Antonio Musaro

Antonio Musaro
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza

Ph.D.

About

217
Publications
47,753
Reads
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12,161
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2003 - December 2014
Edith Cowan University
Position
  • Adjunct Associate Professor (honorary position)
September 1999 - present
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 1996 - January 2000
Harvard University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (217)
Article
Full-text available
Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary approach focused on the development of innovative bioartificial substitutes for damaged organs and tissues. For skeletal muscle, the measurement of contractile capability represents a crucial aspect for tissue replacement, drug screening and personalized medicine. To date, the measurement of engineered musc...
Preprint
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as critical regulators of heart physiology and disease, although the studies unveiling their modes-of-action are still scarce and limited to few examples. We recently identified pCharme , a chromatin-associated lncRNA whose functional knockout in mice results in defective myogenesis and morphological remod...
Article
Interleukin-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine regulating different tissues and organs in diverse and sometimes discrepant ways. The dual and sometime hermetic nature of IL-6 action has been highlighted in several contexts and can be explained by the concept of hormesis, in which beneficial or toxic effects can be induced by the same molecule depending on...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is a chemical synapse responsible for converting electrical pulses generated by the motor neuron into electrical activity in muscle fibers, and is severely impaired in various diseases, such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Here, we proposed a novel technique to measure, for the first time, NMJ f...
Article
Full-text available
Elastography is a noninvasive imaging technique that provides information on soft tissue stiffness. Young’s modulus is typically used to characterize soft tissues’ response to the applied force, as soft tissues are often considered linear elastic, isotropic, and quasi-incompressible materials. This approximation is reasonable for small strains, but...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the degeneration of upper and lower motor neurons, progressive wasting and paralysis of voluntary muscles is currently incurable despite intense research and numerous unsuccessful clinical trials. Although considered as a pure motor neuron dis...
Article
Full-text available
The anatomy and physiology of the eye strongly limit the bioavailability of locally administered drugs. The entrapment of therapeutics into nanocarriers represents an effective strategy for the topical treatment of several ocular disorders, as they may protect the embedded molecules, enabling drug residence on the ocular surface and/or its penetrat...
Preprint
The anatomy and physiology of the eye strongly limit the bioavailability of locally administered drugs. The entrapment of therapeutics into nanocarriers represents an effective strategy to topically treat some ocular disorders, as they may protect the entrapped molecules, facilitating drug residence on the ocular surface and/or its penetration into...
Article
Full-text available
ALS is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that is associated with muscle atrophy, motoneuron degeneration and denervation. Different mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of the disease; in this context, microRNAs have been described as biomarkers and potential pathogenetic factors for ALS. MyomiRs are microRNAs produced by skele...
Article
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most frequent motor neuron disease for which effective treatment options are still lacking. ALS occurs in sporadic and familial forms which are clinically indistinguishable; about 20% of familial ALS cases are linked to mutations of the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene. Fenretinide (FEN), a cancer chemop...
Article
Full-text available
IL-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine that can exert different and opposite effects. The muscle-induced and transient expression of IL-6 can act in an autocrine or paracrine manner, stimulating anabolic pathways associated with muscle growth, myogenesis, and with regulation of energy metabolism. In contrast, under pathologic conditions, including muscular...
Article
Full-text available
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease associated with motor neuron degeneration, muscle atrophy and paralysis. To date, multiple panels of biomarkers have been described in ALS patients and murine models. Nevertheless, none of them has sufficient specificity and thus the molecular signature for ALS prognosis and p...
Article
The cytokine interleukin 6 (IL6) is a key mediator of inflammation that contributes to skeletal muscle pathophysiology. IL6 activates target cells by two main mechanisms, the classical and trans-signalling pathways. While classical signalling is associated with the anti-inflammatory activities of the cytokine, the IL6 trans-signalling pathway media...
Article
RNA-binding proteins orchestrate the composite life of RNA molecules and impact most physiological processes, thus underlying complex phenotypes. The RNA-binding protein Sam68 regulates differentiation processes by modulating splicing, polyadenylation, and stability of select transcripts. Herein, we found that Sam68 -/- mice display altered regulat...
Article
The 16th Meeting of the Interuniversity Institute of Myology (IIM), October 17-20, 2019, Assisi, Italy brought together scientists, pharma and patient organization representatives discussing new results on muscle research. Internationally renowned Keynote speakers presented advances on muscle development, homeostasis, metabolism, and disease. Speak...
Article
Full-text available
The 16th Meeting of the Interuniversity Institute of Myology (IIM), October 17-20, 2019, Assisi, Italy brought together scientists, pharma and patient organization representatives discussing new results on muscle research. Internationally renowned Keynote speakers presented advances on muscle development, homeostasis, metabolism, and disease. Speak...
