geophysical investigation was carried across the M3 burial mound from Silvașu de Jos-Dealu Țapului, a tumuli necropolis in western Romania, where the presence of the Yamnaya people was certified archaeologically. For characterizing the inner structure of the mound, two conventional geophysical methods have been used: a geomagnetic survey and elec...
Article
This article argues that a holistic approach to documenting and understanding the physical evidence for individual cities would enhance our ability to address major questions about urbanisation, urbanism, cultural identities and economic processes. At the same time we suggest that providing more comprehensive data-sets concerning Greek cities would...
Chapter
All known eyewitnesses point to the former Franciscan church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Zakynthos as the location of the grave of Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564). Their accounts contain more indications of a coloured epitaph against the wall than of a carved gravestone. The epitaph disappeared in 1571. After the major earthquake in 1953, the churc...
Article
Remote sensing techniques, both on the ground (geophysical prospection) and remote (aerial and satellite imagery), have repeatedly shown their usefulness in the detection and mapping of unknown archaeological features and sites, but their results remain relatively sterile and not fully unwrapped if no archaeological verification is implemented to e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In response to the adverse effects of natural hazards and climate change threats on cultural heritage, a methodology of risk assessment and management was developed and applied to five pilot sites: the Historical Centre of Rethymno in Greece, the Mellor Heritage Project in the United Kingdom, the Roman Ruins of Tróia in Portugal, the Baths of Diocl...
Article
Panagiotaki, M., Panagiotakis, N. and Sarris, A. 2020. Introduction. Lightning-Fire-Kiln-Beacon, in Cutting Edge Technologies in Ancient Greece – Materials Science Applied to Trace Ancient Technologies in the Aegean World. Edited by Marian Panagiotaki Ilias Tomazos and Fotios Papadimitrakopoulos, Oxbow Books, Oxford and Philadelphia, pp. 1-7.
Article
Sarris, A., Kalayci, T., Papadopoulos, N., Argyriou, N., Donati, J., Kakoulaki G., Manataki, M., Papadakis, M., Nikas, N., Scotton, P. and Kissas, K. 2020. Geophysical explorations of the classical coastal settlement of Lechaion, Peloponnese (Greece). In Mapping the Past – From Sampling Sites and Landscapes to Exploring the “Archaeological Continuu...
Article
Full-text available
For the interpretation of archaeological geophysical data as archaeological features, it is essential that the recorded anomalies can be clearly delineated and analyzed, and therefore, care has been taken to obtain the best possible data. However, as with all measurements, data are degraded by unwanted components, or noise. This review clarifies th...
Preprint
In the current study the Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory was adapted to the Greek secondary student population and the instrument's psychometric properties were examined. The inventory was administered to a sample of 632 students, aged 12-24, attending all secondary levels, from 68 schools in various urban, semi-urban and ru...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents a new way to reconstruct the extent of medieval archaeological sites by using approaches from the field of geoinformatics. Hence, we propose a combined use of non-invasive methodologies which are used for the first time to study a medieval village in Romania. The focus here will be on ground-based and satellite remote-sensing te...
Article
Thanks to recent advances in deep learning (DL) and the increasing availability of large labeled/annotated datasets and trained network models, there has been impressive progress in the automated analysis of images from different scientific domains such as medicine, microbiology, astronomy and remote sensing. The automated analysis of archaeo‐geoph...
Article
Full-text available
In the current study, the Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory was adapted to the Greek secondary student population and the instrument’s psychometric properties were examined. The inventory was administered to a sample of 632 students, aged 12 - 24, attending all secondary levels, from 68 schools in various urban, semi-urban and...
Article
Full-text available
Following recent excavations and geophysical prospection at Idomeni in the Kilkis prefecture of Northern Greece, this paper attempts to reconstruct through digital means, the tangible and intangible vestiges of historical episodes that come together to form multiple narratives of a diachronically terra incognita site, gradually unlocking its hidden...
Article
Full-text available
In this editorial article for the Special Issue on Unlocking Sacred Landscapes: Digital Humanities and Ritual Space, we introduce the applicability of digital humanities to the study of ritual space. The Issue focuses on digital approaches both to ritual space and to artefacts relating to ritual practice and cult. The terms ritual and cult are used...
