# Antonio PapangeloPolitecnico di Bari | Poliba · Department of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management

Antonio Papangelo

Doctor of Engineering

ERC - 2021 - Starting Grantee. Adhesion, friction, contact mechanics, soft matter, viscoelasticity, nonlinear dynamics.

## About

97

Publications

42,383

Reads

**How we measure 'reads'**

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more

1,406

Citations

Citations since 2017

Introduction

Antonio Papangelo currently works at the Department of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management, Politecnico di Bari. Antonio does research in Mechanical Engineering. His current project is 'rough adhesion' and 'nonlinear dynamics'.

Additional affiliations

August 2019 - present

January 2019 - July 2019

January 2018 - December 2018

Education

May 2013 - August 2013

October 2011 - December 2013

October 2008 - October 2011

## Publications

Publications (97)

There are two main approximate theories in the contact of rough solids: Greenwood-Williamson
asperity theories (GW) and Persson theories. Neither of them has been fully assessed so far with respect
to load-separation curves. Focusing on the most important case of low fractal dimension (Df = 2.2) with
extensive numerical studies we find that: (i) Pe...

Adhesive [e.g. van der Waals] forces were not generally taken into account in contact mechanics until 1971, when Johnson, Kendall and Roberts (JKR) generalized Hertz' solution for an elastic sphere using an energetic argument which we now recognize to be analogous to that used in linear elastic fracture mechanics. A significant result is that the l...

True contact between randomly rough solids consists of myriad individual microjunctions. While their total area controls the adhesive friction force of the interface, other macroscopic features, including viscoelastic friction, wear, stiffness, and electric resistance, also strongly depend on the size and shape of individual microjunctions. We show...

Self-excited vibrations represent a big concern in engineering, particularly in automotive, railway and aeronautic industry. Many lumped models have been proposed over the years to analyze the stability of such systems. Among the instability mechanisms a falling characteristic of the friction law and mode coupling have been shown to give friction-e...

Mode-coupling instabilities are known to trigger self-excited vibrations in sliding contacts. Here, the conditions for mode-coupling (or "flutter") instability in the contact between a spherical oscillator and a moving viscoelastic substrate are studied. The work extends the classical 2-Degrees-Of-Freedom conveyor belt model and accounts for viscoe...

The complex physics behind electroadhesion-based tactile displays poses an enormous modeling challenge since not only the fingerpad structure with multiple non-linear layers, but also the roughness at the microscopic scale play a decisive role. To investigate tactile perception, a potential model should also offer the possibility to extract mechani...

The complex physics behind electroadhesion-based tactile displays poses an enormous modeling challenge since not only the fingerpad structure with multiple nonlinear layers, but also the roughness at the microscopic scale play a decisive role. To investigate tactile perception, a potential model should also offer the possibility to extract mechanic...

We show that the detachment of a flat punch from a viscoelastic substrate has a relatively simple behavior, framed between the Kendall's elastic solution at the relaxed modulus and at the instantaneous modulus, and the cohesive strength limit. We find hardly any dependence of the pull-off force on the details of the loading process, including maxim...

Crack growth in viscoelastic materials is understood with the use of cohesive models, or steady state theories which focus on viscoelastic dissipation. We consider a double cantilever beam (DCB) specimen under a remote constant pure moment, which is initially suddenly applied to the beams. It is shown that the response to the applied moment rapidly...

Simple exact solutions are known for the indentation problem of a viscoelastic halfspace by a rigid sphere only as long as the contact area is growing. We consider instead a more general cyclic repeated indentation with a pulsating load with a period of zero load. We show that a combination of exact with empirical relaxation solutions coming from s...

Crack growth in viscoelastic materials is understood with the use of cohesive models, or steady state theories which focus on viscoelastic dissipation. We consider a double cantilever beam (DCB) specimen under a remote constant pure moment, which is initially suddenly applied to the beams. While the response should in principle immediately find a s...

Motivated by roughness-induced adhesion enhancement (toughening and strengthening) in low modulus materials, we study the detachment of a sphere from a substrate in the presence of both viscoelastic dissipation at the contact edge, and roughness in the form of a single axisymmetric waviness. We show that the roughness-induced enhancement found by G...

