Antonio Bernad

Antonio Bernad
National Center for Biotechnology (CNB) | CNB

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224
Publications
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Publications

Publications (224)
Article
Full-text available
Research on cardiac progenitor cell populations has generated expectations about their potential for cardiac regeneration capacity after acute myocardial infarction and during physiological aging; however, the endogenous capacity of the adult mammalian heart is limited. The modest efficacy of exogenous cell-based treatments can guide the developmen...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical trials evaluating cardiac progenitor cells (CPC) demonstrated feasibility and safety, but no clear functional benefits. Therefore a deeper understanding of CPC biology is warranted to inform strategies capable to enhance their therapeutic potential. Here we have defined, using a label-free proteomic approach, the differential cytoplasmic a...
Article
Full-text available
Human cardiac progenitor cells (hCPC) are considered a good candidate in cell therapy for ischemic heart disease, demonstrating capacity to improve functional recovery after myocardial infarction (MI), both in small and large preclinical animal models. However, improvements are required in terms of cell engraftment and efficacy. Based on previously...
Preprint
Full-text available
Clinical trials evaluating cardiac progenitor cells (CPC) demonstrated feasibility and safety, but no clear functional benefits. Therefore a deeper understanding of CPC biology is warranted to inform strategies capable to enhance their therapeutic potential. Here we have defined, using a label-free proteomic approach, the differential cytoplasmic a...
Article
Full-text available
Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and cardiac progenitor/stem cells (CPCs) have been extensively studied as a potential therapeutic treatment for myocardial infarction (MI). Previous reports suggest that lower doses of CPCs are needed to improve cardiac function relative to their bone marrow counterparts. Here, we confirmed this ob...
Chapter
Tissue homeostasis and the response to injury require a tight regulation of the balance between self-renewal and differentiation of adult stem/progenitor cells. Recent evidence obtained in several tissues suggests that this balance is regulated, at least in part, by the cellular redox status via the control of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Allogeneic cardiac-derived progenitor cells (CPC) without immunosuppression could provide an effective ancillary therapy to improve cardiac function in reperfused myocardial infarction. We set out to perform a comprehensive preclinical feasibility and safety evaluation of porcine CPC (pCPC) in the infarcted porcine model, analyzing bio...
Article
Full-text available
Adult cardiac progenitor/stem cells (CPC/CSC) are multipotent resident populations involved in cardiac homeostasis and heart repair. Assisted by complementary RNAseq analysis, we defined the fraction of the CPC proteome associable with specific functions by comparison with human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), the reference population for...
Article
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Adult progenitor cells reside in specialized microenvironments which maintain their undifferentiated cell state and trigger regenerative responses following injury. Although these environments are well described in several tissues, the cellular components that comprise the cardiac environment where progenitor cells are located remain unknown. Here...
Article
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Background Human adult adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) have become the most promising cell source for regenerative medicine. However the prolonged ex vivo expansion periods required to obtain the necessary therapeutic dose promotes progressive senescence, with the concomitant reduction of their therapeutic potential. Aim and scope A better und...
Data
GO analysis of validated targets of DLK1-DIO3-upregulated miRNAs. (DOCX)
Data
Garcia-Lopez et al. PlosOne_SUPP. Extended methods. (DOCX)
Data
Analysis of replicative senescence on IGF2 expression in hADSCs and v-myc immortalized NSCs. (A) Relative quantitation of IGF2 in hADSCs (n = 4 biological replicates; obtained from Inbiobank) and in hADSCs overexpressing hTERT (+hTERT; n = 2 biological replicates). (B) Relative quantitation of MEG3 in v-myc-immortalized human NPCs (n = 3 technical...
Data
Analysis of pediatric hADSCs. (A) Bar graph showing array data analysis as log fold-change expression in pediatric hADSCs (mean ± SEM) of all miRNAs in the 14q32 chromosome region analyzed. (B) Relative quantitation of DICER in hADSCs (n = 5 biological replicates) and pediatric hADSCs (n = 9 biological replicates) expanded both at 3% and 21% [O2]....
Data
miRNAs differentially expressed in short-term versus long-term hADSC cultures. Upregulated miRNAs shadowed in pale green correspond to those described as upregulated in HSC (CD49blo) [56], controlling PI3K-mTOR pathway. (PDF)
Data
miRNA predicted targets. Table compiles 1,478 predicted targets (see Materials and methods) of the deregulated miRNAs identified in array experiments, indicating those mRNAs that are predicted as targets for multiple miRNAs. (PDF)
Data
Loss of hADSC biological properties in long-term culture. (A) Model of hADSC proliferation kinetics. From the cumulative population doubling data for different hADSC cultures, we obtained a curve fitted to a polynomic function. The various hADSC cultures were used to establish a mean proliferation curve for 150 days. Each dot represents the mean ±...
Data
Analysis of adult hADSCs. (A) Scatter plot showing distribution of the VSN-invariant normalized intensity data for short-term (PS) and long-term cultured (PL) hADSC samples (n = 3 biological replicates). (B) Relative quantitation of selected miRNAs for array validation in the samples used for the array expression assay; hADSC PS and PL samples (n =...
Article
Objective: Cardiac progenitor cells reside in the heart in adulthood, although their physiological relevance remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that after myocardial infarction, adult Bmi1+ (B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 homolog [PCGF4]) cardiac cells are a key progenitor-like population in cardiac neovascularization during ventricular r...
Article
Accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is associated with several cardiovascular pathologies and with cell cycle exit by neonanatal cardiomyocytes, a key limiting factor in the regenerative capacity of the adult mammalian heart. The polycomb complex component BMI1 is linked to adult progenitors and is an important partner in DNA repair and r...
Article
Full-text available
Studies in recent years have established that the principal effects in cardiac cell therapy are associated with paracrine/autocrine factors. We combined several complementary techniques to define human cardiac progenitor cell (CPC) secretome constituted by 914 proteins/genes; 51% of these are associated with the exosomal compartment. To define the...
