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Antonio Tagliacozzo

Antonio Tagliacozzo
Soprintendenza al Museo Nazionale Preistorico ed Etnografico "L. Pigorini" · Laboratorio di Paleontologia del Quaternario e Archeozoologia

Former Director of the zooarchaeology Laboratory-Bioarchaeology Service-Museo delle Civiltà- Roma, Italy

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162
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Publications

Publications (162)
Article
Full-text available
Sicily is a key region for understanding the agricultural transition in the Mediterranean, due to its central position. Here, we present genomic and stable isotopic data for 19 prehistoric Sicilians covering the Mesolithic to Bronze Age periods (10,700-4,100 yBP). We find that Early Mesolithic hunter-gatherers (HGs) from Sicily are a highly drifted...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Grotta di Pozzo (AQ) is a Lateglacial cave site of central Italy, where a well-dated stratigraphic sequence accumulated between 23,000 and 9,000 cal BP. Early Epigravettian, Final Epigravettian and Sauveterrian industries were all discovered. Human activity is especially well documented with the Final Epigravettian. During the Lateglacial, the most...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Holy food. Rites in the Grotta dei Cocci of Narni (TR), the levels with ceramics “a fasce brune” of the early Neolithic – The Cave dei Cocci of Narni (TR - Umbria) on the right bank of river Nera is known from over 50 years, it has been object of archaelogical investigations between 1989-2001. The investigations examined structures perhaps concerni...
Article
Although the amount of data on the Italian Copper Age has increased significantly in the last decades, little is known about the relationship between humans and the environment. Material culture suggests the occurrence of significant social interactions throughout the Italian Peninsula, while the funerary practices indicate that Copper Age groups w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Chamois hunting and chamois exploitation in Italy at the time of the Epigravettian – Over 30 sites were analysed, where the two species of chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata and Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra) were both discovered. Chamois prevails at Riparo Soman and at three cave sites (Maritza, di Ortucchio, and di Pozzo). At five sites the perc...
Article
Riparo Dalmeri is an Epigravettian high altitude rock shelter, seasonally occupied for specialized ibex hunting. Its occupation pattern indicates the mobility of human groups from the lowlands to the mountains, in order to exploit a territory which is inaccessible during the winter. This work presents the results of the taphonomic study carried out...
Article
Full-text available
Dogs were the first domestic animal, but little is known about their population history and to what extent it was linked to humans. We sequenced 27 ancient dog genomes and found that all dogs share a common ancestry distinct from present-day wolves, with limited gene flow from wolves since domestication but substantial dog-to-wolf gene flow. By 11,...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of the earliest dogs is challenging because of the absence and/or mosaic pattern of morphological diagnostic features in the initial phases of the domestication process. Furthermore, the natural occurrence of some of these characters in Late Pleistocene wolf populations and the time it took from the onset of traits related to dom...
Preprint
Full-text available
Southern Italy is a key region for understanding the agricultural transition in the Mediterranean due to its central position. We present a genomic transect for 19 prehistoric Sicilians that covers the Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic period. We find that the Early Mesolithic hunter-gatherers (HGs) are a highly drifted sister lineage to Early Ho...
Conference Paper
The Copper Age in Italy (4000-2300 BCE) is characterised by well-defined cultural groups, each presenting distinctive features in the material culture, as well as in the funerary ritual. Tombs, mostly in artificial and natural caves, are gathered in necropolises that showing long use, representing the most available prevailing archaeological contex...
Preprint
Evidence of human activities during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition is well represented from rock_shelters, caves and open_air sites across Italy. Over the past decade, both the revision of taphonomic processes affecting archaeological faunal assemblages and new zooarchaeological studies have allowed archaeologists to better understand...
Article
Full-text available
The late Quaternary vertebrate deposit of the stratified karst filling from Avetrana (Apulia, Italy) was the subject of an intensive excavation campaign in 2003, followed by numerous subsequent investigations and collections of fossil remains. In this work, the biochronological implications and the palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the area in...
Article
Evidence of human activities during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition is well represented from rock-shelters, caves and open-air sites across Italy. Over the past decade, both the revision of taphonomic processes affecting archaeological faunal assemblages and new zooarchaeological studies have allowed archaeologists to better understand...
Chapter
Full-text available
The study of the faunal remains, particularly of the mammals, provides interesting indications on the subsistence economy and the food preferences of the people who attended Grotta dei Cocci in the Neolithic and Bronze Age, on the possible selections made for ritual purposes and on the environment surrounding the cave. Remains of pig, cattle, sheep...
Article
Full-text available
Microscopic analysis of backed lithic pieces from the Uluzzian technocomplex (45–40 thousand yr ago) at Grotta del Cavallo (southern Italy) reveals their use as mechanically delivered projectile weapons, attributed to anatomically modern humans. Use-wear and residue analyses indicate that the lithics were hunting armatures hafted with complex adhes...