Viscoelastic materials are receiving increasing attention in soft robots and pressure sensitive adhesives design, but also in passive damping techniques in automotive and aerospace industry. Here, by using the correspondence principle originally developed by Lee and Radok and further extended by Ting and Greenwood, we transform the elastic solution...

Simple exact solutions are known for the indentation problem of a viscoelastic halfspace by a rigid sphere only as long as the contact area is growing. We consider instead a more general cyclic repeated indentation with a pulsating load with a period of zero load. We show that a combination of exact with empirical relaxation solutions coming from s...

The last decade has experienced a tremendous development of several technologies that are likely to shape our future [...]

Crack propagation in viscoelastic materials has been understood with the use of Barenblatt cohesive models by many authors since the 1970’s. In polymers and metal creep, it is customary to assume that the relaxed modulus is zero, so that we have typically a crack speed which depends on some power of the stress intensity factor. Generally, when ther...

Surfaces showing macroscopic adhesion are rare in industry, but are abundant in Nature. Adhesion enhancement has been discussed mostly with geometrical systems (e.g. patterned surfaces), more rarely with viscoelasticity, and has the goal of increasing hysteresis and the detachment force at separation. Soft materials are common, and these have visco...

Adhesion and, its interplay with friction, is central in several engineering applications involving soft contacts. Recently, there has been an incredible push towards a better understanding on how the apparent contact area evolves when a shear load is applied to an adhesive soft contact, both experimentally and theoretically. Although soft material...

Patterned surfaces have proven to be a valuable design to enhance adhesion, increasing hysteresis and the detachment stress at pull-off. To obtain high adhesive performance, soft materials are commonly, used, which easily conform to the countersurface, such as soft polymers and elastomers. Such materials are viscoelastic; i.e., they show rate-depen...

Recently Dalvi and co-authors have shown detailed experimental data of adhesion of soft spheres with rough substrates with roughness measured down to almost the atomic scale, finding that the Persson & Tosatti theory gave satisfactory predictions of the apparent work of adhesion during loading, once the increase of the surface area due to roughness...

Two surfaces are ”sticky” if breaking their mutual contact requires a finite tensile force. At low fractal dimensions D, there is consensus stickiness does not depend on the upper truncation frequency of roughness spectrum (or ”magnification”). As debate is still open for the case at high D, we exploit BAM theory of Ciavarella and Persson-Tosatti t...

Crack propagation in viscoelastic materials is a problem of considerable importance, now relatively well understood after early paradoxical results have been addressed with the use of cohesive models. However, finite size effects have received limited theoretical attention so far. Here, following suggestions of de Gennes (1996) and Persson (2017),...

Surfaces showing macroscopic adhesion are rare in industry, but are abundant in Nature. Adhesion enhancement has been discussed mostly with geometrical systems (e.g. patterned surfaces), more rarely with viscoelasticity, and has the goal of increasing hysteresis and the detachment force at separation. Soft materials are common, and
these have visco...

Experimental results on nonlinear vibration localization in a cyclic chain of weakly coupled oscillators with clearance nonlinearity are reported. Numerical modelling and analysis complements the experimental study. A reduced order model is derived and numerical analysis based on the harmonic balance method demonstrates the existence of multiple cl...

The current push toward lightweight structures in aerospace and aeronautical engineering is leading to slender design airfoils, which are more likely to undergo large deformation, hence experiencing geometrical nonlinearities. The problem of vibration localization in a rotor constituted by N coupled airfoils with plunge and pitch degrees of freedom...

Two surfaces are "sticky" if breaking their mutual contact requires a finite tensile force. At low fractal dimensions D, there is consensus stickiness does not depend on the upper truncation frequency of roughness spectrum (or "magnification"). As debate is still open for the case at high D, we exploit BAM theory of Ciavarella and Persson-Tosatti t...

Stability considerations play a central role in structural dynamics to determine states that are robust against perturbations during the operation. Linear stability concepts, such as the complex eigenvalue analysis, constitute the core of analysis approaches in engineering reality. However, most stability concepts are limited to local perturbations...

