Antonio Calò

Antonio Calò
Università degli Studi di Palermo | UNIPA · Department of earth and marine science (DiSTeM)

PhD

About

42
Publications
21,826
Reads
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827
Citations
Citations since 2016
38 Research Items
804 Citations
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Introduction
I study coastal socio-ecological systems with the aim to develop and improve conservation strategies. Specifically, my areas of work/interest include: Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), MPAs networks and their ecological and socio-economic effects, ecological processes between fish populations (e.g. dispersal, connectivity), the management of coastal fisheries (professional small-scale fishing and recreational), human impacts on protected ecosystems
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - present
Università degli Studi di Palermo
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Marine Protected Areas development in the context of Blue growth
January 2017 - July 2019
Université Côte d'Azur
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Assessment and test of governance and management conditions that favourize ecological and socio-economic benefits of Marine protected areas for small-scale fisheries
November 2016 - December 2016
University of Murcia
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Assessment of ecological benefits and human impacts in the MPA of Cabo de Palos - Islas Hormigas (Spain)
Education
September 2012 - July 2016
University of Murcia
Field of study
  • Biodiversity and Environmental Management
December 2009 - March 2012
Università del Salento
Field of study
  • Marine Ecology
September 2006 - December 2009
Università del Salento
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
Elasmobranchs are heavily impacted by fishing. Catch statistics are grossly underestimated due to missing data from various fishery sectors such as smallscale fisheries. Marine Protected Areas are proposed as a tool to protect elasmobranchs and counter their ongoing depletion. We assess elasmobranchs caught in 1,256 fishing operations with fixed ne...
Article
Achieving sound management of small‐scale fisheries (SSFs) is globally recognized a key priority for sustaining livelihoods, local economies, social wealth and cultural heritage in coastal areas. The paucity of information on SSFs often prevents the proper assessment of different socio‐ecological aspects, potentially leading to draw inappropriate c...
Article
Full-text available
Local, regional and global targets have been set to halt marine biodiversity loss. Europe has set its own policy targets to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) of marine ecosystems by implementing the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) across member states. We combined an extensive dataset across five Mediterranean ecoregions including...
Article
When effectively managed, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) can produce wide ecosystem benefits that can foster, directly and indirectly, local economies. Tourism is one of the sectors mainly benefited by the effect of conservation. SCUBA diving represents an important tourism activity, especially in the context of MPAs, where it is one of the few acti...
Article
Full-text available
The Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarctica is a key species in the Southern Ocean ecosystem, and it is potentially threatened by the climate change affecting Antarctic ecosystems. Assessing the possible exposure to similar or different environmental conditions at early life stages and gathering information about connectivity or segregation be...
Article
Full-text available
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been proved to effectively protect and restore fish assemblages. There is mixed evidence regarding the effects of MPAs on benthic assemblages, habitat complexity, and how protection might mediate the effects of habitat features (including biotic and abiotic components) on fish assemblages, with very little informa...
Article
• Marine protected areas (MPAs) are used as fisheries management and conservation tools. Well‐enforced no‐take zones allow the rebuilding of natural populations of exploited species; however, there is still controversy on the role of buffer zones. • The effectiveness of MPAs could be underestimated, as fish population assessments depend largely on...
Article
Robust assessments of taxonomic and functional diversity are essential components of research programmes aimed at understanding current biodiversity patterns and forecasting trajectories of ecological changes. Yet, evaluating marine biodiversity along its dimensions is challenging and dependent on the power and accuracy of the available data collec...
Article
Marine noise pollution (MNP) can cause a multitude of impacts on many organisms, but information is often scattered and general outcomes difficult to assess. We have reviewed the literature on MNP impacts on Mediterranean fish and invertebrates. Both chronic and acute MNP produced by various human activities - e.g. maritime traffic, pile driving, a...
Article
• The overexploitation of many marine resources and ecosystems calls for the development and implementation of measures to support their recovery and conservation. • The potential contributions to support fisheries and ecosystem recovery were assessed at the local level of the three multiple‐use marine protected areas (MPAs) of Cerbère‐Banyuls, Med...
Article
Overfishing may seriously impact fish populations and ecosystems. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are key tools for biodiversity conservation and fisheries management, yet the fisheries benefits remain debateable. Many MPAs include a fully protected area (FPA), restricting all activities, within a partially protected area (PPA) where potentially sust...
Article
Most fish stocks worldwide are fished at maximum sustainable yield (MSY) or overfished, as many fisheries management strategies have failed to achieve sustainable fishing. Identifying effective fisheries management strategies has now become urgent. Here, we developed a spatially‐explicit metapopulation model accounting for population connectivity i...
Article
Marine protected areas (MPAs) socio-ecological effectiveness depends on a number of management and governance elements, among which stakeholder engagement and community support play key roles. Collaborative conservation initiatives that engage stakeholders in action research and knowledge co-production processes can enhance management and governanc...
Article
The current alarming state of many coastal ecosystems and fisheries calls for the development of tools to support recovery of exploited stocks, ensure their sustainable exploitation and protect marine ecosystems. Multi-zone Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are often advocated to reconcile conservation and fisheries benefits. However, while there is a...
Book
Full-text available
