Ants-Hannes Viira

Ants-Hannes Viira
Estonian University of Life Sciences | EMU · Chair of Rural Economics

PhD

About

88
Publications
23,527
Reads
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300
Citations
Citations since 2016
59 Research Items
246 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
I'm a senior researcher at the Chair of Rural Economics, Estonian University of Life Sciences. My research is mainly on agricultural policy, economics and socioeconomics, dairy supply chain, bioeconomy, and digitalization of agriculture. My ongoing projects are: BIOEASTsUP; Releasing the potential of ICT for sustainable milk and beef cattle value chains - SustainIT; Future agriculture land use scenarios in Estonia; BIOVALUE; BluRev.
Education
September 2007 - June 2014
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Field of study
  • Agricultural Economics and Management
September 2001 - June 2003
Latvia University of Agriculture
Field of study
  • Agribusiness and Management
September 1997 - June 2001
Estonian University of Agriculture
Field of study
  • Agricultural Economics and Entrepreneurship

Publications

Publications (88)
Article
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Agricultural and food sector has an important role to play in ensuring food security. A competitive agricultural sector warrants food security through increasing level of selfsufficiency in food, and export of surplus production in the sub-branches where it has a comparative advantage. One of the strategic tasks of the state is to secure food suppl...
Article
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Estonian rural tourism partnership sustainability is analysed according to the tourism partnership life cycle model, which employs qualitative methodology. Leadership, confusing aims, decreasing communication, time availability, uncertain funding, institutional changes and lack of collaboration with urban centre – trigger deceleration of partnershi...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the collaborative ties between rural and urban tourism enterprises and their networks in the post-communist Pärnu region of Estonia. For that, two research questions were answered: what is the nature of collaborative ties between entrepreneurs and sub-networks in a tourist region and how different ties between regional touri...
Article
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One of the main aims of the EU's common agricultural policy (CAP) is to promote the development of rural areas. Although there is a rich abundance of academic literature on the impacts of the CAP on rural areas, there has yet to be a comprehensive overview on the effects. The paper aims to fill this gap by providing a systematic literature review o...
Article
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This paper examines the roles that public policies should adopt in the process of digitalisation of the agri-food sector according to existing knowledge. For this purpose, the authors examined the rationale of the public policies' involvement from three perspectives: the justifications for policy interventions, what should be accomplished with the...
Article
Adopting a qualitative approach, this study performs a gender analysis of the climate change effects on rice farmers’ adaptation strategies (AS) in Mazandaran Province (northern Iran) based on the sustainable livelihood approach. For this purpose, 36 male and female heads of households in Arab Mahalla and Qajar Khel villages and 10 heads of househo...
Article
The concepts of ecosystem functions and ecosystem services are among the most important issues related to ecosystems. These concepts have a noticeable role in forest ecosystem management under the diversity of ecosystem functions. Understanding these concepts and their associated failure modes can be the first step in ecosystem management. This res...
Article
Rural women’s contribution to reacting to climate change is highly significant but has been largely marginalized due to gender roles. This gender discrimination makes them more vulnerable to a variety of threats. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the behaviour of female rice farmers in Mazandaran Province, in northern Iran, toward...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the issues of forest stakeholders with regard to their role in forest management. For this aim, the theory of calculating Shapley value was used for modelling a cooperative game for participatory management in Iranian forests. Four scenarios were used to examine different perspectives, including the perspect...
Article
Having a comprehensive knowledge about commuters’ access to transportation lifelines can empower the urban planners, who are responsible for the development of infrastructure and the facilities that support approaching sustainable development. It is also beneficial for commuters to find the optimum place of residence. Access analysis is always invo...
Article
The effects of the guaranteed and purchasing price policy on agronomic crop cultivation patterns were investigated under three scenarios in the Qazvin plain of Iran. In all scenarios, the surface under cultivation of water-saving products, especially wheat, decreased and on the contrary, the surface under cultivation of water-taking products, such...
Technical Report
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The overall aim of the project was to develop a universal approach (a model) for analysis of security of supply in the economic sectors relevant for Estonian state. Additional aim was to assess what kind of metrics and targets would be suitable of measuring security of supply in Estonia and to suggest what kind of changes would be necessary to mana...
Article
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This study examines the role of agricultural subsidies in the farm income (FI) variation in Estonia in the period 2006-2019 using data from a balanced panel of Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) farms. FI variability is decomposed to three components: market income, total subsidies, and the cost of external factors. The results reveal that subsid...
