Aparajita Chattopadhyay

Aparajita Chattopadhyay
International Institute for Population Sciences | IIPS · Department of Population and Development

PhD

About

167
Publications
94,482
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998
Citations
Citations since 2017
71 Research Items
799 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Introduction
Working as a faculty with the Department of Population and Development , International Institute for Population Sciences ( IIPS) and a Coordinator of the Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI). My research interests are ; Environment and development, Aging, Nutrition, Gender issues, Public Health and Spatial Demography. Doctoral / post-doctoral fellows are mainly working on environmental and behavioural health, spatial analysis of health, aging, nutrition, migration, labour force.
Additional affiliations
March 2008 - present
International Institute for Population Sciences
Position
  • Faculty Member
Description
  • I worked previously with Banaras Hindu University (2005-2008). I was Ad- Hoc Lecturer of IIPS from 2002 Feb-2005 Nov.
November 2005 - March 2008
Banaras Hindu University
Position
  • Faculty Member
February 2002 - present
International Institute for Population Sciences
Position
  • Faculty Member
Education
July 1999 - February 2002
International Institute for Population Sciences
Field of study
  • Aging, mortality, morbidity, life satisfaction

Publications

Publications (167)
Article
Full-text available
Men's supportive stance is an essential component for making women's world better. There are growing debates among policymakers and researchers on the role of males in maternal health programmes, which is a big challenge in India where society is male driven. This study aims to look into the variations and determinants of maternal health care utili...
Article
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This paper examines recent trends in sex ratio at birth in all the major states of India, based on three rounds of the National Family Health Survey. It finds evidence of an increase in the ratio, particularly at the second-order birth among women having a first daughter in many states in the northwestern region of the country. Also, there are sign...
Article
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What are the relationships between wealth and children’s health in India’s states that are as populous as many other countries? Presenting a state-level analysis of the association between state net domestic product per capita and three children’s health indicators, this paper describes how these relationships differ in the last two rounds of the N...
Article
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Objectives: The study explores the awareness and e-cigarette use by demographic and socio-economic characteristics of selected 14 Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) countries. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: 14 countries. Participants: Surveyed population ≥15 years selected through multi-stage cluster sampling. Primary and secondary outcome m...
Article
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Background The viability and virulence of COVID-19 are complex in nature. Although the relationship between environmental parameters and COVID-19 is well studied across the globe, in India, such studies are limited. This research aims to explore long-term exposure to weather conditions and the role of air pollution on the infection spread and morta...
Book
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This book deals with issues related to undernutrition and anaemia in India. It establishes its interconnectedness with poverty, tribal living conditions, contraception usage, dietary diversity, and socioeconomic inequality. It addresses SDG 2, namely “end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.” It...
Article
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Elder abuse is a multifaceted public health issue. The aim of this study is to provide a concise overview of elder abuse among adults age 60 and above, at the national and state levels in India. The main objective of this research is to examine the prevalence and determinants of elder abuse in light of the latest available data, with an emphasis on...
Article
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The coastal population of Indian subcontinent experience a variety of coastal hazards, of which cyclone is the most destructive one. The paper analyses the vulnerability level of the east coastal districts of Bay of Bengal stretching for 1400 km by adopting an innovative approach to estimate vulnerability index through hazard exposure, sensitivity,...
Article
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Background Anaemia among women is a public health problem with associated adverse outcomes for mother and child. This study investigates the determinants of women’s anaemia in two Bengals; West Bengal (a province of India) and Bangladesh. These two spaces are inhabitated by Bengali speaking population since historic past. The study argues that open...
Article
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The Suru valley of the Ladakh region in the Indian western Himalayas hasa cold-arid climate and semi-desert landscape. Any change in climate in this fragile landscape will impact the lives of local communities in the region. The region has limited weather monitoring stations due to which changing climate pattern is not well understood. Understandin...