There has been progress since 2012. The 1 215 MPAs and OECMs now cover 6.81 % of the Mediterranean through a large variety of conservation designations, with national designations accounting for only 1.27% and no-go, no-take or no-fishing zones for 0.04%. Over 72.77% of the surface covered is located in the Western Mediterranean. Designations cover...
Article
Full-text available
The global rush to develop the ‘blue economy’ risks harming both the marine environment and human wellbeing. Bold policies and actions are urgently needed. We identify five priorities to chart a course towards an environmentally sustainable and socially equitable blue economy.
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates the fishing pressure exerted by the most common recreational and professional, small-scale fishing practices on vulnerable target and bycatch species in coastal and offshore waters of the western Mediterranean. By combining multiple data sources, we assembled a unique dataset on catches at multiple sites in these areas by recre...
Article
Full-text available
Local support is important for the longevity of conservation initiatives. The literature suggests that perceptions of ecological effectiveness, social impacts, and good gov-ernance will influence levels of local support for conservation. This paper examines these relationships using data from a survey of small-scale fishermen in 11 marine protected...
Article
Ocean acidification (OA) may have varied effects on fish eco-physiological responses. Most OA studies have been carried out in laboratory conditions without considering the in situ pCO2/pH variability documented for many marine coastal ecosystems. Using a standard otolith ageing technique, we assessed how in situ ocean acidification (ambient, versu...
Article
1. A number of policy measures have been adopted to cope with ongoing ocean degradation. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are among them. MPAs and their coverage have increased worldwide, including in EU waters. Natura 2000 (Nat2000) sites are at the core of the EU biodiversity conservation strategy and have been established to protect habitats and sp...
Article
Full-text available
Underwater visual census (UVC) is the most common approach for estimating diversity, abundance and size of reef fishes in shallow and clear waters. Abundance estimation through UVC is particularly problematic in species occurring at low densities and/or highly aggregated because of their high variability at both spatial and temporal scales. The sta...
Article
The study of organism dispersal is fundamental for elucidating patterns of connectivity between populations, thus crucial for the design of effective protection and management strategies. This is especially challenging in the case of coastal fish, for which information on egg release zones (i.e. spawning grounds) is often lacking. Here we assessed...
Article
Fish behavioural effects under Ocean Acidification (OA) rely on changes expected to occur in brain function, which can be reversed by gabazine, a GABA-A antagonist. Here, using standard two-channel choice flume, we assessed OA effects on the predator recognition ability of both gabazine-treated and -untreated Symphodus ocellatus post-settlers livin...
Article
Marine protected areas (MPAs) and networks of MPAs are advocated worldwide for the achievement of marine conservation objectives. Although the knowledge about population connectivity is considered fundamental for the optimal design of MPAs and networks, the amount of information available for the Mediterranean Sea is currently scarce. We investigat...
Article
The assessment of fish dispersal is fundamental for both conservation and management of fisheries resources as it provides crucial information for the establishment of more effective marine protected areas (MPAs) and networks of MPAs. In this study we investigated otolith elemental composition in early life stages of the saddled sea bream Oblada me...
Technical Report
Full-text available
With the aim to address some of the complex needs of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) management, the results of the “Monitoring Mediterranean Marine Protected Area” project (MMMPA) are here synthesized in a series of timely and original guidelines.
Conference Paper
Exploited fish populations are often limited by recruitment. Settlement is a critical phase in the life history of benthic fishes. Therefore, the settlement process is likely to control the dynamics of recruitment-limited populations to a large extent. This is specially the case in heavily exploited demersal populations of marine fishes. Despite th...
Article
Full-text available
Fish populations are linked to each other via dispersal of individuals as eggs, larvae, juveniles or adults. The understanding of this process, known as connectivity, has a pivotal role for the management of overexploited fish stocks and the development of accurate conservation strategies. Knowledge on connectivity and fish movements is considered...
Article
Full-text available
Pelagic larval duration (PLD) and spawning dates are early life traits (ELT) crucial for understanding life cycles, properly assessing patterns of connectivity and gathering indications about patchiness/homogeneity of larval pools. Considering that little attention has been paid to spatial variability in these biological traits, the present study i...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Our goal is to give a characterization of transport phenomena in fluid flows (mainly geophysical flows) from a Network Theory perspective and investigate how this approach can provide novel insights into different fields. This project would include both theoretical and applied contributions.
Project
This is the follow-up of FishMPABlue, which identified a set of governance features (so called “regional-based governance toolkit”) that can allow marine protected areas (MPAs) to achieve conservation goals while at the same time delivering socio-economic benefits to small scale fisheries. The aim of FishMPABlue 2 is to test such toolkit (i.e. by implementing these features), on the field in 11 Pilot MPAs located in 6 Med countries (Spain, France, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia and Greece), to assess and quantify its effectiveness in achieving expected results in terms of MPA ecological effectiveness, benefits delivered to small scale fisheries and social acceptance of management measures by stakeholders. After a consultative process engaging the relevant stakeholders (e.g. MPA managers, fishermen etc) to define the features of the toolkit to be implemented in each MPA, scientific monitoring will be carried out concerning ecological, economic and social aspects
Project
SafeNet action aims to identify coherent network(s) of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and other area-based fisheries management rules (e.g. temporary closures) whose emergent properties (namely the interactive effect of scaling-up MPAs) can help achieve fisheries maximum sustainable yield (MSY) and maximize over the long-term ecological and socio-economic benefits for the stakeholders in the north-western Mediterranean Sea (NWM).