António Brandão Moniz

António Brandão Moniz
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa | NOVA · Department of Applied Social Sciences (DCSA)

PhD, Habilitation
Professor at Nova University of Lisbon, Portugal and doing research on the topics of Work & Technology, automation & HMI

About

221
Publications
37,269
Reads
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630
Citations
Introduction
Professor with habilitation at Universidade Nova de Lisboa (FCT-UNL) New University of Lisbon. He is member of the Scientific Board of CICS.NOVA centre. Coordinator of the PhD programme on Technology Assessment at Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Faculty of Sciences and Technology), Caparica Founder of the Studies Group on Technology Assessment (GrEAT) and of the Observatory of Technology Assessment (OAT/CICS.NOVA) in Portugal.
Additional affiliations
May 2017 - June 2017
McMaster University
Position
  • Visiting scholar
August 2011 - August 2019
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 2011 - August 2019
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Coordinator of Working Group on Robotics Technology Assessment Member of the Research Area "Innovation Processes"
Education
June 1992 - November 2001
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Field of study
  • Sociology
September 1983 - October 1991
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Field of study
  • Sociology
October 1980 - May 1983
University of the Azores
Field of study
  • Social Sciences

Publications

Publications (221)
Article
Full-text available
The focus of the following article is on the use of new robotic systems in the manufacturing industry with respect to the social dimension. Since “intuitive” human–machine interaction (HMI) in robotic systems becomes a significant objective of technical progress, new models of work organization are needed. This hypothesis will be investigated throu...
Book
Full-text available
Approaching the topic of robotics-work relation in a general and international context enables the possibility to know more about the impacts in different sectors. In this book the main discussion themes are followed in order to understand which the main dimensions are included in such debate. In that way, it becomes possible to understand the poss...
Article
Full-text available
Energy storage systems (ESS) are seen as one of the main pillars for a renewable-based energy system. Selecting the most suitable and sustainable ESS for a given project is a problem that involves multiple stakeholders with quite often diverging objectives that cannot all be fulfilled by a single technology. Several studies are available that tackl...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1970s, the application of microprocessor in industrial machinery and the development of computer systems have transformed the manufacturing landscape. The rapid integration and automation of production systems have outpaced the development of suitable human design criteria, creating a deepening gap between humans and systems in which huma...
Article
Full-text available
The convergence of nano-, bio-, information, and cognitive sciences and technologies (NBIC) is advancing continuously in many societal spheres. This also applies to the manufacturing sector, where technological transformations in robotics push the boundaries of human–machine interaction (HMI). Here, current technological advances in micro- and nano...
Article
Full-text available
The new book edited by Rodríguez and colleagues focuses on the topic of forecasting and responsible innovation. The original title is “Anticipación e Innovación Responsible: La construcción de futuros alternativos para la ciencia y la tecnologia” (Forecasting and Responsible Innovation: The construction of alternative futures for science and techno...
Article
Full-text available
Desafios e opções de governação: o trabalho e o emprego como novos temas de debate político O trabalho e o emprego serão temas que virão a ter um papel mais central no debate político. Todavia, durante o debate eleitoral, este não foi o tema central. Mas, agora o debate político vai ter de encontrar soluções para problemas que a realidade coloca a...
Article
Full-text available
Partilho a ideia de que a maioria absoluta obtida pelo PS nas recentes eleições se deve ao receio que muitos eleitores, em particular os indecisos, teriam de que o PSD pudesse vir a ter uma maioria de deputados na Assembleia da República. As causas desse receio já foram muito analisadas e apontam sobretudo para o papel que as sondagens de opinião p...
Article
Full-text available
New technologies, sustainability policies, protectionism and consumers preferences are pushing for the reorganisation of the automotive cluster. The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to create disruptive effects in the employment systems across the world. The future deployment of broad-spectrum algorithms capable of being...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Portugal has been referred to as one example of lower levels of integration of social partners in the governance of education and training systems (Sanz de Miguel, 2017). There is a lack of research about the effectiveness of the governance of the only program close to the Dual VET concept: the Apprenticeship system. A pilot project of Dua...
