Aparna Gunjal

Aparna Gunjal
Dr. D.Y. Patil Arts Commerce and Science College Pimpri · Microbiology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

121
Publications
123,753
Reads
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358
Citations
Citations since 2017
99 Research Items
314 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Introduction
Currently I am working as the Assistant Professor, Dr. D.Y. Patil, Arts, Commerce and Science College, Dept of Microbiology, Pimpri, Pune, India. I worked as a Senior Researcher at Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon, Hong Kong w.e.f.16.1.2019 to 25.4.2019. My research areas of interest are: Waste Management; PGPR; Composting; Solid State Fermentation; Nanotechnology; Bioremediation & Biodegradation. I am also working as Director of Asian Agri Food Consultancy Services.
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - April 2020
Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University
Position
  • Visiting Faculty
Description
  • Teaching Research Methodology subject
January 2019 - April 2019
Hong Kong Baptist University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
June 2017 - June 2018
Annasaheb Magar Mahavidyalaya
Position
  • Master's Student
Description
  • Research Guide for M.Sc. II Microbiology Projects.
Education
June 2007 - October 2014
Savitribai Phule Pune University
Field of study
  • Environmental Science
June 2003 - June 2005
Savitribai Phule Pune University
Field of study
  • Microbiology
June 2000 - June 2003
Savitribai Phule Pune University
Field of study
  • Industrial Microbiology

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
Full-text available
Biosurfactants have wide applications in pharmaceutical, agriculture and food industries. The research area of biosurfactants is gaining immense attention. The review mentions here the advantages and various substrates used for biosurfactants production. The pre-treatment of substrates for biosurfactants production is also focused. The production o...
Chapter
The soil, air, and water are polluted with a variety of pollutants viz., heavy metals, pesticides, xenobiotics, pesticides, etc. Biosorption or bioremediation is the best method to remove these pollutants from soil, air, and water. Biosorption or bioremediation is an eco-friendly, easy, and effective method. The microbial community plays a very imp...
Article
The release of heavy metals from paint, electroplating, mining industries, etc. is a serious concern. Industrial effluents contain toxic heavy metals such as zinc, cadmium, chromium, lead, nickel, arsenic, etc. The sequestration of heavy metals by chemical processes is costly, time-consuming and causes environmental pollution. The use of microorgan...
Chapter
Social aspects, management, and development are important in all the industries including the pharmaceutical industries. Sustainability management is necessary to be followed even in pharmaceutical industries, and there are many measures or pharmaceutical management practices that will help to achieve social management of pharma products. The chapt...
Chapter
Sustainable Utilization of Fungi in Agriculture and Industry covers current knowledge about of different fungal microorganisms, including economically important filamentous fungi and yeasts. 22 chapters summarize recent information about scientific investigations and the application of fungi in the production of industrial enzymes, organic acids (c...
Article
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Phytoremediation refers to the ability of certain plants to bioaccumulate, degrade, or render harmless the contaminants in soil, water, etc. Wetlands function as the kidneys of a landscape as plants in wetlands act as sinks by uptake of nutrients and heavy metals. The current study focuses on estimating the phytoremediation potential of some select...
Article
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Waste water contains coliforms and many pathogens which is harmful to the humans and other living organisms. Various agroindustry by-products such as peanut shell, corn cob, wheat husk, bagasse, sawdust, rice straw, etc. are generated in huge amount. These agroindustry by-products are just thrown or get piled up. Hence, they can be used for the env...
Article
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The present study deals with isolation and identification of heavy metal lead reducing microorganism from Mula-Mutha river, Pune, India. A strain was characterized based on its morphological and biochemical screening test. It was confirmed as Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 by MALDI-TOF and 16S rRNA sequencing. The selected isolate successful in reducin...
Chapter
Composting is a microbial process that involves the breakdown of complex material into simple matter. The applications of compost are very eco‐friendly as composting is a biological process. We need to promote the use of compost for sustainable agriculture. This chapter reviews the various applications of compost, viz., use in soil amendment and as...
Article
Full-text available
Waste water contains various pollutants and pathogens which is harmful to all the living organisms. This waste water without any treatment if released directly to water bodies or soil causes pollution of water and soils. Various agroindustry by-products viz., sawdust, corn cob, wheat husk, bagasse, rice bran, etc. are generated in huge amount which...
Article
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Background: Lactic acid bacteria are regarded the most important bacteria concerning food fermentation, pharmaceutical and special dietary applications. Strains have been isolated from environments rich in available carbohydrate substrates, such as food and feed, but also in human and animal cavities and in sewage and plant material. Besides lactic...
Article
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Medicinal plants represent a rich source of antimicrobial agents. Plants are used medicinally in different countries and are a source of many potent and powerful drugs. The present work deals with the antimicrobials, antioxidant activity and bioautography of plant extracts viz., Ocium basilicum and Terminalia arjuna. Ocium basilicum and Terminalia...
