Antonio García-Hermoso

Antonio García-Hermoso
Navarrabiomed

PhD

About

356
Publications
106,500
Reads
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6,101
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - present
University of Santiago, Chile
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2015 - March 2015
Universidad Autónoma De Chile
Position
  • Lecturer
August 2013 - December 2014
Autonomous University of Chile
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (356)
Article
Full-text available
Background: No previous systematic review has quantitatively examined the association between muscular fitness during childhood and adolescence and health parameters later in life. Objective: The aim was to systematically review and meta-analyze the current evidence for a prospective association between muscular fitness in childhood and adolesce...
Article
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The aim of the study was three-fold: (i) to test a before-school physical activity intervention (Active-Start) on academic performance, selective attention and concentration capacity; (ii) to test the effect of the Active-Start intervention on anthropometry, body composition and physical fitness parameters; and (iii) whether the physical fitness co...
Article
Objective To determine the effects of interventions aimed at optimising the quantity and quality of physical education (PE) on cognition and academic performance in children and adolescents. Design A systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources Studies from electronic databases from inception to 3 January 2021 were identified. Eligibility c...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To quantify the association between physical activity and risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, COVID-19-associated hospitalisation, severe illness and death due to COVID-19 in adults. Design A systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources Three databases were systematically searched through March 2022. Eligibility criteria for selecting s...
Article
Background The aim of the present study was to determine the association between adherence to the 24-h movement guidelines during middle adolescence and glucose outcomes (glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting glucose) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adulthood, 14 and 22 years later. Methods We analyzed data from apparently healthy adolesc...
Article
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Background The measurement of physical fitness has a history that dates back nearly 200 years. Recently, there has been an increase in international research and surveillance on physical fitness creating a need for setting international priorities that could help guide future efforts. Objective This study aimed to produce a list of the top 10 inte...
Article
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The aim of this study was to examine the association between a comprehensive spectrum of physical fitness components and disordered eating symptoms in a sample of Spanish adolescents. This cross-sectional study analysed a representative sample of 741 adolescents (55.1% girls) from the Eating Healthy and Daily Life Activities (EHDLA) study (Valle de...
Article
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Background: Scientific literature suggests poor glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and physical inactivity, sedentary behavior and low physical fitness levels, although results are not entirely consistent. Objective To meta-analyze the association between glycated hemoglobin and physical activity, sedentary behavior, and physical...
Article
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The present study aimed to test whether the daily minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) engaged moderate the relationship between breakfast status and excess weight (i.e., overweight and/or obesity) in a Spanish sample of young people. A cross-sectional study involving a total sample of 2890 Spanish schoolchildren (46% girls) age...
Article
Purpose The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between air pollution and 24-h movement guidelines in Spanish children/adolescents. Methods This cross-sectional study analysed secondary data from the Encuesta Nacional de Salud Española (2017), a representative survey for the Spanish population. The original dataset included 6016 Span...
Article
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Background Multiple health-risk behaviours such as physical inactivity, excessive recreational screen time, and insufficient sleep have been independently and positively associated with poor adherence to the Mediterranean diet in adolescents. However, little is known about the combined association between 24-Hour Movement Guidelines (i.e., physical...
Article
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Abstract Recently, a valid method to assess lower-body muscle power based on a sit-to-stand field test (STS) has been published. Our study aimed to describe lower-body muscle power in older individuals aged ≥ 60 years and examine the relationship of muscle weakness with adverse events according to gender- and age-specific muscle weakness cut-off po...
Article
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The aim of the study is to evaluate whether exercise interventions are associated with improved glycaemic control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and to examine its relationship with the characteristics of the intervention (i.e., type, intensity, length, and duration of the sessions). Eligible criteria were randomi...
Article
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Background: Previous studies have examined the "fat but fit" paradox, revealing that greater levels of physical fitness may diminish the harmful consequences of excess weight on cardiometabolic risk. Despite the above, specific information about the "fat but fit" paradox in prepuberal population is scarce. The aim of this study was to determine th...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Objectives: Muscle ultrasound is a convenient technique to visualize normal and pathological muscle tissue as it is non-invasive and real-time. This technique is related to several physical performance parameters and body composition components in adults; however, this relationship remains unexplored in early aged. We aimed to evaluate t...
