Antonio Del Campo

Antonio Del Campo
Universitat Politècnica de València | UPV · Research group in Forest Science and Technology

PhD

About

105
Publications
24,719
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1,534
Citations
Citations since 2017
46 Research Items
1046 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - August 2021
Universitat Politècnica de València
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (105)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El proyecto LIFE ADAPT-ALEPPO (2021-2025), tiene como principal objetivo el desarrollo de nuevas herramientas para la adaptación de los bosques ibéricos de pino carrasco (subtipo 42.841 del Hábitat 9540 de la Directiva Hábitats, Anexo I) al cambio climático, así como su aplicación demostrativa. Estas herramientas se centrarán en la detección tempra...
Chapter
Full-text available
La adaptación al cambio climático y la mitigación de sus impactos sobre los ecosistemas requiere modelos de gestión innovadores. En ambientes mediterráneos altamente antropizados, las sequías más intensas y persistentes, alteran las características del sustrato edáfico y en consecuencia el estado hídrico de la vegetación. El estrés hídrico de las m...
Chapter
Full-text available
Europa se encuentra en un nuevo contexto de incendios forestales, principalmente debido al cambio climático, con un riesgo creciente de ocurrencia de eventos extremos con consecuencias fatales en la interfaz urbano-forestal. Para hacer frente a esta problemática, la Gestión Integrada del Fuego proporciona un marco de trabajo especialmente útil, ya...
Article
Full-text available
Forest thinning can significantly affect hydrological processes. However, these effects largely vary with forest types, climate, thinning intensity, and hydrological variables of interest. Understanding these effects and their variations can significantly support thinning treatments' design and selection to ensure desired hydrological benefits. In...
Article
Full-text available
Proactive silviculture treatments (e.g., thinning) may increase C sequestration contributing to climate change mitigation, although, there are still questions about this effect in Mediterranean pine forests. The aim of this research was to quantify the storage of biomass and soil organic carbon in Pinus forests along a climatic gradient from North...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change increases the occurrence and severity of droughts due to increasing temperatures, altered circulation patterns, and reduced snow occurrence. While Europe has suffered from drought events in the last decade unlike ever seen since the beginning of weather recordings, harmonized long-term datasets across the continent are needed to moni...
Article
Full-text available
In order to quantify the impacts of silvicultural treatments in semiarid forests, it is necessary to know how they affect key aboveground processes and also properties characterizing the forest floor and mineral soil compartments. The general objective of this work is to study the mid-term effects of thinning intensity on forest floor and soil prop...
Article
Full-text available
The achievement of goals in forest landscape restoration strongly relies on successful plantation establishment, which is challenging in drylands, especially under climate change. Improvement of field performance through stock quality has been used for decades. Here, we use machine learning (ML) techniques to identify key stock traits involved in s...
Article
co-engineering techniques are generally effective at reducing soil erosion and restore vegetal cover after wildfire. However, less evidence exists on the effects of the post-fire eco-engineering techniques to restore plant diversity. To fill this knowledge gap, a standardized regional-scale analysis of the influence of post-fire eco-engineering tec...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptive forest management (AFM) is an urgent need because of the uncertainty regarding how changes in the climate will affect the structure, composition and function of forests during the next decades. Current research initiatives for the long-term monitoring of impacts of silviculture are scattered and not integrated into research networks, with...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of a thinning treatment on soil respiration (Rs) were analysed in two dryland forest types with a Mediterranean climate in east Spain: a dry subhumid holm oak forest ( Quercus ilex subsp. ballota ) in La Hunde; a semiarid postfire regenerated Aleppo pine ( Pinus halepensis ) forest in Sierra Calderona. Two twin plots were established at...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human-caused climate change increases the occurrence and severity of droughts due to increasing temperatures, altered circulation patterns and reduced snow occurrence. For example, Europe has suffered from drought events in the last decade like never since the beginning of weather recording. Here we present soil moisture data from 65 Cosmic-ray neu...
Chapter
Full-text available
Water scarcity is the main limiting factor for Mediterranean pine forests and its availability conditions both forest functionality and ecosystem services. In a global change context, the predicted increments in aridity in these areas render the need for in-depth ecohydrological knowledge. In this chapter, we review the main functional characterist...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding linkages between heterogeneous soil structures and non-uniform flow is fundamental for interpreting infiltration processes and improving hydrological simulations. Here, we utilized ground-penetrating radar (GPR) as a non-invasive technique to investigate those linkages and to complement current traditional methods that are labor-inten...