Article
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Chronic diseases are the leading causes of disability and premature death among the elderly population in India. The study, using data from the 75 th round of the NSSO survey (N = 44,631), examined the prevalence and determinants of chronic diseases among the population aged 60+ in India by applying bivariate and logistic regression analyses and us...
Article
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Using data collected in 2017–18 for the baseline wave of the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India, this paper analyzes labor force participation among older adults (people aged 60 years and older) and their job characteristics, income, and associated social security benefits. Analysis of a cohort of 31,464 older adults shows that although labor force...
Article
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Urban expansion of the Indian metropolitan cities has reached the rural peripheries. There have been social, economic, and environmental consequences of this process of peri-urbanization on villages surrounding the big cities. In such situations, it becomes crucial to understand whether the peri-urban areas present opportunities for women emerging...
Chapter
Seasonal migration is widespread in rural Maharashtra where farming is mainly rain-fed. After the monsoon, the villagers face the prospect of a lengthy dry spell, and thousands of small and marginal peasant households migrate in search of work opportunities in sugar factories, brick kilns, and stone quarries in other districts of the state, or even...
Article
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The study estimates the prevalence and risk factors of accidents and injuries among iron and steel industry workers. A cross-sectional study (N=505) was conducted from November 2019 to March 2020 in Indian Iron and Steel Company (IISCO) Burnpur, West Bengal, India. The result shows that about 28 % of workers experienced accidents and injuries in th...
Article
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The level and relationship of child health, wealth, and basic amenities are changing fast in India. How strong are the relationships of state wealth, i.e., state Gross Domestic Product and basic household amenities like sanitation facilities with child health? Using the published National Family Health Survey 2015-16 at a macro level, the paper com...
Preprint
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Background The coastal population of Indian subcontinent experience variety of coastal hazards of which cyclone is the most destructive one. Most recently, on 20th May 2020, the super cyclone Amphan lashed with 155 km/h, as tall as a two-story building on the Eastern coast and state of West Bengal in India. In the following year 2021, another cyclo...
Article
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Since the inception of the National Programme for Family Planning, messages on family planning (FP) have been promoted across India using different mass media platforms. Mass media plays an important role in disseminating important information among the masses, such as how reversible modern methods give women more reproductive choices than opting f...
Article
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Spatial hot spots of COVID‐19 infections and fatalities are observed at places exposed to high levels of air pollution across many countries. This study empirically investigates the relationship between exposure to air pollutants that is, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter (SO2, NO2, and PM10) and COVID‐19 infection at the sma...
Article
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Introduction: Exposure to high levels of air pollution is associated with poor health, including worse cognitive function. Whereas many studies of cognition have assessed outdoor air pollution, we evaluate how exposure to air pollution from combustion of polluting household fuels relates with cognitive function using harmonized data from India, Me...
Article
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Considering the widespread transmission of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) globally, India is also facing the same crisis. As India already has inadequate waste treatment facilities, and the sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 virus has led to significant growth of Bio-medical waste (BMW), consequently safe disposal of a large quantity of waste has beco...
Article
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Food consumption data in terms of dietary diversity is a vital source for examining the nutrition status of mothers. Diversity in diet is a reliable proxy indicator for quality and quantity of diet in different geographic settings. This study attempts to assess, the regional pattern of dietary diversity among mothers, its determinants and link with...
Article
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Objectives The recovery rate is important to determine a country’s development towards controlling coronavirus. It is a function of myriad factors – death rate, cases requiring hospitalization, quality of care, and discharge policies, among others. India’s recovery rate is growing steadily from an earlier low of 10% to 11%. It is imperative to unde...
Article
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Male involvement in maternal health care utilization is an important contributor to maternal health, especially in male-dominated societies. This study aimed to understand the variations and determinants of women's antenatal care (ANC) utilization and institutional delivery in India and three socioeconomically less-developed states (Bihar, Madhya P...
Article
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The paper aims to understand the treatment seeking behavior and the experiences of men with male factor infertility. A cross-sectional study was conducted at consented hospitals/infertility centers in Mumbai, India in purview of the fact that men are not considered as important as a part of infertility treatment as women. An infertile man is define...