Technical Report
Full-text available
18. oktoober 2021 kinnitati ametisse rohepoliitika juhtkomisjoni juurde loodud eksperdirühm, kelle ülesandeks oli teha valitsusele ettepanekud kliimapoliitika sotsiaalselt vastutustundliku elluviimise kohta. Ekspertrühmale anti ülesandeks analüüsida Eestis juba tekkinud keskkonnasõbraliku majandusega seotud oskusteavet, samuti rohepoliitikaga seotu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Grain production has become one of the most prominent sectors of Estonian agriculture and a significant export commodity. Part of it is a readjustment and reaction to the crises in animal husbandry, but grain production has been facilitated also by the favorable global market demand and prices. The first years of pandemic, 2020–2021 has been the pe...
Article
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An appraisal of training requirements responds to the issue of why training is needed and gives some assurance that the services needed to establish and conduct training can achieve the required outcomes based on performance. Therefore, the goal of this study was to examine the educational needs of female rice farmers in Sari (the capital of Mazand...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In view of the dairy crisis in the period of 2014‒2016, the aim of the study was to analyse the post-crisis changes in milk production, land use and net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at the agricultural household and aggregate levels. Households that had dairy cows in both 2013 and 2019 increased both the number of dairy cows and the productivity...
Article
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Renewable energy (RE) policies can play an effective role in the development of renewable resources. The main goal of this paper was to conduct a content analysis on RE development policies in Iran’s five-year National Development Plan (NDP) by investigating upstream national documents. To achieve the goal, 29 upstream documents related to RE were...
Article
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The present research aimed to identify and analyze the factors influencing water conservation behaviors (WCBs) and determine the most important ones. The research adopted a causal-relational method with a questionnaire compiled for data collection. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire based on the calculation of Cronbach's alpha for di...
Article
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Even with significant breakthroughs in the production and delivery of meteorological information, most farmers are not able to utilize such information properly and pertinently. Up to the present time, a standardized scale has not been developed to examine farmers’ sustainability barriers to meteorological information use (BMIU). Furthermore, there...
Article
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Water shortages in rice production represent a formidable challenge for the world's food, economic, and social security. Water is the most important single component for sustainable rice growth, especially in the world's traditional rice-growing areas. Therefore, this study attempts to evaluate the improvement of rice water productivity in Northern...
Article
Agricultural land conversion (ALC) and agricultural land abandonment (ALA) have a direct relationship with different economic, social, and environmental issues. The change in land management and land use, in addition to economic and social effects, has a major impact on the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil, quantity and quality...
Article
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The aim of the present research was to analyze the farmers' intention towards participation in the management and conservation of wetlands through the lens of the extended theory of planned behavior (TPB). To do this, a cross-sectional survey of Iranian farmers was carried out. To select the samples, a multi-stage random sampling process with a pro...
Article
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In several developing countries, including Ethiopia, the change from a subsistence-oriented production system to a market-oriented production system as a means of raising smallholder incomes and mitigating growing rural deprivation has been at the center of the agenda. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the determinants of smal...
Article
Purpose This paper aimed to investigate the determinants of loans and advances from commercial banks in the case of Ethiopian private commercial banks. Design/methodology/approach The study randomly selected seven commercial banks to represent the population stratified on their asset, deposit and paid-up capital amounts. The study utilized an unba...
Article
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This article investigates dairy farm investment behaviour and the presence of soft budget constraints in the dairy farms of Baltic and Central European transition countries-Estonia, Hungary and Slovenia-using individual dairy farm accountancy panel data for the years 2007-2015. The empirical results confirm that gross dairy farm investment is posit...
Technical Report
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The summary presents the main aims and planned activities of the Estonian agricultural and fisheries strategy 2030.
Article
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Collaboration is important for fostering tourism in a region and the creation of a shared collaborative identity facilitates this process. This paper explains the role of individual identities in the process of creating a shared tourism collaborative identity in a post-communist environment. To this end, it uses multi-grounded theory to analyse 37...
Article
Given the importance of measuring QOL and the need for sound and efficient planning to improve and enhance the well-being of citizens, the objective of this study was to investigate QOL in rural areas of Tehran province, Iran. To this end, the relevant literature and secondary sources were used to develop a questionnaire whose validity was determin...
Technical Report
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The transition towards more circular economy that maximizes value of products, materials and resources and minimizes waste generation calls for a systemic change and rethinking of production, consumption and waste use (European Commission, 2015). The change requires not only new technologies, processes, but also new business models (BMs) that chang...
