Anzar Mahmood

Anzar Mahmood
Mirpur University of Science and Technology · Department of Electrical Engineering

PhD Electrical Engineering

About

86
Publications
135,711
Reads
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2,451
Citations
Introduction
I am working as Chairman, department of Electrical Engineering, Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), Mirpur Azad Kashmir. I served COMSATS University Islamabad as Assistant Professor for three years. My PHD thesis is focused on Demand Side Management (DSM) in smart grid. Before joining the COMSATS, served the power industry for six years as senior design and installation engineer. In addition, I have the experience of full time research fellow for two years.
Additional affiliations
May 2016 - present
Mirpur University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Currently working as Chairman Department of Electrical Engineering
August 2013 - May 2016
COMSATS University Islamabad
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Faculty Member
November 2007 - July 2013
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
Position
  • Engineer
Description
  • Senior design engineer in electrical systems, Installation and commissioning experience

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
Demand Side Management (DSM) through optimization of home energy consumption in smart grid environment is now one of the well-known research areas. Appliances scheduling has been done through many different algorithms to reduce peak load and consequently the Peak to Average Ratio (PAR). This paper presents a Comprehensive Home Energy Management Arc...
Article
Smart grid with latest technologies provides solid foundation for the implementation of energy management systems at home premises. This paper proposes an autonomous energy management-based cost reduction solution for peak load times using a home energy management system (HEMS). Within a home environment, both the real time and the schedulable appl...
Article
Smart grid is envisioned to meet the 21st century energy requirements in a sophisticated manner with real time approach by integrating the latest digital communications and advanced control technologies to the existing power grid. It will connect the global users through energy efficiency and awareness corridor. This paper presents a comprehensive...
Article
Full-text available
The smart grid plays a vital role in energy management systems. It helps to mitigate the demand side management of electricity by managing the microgrid. In the modern era, the concept of hybrid microgrids emerged which helps the smart grid management of electricity. Additionally, the Internet of Things (IoT) technology is used to integrate the hyb...
Article
Full-text available
Electric vehicles’ (EVs) technology is currently emerging as an alternative of traditional Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles. EVs have been treated as an efficient way for decreasing the production of harmful greenhouse gasses and saving the depleting natural oil reserve. The modern power system tends to be more sustainable with the support...
Chapter
Full-text available
Software defined WiFi networks (SD-WiFi) lead to a promising evolution path, by supporting changes in network traffic, providing centralized network provisioning and allowing flexible resource allocation. Load balancing still remains a challenging issue due to the increased number of WiFi users. In this paper, we propose an efficient algorithmic ap...
Article
An efficient management and better scheduling by the power companies are of great significance for accurate electrical load forecasting. There exists a high level of uncertainties in the load time series, which is challenging to make the accurate short-term load forecast (STLF), medium-term load forecast (MTLF), and long-term load forecast (LTLF)....
Article
Full-text available
This study summarizes a critical review on EVs’ optimal charging and scheduling under dynamic pricing schemes. A detailed comparison of these schemes, namely, Real Time Pricing (RTP), Time of Use (ToU), Critical Peak Pricing (CPP), and Peak Time Rebates (PTR), is presented. Globally, the intention is to reduce the carbon emissions (CO2) has motivat...
Article
Full-text available
The uncoordinated integration of electric vehicles (EVs) severely deteriorates the operational performance of a distribution network. To optimize distribution network performance in an EV charging environment, this paper presents a two-stage optimization approach, which integrates coordinated EV charging with network reconfiguration. A formulation...
Article
Full-text available
Rising energy demand and the disproportionate utilization of fossil fuels not only result in power imbalance and economic drain but also raise environmental concerns. Under these challenging circumstances, microgrids provide a tactical solution by adopting distributed energy resources at user end. However, this solution is not effective without eno...
Article
Microgrids provide promising solution for integration of renewable energy sources in the electrical grid. To exploit the key benefits, achieving the economical operation of renewable aided microgrids has become necessary and is a challenging task. This paper presents an efficient optimization model to minimize the operational cost of a solar integr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Efficient & Reliable power is the requirement of consumer to meet their demands. Real & Reactive line losses occur in the distribution network due to environmental, technical & non-technical factors. Reliability of system is affected inadequately due to these factors. In order to minimize both real & reactive line losses, three control grid strateg...