Article
Full-text available
The EU unveiled a stimulus package as part of the multiannual financial framework (MFF) for 2021–2027 and the temporary instrument designed to boost the economic recovery. This countercyclical response is aimed at avoiding a decline in the EU economy and protecting employment, vulnerable companies and necessity-driven entrepreneurs; however, it sho...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the 1970s, the application of microprocessor in industrial machinery and the development of computer systems have transformed the manufacturing landscape. The rapid integration and automation of production systems have outpaced the development of suitable human design criteria, creating a deepening gap where human factor was seen as an import...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the innovative possibilities of digital technologies, the issue of increasing automation is once again on the agenda – and not only in the industry, but also in other branches and sectors of contemporary societies. Although public and scientific discussions about automation seem to raise relevant questions of the “old” debate, such as the re...
Article
Full-text available
Será muito difícil voltarmos à situação de pré-pandemia, mas teremos de aprender bastante mais como estas formas de trabalho poderão contribuir para a melhoria da qualidade de vida no trabalho.
Article
Full-text available
This paper intended to provide a vision on the potential consequences of the introduction of emerging air transportation system which was based on a section of the thesis to contribute to the forming of public and policy opinion.Especially this paper tried to understand whether there were enough positive social and environmental impacts in terms of...
Conference Paper
Battery storage systems (BESS) are considered as an option to enable a decarbonized electricity system, allowing to integrate higher shares of renewable energy sources (RES). There are several technologies available, and the choice of the best option is based on the requirements of a given application field. At the same time, stakeholder expectatio...
Article
Full-text available
Será que esta pandemia está a dar velocidade à transição digital, nomeadamente com o teletrabalho? Ou será que, apesar do confinamento durante cerca de 3 meses, o recurso ao teletrabalho foi feito sem grande regulamentação, cuidado ou negociação?
Article
Full-text available
Despite having been one of the first countries in Europe to introduce provisions in the labour law to promote virtual work and having made strong investments in ICT infrastructure, the adoption of virtual work in Portugal lags significantly behind most European countries. This paper examines the literature, official documents and databases to under...
Article
Full-text available
O teletrabalho, entendido como uma forma de trabalho em que este é realizado em casa, nos escritórios dos clientes, em espaços públicos ou em ambientes de trabalho não tradicionais usando a Internet, computadores ou outras ferramentas baseadas em tecnologias de informação, não constitui ainda o núcleo dos debates recentes entre os parceiros sociais...
Article
Full-text available
O Orçamento 2020, recentemente aprovado na generalidade, oferece quase nenhumas medidas para o desenvolvimento de uma economia digital.
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
VS/2018/0047 DEEP VIEW (DEcEnt and Productive VIrtual Work): Exploring the contribution of social dialogue and collective bargaining in the promotion of decent and productive virtual work FINAL CONFERENCE Madrid, January 17th, 2020 LOCATION: Comisión Europea, Representación en España. Paseo de la Castellana, 46, 28046 Madrid
Article
Full-text available
O Orçamento 2020 oferece quase nenhumas medidas para o desenvolvimento de uma economia digital. O Governo percebe que é necessário inovar e investir em investigação e desenvolvimento (I&D), e refere a necessidade de existir um forte aumento da componente empresarial nesse investimento.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this national report, we first present some facts and figures about Portuguese demography and its relation to the institutional organisation of long-term care system. Hereby, the focus lies on “Digital Competence among long-term care system” where we present some elements of the current status of the use of technology and social innovations in e...
Article
Full-text available
O crowdworking usa uma plataforma para ligar organizações ou indivíduos a outros em troca de pagamento. Um recente projeto europeu de investigação quer analisar estratégias de sindicatos ou movimentos alternativos que representem “crowdworkers”
Conference Paper
Organisational practices preserving conventional social orders and past practices – inertia of the past – are fundamental in trying to understand organisational change when adopting new technologies. Nevertheless, in studies of technological change in organisations, it is more common to treat inertia as the opposite to change, consequently, as the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
To address the objectives and research questions, the DEEP VIEW project is conducting desk research and field work (semi-structured interviews and company case studies). This preliminary report presents the outcomes of desk research, which was oriented to obtain a clear picture of the ‘state of the art’ in the involved countries and sectors. The r...