Article
Grotta di Castelcivita (Campania, Southern Italy) is a cave-site containing a key archaeological sequence for the study of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in Southern Italy. A Late Mousterian occupation, whose modelled dates span from 47.6 to 41.1 ka cal BP, is followed by layers bearing evidence of the Uluzzian techno-complex, which un...
Article
Archaeologists investigating Middle Bronze to Early Iron Age periods (1600–900 b.c.) in southern Italy often explore linkages between emerging inequality and foreign trade connections, establishing a coupled trope of “change emerges from external forces” and “waiting for civilization to arrive”. Based on excavations at the Recent/Final Bronze and E...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological evidence indicates that pig domestication had begun by ∼10,500 y before the present (BP) in the Near East, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) suggests that pigs arrived in Europe alongside farmers ∼8,500 y BP. A few thousand years after the introduction of Near Eastern pigs into Europe, however, their characteristic mtDNA signature disapp...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological evidence indicates that pig domestication had begun by ∼10,500 y before the present (BP) in the Near East, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) suggests that pigs arrived in Europe alongside farmers ∼8,500 y BP. A few thousand years after the introduction of Near Eastern pigs into Europe, however, their characteristic mtDNA signature disapp...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological evidence indicates that pig domestication had begun by ∼10,500 y before the present (BP) in the Near East, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) suggests that pigs arrived in Europe alongside farmers ∼8,500 y BP. A few thousand years after the introduction of Near Eastern pigs into Europe, however, their characteristic mtDNA signature disapp...
Chapter
The Mesolithic faunal record recovered from the Galgenbühel/Dos de la Forca rock-shelter at Salorno/Salurn (Bolzano/South Tyrol, Italy, Eastern Alps) allows the reconstruction of the landscape and local environmental conditions in the Adige valley bottom during the Early Holocene thanks to the analysis of the species ecology. The predominance of a...
Chapter
Full-text available
In southeastern France, many Final Acheulean/Early Middle Palaeolithic and Middle Palaeolithic assemblages have yielded bone retouchers. The oldest are dated to the Middle Pleistocene: from MIS 11 at Terra Amata; MIS 9 at Orgnac 3; and MIS 6-7 at Payre F, Sainte-Anne I and Le Lazaret. However, this early evidence of bone tool use only concerns a fe...
Article
The rhinoceros remains collected during the past century in the lower levels XII (= K) and XI (= I) of the famous Pleistocene locality of Grotta Romanelli (Lecce, southern Italy) are described and compared in detail for the first time. Some remains are referred to Stephanorhinus sp. and others are assigned here to the late early-middle Pleistocene...
Article
Full-text available
This work reviews the anthropogenic exploitation of small mammals during a crucial time span for the reconstruction of human behavior at the dawn of the Middle - Upper Palaeolithic boundary in the Northern Mediterranean region. Data are sourced from faunal assemblages recovered in the final Mousterian levels of Grotta di Fumane (A5-A6 complex) and...
Article
Cave bear (Ursus spelaeus), brown bear (Ursus arctos), and Neanderthals were potential competitors for environmental resources (shelters and food) in Europe. In order to reinforce this view and contribute to the ongoing debate on late Neanderthal behavior, we present evidence from zooarchaeological and taphonomic analyses of bear bone remains disco...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In southeastern France, many Final Acheulean/Early Middle Palaeolithic and Middle Palaeolithic assemblages have yielded bone retouchers. The oldest are dated to the Middle Pleistocene: from MIS 11 at Terra Amata; MIS 9 at Orgnac 3; and MIS 6-7 at Payre F, Sainte-Anne I and Le Lazaret. However, this early evidence of bone tool use only concerns a fe...
Article
Full-text available
Several taxa belonging to the so called megafauna became extinct during the late Quaternary in Eurasia. The extinction chronology of the narrow-nosed rhinoceros, Stephanorhinus hemitoechus, in Europe is still uncertain and only estimated around 45 ka. A systematic revision of several rhinoceros findings reveals that this species occurred in Italy a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The cave opens on a cliff at about 500 m from the modern coastline. The excavations discovered an impressive archaeological deposit, evidencing human frequentation from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Middle Ages. Since 2002 new excavations adjacent to the old trench were carried out. In the new excavations, evidences of the latest Mesolithic frequen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the study of the Mesolithic structures recovered during the 2008-2011 field seasons. These include a combustion structure and several small post-holes in SU 582, a pit (SU 638) and a hearth (SUs 641-652) with adjacent charcoal-rich area (SU 657). The structures differ in morphology and content, although all of the...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Sciurus is known since Late Miocene in the European fossil record, but it is quite rare. Fossil remains of squirrels occur in relatively few sites and generally with very few specimens, sometimes only one or two teeth. Recent finds of a Sciurus vulgaris mandible from Grotta Mora Cavorso (Latium), and the reanalysis of the red squirrel rem...