Article
Full-text available
Face recognition aims to establish the identity of a person based on facial characteristics and is a challenging problem due to complex nature of the facial manifold. A wide range of face recognition applications are based on classification techniques and a class label is assigned to the test image that belongs to the unknown class. In this paper,...
Article
Full-text available
Face recognition underpins numerous applications; however, the task is still challenging mainly due to the variability of facial pose appearance. The existing methods show competitive performance but they are still short of what is needed. This article presents an effective three-dimensional pose invariant face recognition approach based on subject...
Presentation
Full-text available
The challenges and opportunities for development and progress of Smart and Sustainable Energy system significantly vary from place to place across a country. The current power system is subjected to series challenges such as the market economy, constant need of more electric power, unreliability, and energy integration smart grid. To meet these cha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart Gird is a technology that has brought many advantages with its evolution. Smart Grid is indispensable as it will lead us towards environmentally sustainable economic growth. Home energy management in Smart Grid is a hot research topic now a days. It aims at reducing the energy cost of users, gaining energy self-reliance and decreasing Greenho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Electrified Urban Massive Transportation Railway Systems require the supply of electric power that conforms to electromagnetic standards, safety levels and operational regulations. This paper presents a mathematical modelling of substations, autotransformers, power lines, and trains for a dual 50 kV AC railway system. The innovation of this study l...
Conference Paper
A study on Home Energy Management System (HEMS) integrated with Renewable Energy Sources (RES) for effective Demand Side Management (DSM) in smart grid is presented. HEMS refers to a network that coordinates among various appliances in order to save energy and minimize its cost. Energy cost minimization model is solved using single Knapsack algorit...
Article
Full-text available
Electrified Urban Massive Transportation Railway Systems require the supply of electric power that complies to electromagnetic and safety standards, as well as operational regulation. This paper presents a mathematical modelling of a complete Autotransformer Configuration Railway System. The innovation of this study relies on the consideration of g...
Article
In this era, energy is essential to life and its continuous and ubiquitous supply brings much needed economic growth and prosperity to a region. Energy Management (EnM) contributes to the controlling and monitoring of energy and has recently become the subject of great significance. EnM involves analysis, conservation and imperative actions that le...
Article
Full-text available
The work presented in this paper relates to the conceptual definition, simulation and performance analysis of a novel, 3D graph theory based routing algorithm. The proposed router is designed to provide path planning with deconfliction, i.e. collision avoidance with other moving objects, for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) applications in general an...
Article
In this era, energy is essential to life and its continuous and ubiquitous supply brings much needed economic growth and prosperity to a region. Energy Management (EnM) contributes to the controlling and monitoring of energy and has recently become the subject of great significance. EnM involves analysis, conservation and imperative actions that le...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Power losses in electrical power systems especially, distribution systems, occur due to the several technical factors. These losses are due to inappropriate size of conductor, long distribution lines, low power factor, overloading of lines etc. The power losses cause economic loss and reduce the system reliability. The reliability of electrical pow...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Load Forecasting (LF) plays a vital role in the planning, operation and control of power system in deregulated environment. It facilitates the utility in effective decision making related to different critical tasks such as dispatch scheduling of generating capacity, maintenance scheduling, reliability analysis, input/output supply balance, command...
Conference Paper
Abstract—This paper discusses the necessity and significance of smart and sustainable energy system in the state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). A smart grid (SG) enhances the reliability and efficiency of power grid by automatically responding to number of faults and disturbances occurring in a power system (PS). If not addressed appropriately, t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Power losses in electrical power systems especially, distribution systems, occur due to the several technical factors. These losses are due to inappropriate size of conductor, long distribution lines, low power factor, overloading of lines etc. The power losses cause economic loss and reduce the system reliability. The reliability of electrical pow...
Conference Paper
This paper proposes an indoor solar thermal cooker (STC) to cook various food items and to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels. An indoor STC is designed and fabricated for thisbpurpose. The main theme of research is to increase the heat storage strength, even in the absence of solar irradiation. Charging time is decreased by using the solar the...