Preprint
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This study aims to study the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on the air quality of Delhi by comparing the levels of air pollution (PM2.5, PM10, and NO2) before and during lockdown. The study is based on the secondary data derived from the Central Control Room for Air Quality Management, Delhi NCR. The levels of air pollution have been studied by analyz...
Chapter
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This study attempts to compare the built-up land expansion, population change, and environment in Delhi and Bangalore over two decades, i.e. 1991 to 2011. Using the demographic data from the Census and satellite data from the United States Geological Survey, we found that there is a significant dynamism in population and spatial parameters in citie...
Chapter
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Eastern India is a historically significant centre of India, the birthplace of numerous religions and a locus of influence that has shaped the history of the entire region of Asia. It is unique in its identity due to the multiplicity of faiths and ethos which have been interacting and creating different cultural realms within a single landmass. Thi...
Chapter
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The fact that Bangladesh and West Bengal possess a common political and social history, language and culture to a large extent, a joint study of the two regions to understand son preference would be an interesting attempt. Comparative studies of the two regions have been undertaken to reveal how contraceptive use behaviour and its change are stimul...
Book
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This multidisciplinary book discusses and scientifically analyzes issues related to population, land use/cover (LULC) and environmental transformations in the seven most populated cities in India: Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad. To do so, it closely examines and compares the trends in selected population paramet...
Article
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Seasonal migration is widespread in rural central and eastern Maharashtra where agriculture is mainly rain-fed. Our study explores 350 seasonal migrant households that is defined as a household having, at least, one member who stayed away from the village for the purpose of employment for at least one month and not more than six months during the d...
Article
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There is overwhelming scientific consensus that environmental change is currently having ecological and socioeconomical impacts at the micro and macrolevel. Over the coming decades, the impact of development, climate change, and urbanization on the ecosystem is likely to become even more ruthless in the Sundarbans. Like many other ecologically sens...
Book
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This book highlights historical and current perspectives on population issues in the Bengali-speaking states of India (i.e., West Bengal, Tripura, Assam) and Bangladesh and explores three core population dynamics: fertility, mortality–morbidity and development. Furthermore, it presents a selection of revealing cases from area-specific micro-studies...
Article
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Non-communicable diseases are a global health challenge. Since India has a huge working age population, it becomes important to study the non-communicable disease prevalence among men in the backdrop of the ongoing demographic and epidemiological transition. By using fourth round of National Family Health Survey (2015-2016), the paper aims to measu...
Article
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After sowing the rabi crops, villages in Maharashtra are faced with severe seasonal unemployment. To tide over the lean season, thousands of small and marginal peasant households migrate to other districts of the state, and even outside, in search of livelihood opportunities in sugar factories and brick kilns. Seasonal migration compensates for the...
Article
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Background: Undernutrition, an important indicator for monitoring progress of development goals, is a matter of concern in many developing countries, including Bangladesh. Despite regional differences in chronic undernutrition in Bangladesh, regional determinants among children under the age of five were not extensively explored. Data and methods...
Article
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Background: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) practices may affect the growth and nutritional status among adolescents. Therefore, this paper assesses WASH practices and its association with nutritional status among adolescent girls. Methods: As a part of an intervention programme, this study is based on baseline cross-sectional data. It was co...
Article
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Health effects attributable to short-term and long-term ambient air pollution (AAP) exposure in Indian population are less understood. This study evaluates the effect of short time and long-term exposure to AAP on respiratory morbidity, mortality and premature mortality for the exposed population. A total of 59 studies are reviewed to examine the e...
Article
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Rural India is in the midst of a long-drawn agrarian crisis, which has led to a rapid rise in seasonal migration. A recent IIPS, Mumbai study conducted by Abdul Jaleel CP and Aparajita Chattopadhyay, in Beed, Maharashtra sheds light on this issue and suggests possible remedies https://www.firstpost.com/india/as-farm-distress-intensifies-rural-poor...