Preprint
Full-text available
The cytokine interleukin 6 (IL6) is a key mediator of inflammation that contributes to skeletal muscle pathophysiology. IL6 activates target cells by two different mechanisms, the classical and trans-signalling pathways. While classical signalling is associated with the anti-inflammatory activities of the cytokine, the IL6 trans-signalling pathway...
Conference Paper
Skeletal muscle fatigue is most often studied as a response to repeated stimulations in isometric conditions and it is usually quantified as the progressive loss of force generating capability over time. However, physical dynamic activity is based on the shortening of skeletal muscles. Therefore, the condition that best mimics body movements is the...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a massive body of knowledge which has been produced related to the mechanisms guiding muscle regeneration, great interest still moves the scientific community toward the study of different aspects of skeletal muscle homeostasis, plasticity, and regeneration. Indeed, the lack of effective therapies for several physiopathologic conditions sug...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the characterization of the main techniques and transducers employed to measure local and global strains induced by uniaxial loading of murine tibiae is presented. Micro strain gauges and digital image correlation (DIC) were tested to measure local strains, while a moving coil motor-based length transducer was employed to measure rel...
Article
Full-text available
The extent of oxidative stress and chronic inflammation are closely related events which coexist in a muscle environment under pathologic conditions. It has been generally accepted that the inflammatory cells, as well as myofibers, are sources of reactive species which are, in turn, able to amplify the activation of proinflammatory pathways. Howeve...
Article
Full-text available
One of the crucial systems severely affected in several neuromuscular diseases is the loss of effective connection between muscle and nerve, leading to a pathological non-communication between the two tissues. The neuromuscular junction (NMJ) represents the critical region at the level of which muscle and nerve communicate. Defects in signal transm...
Article
Full-text available
Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) plays a crucial role in the maintenance of correct skeletal muscle function due, at least in part, to S-nitrosylation of specific protein targets. Similarly, we recently provided evidence for a muscular phenotype in mice lacking the denitrosylase S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR). Here, we demonstrate that...
Article
Full-text available
The decline in skeletal muscle mass and strength occurring in aging, referred as sarcopenia, is the result of many factors including an imbalance between protein synthesis and degradation, changes in metabolic/hormonal status, and in circulating levels of inflammatory mediators. Thus, factors that increase muscle mass and promote anabolic pathways...
Article
The final aim of muscle tissue engineering (TE) is to create a new tissue able to restore the functionality of impaired muscles once transplanted in the site of injury. Therefore, functional contractile properties close to that of healthy muscles are desirable to allow for a good compatibility and a proper functional contribution. Since skeletal mu...
Article
Full-text available
Muscle regeneration, characterized by the activation and proliferation of satellite cells and other precursors, is accompanied by an inflammatory response and the remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM), necessary to remove cellular debris and to mechanically support newly generated myofibers and activated satellite cells. Muscle repair can be...
Article
Full-text available
The discovery of pathogenetic mechanisms is essential to identify new therapeutic approaches in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Here we investigated the role of the most important ion channels in skeletal muscle of an ALS animal model (MLC/SOD1G93A) carrying a mutated SOD1 exclusively in this tissue, avoiding motor-neuron involvement. Ion chan...
Article
The peculiar ability of skeletal muscle tissue to operate adaptive changes during post-natal development and adulthood has been associated with the existence of adult somatic stem cells. Satellite cells, occupying an exclusive niche within the adult muscle tissue, are considered bona fide stem cells with both stem-like properties and myogenic activ...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The aim of the study was to verify whether neuromuscular magnetic stimulation (NMMS) improves muscle function in spinal-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Twenty-two ALS patients were randomized in two groups to receive, daily for two weeks, NMMS in right or left arm (referred to as real-NMMS, rNMMS), and sham NMMS (sNMMS)...
Article
Full-text available
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a lethal motor neuron disease with no cure. Currently there are only two ALS drugs approved by the FDA, both with a limited therapeutic effect. In the search for drug candidates for ALS, we studied the effect of known stem cell mobilizing agents (treatment) and antimetabolite 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (anti-treatm...
Article
Full-text available
On October 11-14, 2018, the 15th Meeting of the Interuniversity Institute of Myology (IIM) took place in the city Assisi, Italy. Muscle researchers from Italy, and various European and North-American countries gathered to discuss recent results on the physiology and diseases of skeletal muscle. The program showcased keynote lectures from world-reno...
