Antonio Serrano

Antonio Serrano
Healthcare Research Institute of Hospital 12 de Octubre (i+12) · Immunology

Doctor of Medicine
Autoimmunity unit. Immunology Dep. Hospital 12 de Octubre Madrid. Spain.

About

141
Publications
14,626
Reads
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3,460
Citations
Citations since 2017
61 Research Items
1348 Citations
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Introduction
Additional affiliations
April 2005 - present
Instituto de Investigación 12 de Octubre
Position
  • Head of Department
April 2005 - present
Hospital 12 de Octubre
Position
  • Autoimmunity section
April 2005 - present
Healthcare Research Institute of Hospital 12 de Octubre (i+12)
Position
  • Laboratory Manager
Education
October 1987 - July 1990
Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca
Field of study
  • Computer Science
October 1986 - July 1990
University of Valencia
Field of study
  • Doctor en Medicina y Cirugía
October 1975 - June 1981
Complutense University of Madrid
Field of study
  • Licenciado en Medicina y Cirugía

Publications

Publications (141)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Influenza viruses cause seasonal epidemics worldwide with a significant morbimortality burden. Clinical spectrum of Influenza is wide, being respiratory failure (RF) one of its most severe complications. This study aims to elaborate a clinical prediction rule of RF in hospitalized Influenza patients. Methods: A prospective cohort stu...
Article
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in a global pandemic. Most COVID-19 patients are asymptomatic or have flu-like symptoms. However, around 15% of the patients may have severe disease, including unilateral or bilateral pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome and progressive hypoxemia that may require mechanical ventilation...
Article
Full-text available
Background Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a multisystemic autoimmune disorder characterized by thrombotic events and/or gestational morbidity in patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). In a previous single center study, APS-related clinical manifestations that were not included in the classification criteria (livedo reticularis, thromb...
Article
Full-text available
NK degranulation plays an important role in the cytotoxic activity of innate immunity in the clearance of intracellular infections and is an important factor in the outcome of the disease. This work has studied NK degranulation and innate immunological profiles and functionalities in COVID-19 patients and its association with the severity of the di...
Article
Full-text available
High prevalence of both criteria and extra-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) has been reported in COVID-19 patients. However, the differences in aPL prevalence decreased when an age-matched control group was included. The association of aPL with thrombotic events in COVID-19 is very heterogeneous. This could be influenced by the fact that...
Article
Full-text available
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and/or a defective antibody response to T-dependent and T-independent antigens. CVID response to immunization depends on the antigen type, the vaccine mechanism, and the specific patient immune defect. In CVID patients, humoral and cellular responses to the currently...
Article
Full-text available
The Th1/Th2 balance plays a crucial role in the progression of different pathologies and is a determining factor in the evolution of infectious diseases. This work has aimed to evaluate the early, or on diagnosis, T-cell compartment response, T-helper subsets and anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody specificity in COVID-19 patients and to classify them accordi...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses cause seasonal epidemics worldwide with a significant morbimortality burden. Clinical spectrum of Influenza is wide, being respiratory failure (RF) one of its most severe complications. This study aims to elaborate a clinical prediction rule of RF in hospitalized Influenza patients. METHODS: a prospective cohort study...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the growing number of patients with persistent symptoms after acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, the pathophysiology underlying long-COVID is not yet well characterized, and there is no established therapy. We performed a deep immune profiling in nine patients with persistent symptoms (PSP), before and after a 4-day prednisone course, and five pos...
Article
Background: The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical manifestations and outcome of the oldest old (people aged ≥85 years) who were admitted to the hospital with a confirmed influenza A virus infection in comparison with younger patients and to assess the role of inflammation in the outcome of influenza infection in this population. Method...
Article
Full-text available
An early analysis of circulating monocytes may be critical for predicting COVID-19 course and its sequelae. In 131 untreated, acute COVID-19 patients at emergency room arrival, monocytes showed decreased surface molecule expression, including low HLA-DR, in association with an inflammatory cytokine status and limited anti-SARS-CoV-2-specific T cell...
Article
The presence of thrombotic events in COVID-19 patients has been described since the beginning of the pandemic. This association has been confirmed in most of the reported studies. Autopsy reports have shown that most thromboses are located in the lung, although they have also been observed in other organs such as the skin and kidneys. SARS-CoV2 inf...
Article
Full-text available
Background: COVID-19 clinical features include a hypercoagulable state that resembles the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), a disease characterized by thrombosis and presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). The relationship between aPL-presence and the appearance of thrombi as well as the transience or permanence of aPL in COVID-19 patients i...
Article
Full-text available