Preprint
Full-text available
As principais preocupações relacionadas com o aumento da automatização e introdução de sistemas com tecnologias de informação na esfera do trabalho desde os anos de 1970 e, mais tarde, de robôs (desde os anos de 1980) diziam respeito à potencial substituição direta de postos de trabalho. A criação de desemprego pelo efeito de intensificação da tecn...
Article
Full-text available
O que fazer com a iniciativa Indústria 4.0? O Governo tem em implementação a iniciativa Indústria 4.0. Todavia não se conhecem medidas novas, ou sequer a programação da implementação desta iniciativa. No Relatório OE2019 Políticas Sectoriais para 2019 e Recursos Financeiros é referido que "Portugal deverá continuar a mobilizar a sociedade e a acele...
Article
Full-text available
No Relatório OE2019 Políticas Sectoriais para 2019 e Recursos Financeiros é referido que "Portugal deverá continuar a mobilizar a sociedade e a acelerar a introdução das transformações necessárias para a digitalização da economia. Para apoiar esta transição, o Governo tem em implementação a iniciativa Indústria 4.0." Todavia não se conhecem medidas...
Article
Full-text available
Since industrialization, the relationship between technological change and work structures has been a complex one whose implications have been frequently described and interpreted. With regard to the deep influence of technology on work structures, the discussion is still characterized by the work of Karl Marx, who studied the emergence of industri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The first International Joint Meeting on Digitalization and the Future of Work was organised by the Research Group on Technology and Work of the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany), by the Observatory of Technology Assessment, CICS.NOVA, University NOVA Lisbon (Portugal), and by coll...
Article
Full-text available
Conhece-se muito pouco acerca das atividades de trabalho com robôs. Sobretudo em Portugal. Fala-se muito acerca disso, recentemente publicam-se vários artigos de opinião, mas não existem dados fundamentais. Por exemplo, quantos robôs estão operacionais em Portugal? Não sabemos qual é a verdadeira dimensão da aplicação desta tecnologia. Não sabemos...
Article
Full-text available
O Professor António Brandão Moniz publicou recentemente o livro «Robótica e Trabalho», obra aqui referida por nós, dada a importância da temática abordada. O conhecido investigador aceitou responder a uma questão que se foi formando no nosso espírito ao lermos o referido livro e que formulamos da seguinte maneira: «No seu livro Robótica e Trabalho...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Additive bio-manufacturing (bio-AM) is defined here as the use of 3D printing for medical purposes or non-therapeutic "human enhancement", whether they involve the production of biological material or not. It includes any application for rehabilitating, supporting or augmenting biological functionality. The impacts of bio-AM are uncertain, and it i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
3D bio-printing is defined here as the use of 3D printing technology for applications related to the body, whether the products themselves include biological material or not, and whether their purpose is medical or not. It includes any application for rehabilitating, supporting or augmenting any kind of biological functionality. The impacts of 3D b...
Experiment Findings
In the study on the working procedures with micro- and nano-robots we will have at least one case in the metal sector. There are a growing number of new processes that enable nanomanufacturing. Among these are: - Dip pen lithography is a process in which the tip of an atomic force microscope is "dipped" into a chemical fluid and then used to "write...
Experiment Findings
Application of micro-robots for micro-electronics material assembly and production. For example, SRI’s patented Diamagnetic Micro Manipulation (DM3) technology uses printed circuit boards (PCBs) to drive and control micro-robots built from simple, low-cost magnets that are propelled electromagnetically (https://walterfarah.wordpress.com/tag/micro-r...
Experiment Findings
Potential applications include: - Rapid prototyping of high-quality parts for medical applications - Electronics manufacturing, such as optoelectronics and hybrid circuits for medical applications - Biotechnology, such as microfluidics, lab on a chip, and tissue manufacturing A variety of micro-automation applications outside of manufacturing, such...
Article
Full-text available
Die Ausweitung von Robotertechnologien nicht nur in der Industrie, sondern zunehmend auch in Dienstleistungsbereiche, stellt große Herausforderungen an die Mensch-Roboter-Kollaboration. Der Artikel beleuchtet psychologische, soziologische, arbeitswissenschaftliche und berufspädagogische Gesichtspunkte bei der Gestaltung und dem Einsatz von Robotern...