Article
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I RESTI FAUNISTICI L’insieme faunistico analizzato in questo lavoro non consente confronti puntuali con altri siti e, al momento, appare come un unicum archeozoologico. Sono stati infatti esaminati 604 resti faunistici (10 frammenti di guscio di Molluschi e 594 resti di Vertebrati), la maggioranza dei quali sono di Roditori. Tra i Vertebrati, infat...
Poster
Full-text available
The extinction chronology of the narrow-nosed rhinoceros, Stephanorhinus hemitoechus, in Eurasia was uncertain and only estimated around 45 ka. During the early Late Pleistocene, S. hemitoechus has been documented in several Italian localities, e.g. Montignoso (Massa-Carrara), Grotta Cucigliana (Pisa), various localities of Val di Chiana (Tuscany),...
Article
Full-text available
The avifaunal assemblage from unit A9 of Grotta di Fumane provides clear evidence of the human consumption of birds and contributes to an understanding of the role of avifaunal resources in the subsistence strategies of Middle Palaeolithic hominids. In the course of these analyses, some new species of birds were identified along with the most commo...
Article
Given the still scanty amount of data ascribable to the interaction between raptors and hominins, this contribution aims to fuel the debate on the complexity of Neanderthal behavior during MIS3 in Western Eurasia. Nowadays, large raptors in general are scarce in nature, due to being top consumers in the trophic chain, and attracted hominins possibl...
Article
Seasonal mobility connected to a scheduled resource exploitation is a recurrent topic in the interpretation of the Early Mesolithic settlement pattern of the Adige Basin in the South Eastern Alps. Nevertheless direct archaeological seasonality data are scarce. This work presents new results from seasonal dating on faunal remains from the Sauveterri...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the research project " Living near the water " , focused on the Early Mesolithic rock shelter of Galgenbühel/Dos de la Forca located at Salorno, in the Adige Valley (Bozen/Bolzano Province, Northern Italy), about 600 bird remains recovered from the excavations have been analyzed. The 27 identified species belong mainly to Passeriformes (...
Article
Full-text available
The paper illustrates the preliminary results of a multidisciplinary investigation of bone manufacture in ancient Ostia, a project started in the early 2000s. After a review of the bone collection now stored in the deposits, three different lines of investigation were pursued: A) research of the evidence of bone working in Ostia; b) typological ana...
Article
Full-text available
Cetacean mass strandings occur regularly worldwide, yet the compounded effects of natural and anthropogenic factors often complicate our understanding of these phenomena. Evidence of past stranding episodes may, thus, be essential to establish the potential influence of climate change. Investigations on bones from the site of Grotta dell’Uzzo in No...
Preprint
Full-text available
La ceramica a bande brune è rappresentata anche in altre grotte dell'Umbria meridionale: Grotta Bella di Avigliano Umbro e Pozzi della Piana di Orvieto. Ciascuna grotta costituisce però un aspetto originale: cambia la tipologia del contenitore, ossia della grotta: su scogliera raggiungibile solo con una difficile e pericolosa scalata, Grotta Dei Co...
Article
Full-text available
Small preys of the Lateglacial and early Holocene: the case of Grotta di Pozzo (AQ) Grotta di Pozzo (AQ) is a Lateglacial cave site of central Italy, where a well-dated stratigraphic sequence accumulated between 23,000 and 9,000 cal BP. Early Epigravettian, Final Epigravettian and Sauveterrian industries were all discovered. Human activity is espec...
Article
Full-text available
RIASSUNTO Il camoscio è spesso presente nei siti dell'Epigravettiano, ma soltanto in rari casi è l'animale prevalentemente cacciato. Lo scopo di questo studio è di ricostruire l'importanza del camoscio nella sussistenza tenendo conto del rapporto con gli altri ungulati e delle diverse aree geografiche della penisola. Vengono analizzati oltre 30 sit...
Article
The Iberian lynx, endemic to the Iberian Peninsula, is the most threatened carnivore in Europe and the most endangered felid in the world. Widely distributed throughout Iberia during the Pleistocene and Holocene it is now confined to two small populations in southern Spain. Lynx species differentiation, based solely on morphological analysis from s...
Article
During the 1960's, a remarkable collection of rhinoceros postcranial remains was recovered in a Late Pleistocene karst cavity at Valle Radice near Sora (Frosinone, Central Italy). Based on the morphological characters, the specimens are ascribed to Stephanorhinus hemitoechus. This record is the only one with abundant postcranial elements in Italy a...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most widespread flaking methods in Europe was the Discoidal technique. However, technological analyses of these lithic artifacts are not yet sufficiently integrated into a corpus of zooarchaeological indicators that outline an ecological profile of Neanderthal mobility. To address this issue, this study presents evidence from Grotta di F...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Grotta del Santuario della Madonna at Praia a Mare, located in Northern Calabria, was continuously occupied from the Upper Paleolithic until the Middle Ages. Over 1,200 bird bones belonging to 50 species were found in the Mesolithic layer I. The rocky species are prevalent, mainly because of the high frequency of rock dove. Woodland and aquatic bir...