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) affects up to 6% of couples. Although chromosomal aberrations of the embryos are considered the leading cause, 50% of cases remain unexplained. Antiphospholipid Syndrome is a known cause in a few cases. Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) anticardiolipin, anti-Beta-2-Glycoprotein-I and Lupus Anticoagulant (criteria aPL)...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Ischemic stroke is the most common and severe arterial thrombotic event in Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). APS is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of thrombosis and antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), which provide a pro-coagulant state. The aPL included in the classification criteria are lupus anticoagulant, anti-car...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has implacably stricken on the wellness of many countries and their health-care systems. The aim of the present study is to analyze the clinical characteristics of the initial wave of patients with COVID-19 attended in our center, and to identify the key variables predicting the development of respirator...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) targeting plasma cells are malignant gammopathy designed and approved therapies. In recent years, these antibodies have also been increasingly introduced for non-malignant conditions such as autoimmune-mediated diseases. The Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome (APS) is an immune-mediated disorder in which autoantibod...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) present coagulation abnormalities and thromboembolic events that resemble antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). This work has aimed to study the prevalence of APS-related antigens, antibodies, and immune complexes in patients with COVID-19 and their association with clinical events. Methods:...
Article
Full-text available
The immune response type organized against viral infection is determinant in the prognosis of some infections. This work has aimed to study Th polarization in acute COVID-19 and its possible association with the outcome through an observational prospective study. Fifty-eight COVID-19 patients were recruited in the Medicine Department of the hospita...
Article
Full-text available
Cocaine consumption is associated with a variety of clinical manifestations. Though cocaine intranasal inhalation always determines nasal mucosal damages, extensive septum perforations, and midline destructions—known as cocaine-induced midline destructive lesions (CIMDL)—affect only a limited fraction of patients. CIMDL is viewed as a cocaine-assoc...
Article
Full-text available
The specific value of IgA Anti-β2glycoprotein I antibodies (aB2GP1) in the diagnosis and management of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is still controversial and a matter of active debate. The relevance of the IgA aB2GP1 isotype in the pathophysiology of APS has been increasingly studied in the last years. There is well know that subjects with mult...
Article
Full-text available
Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly become a global pandemic. Since the severity of the disease is highly variable, predictive models to stratify patients according to their mortality risk are needed. Objective To develop a model able to predict the risk of fatal outcome in COVID-19 patients, which could be used easily upon...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) increase in patients with cancer and are associated with poor prognosis, however their role in transplantation is not yet understood. Here we aimed to study the MDSC effects on the evolution of kidney transplant recipients (KTR). Methods: A cohort of 229 KTR was prospectively analyzed. Two myel...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives There is an increasing evidence that ferritin is a key marker of macrophage activation but its potential role in influenza infection remains unexplored. The aim was to assess if hyperferritinemia (ferritin ≥500 ng/mL) could be a marker of poor prognosis in hospitalized patients with confirmed influenza A infection. Methods We prospectiv...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The presence of anti-Beta 2 glycoprotein antibodies (aB2GP1) of IgA isotype is common in patients with functional impairment of the organs in which B2GP1 is elaborated. Pretransplant IgA aB2GP1 has been associated with increased risk of thrombosis in kidney and heart transplanted patients and has also been related with early mortality a...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) are fundamental in the diagnosis of systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs). Different assays for ANA screening are available, such as indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) on HEp-2 cells and Multiplex fluorescent immunoassay (MFI). This study aimed to clarify the importance of ANA detected only by IIF i...
Data
3-D motion of B2GP1 with the three most antigenic peptides (orange) and the “classical” D1 epitope (red).
Data
3-D motion of B2GP1 with the three zones that accumulate peptides with the highest degree of antigenicity and the zone 4.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity with presence of anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL). The APS classification criteria only consider the aPL of IgG/IgM isotype, however testing of aPL of IgA isotype is recommended when APS is suspected and consensus aPL are negative. IgA anti-βeta-...
Data
Complementary clinical characteristics of the 57 APS patients included in the study.
Data
Box and whiskers box of the distribution of the B2G-CIC and B2M-CIC values.
Data
Comparison of the clinical characteristics of the two groups of patients. Group 1: patients with circulating immune complexes of IgG or IgM bound to beta-2-glycoprotein I (B2-CIC +), group 2: patients without circulating immune-complexes (B2-CIC –). SEM, standard error of the mean, p-value<0.05 was considered statistical significant, OR, odd ratio,...
Data
Additional clinical characteristics of APS patients with triple aPL positivity vs. single or double aPL positivity.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired autoimmune disorder defined by the presence of both clinical (thromboembolic events or pregnancy morbidity) and laboratory (antiphospholipid antibodies, aPL) manifestations. Despite their importance, several clinical manifestations strongly associated with APS such as livedo reticularis (LR...
Article