Conference Paper
The concerns about carbon emission (CE), its sources of production, effects of waste and its different forms which not only pollute environment but also cause serious health problems are very important topic in the new era of science due to production of greenhouse gases (GHGs) which cause climate change (CC). The analysis of GHGs assesses the pote...
Conference Paper
Excellence in engineering education and national excellence are directly related to each other. Faculty is considered as the fundamental human asset of any institution. Excellence in higher education is a function of the kind of people who can attract and retain it. This thesis analyzes the selection process of faculty and their retention in engine...
Conference Paper
World is opting solar energy as clean, green and renewable energy source at rapid pace. With increased use of fossil fuel, pollution is increasing at alarming rate and global heating has provoked attention. Energy from sun is pollution free and can be utilized in generation of other types of energy which are more useful. Third world countries like...
Conference Paper
The aim of this work is to propose a centralized energy management system (EMS) for residential consumers. Consumers will connect with the EMS using energy management controller (EMC), which is installed at their premises. After successful communication with EMS, it will ask the user to input his appliances to be scheduled. Then a knapsack schedule...
Article
Reliable energy forecasting helps managers to prepare future budgets for their buildings. Therefore, a simple, easier, less time consuming and reliable forecasting model which could be used for different types of buildings is desired. In this paper, we have presented a forecasting model based on five years of real data sets for one dependent variab...
Article
Reliable energy forecasting helps managers to prepare future budgets for their buildings. Therefore, a simple, easier, less time consuming and reliable forecasting model which could be used for different types of buildings is desired. In this paper, we have presented a forecasting model based on five years of real data sets for one dependent variab...
Article
Reliable energy forecasting helps managers to prepare future budgets for their buildings. Therefore, a simple, easier, less time consuming and reliable forecasting model which could be used for different types of buildings is desired. In this paper, we have presented a forecasting model based on five years of real data sets for one dependent variab...
Article
There is huge expectation from smart power grid to provide sustainable energy services using bi-directional flow of data and power enabled by advanced information, communication and control infrastructure. An important element of such a smart grid is prosumers i.e. the consumers who also produce and share surplus energy with grid and other users. P...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy has been one of the key requirements for mankind since its creation. Increase in population and race of modernization have increased the per capita energy requirement. The most commonly used energy sources are electricity, oil, natural gas and coal. Nature has blessed Pakistan with abundant energy sources, however the country is characterize...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
DSM is a series of measures established to reduce energy consumption. It can be a long term solution of our current energy problems. The benefits of DSM can be fully tapped after its integration with Smart Grid. In this paper, We present a habit based Demand Side Management (DSM) model. To monitor the usage on energy, a Home Energy Management Syste...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Renewable Energy (RE) resources have vast sustainable potential to meet the increasing global energy demand. Photovoltaic (PV) is one of the most promising RE technologies. Most of the PV systems use specific PV model with fixed parameters. This paper presents a PV system consisting of PV model having generic parameters, PV array, Maximum Power Poi...
Conference Paper
This paper deals with performance improvement of Pendulum Cart System (PCS) using fractional controller. A simpler control structure for stabilization of PCS is proposed. This control structure consists of two Fractional Order Proportional Integral Derivative (FOPID) controllers which are designed on the basis of Fractional Order Calculus (FOC). On...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we present a novel home energy management model with enhanced load categorization and multiple scheduling options. Concepts of partial baseline and reserved interrupting loads are used to enhance the traditional load categorization. The proposed model uses multiple pricing schemes namely Time of Use (ToU) and Real Time Pricing (RTP)...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing population and modern life style have raised the energy demand globally. Demand Side Management (DSM) is one of the important tools used to manage the energy demand. It employs advanced power infrastructure along with bi-directional information flow among utility and users in order to achieve a balanced load curve and minimize demand-sup...
Thesis
Full-text available
Smart grid is envisioned to meet the 21st century energy requirements in a sophisticated manner with real time approach by integrating the latest digital communications and advanced control technologies to the existing power grid. It will dynamically connect all the stake holders of smart grid through enhanced energy efficiency awareness corridor....