Stability considerations play a central role in structural dynamics to determine states that are robust against perturbations during the operation. Linear stability concepts, such as the complex eigenvalue analysis, constitute the core of analysis approaches in engineering reality. However, most stability concepts are limited to local perturbations...

Unstable friction-induced vibrations are considered an annoying problem in several fields of engineering. Although several theoretical analyses have suggested that friction-excited dynamical systems may experience sub-critical bifurcations, and show multiple coexisting stable solutions, these phenomena need to be proved experimentally and on contin...

Usually, roughness destroys adhesion and this is one of the reasons why the "adhesion paradox", i.e. a "sticky Universe", is not real. However, at least with some special type of roughness, there is even the case of adhesion enhancement, as it was shown clearly by Guduru, who considered the contact between a sphere and a wavy axisymmetric single sc...

A number of authors have experimentally assessed the influence of friction on adhesive contacts, and generally the contact area has been found to decrease due to tangential shear stresses at the interface. The decrease is however generally much smaller than that predicted already by the Savkoor and Briggs 1977 classical theory using “brittle” fract...

The interaction between contact area and frictional forces in adhesive soft contacts is receiving much attention in the scientific community due to its implications in many areas of engineering such as surface haptics and bioin-spired adhesives. In this work, we consider a soft adhesive sphere that is pressed against a rigid substrate and is sheare...

The electroadhesive contact between a conductive sphere with a rigid substrate, both coated with an electrically insulating layer is studied, by adopting two solution strategies: (i) a DMT approximation and (ii) an iterative finite element model which accounts for the effect of the electroadhesive tractions on the deformation of the elastic solids....

Electroadhesion is a very hot topic in tribology due to its implications for the science of surface haptics. Building on theories of Persson, we develop a simpler theory for electroadhesion between rough surfaces using the bearing area model of Ciavarella. The theory is derived for the cases of conducting and insulating bodies and shows that pull-o...

Rubber friction plays a fundamental role in the study of the tire-road interaction and still represents a topic of discussion for both academics and manufacturing companies, especially with the introduction of the concept of multiscale roughness [1, 2]. Taking into account that the road surface is a hard substrate, the two contributions to rubber f...

A recent paper by Yang et al. [1] shows interesting results on the percolation threshold, the ratio of real contact area to nominal contact area A/A0 when the first leak channel appears across a seal interface.

The eigenfunction method pioneered by Galin (J Appl Math Mech 40: 981–986, 1976) is extended to provide a general solution to the transient evolution of contact pressure and wear of two sliding elastic half-planes, under the assumption that there is full contact and that the Archard–Reye wear law applies. The governing equations are first developed...

Adhesive contact of the Hertzian indenter with an incompressible elastic substrate bi-directionally stretched along the indenter principal planes of curvature is considered in the Johnson–Kendall–Roberts theoretical framework. An approximate model is constructed by examining energy release rate conditions only on the edges of the minor and major ax...

ThermoElastic Instabilities (TEI) occur in sliding bodies at sufficiently high speed because a small thermoelastic disturbance tends to localize the contact, leading to “hot spots”. The role that wear plays in TEI has been studied briefly and only on highly idealized cases. We extend and complete in detail a model of Dow and Burton who studied the...

A new stickiness criterion for solids having random fractal roughness is derived using Persson's theory with DMT-type adhesion. As expected, we find stickiness, i.e., the possibility to sustain macroscopic tensile pressures or else non-zero contact area without load, is not affected by the truncation of the PSD spectrum of roughness at short wavele...

In this paper, we apply the previously developed Method of Memory Diagrams (MMD) to the description of an axisymmetric mechanical contact with friction subject to random vibrations. The MMD belongs to a family of semi-analytical methods of contact mechanics originating from the classical Cattaneo-Mindlin solution; it allows one to efficiently compu...

Since the early study by Grosch in 1963 it has been known that rubber friction shows generally two maxima with respect to speed-the first one attributed to adhesion, and another at higher velocities attributed to viscoelastic losses. The theory of Klüppel and Heinrich and that of Persson suggests that viscoelastic losses crucially depend on the "mu...