Book
Full-text available
Many people worldwide lack adequate access to clean water to meet basic needs, and many important economic activities, such as energy production and agriculture, also require water. Climate change is likely to aggravate water stress. As temperatures rise, ecosystems and the human, plant, and animal communities that depend on them will need more wat...
Article
Poor reforestation outcomes imply failure to fulfill program goals and tend to erode institutional willpower and political momentum towards reforestation efforts, affecting both public and private support. However, program improvement in real reforestation projects is challenging, due to the conjunction of many different variables that mutually int...
Article
In Mediterranean pine plantations forest dieback and tree mortality are not only related to increased drought, but also to a lack of management, which intensifies inter-tree competition for available soil water. In this complex context simple but also difficult questions such as why, how and when manage forests should be directly responded and quan...
Article
Full-text available
Water scarcity in semi-arid regions is expected to increase under climate change, which will significantly affect forest ecosystems by increasing fire risk, diminishing productivity and water provisioning. Eco-hydrological forest management is conceived here as an adequate strategy to buffer climate change effects and increase forest resilience. Un...
Article
Full-text available
Background Water-use efficiency (WUE) represents the coupling of forest carbon and water. Little is known about the responses of WUE to thinning at multiple spatial scales. The objective of this research was to use field measurements to understand short-term effects of two thinning treatments (T1: 4500 stems ha⁻¹; and T2: 1100 stems ha⁻¹) and the c...
Article
Having regard to the substantial world-scale forest restoration needs, the efforts must be done efficiently, which necessarily forces to consider the adaptation of new forests to the extremes arising from climate change. In this context, species selection strategies should enhance long-term functional resilience in the face of novel environmental s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Water-use efficiency (WUE) represents the coupling of forest carbon and water. Little is known about the responses of WUE to thinning at multiple spatial scales. The objective of this research was to use field measurements to understand short-term effects of two thinning treatments (T1: 4,500 stems ha⁻¹; and T2: 1,100 stems ha⁻¹) and the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Water-use efficiency (WUE) represents the coupling of forest carbon and water. Little is known about the responses of WUE to thinning at multiple spatial scales. The objective of this research was to use field measurements to understand short-term effects of two thinning treatments (T1: 4,500 stems ha -1 ; and T2: 1,100 stems ha -1 ) and...
Article
Soil organic carbon pools have an important role in the maintenance of ecosystems as a source of energy for soil microorganisms. Soil biological and biochemical properties are essential for the decomposition of organic matter. These soil properties can be affected by thinning, which is considered sustainable when the soil properties are maintained...
Article
In Mediterranean areas where drought-induced forest dieback and tree mortality have been widely reported, it is still under debate how the likely risks of climate change will affect tree growth and consequently forest productivity. Increasing tree mortality has been associated not only to increased drought, but also to a lack of management in many...
Article
Water is the main component in the conservation and functioning of Mediterranean ecosystems. There is a trade-off between plant water use during establishment and soil water conservation. Rock fragments and cultural management are two key factors affecting soil water dynamics on forest establishment. In this work, we studied the interactions of dif...
Article
Mediterranean drylands are often nutrient poor, but parameter requirements of forest ecosystem models are usually high. Therefore, there is a need for developing parsimonious nutrients models. In that sense, this study aims to contribute to a better understanding and modelling of the hydrological and biogeochemical (carbon and nitrogen) cycles and...
Article
Large-scale forest disturbances including mountain pine beetle infestation and forest fires have generated overstocked lodgepole pine stands in the interior of British Columbia. A critical need is to determine sustainable management strategies to ensure their healthy growth and provision of various ecological functions under increased drought risk...
Article
Full-text available
La convectividad de la lluvia es importante tanto desde el punto de vista de conservación del suelo como en la génesis de recursos hídricos en zonas semiáridas, lo que supone que, en un contexto de selvicultura hidrológica, conocer su efecto en los procesos hidrológicos del bosque sea fundamental. Aquí se analiza el papel de la convectividad de la...
Article
En este trabajo se desarrolló una red bayesiana (RB) para relacionar todos los efectos que la gestión forestal de base hidrológica introdujo en una parcela experimental tratada en comparación con un testigo sin tratar. Se analizaron los ciclos del agua, del nitrógeno y del carbono así como el riesgo de incendio a través de un indicador de déficit d...
Article
Trees in semiarid conditions survive despite water scarcity and shallow soils because they commonly have access to subsoil water resources. Currently, conventional models do not include groundwater transpiration and the results frequently underestimate the actual evapotranspiration and overestimate the net recharge. Therefore, in this work we focus...