Article
Full-text available
In Europe, the technology development of high-speed trains is increasingly exposed to societal needs, driven by ICT advancements, external to traditional design. Together with the liberalisation of the rail markets and increase pressures from other transport modes leads to an unprecedented situation where planers, operators and suppliers of high-sp...
Article
Full-text available
link to the full text: http://www.mdpi.com/2075-4698/6/4/31
Article
The last decades have shown an increasing amount of research into expectations of science and technology. Especially for emerging technologies, expectations held by different stakeholder are guiding the direction of research and development. In this article the results of an investigation into the expectations of specific actors regarding the devel...
Book
Full-text available
The goal of technology assessment (TA) is to lend support to society and policy making by promoting understanding of the problems related to the grand sociotechnical challenges of our time, as well as to assess the available options for managing them. Researchers from Japan and Europe reflected together in this book on country-specific developments...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Europe, the technology development of high-speed trains is increasingly exposed to societal needs, driven by ICT advancements, external to traditional design. Together with the liberalisation of the rail markets and increase pressures from other transport modes leads to an unprecedented situation where planers, operators and suppliers of high-sp...
Chapter
Full-text available
Technology assessment (TA) and TA-like activities in countries like Japan have a unique history and continue to play a role in contemporary science, technology, and innovation (STI) processes. The aim of the discussion of TA’s experience in East Asia is how STI governance is locally enacted in Asian knowledge-driven economies, as TA activities d...
Chapter
Full-text available
A PhD programme on TA was approved in Portugal and has been running over the last five years with several success stories, but also strong limitations. It started in 2009 and it has been an important resource for the capacity building for an institutionalization of TA in Portugal. In this paper we describe the main features related to this educa...
Article
Full-text available
The design of work organisation systems with automated equipment is facing new challenges and the emergence of new concepts. The social aspects that are related with new concepts on the complex work environments (CWE) are becoming more relevant for that design. The work with autonomous systems implies options in the design of workplaces. Especially...
Article
The social dimension of worker–robot interaction in industry is becoming a decisive aspect of robotics development. Many problems and difficulties of robotics research are not only related to technical issues but are framed by social aspects. Human-robot interaction (HRI) as a specific research field of robotics tackles this issue of intuition. One...
Article
Full-text available
If the question is whether there is a parliamentary technology assessment (PTA) unit in Portugal or Spain, the clear answer is that there is still no such unit at the central state level at the present time, neither in Portugal nor in Spain. The question then has to be modified addressing previous and current efforts to establish PTA and the curren...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Future Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA) has been visible in railway planning since 2001. Over a dozen reports have been produced in the past thirteen years, the majority being descriptive endogenous technocentric visions. They have played a role in the revitalization of the sector, predominantly relating to collective alignments and interdependen...
Conference Paper
The focus of our paper is the use of robotics in manufacturing industry with respect to its social innovation dimension. One of the aims is to identify relevant research questions about the possibility of development of safer robot systems in closer human-machine intuitive interaction systems at the manufacturing shop-floor level. For example, the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Making decisions on resource allocation in health care can be a very complex and contested matter. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), as a health-care technology integrated device, should be seriously considered as an example of those tensions. Its impacts can be accessed through the use of evidence-based decision-making methods, such as Technology...
Conference Paper
Due to (ongoing) technical processes with regard to applications of robotics one may analyse the organizational effects this technology has in two sectors: 1) Manufacturing: where industrial robotics has a long tradition and the human-machine interaction is organized basically by Tayloristic working structure (division of labour, changes of qualifi...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates the contribution of artisanal fishermen that live in small-scale fishing communities, for the coastal integrated and sustainable management. Generally, there is almost no dialogue between these professionals of the small-scale fishing, the scientific community, the technical experts, as well as policy-makers related with the co...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this paper, the social aspects related to new concepts on the complex work environments (CWE) will be analysed, especially those that configure the design of work organisation systems with automated equipment. In such environments, the work with autonomous systems (AS) represents specific options in the design of workplaces. This means that huma...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is discussing the intuitive interaction with robotic systems and the conceptualisation connected with known organisational problems. In particular, the focus will be on the manufacturing industry with respect to its social dimension. One of the aims is to identify relevant research questions about the possibility of development of safer...