Article
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic could have provoked undesirable harmful effects on movement behaviours among children. Objective: To compare levels of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and sleep time in children prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic (after the lock-down) and to determine the associat...
Article
Background We aimed to investigate time trends and inequalities of different physical activity (PA) domains and sitting time (ST) in adults from South American countries. Methods We included cross-sectional data of nationally representative surveys on adults (n = 597 843) from nine South American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colom...
Article
Background: Acute care hospitalization increases the likelihood of developing cognitive impairment and delirium in older adults. Objective: To summarize evidence about the effectiveness of exercise and physical rehabilitation interventions on the incidence of delirium and cognitive impairment in acutely hospitalized older patients. Methods: Re...
Article
Objectives: Examine the validity and reliability of parent-reported International FItness Scale (IFIS) in preschool-age children. Method: A cross-sectional study of 3051 Spanish preschoolers (3-5 years). Fitness was measured by PREFIT fitness test battery and reported by parents using an adapted version of the IFIS. Waist circumference was evalu...
Article
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Background: Prospective and large studies indicate that high physical fitness levels during young are beneficial for health during adulthood. The aim of the study was to investigate the tracking of physical fitness components from childhood and/or adolescence to adulthood. Methods: Two authors systematically searched MEDLINE and Web of Science e...
Article
Scientific literature has demonstrated positive associations between psychological health (e.g., self-esteem, self-concept) and quality of diet in young population. However, the relationship between subjective well-being (SWB) (referred to the way in which individuals experience and evaluate their lives in positive versus negative ways) and adheren...
Article
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Purpose Meeting the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines (physical activity, screen time, and sleep duration) has been associated with positive health indicators. However, there are no previous meta-analyses that have examined the overall adherence to the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines from pre-school to adolescence across the world. Therefore, the main purpos...
Article
Propose Obesity-related metabolic risk factors in adolescents with overweight/obesity may be associated with systemic low-grade inflammation, and therefore we investigated whether a 6-month exercise training altered markers of inflammation. Methods Secondary analyses of a randomized controlled exercise-based intervention trial (September 2017 to D...
Article
Highlights: School-based muscle and bone strengthening exercises performed at least 3 days per week may serve to support the development of muscular fitness in girls and boysIntegrative interventions that include a variety of strength and conditioning activities seem to be a promising strategy to promote muscular fitness in school environmentFutur...
Article
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Objectives To characterize how physical activity and sedentary behavior have been measured in national health surveys in South American countries. Methods An extensive search was made for national health surveys from all 12 South American countries through health websites, national statistical offices, and contact with researchers and policy-maker...
Article
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Identifying serum biomarkers that can predict physical frailty in older adults would have tremendous clinical value for primary care, as this condition is inherently related to poor quality of life and premature mortality. We compared the serum lipid profile of physically frail and robust older adults to identify specific lipid biomarkers that coul...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Due to high level of physical inactivity and screen time among Chilean children, and their behavioral and emotional problems at an early age, it seems appropriate to analyze the relationship between them to prevent their mental health at long term. Objective: The aim of the study was two-fold: (i) to explore the relationship between p...
Article
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Abstract: Lack of physical activity is a global public health problem causing not only morbidity and premature mortality, but it is also a major economic burden worldwide. One of the cornerstones of a physically active lifestyle is Motor Competence (MC). MC is a complex biocultural attribute and therefore, its study requires a multi-sectoral, multi...
Article
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The aim of this study was to determine whether handgrip strength is associated with cardiometabolic risk in children. The secondary aim was to establish sex-specific handgrip strength cut-off points for early detection of cardiometabolic risk. A total sample of 452 Chilean children (267 girls and 185 boys) aged 7–9 years old was analyzed. Muscle fi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Examining the association between excess weight or physical fitness and intensity of physical activity (PA) during Physical Education (PE) classes or school recesses and in children could be of great interest and importance, especially for future intervention programs or public policies related to PA. The aim of this study was to explor...
Article
The present systematic review with meta-analysis sought to estimate the accuracy of different waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) cut-off ranges as risk indicators for cardiometabolic health in different populations of children and adolescents. Systematic searches were undertaken to identify studies in apparently healthy participants aged 3-18 years that...
