Antonio Castellanos-Navarrete

Antonio Castellanos-Navarrete
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México | UNAM · Centro de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias sobre Chiapas y la Frontera Sur (CIMSUR)

PhD Wageningen University

About

23
Publications
42,776
Reads
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1,410
Citations
Introduction
My work focuses on how monocultures and plantations transform power relations at rural level, and with which consequences for peasant families and their landscapes. Keywords in my research are hegemony, state, agrarian change, ethnography, peasants and nature. My work draws upon and aims to contribute to agrarian studies and political ecology, with a particular focus on oil palm expansion in Mexico and Latin America.
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - April 2016
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Position
  • Research Associate
December 2008 - December 2010
Centro de Estudios de Tecnologías Apropiadas para México, A.C.
Position
  • Project Manager
Description
  • I carried out projects devising agroecological solutions for maize and cattle production in the Lacandon rainforest. Part of this work focused on supporting rural communities at risk of eviction or, more generally, involved in environmental conflicts.
March 2008 - November 2008
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
Position
  • Consultant
Education
January 2011 - December 2015
Wageningen University & Research
Field of study
  • Political ecology
September 2004 - July 2007
Wageningen University & Research
Field of study
  • Soil science (specialisation soil quality)
September 1995 - July 2000
Universidad de Sevilla
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo explica cómo y por qué numerosos pequeños productores han sembrado palma de aceite en el Soconusco y la Selva Lacandona en Chiapas, y para ello recurre a la ecología política y al concepto de hegemonía. Los resultados de esta investigación indican que la expansión de este cultivo en los ejidos de Chiapas es producto de una amalgama de...
Article
Government officials and representatives of corporations and international organisations promoting oil palm argue this crop brings development by creating numerous jobs for the rural poor, even through large-scale plantations. This study critically assesses this narrative as deployed in Mesoamerica and analyses oil palm labour regimes in two study...
Article
Full-text available
Does oil palm boost agricultural growth and reduce rural poverty, or is it a threat to rural livelihoods and tropical forest landscapes? This paper introduces a Special Issue on this question, focusing on Latin America. It reviews available literature and data for countries where oil palm either covers large areas (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Hondur...
Article
Full-text available
New governance strategies, mostly based on certification, emerged as a response to the severe environmental impacts oil palm has had across the globe. Following a political ecology approach, this article argues that dominant understandings of nature–society relations informing palm oil governance limit efforts to prevent and mitigate such impacts....
Chapter
Full-text available
Este capítulo analiza la construcción discursiva del Soconusco y la Selva Lacandona como fronteras agroindustriales, donde ahora destaca la palma de aceite, a partir de documentos oficiales recabados en archivos estatales y federales para el período 1970-2019. El presente análisis muestra cómo el Estado mexicano no ha cejado en su empeño de ocupar...
Book
Full-text available
Este volumen se ubica en lo que, históricamente, podemos considerar la última frontera del despojo en México. Tras el avance y explotación de tierras nacionales en pos del desarrollo, y lejos de los viejos enclaves energéticos de la época colonial, en las últimas décadas han proliferado los proyectos de extracción de recursos naturales en territori...
Article
Full-text available
Agroecology has become a powerful alternative paradigm for rural development. In contrast to conventional approaches, this paradigm shifts the emphasis from technology and markets to local knowledge, social justice, and food sovereignty to overcome rural poverty and environmental degradation. The spread of this approach faces several obstacles, how...
Article
Recent studies have addressed the social and environmental impacts of biofuel crops but seldom the question as to why rural producers engage in their production. It is particularly unclear how governments worldwide, especially in middle-income countries such as Brazil, Thailand, and Mexico, could enroll so many smallholders in biofuel cropping proj...
Thesis
Full-text available
Activists and environmentalists all over the world have successfully framed biofuel crops as a major cause of deforestation, land grabbing and rural indebtedness. This effectively reverses earlier promotional pronouncements of biofuels as the answer to ecological problems. The counter-narrative has, however, become a very influential narrative. One...
Article
Full-text available
Recent debates on land grabbing and biofuels tend to link oil palm expansion to rural dispossession, environmental degradation and rural resistance. In this paper, we examine to what extent ‘enclosure’, a central concept in two critiques – ‘environmentalism of the poor’ and ‘green grabbing’ – is intrinsically linked to oil palm expansion. We argue...
Article
Full-text available
Oil palm expansion has been related to rural dispossession, environmental degradation and rural resistance. In this paper we explore the politics and impact of farmer-based oil palm expansion in Chiapas, Mexico. In relation to the debate on the greening of the agrarian question, we engage with the theses of ‘environmentalism of the poor’ and ‘green...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El cultivo de palma africana está asociado a impactos más que significativos a nivel tanto ambiental como social. La expansión de la palma africana se ha convertido en sinónimo de deforestación, acaparamiento de tierras por empresas o productores de altos ingresos, e incorporación de campesinos a este sector exclusivamente como trabajadores y en co...
Article
Full-text available
Improving food security, environmental preservation and enhancing livelihood should be the main targets of the innovators of today's farming systems. Conservation agriculture (CA), based on minimum tillage, crop residue retention, and crop rotations, has been proposed as an alternative system combining benefits for the farmer with advantages for th...
Article
Smallholder farmers in Africa recognise the important role of manure in maintaining soil fertility. For smallholder farmers who use little fertiliser, efficient management of nutrients in manure is key for crop production. We describe a simple model to analyse the effect of manure management on the efficiency of mass and nutrient retention. We used...
Article
Full-text available
Irregular or insufficient rainfall can be a serious limitation to agricultural production, causing low yields and even crop failure. This is particularly true in drylands, where productivity levels are generally very low. In most cases, a great deal can be done to improve the efficiency of rainwater use. Conservation Agriculture is one way of impro...
Article
Full-text available
Irregular or insufficient rainfall can be a serious limitation to agricultural production, causing low yields and even crop failure. This is particularly true in drylands, where productivity levels are generally very low. In most cases, a great deal can be done to improve the efficiency of rainwater use. Conservation Agriculture is one way of impro...