Chapter
The chapter mentions the biodiversity hotspots and the factors affecting biodiversity hotspots in India, namely, Himalayas, Indo-Burman region, Sundaland, and Western Ghats. The factors affecting biodiversity hotspots in India are primarily the focus. The rich diversity in India is majorly due to its climate, enriched soil characteristics, favorabl...
Chapter
Western Ghats are the main hotspots for the microorganisms, and immense diversity of microorganisms viz., bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and algae are seen in these Western Ghats. Actinomycetes are Gram-positive filamentous bacteria which produce a variety of secondary metabolites such as antibiotics, pigments, enzymes, plant growth hormones, anti...
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Agriculture is very important for food production. The use of chemical fertilizers to increase the plant growth is harmful to the humans and environment. The use of biological approach is the best way to increase the plant growth and yield. The bioinoculants include biofertilizers, biopesticides, and organic decomposers. These bioinoculants improve...
Chapter
The agroindustry by-products are generated in huge amount in all countries. Bagasse is by-product generated in huge amount from the sugar factories. This bagasse is either incinerated or disposed directly to the landfills, which creates environmental problems, i.e., pollution. The management of this agroindustry by-product bagasse can be done by co...
Chapter
Heavy metals cause pollution and have adverse impacts on the humans and environment. The soil beneficial microorganisms and water bodies are polluted due to the presence of heavy metals. This is a serious issue and needs immediate solution. The physicochemical ways for the removal of toxic metals have some disadvantages. The biological method inclu...
Article
Full-text available
The agroindustry by-products viz., peanut shell, corn cob, sawdust, paddy husk, pressmud, rice and wheat straw, coconut husk, etc. are generated in huge amount. These are either incinerated or disposed of directly to the landfills. The management of agroindustry by-products can be done by solid state fermentation by conversion into value-added prod...
Article
Full-text available
The toxic heavy metals cause soil and water pollution. The heavy metals include cadmium, lead, zinc, arsenic, chromium, nickel, mercury, etc. There are physico-chemical methods for the removal of heavy metals from contaminated soils and water. The biosorption technique is easy, eco-friendly and economical for the removal of heavy metals from contam...
Article
Full-text available
The worldwide public health disaster caused due to a viral outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19 or SARS-CoV-2) challenges the entire healthcare system. The COVID-19 is a highly pathogenic viral transmittable infection that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome. It is a kind of pneumonia virus and the third type of coronavirus after...
Article
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The heavy metals are very toxic and cause soil and water pollution. The heavy metals include cadmium, lead, zinc, arsenic, chromium, nickel, mercury, etc. There are physico-chemical methods for the removal of heavy of heavy metals from contaminated soils, aqueous solutions, waste water, etc. The biological method, i.e., bioadsorption is most easy,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Phyllosphere microbiota forms the micro‐ecosystem where chemical communication and compounds get exchanged between microbial communities that include bacteria, viruses, archaea, and eukaryotic taxa. This chapter intends to highlight the current advances in understanding the phyllosphere microbiota and composition to increase the yield of the crop....
Article
The medicinal importance of plants is in their bioactive substances which exert definite physiological action on the human body. In the present investigation antimicrobial activities of Garcinia pedunculata, Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis, and Ziziphus mauritiana were studied against microbial strains using agar disc diffusion. In-vitro phytochemical s...
Chapter
Increase in urbanization leads to more construction of houses, dams, and streets. Reduction of the global warming effects can be carried out by recycling of construction material and searching for eco-friendly construction material. Greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced with the help of construction material which requires less energy for their p...
Chapter
Xenobiotics are substances that are not produced naturally and are present in higher concentrations than are usual. Xenobiotic compounds are a serious issue and are difficult to degrade. The physicochemical methods for removing xenobiotics are not very effective as they are time-consuming, noneco-friendly, produce harmful and toxic products, and co...
Chapter
Cellulose is the major component in the cell wall of many plants. Degradation of cellulose is very difficult and needs to be solved. Cellulase is the enzyme in degradation of cellulose. The chapter here describes in detail the structure and properties of cellulose; cellulase production by solid-state and submerged state fermentation; cellulolytic m...
Chapter
Lipases enzyme are very important in the degradation of lignocellulosic wastes. The chapter here describes in detail the structure of lipase; classification of lipase enzyme including bacterial lipases; and reactions catalyzed by lipase enzyme. The chapter also focuses on active and catalytic residues of lipase enzyme; the catalytic mechanism of li...
Chapter
Hemicellulose is the major component in the cell wall of many plants. Degradation of hemicellulose is very difficult and needs to be solved. Hemicellulase is the enzyme in the degradation of hemicellulose. The chapter here describes in detail the structure and properties of hemicellulose; xylan degradation; families of hemicellulase enzyme; and hem...
Chapter
Pectin is one of the major plant cell wall components. Degradation of pectin is difficult, and pectinases enzyme can help in the degradation of pectin. The chapter described here mentions the pectic substances, viz. protopectin, pectinic acids, pectin or pectins, and pectic acids. The mechanism of action of the pectinolytic enzymes is also describe...