Article
Water is the key element that modulates the provision of goods and services together with global/climate stressors affecting semiarid forests. In this sense, there is a need to improve the understanding and quantification of forest and water relationships as affected by forest management. This work addresses this issue by comparing net rainfall (Pn...
Article
Semi-arid forests are water limited environments considered as low-productive. As a result, these forests usually end up unmanaged and abandoned, with the subsequent wild fire risk increasing, water yield decreasing and a general diminishing of the forest resilience. Hydrological-oriented silviculture could be a useful alternative that increases ma...
Article
Marginal semi-arid forests in areas currently affected by climate change are a challenge to forest management, which has to focus on key functional traits that can effectively contribute to resistance under extreme drought. We studied the effects of thinning in a marginal forest by quantifying functional responses relating to growth, carbon and wat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Forest species ranges are confined by environmental limitations such as cold stress. The natural range shifts of pine forests due to climate change and proactive-assisted population migration may each be constrained by the ability of pine species to tolerate low temperatures, especially in northern latitudes or in high altitudes. The aim...
Article
Water-oriented forest management is an urgent need in semiarid catchments. In the case of low-biomass forests and shrublands, the magnitude, efficiency and temporal duration of thinning effects on rainfall partitioning needs further attention. This work studies the effects of juvenile thinning and shrub clearing on stemflow (Stf), throughfall (Thr)...
Article
Full-text available
Forests provide many environmental services, especially those related to the water cycle. In semiarid areas where water is a limiting factor for ecosystem functioning, forested areas can have a strong impact on ground water recharge. In these areas, proper knowledge of forests’ water balance is necessary to promote management practices that may ens...
Article
Hydrology-oriented forest management sets water as key factor of the forest management for adaptation due to water is the most limiting factor in the Mediterranean forest ecosystems. The aim of this study was to apply Bayesian Network modeling to assess potential indirect effects and trade-offs when hydrology-oriented forest management is applied t...
Article
Full-text available
With population growth, climate change, and increasing forest disturbance, understanding the complex relationships between forests and water is key to sustaining future forest resources, aquatic habitat, and water supplies. Research into forest and water interactions continues to expand our understanding of ecohydrological processes and our ability...
Article
Full-text available
In Mediterranean ecosystems, special attention needs to be paid to forest–water relationships due to water scarcity. In this context, Adaptive Forest Management (AFM) has the objective to establish how forest resources have to be managed with regards to the efficient use of water, which needs maintaining healthy soil properties even after disturban...
Article
Full-text available
Drought is one of the main constraints determining forest species growth, survival and productivity, and therefore one of the main limitations for reforestation or afforestation. The aim of this study is to characterize the drought response at the physiological and molecular level of different Pinus halepensis (common name Aleppo pine) seed sources...
Chapter
The role of forests on the provision and regulation of non-marketed ecosystem services is well known (Thorsen et al. 2014). This is especially important in areas like the Mediterranean, where protective forests play a major role against soil erosion and degradation, landscape quality and stabilization of the hydrological cycle. Socio-economic and c...
Article
Full-text available
The EU Water Framework Directive aims to ensure restoration of Europe’s water bodies to “good ecological status” by 2027. Many Member States will struggle to meet this target, with around half of EU river catchments currently reporting below standard water quality. Diffuse pollution from agriculture represents a major pressure, affecting over 90% o...
Article
Forests play a determinant role in the hydrologic cycle, with water being the most important ecosystem service they provide in semiarid regions. However, this contribution is usually neither quantified nor explicitly valued. The aim of this study is to develop a novel hydro-economic modelling framework for assessing and designing the optimal integr...
Article
Vegetation plays a key role in catchment's water balance, particularly in semi-arid regions that are generally water-controlled ecosystems. Nowadays, many of the available dynamic vegetation models are quite complex and they have high parametrical requirements. However, in operational applications the available information is quite limited. Therefo...
Article
In water-limited regions, adaptive management of forest and water relationships has been put forward, to implement hydrology-oriented silviculture to reduce stand evapotranspiration and, at the tree level, to improve growth and water use efficiency (WUE). The main goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of thinning in the short and medium ter...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last years researchers reported an increasing need to have more awareness on the intimate link between land use and soil hydrological properties (soil organic matter storage, water infiltration, hydraulic conductivity) and their possible effects on water retention (e.g., Bens et al., 2006; del Campo et al., 2014; González-Sanchis et al., 201...
Article
Diminishing rainfall interception in semiarid forests may offset reductions of available water either for ecosystem or human needs under the climate change predictions. Forest managers should be aware of this issue and develop specific hydrology-oriented silvicultural treatments. In this sense, relating forest–water processes to detailed forest str...
