Aoife M. Foley

Aoife M. Foley
Queen's University Belfast | QUB · Clean Energies Research Cluster

BE(Hons) MSc PhD CEng FIEI

About

164
Publications
81,440
Reads
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5,763
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - present
Queen's University Belfast
Position
  • Lecturer Energy Systems
August 2011 - present
Queen's University Belfast
Position
  • Lecturer
October 2009 - March 2012
University College Cork
Position
  • EPA Climate Change Research Fellow
Education
March 2006 - March 2011
University College Cork
Field of study
  • Energy Engineering
September 1997 - June 1999
Trinity College Dublin
Field of study
  • Transportation and Environmental Engineering
September 1991 - June 1996
University College Cork
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering (Structural and Geotechnical Engineering)

Publications

Publications (164)
Article
Retail electricity markets require development to ensure efficient and equitable pass through of wholesale electricity costs to customers. Customer engagement has been heralded as a concept to improve the wholesale-to-retail link, better harness flexible demand loads and co-ordinate distributed renewable generation and storage. This study reviews t...
Article
This paper is the editorial for the virtual special issue (VSI) of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (RSER) dedicated to 4 SDEWES Conferences held in 2020, namely: (i) the 2nd Latin American Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (LASDEWES 2020) held from February 9 to 12, 2020 in Buenos Aires, Argenti...
Article
Ceramics are considered one of the greatest and earliest most useful successes of humankind. However, ceramics can be highly damaging to natural and social systems during their lifecycle, from material extraction to waste handling. For example, each year in the EU, the manufacture of ceramics (e.g., refractories, wall and floor tiles and bricks and...
Article
Full-text available
International policies and targets to globally reduce carbon dioxide emissions have contributed to increasing penetration of distributed energy resources (DER) in low-voltage distribution networks. The growth of technologies such as rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems and electric vehicles (EV) has, to date, not been rigorously monitored and record k...
Article
As the offshore energy landscape transitions to renewable energy useful decommissioned or abandoned oil and gas infrastructure can be repurposed in the context of the circular economy. Oil and gas platforms, for example, offer opportunity for hydrogen (H2) production by desalination and electrolysis of sea water using offshore wind power. However,...
Article
The maritime sector has been searching for efficient solutions to change energy consumptions patterns of ports and ships to ensure sustainable operation and to reduce CO2 emissions to support sustainable transport in line with International Maritime Organization (IMO) policy guidelines. Therefore, pursuing smart strategies by utilizing renewable en...
Article
As agricultural activity intensifies across Europe there is growing concern over water quality. Agricultural run-off is a leading cause of freshwater degradation. Simultaneously there is a continually increasing drive to promote renewable energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Willow coppice planted as a riparian buffer has been suggested as a...
Article
A shift to electric vehicles (EV) is seen as one of the main methods to decarbonise the transportation sector. However, issues have also been raised regarding charging infrastructure, EV reliability and range, as well as the battery environmental and social credentials. Notwithstanding governments, intergovernmental organisations, and research enti...
Article
An inevitable consequence of the power system transition towards nearly 100% inverter-based resources is the loss of synchronous generators with their associated inertia, frequency, and voltage control mechanisms. Battery energy storage with different converter technologies, due to their fast-ramping capabilities, are expected to address these chal...
Chapter
Global energy use has grown with the advance of human civilization such that we now use approximately 175,000 TWh of energy per year. This demand for energy provides essential services, from lighting homes to producing heat for industrial processes. Human demand for energy in the coming decades is highly uncertain. Climate change, the consequent ne...
Article
Full-text available
Power systems with a high share of renewables require additional ancillary services to operate safely and reliably. System operators are introducing schemes to attract investment in technology which will provide ancillary services. Battery storage can provide some of these services but investment in equipment is required. This study investigates th...
Article
Glass is a material inextricably linked with human civilization. It is also the product of an energy intensive industry. About 75%–85% of the total energy requirements to produce glass occur when the raw materials are heated in a furnace to more than 1500 °C. During this process, large volumes of emissions arise. The container and flat glass indust...
Article
Full-text available
Future distribution grids are expected to face an increasing penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) and heterogeneous distributed energy resources (DERs). This demands a distributed energy management (EM) to manage power generation and delivery of energy sources to maintain power quality under the impact of EV charging, to save operating costs, and...