Chapter
Agro-industrial waste industries are the largest polluting industries in the world with the potential application of biofuels or biosources. From the past several years, the worldwide economic and environmental pollution issues have been escalating research interest in the value of biosourced lignocellulosic biomass. The limited resource of fossil...
Book
This book offers valuable insights into the principles, mechanisms of action and applications of traditional and novel enzymes involved in the degradation of wastes. Enzymes are biological catalysts that play an important role in various biochemical reactions. The generation of value-added products by means of these biological processes is also dis...
Article
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People have affection for confectionary products. Confectionery products are of two types, baker and sugar confectionary. Dark chocolates belong to sugar confectionery class. The present invention was carried out on the preparation of synbiotic dark chocolates. Synbiotics are food products that contain both prebiotics and probiotic microorganisms,...
Conference Paper
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It takes million of years for dead organisms to get converted into fuels. Continuous usage of these fuels is the major concern as these fuels are fast depleting.BioCNG is the purified form of biogas where all the unwanted gases are removed to produce pure methane gas (>96%). BioCNG is exactly similar to the commercially available natural gas. This...
Chapter
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Drought is the most destructive abiotic stress affecting the world’s food security. Rhizospheric and endophytic bacteria produce range of enzymes and metabolites, which help the plants to tolerate abiotic stress. Induced systemic resistance gets developed in plants surviving in drought conditions. Drought tolerance is induced in crops due to the pr...
Book
The world population is expected to increase exponentially within the next decade, which means that the food demand will increase and so will waste production. There is a need for effective food waste management as wasted food leads to overutilization of water and fossil fuels and increasing greenhouse gas emissions from the degradation of food. G...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It takes millions of years for dead organisms to get converted into fuels. Continues usage of these fuels is the major concern of these fuels are fast depleting. BioCNG is the purified form of biogas, where all the unwanted gases are removed to produce (>95%) pure methane gas. BioCNG is exactly similar to the commercially available natural gas. In...
Article
Full-text available
Nanoparticles have wide applications in various fields due to their small size. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles are bright with high refractive index (n = 2.4) which makes them suitable for industry dealing with toothpaste, pharmaceuticals, coatings, papers, inks, plastics, food products, cosmetics and textile. Three crystalline phases of titanium d...
Article
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The heavy metal pollution in water is a very serious problem which causes toxic effects on humans, animals and plants. The fungi are excellent biosorbent for heavy metals. The fungi used in this study were isolated from the compost and compost yard soil and identified as Aspergillus clavatus, Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus fumigatus and studied...
Chapter
Increase in urbanization leads to more construction of houses, dams, and streets. Reduction of the global warming effects can be carried out by recycling of construction material and searching for eco-friendly construction material. Greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced with the help of construction material which requires less energy for their p...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic is used in large number worldwide and its use has become part of our daily life for different purposes. Degradation of plastic wastes is serious problem which has created adverse effects on humans, animals, plants and environment. There are many processes available for the degradation of plastics, but the most eco-friendly and cheap method...
Article
Full-text available
Different lignocellulosic wastes are generated in agroindustries, viz., peanut shells in peanut industries; corn cob in maize industries; paddy husk in rice milling industries; pressmud in sugar industries and sawdust in sawmills. These lignocellulosic wastes are either disposed off in the landfills or burnt. There is increasing trend towards conve...
Article
Full-text available
Actinomycetes are ubiquitous microbes with a variety of applications in industry and medicine. It is well known that different ecosystems harbour unique microbial populations, that is, bacterial diversity can be influenced by geography and ecology. Diversity studies of actinomycetes from extreme habitats in Rajasthan state of India was carried out...
Article
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Increasing use of the pesticides in agriculture is a serious issue. The paper describes the Gas Chromatography, High Performance Liquid Chromatography and Spectrophotometric methods for the detection of pesticides in fruits. It also mentions the Gas Chromatography and High Performance Liquid Chromatography detectors. The analytical methods will hel...
Article
Full-text available
Solid waste disposal is major problem in the world. Agricultural residues, temple waste, domestic waste, non-edible oil cakes waste are enriched with carbon content. Landfilling remediation approach is used for disposal of organic waste. Floral waste is one of the major concern. Flowers have applications in many industries viz; perfumes, cosmetics,...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the endophytic bacteria and their role in agriculture. The endophytes help in the plant growth by various mechanisms and also help in disease control. The capability of colonizing internal host tissues of plant has made endophytic bacteria valuable for agriculture to improve crop performance. Various endophytic diazotrophic b...
Article
Heavy metal pollution of soil, water and air is one of the major issues many countries are facing. The fungi were isolated from the compost and compost yard soil and identified as Aspergillus clavatus, Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus fumigatus and studied for their ability to sequester heavy metals from solution. The sequestration of Zn and Pb w...