Book
Full-text available
This Special Issue (published with "Open Archaeology" Journal) focuses on digital approaches both to ritual space and to artefacts relating to ritual practice and cult. The terms ritual and cult are used broadly to include sanctuaries, temples, and churches, as well as the domestic and funerary spheres of life. Although the main focus of the issue...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Pedagogical agents are tools suitable for open and distance learning courses as they are applied to interactive, multimedia learning environments, stimulating the learning efforts of anyone that cannot be physically present in a classroom. They can equally support the learning process through multimedia learning environments for secondary school st...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, an on-going project investigating the urban landscape of Naxos has surveyed and produced several new digital reconstructions of the settlement’s simple non-peripteral temples, most with highly decorative roofs. Three Archaic sacred buildings of Sicilian Naxos are used to demonstrate different approaches to recording the remains and...
Article
Full-text available
Within the framework of disaster risk management, this article proposes an interdisciplinary method for the analysis of multiple natural hazards, including climate change’s influences, in the context of cultural heritage. A taxonomy of natural hazards applicable to cultural heritage was developed based on the existing theoretical and conceptual fra...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of different remote sensing datasets acquired from optical and radar sensors can improve the overall performance and detection rate for mapping sub-surface archaeological remains. However, data fusion remains a challenge for archaeological prospection studies, since remotely sensed sensors have different instrument principles, opera...
Poster
Full-text available
This work aims to describe the development steps of a software developed in the framework of the BalkanROAD INTERREG Project, namely "ROAD tool", as well as some of its functionalities regarding the estimation of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emission, using the example of a Greek agribusiness.
Poster
Full-text available
This poster gives an overview of the aims and structure of the SAGA cost action. It details the key aims of the working groups, along with the structure of SAGA and means to fulfill the key deliverables.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent excavations (2015), by the Ephorate of Antiquities at Kilkis, following initial exploration in 2007 by the IST' Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, to the south of the modern village of Ιdomeni, Kilkis, Northern Greece, revealed a cemetery of the Middle Byzantine Period and a number of pit formations of a Neolithic settlement,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Archaeological geophysics is a range of techniques for the minimally invasive, remote investigation of the physical parameters of the near-surface environment. This suite of methods is complementary to archaeological survey or excavation as it can provide information about the stratigraphy of the survey area, locate anthropogenic traces of the past...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological sites can be discovered and recorded in a high-resolution and non-invasive manner using geophysical methods. These measure the spatial variation of a range of physical properties of the soil which may be representative proxies of the subsurface archaeology. Less-invasive and cost-effective field procedures have become top-priority to...
Article
Full-text available
Multisource remote sensing data acquisition has been increased in the last years due to technological improvements and decreased acquisition cost of remotely sensed data and products. This study attempts to fuse different types of prospection data acquired from dissimilar remote sensors and explores new ways of interpreting remote sensing data obta...
Chapter
This paper compares the results of the excavations at Visviki Magoula in southeastern Thessaly, which were carried through by the Reichsamt für Vorgeschichte under the direction of Hans Reinerth in 1941, with the geophysical prospection of the IGEAN project on Neolithic Thessalian settlement mounds by the GeoSat ReSeArch Lab, Institute for Mediterr...
Chapter
The Innovative Geophysical Approaches for the Study of Early Agricultural Villages of Neolithic Thessaly (ARISTEIA-IGEAN) Project made an extensive use of geospatial technologies in the study of the natural environment and social dynamics of Neolithic settlements within the coastal region of eastern Thessaly, Greece. The goal of the project was to...
Book
Full-text available
The last three decades have witnessed a period of growing archaeological activity in Greece that have enhanced our awareness of the diversity and variability of ancient communities. New sites offer rich datasets from many aspects of material culture that challenge traditional perceptions and suggest complex interpretations of the past. This volume...
Poster
Full-text available
MedSTACH is the acronym for an AGILE-supported Teaming Phase 1 project (one year duration) aiming to design a Cyprus-based Eastern Mediterranean Science and Technology Centre of Excellence for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (CH).
Poster
MedSTACH is the acronym for an AGILE-supported Teaming Phase 1 project (one year duration) aiming to design a Cyprus-based Eastern Mediterranean Science and Technology Centre of Excellence for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (CH). MedSTACH’s mission encompasses the development of the necessary scientific and technological environment for advancin...
Article
Full-text available
Hyperspectral images can highlight crop marks in vegetated areas, which may indicate the presence of underground buried structures, by exploiting the spectral information conveyed in reflected solar radiation. In recent years, different vegetation indices and several other image features have been used, with varying success, to improve the interpre...
Chapter
Olive oil industry grows constantly in specific parts of the world. About 750 million olive trees are cultivated and approximately 2.95 million tons of olive oil are produced annually. Most olive oil (98%) is produced in the Mediterranean region, mainly between October and February. Olive oil production results in an annual generation of more than...