António Magalhães

António Magalhães
University of Porto | UP · Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy

About

133
Publications
14,573
Reads
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1,529
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
843 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
September 1998 - August 2020
Centre For Research in Higher Education Policies
Position
  • Senior Researcher
September 1996 - present
University of Porto
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (133)
Chapter
This article aims at identifying the impacts of governance reforms in Portuguese higher education initiated in 2007. Under the influence of the New Public Management perspectives, the changes were driven by the inducement of a quasi-market environment enhancing institutional autonomy and promoting the inter-institutional competition. The incorporat...
Article
Starting from the assumption that ‘education’ in higher education (HE) is a floating signifier and can take on different meanings, we problematise the problem representations regarding the notion of ‘education’ in HE. We hereby focus on the analysis of problem representations in a set of Communications on the Modernisation Agenda for Higher Educati...
Article
Full-text available
The dilution of the modern matrix of higher education in the current socio-economic contexts has been reflected on the hegemony of market discourses and on the centrality of the principle of performativity and economic relevance, challenging the specificity of higher education institutions. The integration of digital technologies in education and i...
Article
Full-text available
A key issue in higher education research is that its nature is shaped by the contexts within which it is produced, in response to agendas that reflect more policy coordination demands than disciplinary concerns. The research problematiques are construed mostly out of the theoretical framework of the disciplines, which, in turn, are diluted within a...
Article
Teniendo in cuenta que el abandono prematuro de la escuela/ abandono prematuro de la educación y de la formación es un problema sumamente político, este articulo hace una mirada al abandono escolar prematuro en Portugal, enfocando sus realidades, contextos y prácticas, en una interacción entre el nivel nacional y europeo e sus orientaciones para la...
Article
Full-text available
This article contributes to the understanding of how different actors in the academic field perceive the challenges that Brexit poses for European higher education. Based on a narrative analysis of 28 interviews, this paper highlights how actors’ narratives convene discursive elements stemming from competing discourses on cooperation and competitio...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is about the process of learning/teaching philosophy in a class of deaf stu-dents. It starts with a presentation of Portuguese Sign Language that, as with other sign lan-guages, is recognized as a language on equal terms with vocal languages. However, in spite of the recognition of that identity, sign languages have specifi city related...
Article
In Europe and beyond, managerialism triggered the rise of boardism as a distinctive governance praxis in higher education, involving both normative assumptions and technical and practical elements. In this paper, we examine to what extent strategizing processes in Portuguese higher education institutions reflect the reconfiguration of power relatio...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to analyse the shift in the internal power balance between managerial and academic self-governance as reflected in the perceptions of teaching and non-teaching staff on the tendencies, decision-making processes and actor’s roles in these processes. The empirical data used in this paper were gathered on the basis of an on-line survey...
Article
This paper addresses convergence as a political issue stemming from the political coordination of the European Higher Education Area. From the perspective of cultural theory, this issue relies on the fact that the influence of ways of life are not evenly influential in the political coordination of the European Higher Education Area. Convening the...
Chapter
This chapter analyses the potential of the theory of differentiated integration (DI) in the field of higher education research. As a conceptual narrative, the theory of DI proposes models to explain flexible integration based on ‘time’, ‘space’ and ‘matter’. Drawing on a meta-analysis of published research about the Bologna process, to the chapter...
Research
Full-text available
http://www.researchcghe.org/perch/resources/publications/he-and-brexit.pdf
Article
The objective of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of the reconfigurations of education and research within the European Higher Education Area. While higher education systems and institutions are pointed out as key to competitively positioning Europe in the global context, the articulations between education, research and innovation...
Chapter
European level institutions developed instruments with the aim of further involving member-states in common goals and objectives of higher education policies. This chapter analyses the role of ideas, interests, instruments and institutions in shaping European governance in practice. The power of ideas in politics and policy-making is underlined in...
Chapter
Since the early 1990s the concept of governance has replaced the modern governing perspectives on policy-making and implementation and has assumed a central position in the public sector of political decision-making. This had impact on the relationship between governance and management, within which the latter has assumed a preponderance over the f...
Conference Paper
In Europe, the relationships between governance and management assume different configurations as NPM is being counterbalanced by other governance narratives and practices. By tracing a continuum between hard and soft managerialism, this paper discusses the NPM hegemony in the managerial revolution addressing the question-How do Portuguese governan...
Article
Recent shifts in university governance have relied on increased autonomy. Within this context, the enhanced role attributed to governance boards at the expense of academic bodies and the role of external stakeholders has gained momentum. With the aim of understanding the extent of the influence of external stakeholders at the institutional level, t...
Book
In this book we aim to discuss and reflect on how HEIs are coping with the demands placed on them and how the various dimensions of change are intertwined. In particular, we aim to discuss the following questions: How do governance regimes steer higher education institutions? This part of the book focuses its attention on how higher education and...