Article
Full-text available
The use of hybrid systems for electrification of remote areas has been increased dramatically in recent years, and the optimal sizing of these systems is a significant challenge for cost-effectiveness and reliability. This paper aims to propose a predictable planning framework that increases the renewable energy penetration (REP) rate and minimizes...
Article
Full-text available
Grid frequency support is one of the most challenging issues in wind rich islanded power systems. This problem becomes critical with the displacement of synchronous generators and their associated services (i.e., inertia and primary operating reserve). The services that are lost can be replaced by other sources, such as demand response schemes to e...
Article
Through the long-distance transmission of electric energy, global interconnected power grids have become promising for the decarbonization of the power systems nowadays. However, the implementation of an extremely large-scale system may be controversial because practical examples are rare. In this paper, the interconnected power system among Centra...
Preprint
This paper focuses on the transformations from the individual machine to the equivalent machine through the "correction" perspective of the inner-group machine. The machines are first classified as the real machine with equation of motion and the pseudo machine without equation of motion. Then, it is clarified that both individual machine and equiv...
Preprint
This paper analyzes the mechanisms of the inner-group machine. It is first clarified that the inner-group machine is created from the difference between the equivalent system and the original system. The inner-group machine stability is analyzed based on the machine paradigms. In particular, strict correlation between the inner-group machine trajec...
Preprint
This paper analyzes the mechanisms of the equivalent machine and also its advantages in TSA. Based on the two group separations, an equivalent machine is modeled through the equivalence of the motions of all machines inside each group. This "motion equivalence" fully ensures the modeling of the two-machine system and the corresponding Newtonian ene...
Preprint
This paper analyzes the mechanisms of the superimposed machine and also its inherit problems in TSA. Based on the global monitoring of the original system trajectory, the transient energy is mistakenly defined as the superimposition of the transient energy of all machines in the system. This "energy superimposition" directly causes the superimposed...
Preprint
The paper analyzes the mechanisms of the individual-machine and also its advantages in TSA. Based on the critical-machine monitoring of the original system trajectory, it is clarified that the individual-machine strictly follows the machine paradigms. These strict followings of the paradigms bring the two advantages of the individual-machine method...
Preprint
Individual-machine, superimposed-machine and equivalent-machine can be seen as the three major perspectives of the power system transient stability. In this paper, the machine paradigms are established according to the common thinking among the three different machines. The machine paradigms comprise of the three components, i.e., trajectory paradi...
Conference Paper
Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) techniques represent an opportunity to increase the flexibility and resilience of the electrical system. However, there is limited research and practical work focused on implementing these methods for distributed energy resources on distribution networks. Non-intrusive load monitoring can contribute to demand-si...
Conference Paper
The increase of distributed energy resources, namely rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems and electric vehicles (EV), has brought new technical challenges related to the operation and planning in low-voltage distribution networks. The modification of electrical network dynamics has exposed a lack of observability in this side of the electric system re...
Article
The inevitable battery ageing is a bottleneck that hinders the advancement of battery-based energy storage systems. Developing a reliable health assessment strategy for battery pack is important but challenging when the joint requirements of computational burden, modelling cost, estimation accuracy, and battery equalisation are considered. This pap...
Article
Full-text available
In this third paper, the fundamental mechanism of individual-machine transient stability is explained through Newtonian mechanics. The original Newtonian system with variant gravity is developed. This system is formed by a ball and the Earth. It is found that the Newtonian energy conversion strictly holds inside the system, and the equal area crite...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes a control scheme for variable speed wind turbines that provides both operating reserve and frequency-droop regulation via rotor speed control. The control scheme is compared to conventional rotor speed control and pitch angle frequency-droop control techniques. Simulation results performed using the IEEE 39-bus power system mode...
Article
While Soft Open Point (SOP) shows its strong capability to control load transfer and regulate network voltage profile in a distribution network, there are limited considerations of the high investment costs of these special electric devices. This gap may hinder optimal planning of an SOP and even affect its wide usage in a distribution network. Thi...