Article
Objective: The HEPAFIT study was aimed at examining the impact of a 6‐month physical education intervention, considering various levels of exercise intensity, on hepatic fat and cardiometabolic health outcomes in adolescents with excess adiposity. Methods: Adolescents (n = 120), 11–17 years with excess adiposity by body fat >30%, were randomly ass...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which adolescents with and without visual and hearing-related problems meet physical activity (PA) and recreational screen time (ST) recommendations in a representative Colombian sample. A total of 35,404 adolescents aged 13-17 years were included from the Encuesta Nacional de Salud Escolar (ENSE) (...
Article
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Background There is limited evidence on the role of an anti-/pro-inflammatory diet in the prevention of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed (i) to assess the anti-inflammatory diet profile and its association with transient elastography parameters, including liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP...
Article
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the dietary patterns, adherence to Food-Based Dietary Guidelines, and the ultra-processed consumption during the COVID-19 lockdown among a Spanish young population aged 3–17 years. Methods: Parents/legal guardians of preschoolers, children, and adolescents aged 3–17 years were enrolled through social ne...
Poster
This study framed within the APTITUDE project presents the results of the baseline evaluations prior to a multicomponent intervention in community patients. The objective is to promote skills related to five different domains (physical exercise, nutrition, psychosocial problems, prevention of cognitive impairment and medication review). The study i...
Article
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Background: The role of muscular fitness (as a protecting factor for an optimal immune system) and WBC count remains unclear. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the relationship between the total count of WBC and groups based on handgrip strength and body composition. The aim of this study was to elucidate the rel...
Article
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Introduction: The inverse association between cardiorespiratory fitness and all-cause mortality in apparently healthy populations has been previously reported; however, the existence of this association among adults diagnosed with cancer is unclear. Aim: To determine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and all-cause mortality in ad...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study aims to examine the independent and combined associations of 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for physical activity, screen time, and sleep duration with academic achievement in adolescent males and females. Design Cross-sectional study. Method 1290 Spanish adolescents (565 females), aged 11 to 16 years (13.06 ± 0.84), participate...
Article
Full-text available
Aims/hypothesis The aim of this work was to quantify racial/ethnic differences in risk for future diabetic complications and all-cause mortality by performing a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Methods A systematic search in PubMed and EMBASE was performed from inception to May 2021. Prospective cohort studies that reported HRs and associated...
Book
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Este libro expone las evidencias científicas actuales sobre el papel de la actividad física, el ejercicio y el deporte en la promoción y mantención de la salud, así como el tratamiento, control y rehabilitación de algunas enfermedades crónicas en la infancia y la adolescencia. El texto está organizado en 27 capítulos que abordan los siguientes tema...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to verify whether amount of sleep duration, screen time, and physical activity moderate the relationship between FTO rs9939609 polymorphism and waist circumference (WC) in children and adolescents. This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 1338 children and adolescents, aged between six to 17 years. Lifestyle h...
Article
PURPOSE: The aims of the current systematic review and meta-analysis are: i) to systematically examine the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue and anxiety levels and ii) to examine the specific effect of the type of supervised exercise and its intensity, volume and frequency on fatigue and anxiety levels. METHODS: An electronic literature...
Article
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions through Physical Education (PE) exercises on bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) of children and adolescents. The research was conducted using the online electronic databases PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science and Scopus (March 2021). The anal...
Article
Full-text available
The human ageing process is universal, ubiquitous and inevitable. Every physiological function is being continuously diminished. There is a range between two distinct phenotypes of ageing, shaped by patterns of living - experiences and behaviours, and in particular by the presence or absence of physical activity (PA) and structured exercise (i.e.,...
Article
Background: The aims of this study was to assess the potential of sixteen anthropometric, body composition and endocrine indexes as predictors of high liver fat and determine the most appropriate cutoff points in US adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a population of 816 adolescents aged 12–17years. The FibroScan®502V2 de...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine whether handgrip strength attenuates the negative relationship between age and olfactory function in a representative US population sample 40years old and over. A cross‑sectional study was performed with 2861 adults from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES (2013–2014). An 8‑item odor...