Article
Over the past decades a continuous trend of expansion has led to the emergence of massified higher education systems that have tried to accommodate a growing diversity of students and demands through diverse institutional profiles and program supply. Recent studies have also pointed out to a growing diversity in the transitions and integration of t...
Article
Full-text available
This article is part of a study about the internationalization of higher education. We analyze some antecedents to the Bologna Declaration and the involvement of university deans in this process. We found that these deans, as protagonists in this process, have been mostly reactive to the demands made upon universities by the European Union, and bec...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to discuss the contribution of the theory of differentiated integration to understanding Bologna as an instrument for building up the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), and to learn from that analysis what can be used to enrich the theory of differentiated integration. The analysis uses secondary data to grasp the nat...
Article
Beyond the statistical construction, early school leaving (ESL) is a political concept that requires reflection and questioning. This article is based on a research project on early school leaving in 9 countries of the European Union to center the Portuguese problem, where the issue of early school leaving and its social economic and political cont...
Chapter
Until the last quarter of the 20th century, many European universities had been primarily governed by academics, and the state acted as a buffer protecting higher education institutions and academics from the interference of external interests (Neave, 2012) and held ruling power over non-academic matters. From a normative stance, less than half a c...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates the form of European universities to determine the extent to which they resemble the characteristics of complete organizations and whether the forms are associated with modernization policy pressure, national institutional frames and organizational characteristics. An original data set of twenty-six universities from eight...
Article
The paper focuses on the European Charter of Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers in the framework of the construction of the European Research Area. These documents are discussed in the light of the debate of Mode-1 and Mode-2 typology, and academic and post-academic science. In the second part, the paper analyses...
Article
Departing from the study on futures carried out by the Center for Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS) (Enders, et al., 2005), I am attempting to discuss the map of these plausible futures for European higher education. Based on the Delphi and the scenario-writing methods, three possible futures for European higher education and research were tr...
Article
Full-text available
In Portugal, the development of the reform of higher education institutions governance in Portugal was made under the influence of the narrative of the New Public Management and the weakening of collegial governance. In other European countries, the institutional responses to these reforms have mitigated the effects of New Public Management, counte...
Article
Given the great diversity of languages and cultures in Latin America the Spanish colonialists, for purposes of Christianization and Hispanization, took different measures as the use of sign language, the use of interpreters from and to lingua franca (Nahuatl and Quechua) and the religious teaching in vernacular languages, considered as “inferior an...
Article
The aim of this chapter is to bring to the forefront the potential of discourse analysis in higher education research. It characterises discourse analysis as a constructionist perspective, underlying its empirical applications in the field of higher education. A two-phase model is proposed as a possible answer to the often stressed lack of methodol...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is about the process of learning/teaching philosophy in a class of deaf students. It starts with a presentation of Portuguese Sign Language that, as with other sign languages, is recognized as a language on equal terms with vocal languages. However, in spite of the recognition of that identity, sign languages have specificity related to...
Article
This paper aims at looking at governance instruments beyond managerial technicality. It intends to do so by analysing the impact of governance reforms on the universities autonomy assumed as a regulation instrument to politically steer systems and institutions. The regulation efforts undertaken at the European and national levels reflect a trend to...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1980s, as a direct consequence of the debt crisis, under the guidelines of multilateral organizations such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, Latin America has experienced a series of reforms to replace the role of the state as the main driver to achieve socio-economic development by a new model of governance. This art...
Article
The implementation of the governance reform of Portuguese higher education has been developed under the influence of ‘new public management’ resulting in the loss of collegial governance. Additionally, the need for meta-governance of the higher education system and institutions to monitor institutional performance against policy objectives has beco...
Chapter
Higher education research as an area of study is quite recent and it developed first in the U.S. and only later in Europe (Amaral & Magalhães, 2007). Massification of higher education and concerns about the quality of its provision has certainly contributed to this expansion, as higher education became a major financial and political issue (Tight,...
Article
The future of higher education has been widely studied. Since 2000, the OECD (2006), the World Bank (2008), and the United Nations (2000) have developed prospective research on the trends higher education will assume in the medium to long term. Other institutions such as the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering and, in 2004, the Centre for Higher E...
Article
This paper addresses the interaction between European Union policies and national higher education sectors in the countries involved in the TRUE project (England, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and Switzerland) making the case for European governance. Relevant for this matter is the role of political processes that evolve...
Article
Full-text available
page/terms-and-conditions This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any re...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on the interaction between the European dimension driven by the creation of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and the development of national reforms to fulfil that objective. On the basis of data gathered in eight countries involved in EuroHESC project TRUE (Transforming European Universities), the curricular and the g...
