Antonio Formisano

Antonio Formisano
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Structures for Engineering and Architecture

Professor

About

345
Publications
136,949
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3,675
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November 2007 - present
Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Publications

Publications (345)
Article
The current study deals with the robustness assessment methods of steel framed buildings under catastrophic events. Two steel framed buildings, designed according to old and new seismic Italian codes, have been herein analysed, by considering the uncertainties of both the material strength and the applied loads, through two investigation methods.Fi...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation of historical centres is a pressing need for Mediterranean countries, that are characterized by masonry aggregates representing the most typical construction type within cities. Masonry clustered buildings were usually designed without seismic design criteria. Moreover, the current seismic standard codes do not foresee a clear calculat...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides the seismic scenario-based risk map of the small mountain city of Kerend-e-gharb. It evaluates the existing methods and formulations for the effects of a devastating earthquake using empirical fragility curves. A seismic vulnerability map is developed at the urban block-scale using a Geographic Information System for a variety o...
Article
In Italy, the interest in the industrial areas dates back to 1970, when industry began to be considered as identity and memory of the population, until 1990, when industrial constructions became cultural and historical goods. This interest was also justified by the necessity to recover these often-abandoned sites through structural and seismic inte...
Article
Full-text available
Rainwater may penetrate through the cladding, enter the wall assembly, and cause damage to the façade components and interior finishes, which are moisture sensitive, most of the time. In the current paper, the performance assessment of a skylight with a full-scale mock-up has been evaluated. The mock-up was erected for an actual project to verify t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the importance of engineering asset management decisions and control. For this purpose, a Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis is conducted for typical reinforced concrete (R/C) buildings located in Mexico City. The objective of this study is to develop an artificial neural network (ANN) model that can estimate the total expected cos...
Article
Nowadays, studying the behaviour of the old masonry structures is a challenging scope, wherein the knowledge of their material’s mechanical properties is a preliminary input for their modelling purposes. Several methods can estimate these properties. Unfortunately, for the Algerian case, on the one hand, often these estimation methods could not be...
Article
Seismic base isolation is considered effective to reduce the vulnerability of structures and it represents an optimal retrofitting solution in terms of reliability and effectiveness. Nowadays, one of the most promising devices is the Unbonded Fiber Reinforced Elastomeric Isolator (UFREI), which is considered a low-cost device, thanks to its lightwe...
Article
In this paper, the seismic vulnerability appraisement, together with repairing and consolidation operations, of a masonry building with cultural and artistic value located in a small city near Naples are reported and discussed. After a brief digression about the condition of historical and cultural Italian heritage damaged by seismic events and usu...
Article
Full-text available
The research aims to illustrate a vulnerability approach extended for the aggregate masonry buildings belonging to an urban area of the city of Latronico (Basilicata Region). The area was examined taking into account the predominant building typology according to the investigation line WP2 "Inventory of existing structural typology" of the Italian...
Article
Full-text available
The Cultural heritage spread all over the World needs to be preserved with systems that do not compromise its architectural and historical value. Nowadays, the most advanced technology available is the ambient vibration test. It allows to obtain the current frequencies, modal shapes, and damping of structures, without being invasive. The comparison...
Article
Full-text available
Current practices supporting sustainable building design aim at reducing the expenditure of natural resources, such as raw materials, energy and water, in the production of construction supplies. In the current paper water is replaced by fennel centrifugate (FC) for the realization of cement mortar bricks. After having identified the most suitable...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Special Issue aims to encourage the dissemination of ideas and knowledge concerning the assessment and reduction of the seismic vulnerability of existing buildings, favoring interdisciplinary approaches between sustainable architectural and engineering issues.
Chapter
In this work a novel seismic outer coating applied to masonry structures are studied in order to investigate obtained benefits both from seismic and energetic points of view. The innovative seismic coat consists of a frame made up of Cold-Formed Steel (CFS) members, within which a thermo-acoustic alveolar insulation is inserted. OSB (Oriented Stran...
Chapter
Nowadays, renewable technologies and reduced environmental impacts are important concepts of the modern construction systems, especially in relation to the production of building materials. In this framework, the seismic performance of H-FRPs (Hemp - Fibre Reinforced Polymers) for retrofitting masonry structures are studied in the current paper, wh...
Chapter
The field of seismic upgrading and retrofitting of historical buildings is an ever-developing discipline. The need of updated and ameliorative intervention techniques is fundamental, especially in highly seismic regions as Italy. The advantages of steel for the application of these techniques have been clearly stated. Nevertheless, its use as struc...
Article
Full-text available
The current paper aims at investigating the seismic capacity of a masonry building aggregate in the historical centre of Mirandola based on a reliable ground motion simulation procedure. The examined clustered building is composed of eleven structural units (SUs) mutually interconnected to each other, which are made of brick walls and are character...
Article
Full-text available