Article
Background: The objective of this study was to use nationally-representative data on Americans greater than 50 years of age to determine the association between grip strength and inflammation as independent predictors of incident disability, chronic multimorbidity and dementia. Methods: Middle age and older adults (n = 12,618) from the 2006-2008...
Article
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Background Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is inversely associated with mortality in apparently healthy subjects and in some clinical populations, but evidence for the association between CRF and all-cause and/or cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in patients with established CVD is lacking. This study aimed to quantify this association. Meth...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to verify whether residential density and connectivity between streets are mediators on the association between perceived environmental factors and active commuting to school (ACS) in Brazilian adolescents. This is a cross-sectional study with a random sample of 1,130 adolescents (52.7% girls) aged between 14 to 20 y...
Article
Background: Handgrip strength (HGS) is an indicator of overall strength; therefore, individual HGS measurements should be interpreted using geographic region and ethnic group references. Aims: The aim of this study was to develop new normative values for absolute and relative HGS in the Colombian population after stratification by sex, age, body m...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Studies have reported the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet as well as lower recreational screen time. Similarly, higher screen time has been negatively linked to a lower adherence to the Mediterranean diet. However, the mediator effect of cardiorespiratory fitness on the influe...
Article
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence highlights the role of muscular strength as a protective factor for cardiometabolic health in adolescents. However, it is not known the relationship between liver enzyme concentrations, liver disease risk factors, and muscular strength among young populations. The aim of this study was to determine the association be...
Article
We aimed to determine the reference values to define an age-specific normal range of controlled attenuation parameter (CAP, a measure of liver steatosis) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) values assessed by ultrasound-based transient elastography in adolescents without underlying liver disease. A total of 462 participants were included in this...
Article
There is emerging evidence that emphasizes RDW as an optimal prognostic biomarker for cardiovascular diseases. However, there is hardly any evidence of interventions that are capable of modifying RDW. Our aim was to investigate the association of RDW levels and the response to an individualized exercise program in hospitalized older adults. To our...
Technical Report
https://blogs.bmj.com/bjsm/2021/03/06/vivifrail-a-multi-component-physical-training-program-to-prevent-weakness-and-falls-in-people-over-70-years/
Article
AIM: The aim of this meta-analysis was to explore the effects of plyometric jump training (PJT) on body composition parameters among males. METHODS: Relevant articles were searched in the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, WOS, and SCOPUS, using the key words "ballistic", "complex", "explosive", "force-velocity", "plyometric", "stretch-shortenin...
Article
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PurposeTo verify whether percentage of body fat, physical fitness, physical activity and calorie intake mediates the multicomponent intervention effect on cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight/obese children, and present the relative contribution of each mediator.Methods This is an intervention study, developed with 35 overweight/obese school-...
Article
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Background: Both bilateral (BLE) and unilateral resistance exercise (ULE) methods can confer benefit to an athlete but it remains to be established which has a greater effect on movement speed. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of BLE and ULE on horizontal movement performance. Data sources: Google Scholar, CrossRef and PubMed. Study eligibility...
Article
Full-text available
The white blood cell (WBC) provides a clue to the presence of illness. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity levels are negatively associated with circulating total WBC counts in adults. To date, only a scarce number of studies have investigated these associations among youths. The aim was to elucidate the relationship between CRF a...
Article
Background: During the period of hospitalization patients can develop functional decline. The main aim of our study was to assess the natural trajectory of each Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and to assess how in-hospital exercise could influence short-term trajectory of ADLs. Methods: Acutely hospitalized patients (n=297, 56.5% women) were random...
Article
Acute medical illness and subsequent hospitalization are associated with several negative health consequences in older adults, even when the acute disease that caused the hospital admission is successfully treated. Loss of function in activities of daily living following hospitalization increases the risk of new disabilities, hospital readmissions,...
Article
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Background: A better understanding of the effects of the lockdown on lifestyle behaviors may help to guide the public health response to COVID-19 at a national level and to update the global strategy to respond COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of the study was to examine the effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on device-measured physical activity (PA), sed...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to appraise the acute effects of exercise training on inflammatory parameters in hospitalized older adults. We conducted a systematic review using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Web of Science, Medline and PubMed were searched for studies...