Article
In many countries distributed energy resources (DER) (e.g. photovoltaics, batteries, wind turbines, electric vehicles, electric heat pumps, air-conditioning units and smart domestic appliances) are part of the ‘Green Deal’ to deliver a climate neutral society. Policy roadmaps, despite providing a framework and penetration targets for DER, often lac...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a frequency-droop control scheme for wind turbines using rotor speed control. The control scheme is proposed as a better alternative to conventional frequency-droop control techniques. When conven-tional frequency-droop control is used, the frequency response produced by the wind turbine is dependent on the method of power track...
Article
Full-text available
From farm to fork, food and beverage consumption can have significant negative impacts on energy consumption, water consumption, climate change, and other environmental subsystems. This paper presents a comprehensive, critical and systematic review of more than 350,000 sources of evidence, and a short list of 701 studies, on the topic of greenhouse...
Article
Full-text available
This review investigates the state of the art in metrics used in energy (or fuel) and transport poverty with a view to assessing how these overlapping concepts may be unified in their measurement. Our review contributes to ongoing debates over decarbonisation, a politically sensitive and crucial aspect of the energy transition, and one that could e...
Article
Vaccination now offers a way to resolve the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it is critical to recognise the full energy, environmental, economic and social equity (4E) impacts of the vaccination life cycle. The full 4E impacts include the design and trials, order management, material preparation, manufacturing, cold chain logistics, low-temperature sto...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Special Issue Contextualization: Transportation electrification is becoming an inevitability across all modes of transport from cars, vans, trucks and buses to even ships and more recently planes. It is envisaged that these transport loads will have the ability to generate and supply additional system services using their on-board battery energy s...
Article
Full-text available
An accurate control-oriented electrothermal model is of great importance for onboard temperature monitoring and efficient performance management of lithium (Li)-ion batteries in automobile applications. This article presents a control-oriented electrothermal model for pouch-type electric vehicle batteries. This model uses the Chebyshev–Galerkin (CG...
Article
Full-text available
In this second paper, the individual-machine potential energy surface is established. The constant-θi angle surface of the machine is found in the angle space. Because the individual-machine potential energy is strictly zero in this angle surface, the constant-θi angle surface has a significant effect on the shape of the individual-machine potentia...
Article
Due to internal mass transfer resistance, the dynamic response of fuel cells often lags the demand power in vehicular powertrains. In this study, an intelligent hydrogen pressure control method based on short-term vehicular power demand prediction is proposed to enhance mass transfer inside diffusion layer and improve dynamic performance. Sensitivi...
Article
Full-text available
The individual-machine-equal-area-criterion method already shows potential in the transient stability assessment of multimachine systems. This two-paper series systematically analyzes the transient characteristics of the system trajectory from a genuine individual-machine transient energy perspective. In the first paper, the stability property that...
Article
Development of wind power in China, a key measure to mitigate China’s carbon emissions and achieve global climate goals, faces serious curtailment issues. In an interlinked electric power system, a strategic allocation of wind power capacities offers an important means to take advantage of geographical smoothing effects and enhance accommodation of...
Article
This paper is an editorial for the virtual special issue (VSI) of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (RSER) dedicated to the 14th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES 2019) held from October 1, 2019 to October 6, 2019 in Dubrovnik. The VSI published both high quality review papers and original...
Article
Renewable energy is projected to play an important role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and in realising the climate change goals. Large scale development of variable renewable energy, which is regarded as non-dispatchable, requires additional power system quality services such as voltage regulation, frequency regulation and inertial response....
Article
Full-text available
Battery packs are applied in various areas (e.g., electric vehicles, energy storage, space, mining, etc.), which requires the state of health (SOH) to be accurately estimated. Inconsistency, also known as cell variation, is considered a significant evaluation index that greatly affects the degradation of battery pack. This paper proposes a novel jo...
Article
Cities across the globe recognise their role in climate mitigation and are acting to reduce carbon emissions. Knowing whether cities set ambitious climate and energy targets is critical for determining their contribution towards the global 1.5 °C target, partly because it helps to identify areas where further action is necessary. This paper present...
Chapter
This chapter gives the brief introduction to the management of energy in smart grids focusing on the hybrid renewable energy systems, load and generation forecasting, new grids structure, and smart technologies. The classification of smart infrastructure systems and smart energy management systems is provided and discussed with focus on both demand...