Article
Full-text available
Myogenesis is a highly regulated process that involves the conversion of progenitor cells into multinucleated myofibers. Besides proteins and miRNAs, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to participate in myogenic regulatory circuitries. Here, we characterize a murine chromatin-associated muscle-specific lncRNA, Charme, which contributes t...
Article
Full-text available
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a severe neurodegenerative disorder, classified into sporadic or familial forms and characterized by motor neurons death, muscle atrophy, weakness, and paralysis. Among the familial cases of ALS, approximately 20% are caused by dominant mutations in the gene coding for superoxide dismutase (SOD1) protein. Of n...
Article
Muscle homeostasis is guaranteed by a delicate balance between synthesis and degradation of cell proteins and its alteration leads to muscle wasting and diseases. In this review, we describe the major anabolic pathways that are involved in muscle growth and homeostasis and the proteolytic systems that are over-activated in muscle pathologies. Modul...
Article
Skeletal muscle is a complex, dynamic tissue characterized by an elevated plasticity. Although the adult muscle is mainly composed of multinucleated fibers with post mitotic nuclei, it retains a remarkable ability to regenerate in response to traumatic events. The regenerative potential of the adult skeletal muscle relies in the activity of satelli...
Chapter
Full-text available
All progressive muscle contractile impairments (including age-related muscle weakness) need permanent management. We discuss evidence that subclinical denervation contributes to atrophy and slowness of aged muscle, and we provide stimulation protocols for aged and denervated skeletal muscles. We describe in Sect. 11.1 the effects of home-based neur...
Article
Full-text available
The 14th Meeting of the Interuniversity Institute of Myology (IIM), October 12-15, 2017 - Assisi, Italy gathered together researchers from Italy, European and North-American countries to discuss recent results on muscle research. The program showcased keynote lectures from world-renowned international speakers presenting advances in muscle physiolo...
Article
Full-text available
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked genetic disease in which the dystrophin gene is mutated, resulting in dysfunctional dystrophin protein. Without dystrophin, the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC) is unstable, leading to an increase in muscle damage. Moreover, the imbalance between muscle damage and repair leads to a chronic infla...
Data
Fig S1. TMZ up‐regulates Glut 4 in myotubes and in healthy mice.
Data
Fig S3. An increase of __m is triggered by TMZ.
Data
Fig S2. TMZ administration does not a_ect myo_ber CSA in healthy mice.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cancer cachexia is characterized by muscle depletion and exercise intolerance caused by an imbalance between protein synthesis and degradation and by impaired myogenesis. Myofibre metabolic efficiency is crucial so as to assure optimal muscle function. Some drugs are able to reprogram cell metabolism and, in some cases, to enhance meta...
Article
Aim: Neuromuscular junction (NMJ) represents the morphofunctional interface between muscle and nerve. Several chronic pathologies such as aging and neurodegenerative diseases, including muscular dystrophy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, display altered NMJ and functional denervation. However, the triggers and the molecular mechanisms underlying...
Poster
The expression of NF-YA, the DNA-binding subunit of the CCAAT-binding transcription factor NF-Y, is down-regulated during muscle differentiation. The NF-YA gene encodes for two alternative splice variants, NF-YAs and NF-YAl, which show different, even opposite, functional activities. We recently demonstrated that forced expression of NF-YAs in mous...
Article
Full-text available
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked genetic disease in which dystrophin gene is mutated, resulting in dysfunctional or absent dystrophin protein. The pathology of dystrophic muscle includes degeneration, necrosis with inflammatory cell invasion, regeneration, and fibrous and fatty changes. Nevertheless, the mechanisms by which the abse...
Article
Neuromuscular junction (NMJ) functionality plays a pivotal role when studying diseases in which the communication between motor neuron and muscle is impaired, such as aging and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here we describe an experimental protocol that can be used to measure NMJ functionality by combining two types of electrical stimulation...
Article
Muscle senescence is a complex mechanism that is usually associated with a decrease in mass, strength and velocity of contraction. This state, known as sarcopenia, is a multifactorial process and it may be the consequence of several events, including accumulation of oxidative stress. The role of oxidative stress in the physiopathology of skeletal m...
Article
Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an X-linked genetic disorder caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene and characterized by progressive, lethal muscle degeneration and chronic inflammation. In this study, we explored the expression and signaling pathway of a master player of the anti-oxidant a...
Chapter
Skeletal muscle tissue is characterized by a population of quiescent mononucleated myoblasts, localized between the basal lamina and sarcolemma of myofibers, known as satellite cells. Satellite cells play a pivotal role in muscle homeostasis and are the major source of myogenic precursors in mammalian muscle regeneration. This chapter describes pro...