The safety of the built heritage of our cities towards environmental factors and seismic actions is a pressing need for designers and researchers. The actual trend is to setup effective solutions to reduce thermal dispersions through the building envelope. Contrarily, combined systems able to enhance the resistance of constructions to earthquakes,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many developing countries are located in earthquake-prone areas where buildings are often of poor design and not sufficiently protected against earthquakes. This causes damage or total collapse of buildings and heavy casualties whenever an earthquake occurs. Elastomeric isolators are special devices for the seismic isolation of structures. Typicall...
Preprint
Full-text available
Seismic base isolation is considered effective to reduce the vulnerability of structures and it represents an optimal retrofitting solution in terms of reliability and effectiveness. Nowadays, one of the most promising devices is the Unbonded Fiber Reinforced Elastomeric Isolator (UFREI), which is considered a low cost device, thanks to its lightwe...
Article
Full-text available
Kermanshah is a city in Iran's Zagros seismotectonic region regarded as one of the cradles of prehistoric and historic cultures. This novel study investigates the quantitative assessment of the seismic vulnerability of historical buildings in Kermanshah using numerical modeling. This study uses the hybrid method to estimate seismic vulnerability fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Elastomeric isolators are special devices for the seismic isolation of structures. They are typically made of alternating layers of steel or fiber-reinforced laminas and rubber pads. They are interposed between the ground and the foundation to increase the structure's natural period and reduce the damaging effect on the structure due to the earthqu...
Article
The current paper aims at analysing the effect of ground motion vertical component in the case of near-field excitations on the structural response of historical masonry buildings. In this perspective, the Banloc Castle in Romania has been considered as a reference case study. This historical masonry structure was damaged by the Banat-Voiteg earthq...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study provides the seismic risk map of the small mountain city of Kerend-e-gharb. This innovative study evaluates the existing methods and formulations with the effects of a devastating earthquake using empirical fragility curves. A seismic vulnerability map is developed at the urban block-scale at a Geographic Information System for a variety...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent earthquakes have highlighted worldwide the high seismic vulnerability of the structures, particularly the old masonry buildings. The scope of vulnerability analysis is to assess the propensity for seismic damage of buildings. In this perspective, the proposed research aims to estimate the seismic vulnerability of a historical building in a d...
Article
Mechanical properties of materials, as provided by current design standards, are the pre-requisites for the proper identification and structural assessment of existing buildings and civil engineering works. For mechanical characterisation, in case of “Limited Knowledge” (KL1) without direct information on the material properties, the usual features...
Article
Full-text available
Glass is an integral part of the facades industry. It is not easy to conceive contemporary architecture without using glass material. However, due to complex architectural design, façade structural engineers face difficulty simplifying the development of structural models. Hence, in this paper, initial synopsis is made to verify strength and deflec...
Article
Nowadays it is known that the European building stock is energy-intensive and insecure: constructions need interventions both to solve performance and structural deficiencies and to reduce the current unsustainable energy waste. An intelligent retrofit for existing structures should offer an intervention integrating all the different performance re...
Article
The seismic performance of monopole transmission towers under the near-fault earthquake excitations are evaluated in this paper and some innovative solutions are presented to enhance their seismic behaviour. To this purpose, two benchmark concrete transmission towers are selected as case studies. The towers differ in the used materials, which are h...
Chapter
The structural behaviour of viaducts under traffic or seismic excitations can be evaluated using Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) methods, which can also be usefully employed to evaluate their health state under service conditions. These methods allow the calibration of suitable FEM models, based on accurate information on both material propertie...
Article
Full-text available
The present research aims at investigating the vibration period of structural units (SUs) of a typical masonry aggregate located in the historical center of Mirandola, a municipality in the province of Modena. The clustered building consists of eighteen SUs mutually interconnected to each other, which are characterized by solid brick walls and defo...
Article
Full-text available
Eight historical mosques of Kermanshah constructed in 18th or 19th century CE are investigated with ambient vibration tests on their sites and buildings. Conventional peak picking technique is used for determination of structures’ fundamental frequencies and spectral ratio of horizontal to vertical components along with ellipticity inversion of Ray...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent earthquakes have highlighted the high seismic vulnerability of the structures and the need of retrofitting interventions. Different seismic protection strategies and techniques can be used to increase the seismic capacity of existing masonry constructions. Common retrofit-ting techniques are generally based on a strengthening approach. Inste...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Losses and damages induced by strong earthquakes are a dramatic reality worldwide. As a consequence, the implementation of innovative protection strategies for both existing and new constructions is of key societal importance. Elastomeric isolators are special devices for seismic isolation of structures. Typically, they are made of alternate layers...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper aims at inspecting the structural behaviour of a typical masonry aggregate located in the historical centre of Cercola, a municipality in the province of Naples. The clustered building under study consists of four structural units mutually connected to each other made of tuff stone and deformable floors. Two distinct structural un...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Municipality of Baranello, located in the province of Campobasso, is considered as a reference case study for implementing a systematic procedure for the assessment of local site effects. The territory is characterised by a heterogeneous soil, made of a basal interval formed in large part by outcrops found along with the middle-basal...