Questions

Questions (9)
Question
International organisations such as The World Bank argues oil palm brings development by providing numerous jobs for the rural poor, even under the form of large-scale plantations. Jobs are certainly important but as reported in several articles, these jobs are often of poor quality (both in terms of pay and job security). More importantly, and as we found in recent research carried out in Mexico and Guatemala, these jobs reproduce old forms of inequality at the work-place: women work for men, indigenous men work for mestizo men and Guatemalan migrants work for Mexican peasants, but rarely the other way around. This is in line with previous research carried out in Indonesia by, for instance, Tanya Li and Rebecca Elmhirst et al. Can we really say oil palm brings development while social inequalities remain untouched?
Some references:
Question
I find mailing lists very useful to keep updated on issues such as upcoming conferences, new publications and calls for special issues. Most of the mailing lists I am subscribed to are in English, and I will be interested to also join mailing lists in Spanish, but I do not know many. Also, if you have any recommendation on a mailing list in English, please, do not hesitate to share.
Question
Dear all, I have recently come across several examples in Social Sciences where supervisors become co-authors of published articles by MSc and PhD students. While I understand a supervisor might become co-author if he or she significantly contributes to a paper, it is unclear to me if supervision per se suffices to become co-author, particularly in Social Sciences. I do not think supervising a student should be translated into co-authorship of papers published by the student, but are there any clear guidelines on this regard?
Question
I am interested in finding who has been working on studying the oil palm expansion in Latin America from a social sciences perspective, or at least taking into account social, economic and political aspects of such expansion. I am interested in scholars who have (or about to publish) work in English, Spanish, Portuguese, etc. Your answers would be of great help!

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
This Special Issue comprises nine in-depth studies analyzing oil palm expansion dynamics and the livelihood implications for disparate social groups (oil palm smallholders, forest-dependent com- munities, and rural workers). The collection spans a range of theoretical frameworks used to address the diversity and multidimensionality of oil palm expansion trajectories in Latin America. From smallholder-based production to corporate plantations integrated into their own mills, including mixed forms of production in between, we observe different forms of inclusion (and exclusion) in oil palm production, leading to divergent outcomes for both livelihoods and landscapes.
Project
Evaluar el papel que tiene el conocimiento ambiental tradicional (CAT) en la conservación de áreas protegidas de México Las preguntas de investigación ¿De qué manera el CAT contribuye en la configuración de los paisajes y territorio en diferentes tipos de áreas protegidas?
Project
This project reviews oil palm expansion trajectories across Latin America, as well as their social and environmental implications. Forthcoming publication on "Oil palm expansion trajectories and rural livelihoods in Latin America".