Article
This Virtual Special Issue contains extensions of some of the papers presented at the 22nd Conference of Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction (PRES′19) in Crete, Greece on the 20 to 23 October 2019 related to the scope of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. The works are not limited to revi...
Article
The focus of this study is to show that by understanding the food-energy-water nexus, potential unforeseen negative outcomes can be avoided in the pursuit of sustainable development. To do this, this paper uses a novel approach to compare a combined farm and short rotation coppice willow system, in which the willow was planted as a riparian buffer,...
Article
The EU27 countries exert significant influence on the global patterns of the CO2-Emissions-Water-Energy (CWE) nexus. However, whether the associated benefits are similar for all countries is unclear. In this paper, an EU27 multiregional input-output model, at a sector level to identify the inter-regional and -sectoral CWE flows, and clarify the reg...
Article
Full-text available
The marine transaminase, P-ω-TA, can be employed for the transamination from 1-aminotetralins and 1-aminoindanes with differentiation of stereochemistry at both the site of reaction and at a remote stereocentre resulting in formation of ketone products with up to 93% ee. While 4-substituents are tolerated on the tetralin core, the presence of 3- or...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigates three frameworks for data centers to deliver fast frequency response services from their UPS storage systems, HVAC cooling units, and the ability of off-gridding the entire data center during transient frequency events. The aim of this is to provide dynamic injection during transients in real time for grid operators and f...
Article
Full-text available
The long-term economic viability of offshore wind power is not only reliant on reducing installation, commissioning, and operations and maintenance costs, but also on the elimination of subsidies and grants. Current economic analyses use historical price and cost data to predict the levelised cost, net present value, payback period and internal rat...
Conference Paper
Power systems operating at a high level of converter-based renewable generation impose significant challenges om power system frequency dynamics. Synchronous generator displacement reduces the overall system inertia and frequency response capability to disturbances. This research investigates the potential of energy storage to provide frequency ser...
Article
Full-text available
State of charge management in battery energy storage systems will be imperative to ensure that frequency regulating services can be provided when required. Two state of charge controllers are proposed in this paper. One controller was designed to meet the charge/discharge requirements imposed on assets providing enhanced frequency response. The con...
Article
Energy storage systems will play a key role in the power system of the twenty first century considering the large penetrations of variable renewable energy, growth in transport electrification and decentralisation of heating loads. Therefore reliable real time methods to optimise energy storage, demand response and generation are vital for power sy...
Article
Full-text available
Generation from synchronous machines in European power systems is decreasing as variable renewable energy penetration increases. Appropriate levels of system rotational inertia to ensure system stability, previously inherent in synchronous areas across Europe, can no longer be assumed. This work investigated the impact different levels of minimum i...
Article
An accurate wind turbine power curve (WTPC) plays a vital role in wind power forecasting and wind turbine condition monitoring. There are two major shortcomings of current WTPC models that prevent more accurate WTPC estimation, limited nonlinear fitting ability and the lack of in-depth understanding of the complex characteristics of WTPC. This pape...
Article
Existing power systems are facing new challenges in maintaining the security of the power system as the penetration of variable renewable energy technologies, such as variable speed wind turbines, increases. System non-synchronous generation replaces conventional generators as penetration of renewable increases. This affects system rotational inert...
Article
Full-text available
Electric vehicles play a crucial role in reducing fuel consumption and pollutant emissions for more sustainable transportation. Lithium-ion batteries, as the most expensive but least understood component in electric vehicles, directly affect vehicular driving range, safety, comfort, and reliability. However, the overall performance of traction batt...
Article
Lidar based wind measurement is an integral part of wind farm control. The major issues and challenges in power maximization include the potential losses due to wake effect observed among wind turbines. This manuscript presents a wake management technique that utilizes lidar simulations for wake redirection. The proposed methodology is validated fo...
Article
The mission of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (RSER) is to communicate the most significant and relevant critical thinking in renewable and sustainable energy research and development, bringing together the research community, the private sector and policy and decision-makers. The aim of the journal is to share problems, solutions, novel...
Article
The Beibu Gulf Economic Rim of China is a key economic region in China as demonstrated by the “Beibu Gulf Cities Development Project” (2017) that plans to build a “Blue Livable Gulf” to balance environmental protection while providing sustainable economic development. This region has significant energy needs and is predicted to exhibit rapid growth...