Technical Report
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This report summarises the development plan Estonian Agriculture and Food 2030 adopted by the Estonian Chamber of Agriculture and Commerce. The development plan covers primary production and processing industry of dairy, meat, cereals and horticultural sectors.
Article
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Today students expect that their university will provide them not only with valuable knowledge, skills and competencies, but will also be prestigious and practically accessible both on the daily basis, to diversify and enrich the study process experience, and during global pandemic crises, which will probably remain a serious challenge in the next...
Article
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The most appropriate type of entrepreneurship to achieve the goals of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) is social entrepreneurship (SE). However, the NGOs face many barriers in their SE that should be studied. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to assess the barriers to development of SE in NGOs of Kermanshah province in Western Iran...
Article
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As a result of agricultural, land and ownership reforms coupled with liberal agricultural policy during the transition, agricultural land use in Estonia became more fragmented. A significant portion of agricultural land users are now considered passive farmers who maintain their agricultural land (often permanent grasslands) in good agricultural an...
Article
Conservation agriculture (CA) has been promoted worldwide as an approach to sustainable resource management and better productivity. Promotion and adoption of CA in Iran have been receiving increased attention from the national government over recent years. Therefore, to speed up development of CA as a basis for sustainable development, drivers tha...
Conference Paper
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Toiduohutus pälvis 2019. aastal Eestis suurt avalikku tähelepanu listeeria probleemi, aga ka maasikate päritolu ja pestitsiidide jääkide tõttu. Seega on tarbijate toiduohutuse alase kindlustunde seirega alustamine õigustatud. De Jonge jt (2007; 2008; 2010) kasutatud lähenemisele tuginedes koostati tarbijate toiduohutuse alase kindluse uurimiseks kü...
Conference Paper
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Balanced territorial development is one of the key objectives of the rural development expenditure of the CAP. However, territorial aspects do not appear to be sufficiently considered in the policy design nor in allocation of funds. We used data on per capita EAFRD expenditures to evaluate correlations between and among NUTS2 regions. Global as wel...
Article
This article investigates farm investment behaviour and the presence of soft budget constraints in the agricultural sectors of three Central and Eastern European countries – Estonia, Hungary and Slovenia – using individual farm accountancy panel data for the 2007–2015 period. Gross farm investment is positively associated with gross farm investment...
Article
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Latvia reduced Value Added Tax (VAT) rate for some fresh fruits and vegetables in 2018. The reduced VAT rate is set at 5%, while the standard VAT rate in the country is 21%. The rate was reduced for a 3-year period, during which it is intended to assess the impacts of the policy and to decide whether to keep the reduced VAT rate after the period en...
Conference Paper
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This paper studies the role of market driven structural changes, and changes in agricultural policy in reconversion of permanent grassland to cropland in Estonia. Data on parcels of agricultural land and beneficiaries of direct payments in Estonia, from 2013 to 2016, and logistic regression is used in the analysis. It is argued that as a result of...
Technical Report
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This report analyses the feasibility of measures for reduction of ammonia emissions from Estonian agriculture. Covering the manure tanks, injection of slurry into soil and combined seeding were found to have most rapid effects.
Conference Paper
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Karjaterviseprogrammi rakendamise positiivne mõju karja tervisele sõltub suuresti konkreetse farmi lähtekohast, karja mõjutavatest riskiteguritest ja nende ulatusest, aga ka meeskonnatööst ja farmitöötajate motivatsioonist. Kui enamus karja tervist ja tootlikkust kirjeldavaid andmeid on tänu EPJ süsteemile hästi kättesaadavad, siis haiguste esinemi...
Article
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The effects of genetic level and output quality characteristics on technical efficiency (TE) of dairy farms were studied. The average total relative breeding value (RBV) at herd level was considered a parameter of the genetic level and production potential of the main input (dairy cows), while somatic cell count (SCC) and milk composition character...
Book
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Käesolev artiklikogumik võtab kokku 16. veebruaril 2018. aastal Eesti Maaülikoolis toimunud agraarökonoomika aastakoosoleku ettekanded. Aastad 2014–2016 olid Eesti põllumajanduses keerulised – Venemaa impordipiirangud, sigade Aafrika katku levik ning 30 aastat Euroopa Liidus ja 12 aastat Eestis piimatootmist reguleerinud piima turustuskvootide kaot...