Data
This appendix formed part of the original submission and has been peer reviewed. Supplement to: GBD 2017 SDG Collaborators. Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. L...
Conference Paper
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Background -Good quality air is the basic requirement for healthy survival. However, ambient air pollution is one of the top five causes of premature deaths (WHO, 2016) and the problem is distinct in South East Asian countries like India. The effect and magnitude of air pollution on mortality varies by location. Thus, area specific research is pivo...
Article
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Abstract: The present paper, based on primary survey of 510 children of low income households in Mumbai, attempts to examine the level and factors for child undernutrition. It explores, whether micro environmental conditions of slum makes any difference in child nutrition. It has been hypothesized that in the same neighborhood area, the children of...
Article
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This study explores the trend of selected air pollutants, carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen dioxide NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and particulate matter 10 microns in diameter (PM10) in India. Environmental Kuznets curves (EKC), which show the association of the economy and pollution, are fitted for selected Indian states to understand whether EKC in Ind...
Article
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A key component of achieving universal health coverage is ensuring that all populations have access to quality health care. Examining where gains have occurred or progress has faltered across and within countries is crucial to guiding decisions and strategies for future improvement. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors...
Data
Supplement to: GBD 2016 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators. Measuring performance on the Healthcare Access and Quality Index for 195 countries and territories and selected subnational locations: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet 2018; published online May 23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In spite of cultural similarity and parallel programmatic approach to family planning in two geo-political spaces ( i.e. among Bengali population of eastern India (i.e. West Bengal and Tripura) and Bangladesh) , differential use of contraception is evident.The paper explores effect of religion on contraceptive method mix in the context of son prefe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vulnerability commonly defined as the propensity to be adversely affected. It has been studies as a hazards composition of adaptive capacity, sensitivity and exposure. This study uses statistical and econometric tool for measuring household’s vulnerability to environmental change in both Sundarban areas. For this study total 368 households are surv...
Article
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Objective: The study was undertaken to understand the causes and circumstances of maternal deaths in West Bengal. Material and methods: One hundred ten maternal deaths were reported during the period December 2010 through June 2012 in the Maternity Ward of Medical College and Hospitals, West Bengal. These deaths were reviewed using Facility base...
Chapter
Full-text available
Seasonal migration is widespread in the rural areas of Maharashtra where agriculture is purely rain-fed. During summer, thousands of peasant households migrate in search of work to tide over the lean season. The migration is reckoned to be seasonal, and they return home once the pre-monsoon showers hit and the agricultural activity gains momentum....
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the influence of religion on contraceptive method mix in the context of son preference among Bengali-speaking population of eastern India (i.e., West Bengal and Tripura) and Bangladesh. In spite of cultural similarity and parallel programmatic approach to family planning in these two distinct geopolitical spaces, differential us...
Article
Full-text available
Maharashtra, one of the economically advanced states in India, is known for its skewed child sex ratio (CSR) and sex ratio at birth (SRB). CSR is getting worsened, though SRB in urban Maharashtra is showing some improvement in recent years. CSR was almost normal in the state till the 1980s, but thereafter it started showing gradual signs of decreas...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of higher rates of child malnutrition and widespread occurrence of spousal violence in India, the present study aimed to explore whether maternal experience of spousal violence have any association with nutritional status of their children using data on selected North and South Indian states from the National Family Health Survey (20...
Article
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Spousal violence emerged as a major public health concern over the past few decades as its consequences on the health of victims are profound. Infliction of violence during pregnancy is even more detrimental as it might cause serious injuries to women and their unborn children. Violence during pregnancy can restrict access to proper health care and...
Article
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This paper examines the relationship between women's empowerment and nutritional status of children. Data from BDHS (2007) and NFHS (2005-06) were used to examine the role of women's empowerment in determining child stunting in Eastern India and Bangladesh. Results revealed that stunting and chronic malnourishment were more among children in Easter...