Article
Resumo A partir de um exercício de prospectiva efectuado pelo CHEPS, este artigo discute a cartografi a dos cenários futuros e dos presentes dilemas do ensino superior (ES) europeu. Trata-se de contribuir para a discussão da gestão política de sistemas massifi cados, da própria natureza do ES e de fazer assentar a agência dos actores envolvidos num...
Chapter
This chapter identifies higher education governance models in Portugal over the past three decades. Public management and public administration perspectives show how governance models have unfolded against the general development of the Portuguese higher education system as a whole. The analysis is based on the assumption that attention must be pai...
Article
Higher education is a mainstay in the development and support of the economic, social and cultural development of the global society. Throughout history, academic institutions have sought to respond to the demands of endlessly changing and evolving environmental conditions. However, in the 21st century, a number of significant factors are changing...
Article
Full-text available
This article has as object of study nursing education in Portugal. Its purpose is to identify the themes in the discourse on the education of nurses. It presents the analysis of the thematic content from 41 articles selected from various sources. It also theorises the results using discourse analysis concepts. This was done with the purpose of reve...
Conference Paper
The organizational environment of Portuguese universities has been changing in recent years. The role of governments’ policies and regulations and the European Union governance processes for the sector may be considered as main contributors for this change. The discourses at European and national levels on social and economic relevance of HEIs, on...
Chapter
This paper argues that the undergoing changes in higher education political steering and governance are part of a broader recomposition of the governing models in Western societies. These changes also represent a political alternative to the previous rationalities and governing technologies (social programs, central planning, etc.) coming from the...
Article
This article examines the access policies in Portuguese higher education, from the 1974 revolution to the present. Recently, under the simultaneous pressure of a declining birth rate and increasing financial stringency, higher education institutions, both public and private, have started to compete for students, while responding to increasing socia...
Article
Portuguese higher education can be characterised as a mass system, as the total gross participation rate in universities and polytechnics, public and private, is over 50 per cent. Recently, under the simultaneous pressure of demographic decreasing of the population potentially involved with higher education and financial stringency, higher educatio...
Article
In 1974, when a successful revolution had overthrown a dictatorial regime, Portugal had an elite higher education system with low participation rates. In the decades following the revolution, the state developed policies aimed at increasing student participation to European levels. However, higher education policies have been through frequent chang...
Chapter
Worldwide, scholarship and policy-making develop new ideas and models for the role of higher education and research in society and economy. This development points to changing relationships and boundaries between the public and private spheres in higher education including their public and private steering and funding, public-private partnerships b...
Article
The main objective of this paper is to identify emerging changes in the values and norms related to governance and management in Portuguese higher education and to identify how different kinds of stakeholders perceive these changes. The University Autonomy Act (1988) and the Polytechnics Autonomy Act (1990) by transferring greater responsibility to...
Article
The emergence of the market as a regulatory tool for the public sector and the promotion of competition among institutions are based upon the idea that they promote institutions’ responsiveness to society and a more efficient use of public funds. However, autonomous institutions forced to compete under market-like conditions may follow strategies a...
Article
Publié antérieurement sous le titre Gestion de l'enseignement supérieur, le journal Politiques et gestion de l'enseignement supérieur est publié trois fois par an par le Programme de l'OCDE sur la gestion des établissements d'enseignement supérieur (IMHE). Il analyse ce domaine à travers des articles et rapports sur l'assurance qualité, les ressour...
Article
Higher education is a product of modernity, built in the crossroad of the Humboldtian model, the Napoleonic model and the Oxbridge model. Higher education, as we know it, was centred in the handling of knowledge, i.e., in its production (research) in its distribution (teaching) and in its dissemination across society (service to community). Knowled...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘development of individual capacities’, in addition to the ‘education of responsible citizens’ and the ‘preparation for work’, constitutes one of the most important objectives to be achieved by education systems and, in this sense, makes up one of the main planks of that which Dale terms ‘mandates for the education system’, i.e. projects for ed...
Article
This paper discusses the driving forces behind the Bologna process, its advantages and possible negative effects. It also analyses the dangers that may result in commoditisation of the European higher education systems, in emergence of rigid accreditation systems and of a centralised bureaucracy that will impair innovation and creativity.The paper...
Article
Full-text available
Neste trabalho centramos a nossa atenção no "desenvolvimento de capacidades individuais" numa tentativa de mapear os efeitos da simultânea pressão "de cima para baixo" e de "baixo para cima" a que, quer o Estado-nação, quer o sistema educativo, têm vindo a estar sujeitos. Quanto à primeira, pode defender-se (cf. Bernstein, 1996) que o que está em c...
Article
Universities are living a triple crisis of hegemony, of legitimacy and institutional. This crisis is coterminous with the fiscal crisis of the state and the crisis of the welfare state. The loss of legitimacy of the welfare state gave rise to an increasing role of the market and to the change of the university from a ‘social institution’ to a mere...