There is ample evidence of ThermoElastic Instabilities (TEI) occurring in sliding contacts. The very first experiments of JR Barber in 1969 suggested wear interacts in the process of localization of contact into ”hot spots”. However, studies on the interaction of TEI with wear are scarce. We consider the case of two sliding halfspaces and make a pe...

Data-driven system identification procedures have recently enabled the reconstruction of governing differential equations from vibration signal recordings. In this contribution, the sparse identification of nonlinear dynamics is applied to structural dynamics of a geometrically nonlinear system. First, the methodology is validated against the force...

The paper considers the transition between spatially localized and propagating stick–slip motion in frictional systems. To overcome the difficulties related to the non-smoothness of the friction law we have studied two models: a friction-excited chain of weakly coupled oscillators excited by a frictional moving belt (model I) and a chain of Van der...

An axisymmetric frictionless adhesive contact problem for a spherical indenter pressed against an isotropic elastic incom-pressible half-space under equibiaxial stretching is studied in the framework of the generalized Johnson-Kendall-Roberts (JKR) theory, which accounts for the effect of weak coupling between fracture modes I and II by means of a...

The coefficient of friction due to bulk viscoelastic losses corresponding to multiscale roughness can be computed with Persson's theory. In the search for a more complete understanding of the parametric dependence of the friction coefficient, we show asymptotic results at low or large speed for a generalized Maxwell viscoelastic material, or for a...

True contact between randomly rough solids consists of myriad individual micro-junctions. While their total area controls the adhesive friction force of the interface, other macroscopic features, including viscoelastic friction, wear, stiffness and electric resistance, also strongly depend on the size and shape of individual micro-junctions. Here w...

This paper gives a theoretical analysis for the fundamental problem of anisotropy induced by shear forces onan adhesive contact, discussing the experimental data of the companion Letter. We present a fracture mechanicsmodel where two phenomenological mode-mixity functions are introduced to describe the weak couplingbetween modes I and II or I and I...

This paper gives a theoretical analysis for the fundamental problem of anisotropy induced by shear forces on an adhesive contact, discussing the experimental data of the companion Letter. We present a fracture mechanics model where two phenomenological mode-mixity functions are introduced to describe the weak coupling between modes I and II or I an...

Frictional interfaces exhibits a very rich dynamical behavior due to frictional interactions. This work focuses on the transition between spatially localized and propagating stick-slip motion. To overcome the difficulties related to the non-smoothness of the friction law we have studied two models: (model I) a friction-excited chain of weakly coupl...

Adhesion is a key factor in many tribological processes, especially wear. We generalize a recent formulation for the indentation of a multilayered material using an efficient integral transform method, to the case of adhesion, using a simple energetic transformation in the JKR regime. Then, we specialize the study for the geometry of the Surface Fo...

Adhesive (e.g. van der Waals) forces were not generally taken into account in contact mechanics until 1971, when Johnson, Kendall and Roberts (JKR) generalized Hertz’ solution for an elastic sphere using an energetic argument which we now recognize to be analogous to that used in linear elastic fracture mechanics. A significant result is that the l...

The anomalous propagation of short cracks shows generally exponential fatigue crack growth but the dependence on stress range at high stress levels is not compatible with Paris’ law with exponent m=2. Indeed, some authors have shown that the standard uncracked SN curve is obtained mostly from short crack propagation, assuming that the crack size a...

In the present paper, we consider a recent very simple model for the estimate of adhesion between elastic (hard) rough solids with Gaussian multiple scales of roughness (BAM, Bearing Area Model), and compare it in particular with very recent extensive results from the numerical method of Joe, Thouless and Barber (JTB theory), in the range of non-hy...

We derive a very simple and effective stickiness criterion for solids having random roughness using a new asymptotic theory, which we validate with that of Persson and Scaraggi and independent numerical experiments. Previous claims that stickiness may depend on small scale quantities such as rms slopes and/or curvatures, obtained by making oversimp...