Article
In the conventional performance‐based earthquake engineering framework, fragility curves are mapped to a function of story drift ratio or spectral acceleration corresponding to the first mode. Based on the fragility curves, the probability of structural healthy status can be estimated. Practically, it is difficult to measure story drift and expensi...
Article
Full-text available
The present research paper properly focuses on the dynamics and failure mechanisms of the masonry “Apennine Church” of Santissimo Crocifisso in Pretare, municipality of Arquata del Tronto in the province of Ascoli Piceno (Marche region, Central Italy). Such a peculiar structural type traditionally characterizes the intense seismic area of Central I...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the damage data after November 12, 2017, Iran earthquake (Mw 7.3), collected on 440 steel and reinforced concrete residential buildings. Structures have low-to-medium height and are located in Sarpol-e-zahab city, as well as in the west and northwest parts of Kermanshah province, Iran. The peak ground acceleration demands ar...
Chapter
Bell towers are slender structures of variable dimensions that are highly subjected to seismic damage due to their structural characteristics. The seismic response of bell towers and the design of potential retrofit interventions depend on their configuration, either isolated or connected to other constructions making part of ecclesiastic complexes...
Chapter
In the work the problem of local reinforcement of columns belonging to existing reinforced concrete (RC) buildings by means of steel angles and batten plates is examined. Initially, a sophisticated numerical FEM model has been calibrated through the calculation code ABAQUS on the basis of a laboratory experimental test on a RC column reinforced wit...
Article
Full-text available
The control of vibrations and damage in traditional reinforced concrete (RC) buildings under earthquakes is a difficult task. It requires the use of innovative devices to enhance the seismic behavior of concrete buildings. In this paper, we design RC buildings with buckling restrained braces (BRBs) to achieve this objective. For this aim, three tra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the present research work, the effect of ground motion vertical components in case of near-field excitations has been analysed. To this aims, the Banloc Castle, an historical masonry building, located in the Region of Banloc in Romania has been analysed. A FEM model of the building, has been setup using DIANA FEA analysis software and investi...
Article
Full-text available
Background In this research a rapid vulnerability and risk assessment at a territorial level is performed. Methods The methodology used, initially proposed for ancient masonry churches, is extended and applied to ten historic masonry mosques in Kermanshah city. The method could be considered as preliminary risk assessment approach of historic stru...
Chapter
Cultural heritage protection and restauration are fundamental matters. Intervention design requires preliminary modelling and analysis to carefully simulate the structural behaviour of existing buildings. The identification of constructive schemes is based on direct surveys, whereas direct testing are required to reveal mechanical and physical prop...
Article
The aim of this paper is to present the development of discontinuous approaches to simulate the nonlinear dynamic behaviour of the civic clock tower of Rotella, in the province of Ascoli Piceno (Italy). The study involves the use of the Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics method implemented in the LMGC90© code, where sliding motions are governed by Signori...
Conference Paper
The seismic retrofitting of existing buildings is still an open issue in the Seismic Engineering field. The need of upgrading and rehabilitation techniques is crucial, especially in highly seismic regions, such as Italy. In this framework, the advantages of steel have been clearly stated. However, its use as technology for seismic improvement and r...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Historical masonry constructions are typically complex structures, whose behaviour under earthquakes is still an open issue in the field of Structural and Seismic Engineering. In fact, considering that historical structures are more massive than modern ones and they were not conceived to withstand seismic actions, these constructions must be carefu...
Article
Full-text available
Background Timisoara is one of the most important Romanina cities, located in the Banat area and characterised by shallow earthquakes with high ground motion vertical component. The seismicity of the area, in accordance with the P-100 Romanian Code, is affected by medium-high hazard level with an expected maximum PGA of 0.20 g. From a historical-ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The scope of large-scale vulnerability analysis methods is to assess the propensity at seismic damage of building classes over a less or more wide area. In this perspective, the proposed research aims at estimating the seismic vulnerability of historical buildings in a district of Sofia in Bulgaria. First of all, the vulnerability assessment of the...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Currently, research and market needs are aimed at the production of more and more specific mortars and concrete with the best properties and mix design directed towards increasingly specific uses. Background This research starts with a discussion on cement and aggregate assortments, which are the basic properties of mortars. Objective The cho...
Article
This paper aims to propose complex Morlet (cmorfb-fc) wavelet-based refined damage-sensitive feature (rDSF) as a new and more precise damage indicator to diagnose seismic damages in adjacent steel and Reinforced Concrete (RC) Moment Resisting Frames (MRFs) assuming pounding conditions using acceleration responses. The‏ ‏considered structures ‏inclu...
Article
In this paper, the possible application of the hybrid sliding rocking column as a supporting system of an elevated reservoir is investigated. In order to evaluate the efficiency of the proposed system, a comparative analysis is conducted on an elevated reservoir with other common supporting systems. To this purpose, a benchmark tank model with a no...