Conference Paper
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From 2004-2015, the utilised agricultural area (UAA) in Estonia increased by 25%. Half of the UAA growth arose from the increase in the area of permanent grassland temporarily not used for production purposes. The main driver of growth in such land has been single area payment (SAP) paid in Estonia since the EU accession in 2004. While subsidising...
Technical Report
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Analüüsi eesmärk oli anda sisend ühise põllumajanduspoliitika (ÜPP) tulevikuarenguid puudutavate Eesti seisukohtade kujundamiseks ja põhjendamiseks. Analüüsiti Eesti jaoks ÜPP-s olulisi elemente. Analüüs pakub välja erinevaid alternatiive ja võimalusi ning hindab nende võimalikku mõju Eesti põllumajanduse jätkusuutlikule arengule. Raport baseerub p...
Book
Full-text available
The aim of this publication, similarly to the previous edition, is to give an overview of some trends in the Estonian economy and labour market. The main focus of the publication is on agriculture, food production and food-related trade and services. Based on the articles in this publication, it is possible to conclude that the agri-food supply ch...
Article
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The aim of this article was to describe the supply and value chain associated with agriculture and food and its role in the Estonian economy. The relative importance of the agri-food supply chain in the Estonian economy ranges between 8–18%, depending on the particular indicator. The relative importance of the agri-food supply chain in the Estonian...
Article
This paper studies firm entries and exits in Estonian urban areas, urban hinterlands, and rural peripheries following EU accession, and it analyzes the effects of changes in population density, employee income level, unemployment, and economic climate on firm entries and exits. It concludes that the firm entry rate exceeded the exit rate in all of...
Article
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The main objective of the study was to identify the market power in the raw milk markets of the Baltic countries in 2004-2014, as well as to compare the dairy supply chain segments (dairy farmers and dairy industry) between Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, which have quite similar natural conditions favourable for dairy sector - one of the most impor...
Article
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In 2012, a farm survey was carried out by the Institute of Economics and Social Sciences of the Estonian University of Life Sciences that aimed to gather the information about the technologies that Estonian dairy farms use. Studying the technological solutions used in dairy farms is relevant, because dairy farms contribute significantly to the Esto...
Conference Paper
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This paper reviews developments towards environmentally smart agriculture in Estonia, with a focus on changes in agricultural and environmental policies, and associated changes in agricultural production and environmental indicators.
Article
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In order to respond to increasing global food demand and provide for national economic growth, the Estonian Dairy Strategy for 2012−2020 aims to achieve a 30% growth in milk production. At the same time, there is a global attempt to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This paper analyses the medium-term (2015−2020) projections for milk productio...
Article
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Historically, the dairy sector has been one of the most important and competitive branches of the Estonian agriculture and food industry. Since the beginning of the transitional period 25 years ago, Estonian society and its economy have gone through significant institutional, political and societal changes, which have also affected the dairy sector...
Conference Paper
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Improving the competitiveness of Estonian agriculture is the priority objective for Estonia’s agricultural policy. The livestock sector is among the most fundamental sectors of Estonian agriculture. The primary objective of this study is to model the Estonian livestock sector and to project patterns of future meat production and consumption. The mo...
Conference Paper
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The results of this study correspond with the data of Statistics Estonia – conventional tillage (CT) is the most common tillage method in Estonia. While it has been found that CT involves higher costs and is associated with lower yields, reduced tillage (RT) improves yields, reduces costs and ensures environmentally more friendly production. This s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates the effects of dairy herd’s genetic level and milk quality on the technical efficiency (TE) of Estonian dairy farms in 2012. A two-stage approach was used that combined data envelopment analysis (DEA), for finding the TE scores, and Tobit regression, for estimating the effects of the chosen variables on farm TE. Our results...
Article
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A considerable body of research on farmers’ behaviour is based on the surveys regarding their behavioural intentions. The theory of planned behaviour states that while the formation of intentions normally precedes behaviour, several factors affect the realisation of the intended behaviour. Therefore, the usefulness of ex-ante surveys for predicting...
Article
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The process of structural changes in Estonian agriculture is influenced by both socioeconomic factors that are similar in other western countries and transition-related factors. This current paper aims to investigate the effects of such socioeconomic factors on the probabilities of farm growth, decline and exit relative to retaining the previous fa...
Conference Paper
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Area based agricultural subsidies are tied with fulfilling several requirements that are related to policy objectives, e.g. cross-compliance or administrative requirements. Each Member State is obliged to check certain proportion of payment applications at the farms. The selection of farms to be checked is based on risk analysis and random selectio...