Article
Full-text available
China, India and Pakistan (CIP) contain almost forty percent of the world population and constitute a developing region which is desperately seeking energy resources to fulfill the growing economy requirements. CIP are three main countries of South Eastern Asia with nuclear capability and have greater potential of energy sharing for the regional pr...
Conference Paper
Power generation and supply management is becoming an increasingly difficult task with the increase in population. One of the solutions is intelligent control of power consumption in the households where most of power consumption is due to high load appliances like Electric Water Heater (EWH) in winter and fridge in summer. This paper presents an o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Residential sector constitutes major portion of electricity market and majority of the worldwide consumers are not able to interact with grid dynamically according to fluctuating conditions. Smart Grid is proposed to overcome the shortcomings of the existing grid with integrated bidirectional communication and control infrastructure including dynam...
Conference Paper
Smart Grid is supposed to play an important role in future energy management. In smart grid, Demand Side Management (DSM) is one of the main areas which is under focus of researchers in order to solve the classical problem of peak demand management. In this paper, we have proposed a Habit Based DSM (HBDSM) model for peak load shaving. Proposed meth...
Conference Paper
Two way communication of information and electricity in smart grid provides the promising solution to all the major problems of existing grid especially the classical problem of peak load management. Optimization of generation, transmission and distribution in smart grid is major concern of researchers. Demand Side Management (DSM) allows the activ...
Article
Load management (LM) is supposed to have a vital role in future energy management systems. This article presents overview and comparison of LM techniques along with related technologies and implementation challenges in smart grid. The article also covers consumer and utility concerns in context of LM to enhance readers’ intuition about the topic. T...
Article
Load management (LM) is supposed to have a vital role in future energy management systems. This article presents overview and comparison of LM techniques along with related technologies and implementation challenges in smart grid. The article also covers consumer and utility concerns in context of LM to enhance readers' intuition about the topic. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart grid and dynamic energy management are familiar research topics in electrical engineering nowadays. Optimization based Home Energy Management Systems (HEMS) are promising solutions for effective Demand Side Management (DSM). This paper presents a review of HEMS and Knapsack Optimization in smart grid environment. Various applications of HEMS...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart grid concept is prevailing rapidly in electrical engineering research and it is expected to provide sustainable and efficient energy services with advanced control and communications infrastructure in smart grid environment. Smart grid involves all the stakeholders of power systems, from generation to consumption, with bi-directional flow of...
Article
The demand-side management (DSM) is one of the most important aspects in future smart grids: towards electricity generation cost by minimizing the expensive thermal peak power plants. The DSM greatly affects the individual users’ cost and per unit cost. The main objective of this research article is to develop a generic demand-side management (G-DS...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Development of power generation and transmission, in last ten years, has been inadequate due to limited resources while power demand has increased significantly. Consequently existing transmission lines are used near thermal stability limits under heavy loads and the system stability becomes a power transfer limiting factor. Substantial expansion o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Load Forecasting (LF) plays important role in planning and operation of power systems. It is envisioned that future smart grids will utilize LF and dynamic pricing based techniques for effective Demand Side Management (DSM). This paper presents a comprehensive and comparative review of the LF and dynamic pricing schemes in smart grid environment. R...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Power system stability is affected by different variations like over/under voltage, current, and frequency. Among these, frequency is highly sensitive parameter which should be controlled in a sophisticated manner in order to ensure smooth system's operation. This paper presents a brief review of Under Frequency Load Shedding (UFLS) schemes and a S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart grid is expected to provide the sustainable energy services with the help of advanced communication and control infrastructure which enables bi-directional flow of data and power. Prosumers are the consumers who also produce and share surplus energy with grid and other users. Prosumers are considered the important stakeholders of the future s...
Article
Full-text available
Load forecasting (LF) plays important role in planning and operation of power systems. It is envisioned that future smart grids will utilize LF and dynamic pricing based techniques for effective Demand Side Management (DSM). This paper presents a comprehensive and comparative review of the LF and dynamic pricing schemes in smart grid environment. R...