Article
The restructuring of work in the industrial sector brought about by the development of the “knowledge society” has led important changes in organisations and their workers. The transforming industry is one of the main sectors that have undergone abrupt changes in the last few years. The clothing subsector was one of the first to use different forms...
Article
The design of work organisation systems with automated equipment is facing new challenges and the emergence of new concepts. The social aspects that are related with new concepts on the complex work environments (CWE) are becoming more relevant for that design. The work with autonomous systems implies options in the design of workplaces. Especially...
Article
Full-text available
The post-graduation in the field of Technology Assessment (TA) is recent and that are several and different ways to be organised. Most experiences are related with the Masters diplom level (2nd cycle of graduation in high education). Just one in PhD level is explicit in the field of TA, and some other PhD courses include also TA topics in their pro...
Article
Full-text available
We are facing an era, where pressures on health costs are extremely high, and the reforms in health system are almost constant. But over time, one factor remains unchanged – Technology continues being the sustenance of health care. Manufacturers, clinicians, patients, diagnostic and therapeutic technicians, hospital managers, government leaders, am...
Chapter
Full-text available
Atravessamos uma era, onde as pressões sobre os gastos em saúde são extremamente elevados e as reformas no sistemas de saúde são quase que constantes. Mas ao longo dos tempos, um factor permanece inalterável - a tecnologia continua a ser o sustento dos cuidados de saúde. Fabricantes, clínicos, pacientes, técnicos de diagnóstico e terapêutica, gesto...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Atravessamos uma era, onde as pressões sobre os gastos em saúde são extremamente elevados e as reformas no sistemas de saúde são quase que constantes. Mas ao longo dos tempos, um factor permanece inalterável - a tecnologia continua a ser o sustento dos cuidados de saúde. Fabricantes, clínicos, pacientes, técnicos de diagnóstico e terapêutica, gesto...
Article
Full-text available
Research activities at European level on the concept of new working environments offers considerable attention to the challenges of the increased competencies of people working together with automated technologies. Since the decade of 1980 the development of approaches for the humanization of work organization, and for the development of participat...
Data
Full-text available
At the beginning of the 21st century there are new expectations and challenges towards Technology Assessment (TA). Among these there is a new awareness on TA issues in education, in particular at universities. While TA was mainly an activity at extra-universitarian research institutions for a long time now there are new developments and initiative...
Article
Full-text available
“Theory and Practice” of TA, which is referred to in the title of this journal “TATuP”, is usually addressed as a question of TA research. But science is more than research: the field of teaching requires just as much attention, both practically and theoretically. Therefore, a mere collection of individual teaching experiences and best practice exa...
Article
Full-text available
At the beginning of the 21st century there are new expectations and challenges towards Technology Assessment (TA). Among these there is a new awareness on TA issues in education, in particular at universities. While TA was mainly an activity at extra-universitarian research institutions for a long time now there are new developments and initiative...
Data
Full-text available
The project started in 2009 with the support of DAAD in Germany and CRUP in Portugal under the “Collaborative German-Portuguese University Actions” programme. One central goal is the further development of a theory of technology assessment applied to robotics and autonomous systems in general that reflects in its methodology the changing conditions...
Article
Full-text available
With the emergence of a global division of labour, the internationalisation of markets and cultures, the growing power of supranational organisations and the spread of new information technologies to every field of life, it starts to appear a different kind of society, different from the industrial society, and called by many as ‘the knowledge-base...
Article
Full-text available
The project started in 2009 with the support of DAAD in Germany and CRUP in Portugal under the “Collaborative German-Portuguese University Actions” programme. One central goal is the further development of a theory of technology assessment applied to robotics and autonomous systems in general that reflects in its methodology the changing conditions...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper will be discussed different types of scenarios and the aims for using scenarios. Normaly they are being used by organisations due to the need to anticipate processes, to support policy-making and to understand the complexities of relations. Such organisations can be private companies, R&D organisations and networks of organisations, o...
Article
Full-text available
This report is made for the Work Package 15 of WORKS project and tries to develop more information on the Portuguese situation in the work structures changes in the recent years. It starts with an analysis of socio- economical indicators (Macro economical indicators, Employment indicators, Consumption, Technology at the workplace, Productivity), an...