Article
Full-text available
Estimating forest transpiration is of great importance for Adaptive Forest Management (AFM) in the scope of climate change prediction. AFM in the Medi-terranean region usually generates a mosaic of different canopy covers within the same forest. Several models and methods are available to estimate forest transpiration, but most require a homogeneou...
Article
Full-text available
Las interacciones entre cubierta forestal y agua son complejas ya que afectan a diferentes variables tales como el reparto de los flujos de agua, la recolección de agua y la calidad de la misma. El crecimiento forestal en suelos de baja fertilidad requiere que los ciclos de nutrientes dentro del ecosistema sean eficientes, espe-cialmente en bosques...
Article
The present work aims to take a closer look at the behavior of two releases of the Keetch–Byram droughtindex (KBDI) under different forest management strategies in Mediterranean conditions. Since theseversions of the index were demonstrated to be insensitive to the changes in water balance caused bydifferent thinning treatments, a new KBDI-based in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El marco económico, ambiental y social que rodea a los ecosistemas en el entorno mediterráneo en general y en la Comunitat Valenciana en particular, ha derivado en que cada vez hayan adquirido más importancia los servicios ecosistémicos de regulación, culturales y de soporte frente a los tradicionales de producción, aunque esto aún no se haya tradu...
Article
Full-text available
Weed control is a key aspect affecting seedling response in newly-established plantations. Tree shelter protection may be an effective complement to weed control with a positive effect on the overall response of seedlings. Our study focused on assessing the morpho-physiological response of Holm oak (Quercus ilex L. ballota [Desf.] Samp.) plantation...
Article
Full-text available
Large-scale biogeographical shifts in forest tree distributions are predicted in response to the altered precipitation and temperature regimes associated with climate change. Adaptive forest management to climate change experienced in either stable or rapidly changing environments must consider this fact when carrying out reforestation programs or...
Conference Paper
Mediterranean forests need a proactive adaptive silviculture in the face of global change, being their water-use (WU) and water use efficiency (WUE) the key factors to forest managers. Thinning, as a silvicultural practice, has the potential to alter the water potential gradients that exist between soil and canopy. As a result, a change in the amou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Forest productivity is strongly linked to nitrogen (N) uptake and N net mineralization. Under Mediterranean climate, soil water content and soil biological activity are highly variable. This determines the N availability, which is restricted by low soil water content in summer and low temperature in winter. Silvicultural treatments often alter nutr...
Article
Hydrology-oriented silviculture might adapt Mediterranean forests to climatic changes, although its implementation demands a better understanding and quantification on the water fluxes. The influence of thinning intensity (high, medium, low and a control) and its effect on the mid-term (thinned plots in 1998 and 2008) on the water cycle (transpirat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El monte mediterráneo no presenta un carácter productivo que asegure la rentabilidad de su gestión, sin embargo ofrece externalidades como el paisaje o la regulación del ciclo hidrológico que, a través de mecanismos como los sistemas de Pagos por Servicios Ambientales, pueden contribuir a la puesta en valor de sus ecosistemas, promoviendo su gestió...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean forests play a key role in the hydrological cycle regulation. On the one hand, its presence decreases the soil water evaporation, increasing the water availability. However, on the other hand, the forest density reduces the precipitation that reaches the soil, where an excessive forest density could induce water scarcity problems, at...
Article
Restoration of vegetation in Mediterranean areas is limited by several factors, some of which are poorly understood, such as soil stoniness and competition with natural vegetation. This paper analyzes the interaction between weed management treatments (cultivation, herbicide, mulch and tree shelter) and the profile stoniness in Holm oak (Quercus il...
Article
Rainfall interception by the forest cover causes an important reduction in bulk rainfall in semiarid climates, such as the Mediterranean. Unmanaged, dense pine stands in this area are expected to have an important impact on water resources. This paper studies the effect of forest management on the partitioning of rainfall into throughfall and stemf...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Whole estimates of tree water use are becoming increasingly important in forest science and forest scientists have long sought to develop reliable techniques to estimate tree water use. In this sense accurately determining or estimate the quantity of water transpired by trees and forests is important and can be used to determine "green" water footp...
Article
Full-text available
Chlorophyll a fluorescence has been applied to study the evolution of leaf photoprotection processes to dissipate excess absorbed energy that can not be fully utilized in photochemical reactions, and reflects the plants ability to adapt to environmental conditions. Plants environmental conditions can be modified by forest restoration techniques to...