Renal allograft thrombosis is the most frequent and devastating complication in the early postrenal transplantation period. Several risk factors to develop graft thrombosis depending on donors and recipients are well known. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is well recognized as an important cause of kidney injury, with specific clinical and histolog...
Article
Background: Anti-DFS70 antibodies have been recently included in a new testing algorithm for patients with suspicion of connective tissue diseases (CTDs). This algorithm enables to assess the probability of having a CTD in patients with a positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA) result. The aim of the study was to analyze the the inter-method agreeme...
Article
Background Graft thrombosis is a devastating complication after renal transplantation. In a monocenter study, we recently described the association of antibodies anti Beta-2-Glycoprotein-I (IgA-ab2GP1) with early graft loss mainly by thrombosis. Methods We performed a multicenter study including 740 patients of five hospitals of the Spanish Forum R...
Article
Background An important complication of kidney transplant is the graft loss, mainly by thrombosis, in the first weeks after transplantation. Early graft loss afect to 5-8&percnt; of the patients and this percentage has remained unchanged in recent decades. Prevalence of a antiphospholipid antibody: anti b2-glycoprotein-I (B2GP1) of IgA isotype in p...
Conference Paper
Background Several manifestations strongly associated with APS have been excluded as classification criteria.1 2 Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate correlation between circulating immune-complexes of IgG or IgM antibodies bound to B2GPI (B2G-CIC and B2M-CIC) and clinical manifestations in Serbian cohort of APS patients. Methods A...
Article
Full-text available
Background Graft thrombosis is a devastating complication after renal transplantation. We recently described the association of anti-beta-2-glycoprotein-I (IgA-ab2GP1) antibodies with early graft loss mainly caused by thrombosis in a monocenter study.Methods Multicenter prospective observational cohort study.Setting and participantsSeven hundred fo...
Article
IgA anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (IgA-aB2GPI) antibodies are currently not included as a laboratory criterion of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). In the 13th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies, Galveston, TX, (USA) in 2010, these antibodies were accepted as an APS laboratory criterion in patients who had clinical manifestations of A...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined by simultaneous presence of vascular clinical events and antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). The aPL considered as diagnostics are lupus anticoagulant and antibodies anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-ß2 glycoprotein-I (aB2GP1). During recent years, IgA aB2GP1 antibodies have been associated wi...
Article
BACKGROUND: Early detection of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in asymptomatic subjects is useful to predict autoimmune diseases years before diagnosis. ANA have been determined by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) using human epithelial type 2 (HEp-2) cells, which is considered the gold standard technique. Multiplex technology (BioPlex ANA Screen) ha...
Article
Background The presence of preformed IgA anti-beta-2-glycoprotein-I antibodies (IgA-aB2GP1ab) has been related to early graft loss after kidney transplant. Because beta-2-glycoprotein-I is produced in both the kidney and heart, we have aimed to assess whether the presence of these antibodies may also be associated with poor outcomes after heart tra...
Article
Background: Antiphospholipid syndrome is characterized by recurrent thrombosis and gestational morbidity in patients with antiphospholipid autoantibodies (aPLs). Predictive value of the presence of aPLs is low, and new markers are necessary to identify aPL carriers at higher risk and take preventive measures on them. The presence of circulating im...
Article
Objectifs Dans l’ère de l’immunosuppression, la perte précoce du greffon est surtout causée par thrombose veineuse. La prévalence des anticorps IgA anti-β2 glycoprotéine I (IgA-aβGPI) chez les patients en hémodialyse est élevée (> 30 %) et ces anticorps sont corrélés à la morbimortalité cardiovasculaire. L’objectif de cet étude est d’analyser la re...
Article
Background: Immunoglobulin (Ig)A anti-β2-glycoprotein I (aB2GP1) antibodies are associated with thrombotic events, cardiovascular morbidity, and death in dialysis patients. About 30% of patients with chronic renal disease are positive for IgA aB2GP1; however, the origin of these antibodies is unknown. It has been speculated that dialysis membranes...
Article
Background: Studies analyzing the role of antiendothelial cell antibodies (AECAs) in large series of kidney transplant recipients are scarce, and HLA, MHC (major histocompatibility complex) class I-related chain A (MICA), and angiotensin II type 1 receptor have not been formally excluded as targets. Study design: Retrospective study of a cohort...
Article
Full-text available
Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disorder characterized by vascular thromboses and pregnancy morbidity associated with antiphospholipid antibodies: lupus anticoagulant, IgG or IgM anticardiolipin or anti-beta 2-glycoprotein I. The kidney is one of the major target organs in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). However, beyond the known involv...
Article
Introduction: In recent years, we have been witnessing increased clinical interest in the determination of IgA anti-beta 2-glycoprotein I (aB2GPI) antibodies as well as increased demand for this test. Some ELISA-based diagnostic systems for IgA aB2GPI antibodies detection are suboptimal to detect it. The aim of our study was to determine whether t...
Article
Background: Vessel thrombosis is a severe complication after renal transplantation. Antibodies anti-β-2 glycoprotein-I of IgA isotype (IgA-aB2GP1) have been linked to thrombotic events and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Methods: All kidney transplanted patients from 2000 to 2011 (n = 1375) in our hospital were followed up for 2 years, evalu...