Article
Methods and results: Methods and Results: CAREMI has been designed as a double blind, 2:1 randomized, controlled and multicenter clinical trial that will evaluate the safety, feasibility and the efficacy of intracoronary delivery of allogeneic human CSC in 55 patients with large AMI, left ventricular dysfunction and at high-risk of developing HF....
Article
Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) is the main mechanism for double strand break (DSB) DNA repair. The error-prone DNA polymerase mu (Polμ) is involved in immunoglobulin variable region rearrangement and in general, NHEJ in non-lymphoid cells. Deletion of NHEJ factors in P53−/− mice, which are highly prone to development of T cell lymphoma, generall...
Article
Full-text available
The dermal Panniculus carnosus (PC) muscle is important for wound contraction in lower mammals and represents an interesting model of muscle regeneration due to its high cell turnover. The resident satellite cells (the bona fide muscle stem cells) remain poorly characterized. Here we analyzed PC satellite cells with regard to developmental origin a...
Article
microRNAs (miR) have considerable potential as therapeutic tools in cardiac diseases. Alterations in atrial miR are involved in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), but the molecular mechanism underlying their contribution to atrial remodeling in chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF) is only partially understood. Here we used miR array to analy...
Article
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Background: The inability of the adult mammalian heart to replace cells lost after severe cardiac injury compromises organ function. Although the heart is one of the least regenerative organs in the body, evidence accumulated in recent decades indicates a certain degree of renewal after injury. We have evaluated the role of cardiac Bmi1 (+) progen...
Article
Direct lineage reprogramming of specialized cell types has eliminated some of the traditional problems regarding the epigenetic instability of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) (1). The adult heart has limited regenerative potential and the predominant response after cardiac injury is dysfunctional fibroblast proliferation. Direct reprogrammin...
Article
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Background: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) are among the most promising growth factors for promoting cardiorepair. Here, we evaluated the combination of cell- and gene-based therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) genetically modified to overexpress IGF-1 or HGF to treat acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
Article
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Heterogeneity and functional specialization among skin-resident macrophages are incompletely understood. In this study, we describe a novel subset of murine dermal perivascular macrophages that extend protrusions across the endothelial junctions in steady-state and capture blood-borne macromolecules. Unlike other skin-resident macrophages that are...
Article
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Programmed cell death occurs naturally at different stages of neural development, including neurogenesis. The functional role of this early phase of neural cell death, which affects recently differentiated neurons among other cell types, remains undefined. Some mouse models defective in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair present massive cell deat...
Article
Cardiac stem/progenitor cells (hCPC) have been shown to be capable to regenerate contractile myocardium. However, due to their relative low abundance in the heart, in vitro expansion of hCPC is mandatory to achieve necessary quantities for allogeneic or autologous cardiac regeneration therapy applications (106-109 cells/patient). Up to now, cell nu...
Article
Full-text available
B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 (Bmi1) is a polycomb-family transcriptional factor critical for self-renewal in many adult stem cells and human neoplasia. We sought to identify microRNAs regulated by Bmi1 that could play a role in multipotent cardiac progenitor cell (CPC) decisions. We found that miR-300, a poorly characterized microRNA mappin...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The mammalian adult heart maintains a continuous, low cardiomyocyte turnover rate throughout life. Although many cardiac stem cell populations have been studied, the natural source for homeostatic repair has not yet been defined. The Polycomb protein BMI1 is the most representative marker of mouse adult stem cell systems. We have eva...
Article
The best definitive treatment option for end-stage heart failure currently is transplantation, which is limited by donor availability and immunorejection. Generating an autologous bioartificial heart could overcome these limitations. Here, we have decellularized a human heart, preserving its 3-dimensional architecture and vascularity, and recellula...
Article
Exercise has been proposed as a trigger for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) phenotype manifestation; however, research is hampered by the limited availability of animal models in which disease-associated mutations can be tested. This study evaluated the impact of exercise on ARVC cardiac manifestations in mice after adeno-ass...
Article
miRNA-1 (miR-1) and miRNA-133a (miR-133a) are muscle-specific miRNAs that play an important role in heart development and physiopathology. Although both miRNAs have been broadly studied during cardiogenesis, the mechanisms by which miR-1 and miR-133a could influence linage commitment in pluripotent stem cells remain poorly characterized. In this st...
Article
Human cardiac stem cells (hCSC) express a portfolio of plasma membrane receptors that are involved in the regulatory auto/paracrine feedback loop mechanism of activation of these cells, and consequently contribute to myocardial regeneration. In order to attain a comprehensive description of hCSC receptome and overcoming the inability demonstrated b...
Article
Full-text available
miR-133a and miR-1 are known as muscle-specific microRNAs that are involved in cardiac development and pathophysiology. We have shown that both miR-1 and miR-133a are early and progressively upregulated during in vitro cardiac differentiation of adult cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs), but only miR-133a expression was enhanced under in vitro oxidativ...
Article
Full-text available
MAL2 (myelin and lymphocyte protein 2) is thought to regulate at least two steps in the hepatic apical transcytotic pathway. As vesicle budding and delivery at each step are driven by complex machineries, we predicted that MAL2 participates in several large protein complexes with multiple binding partners. To identify novel MAL2 interactors, we per...
Article
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, regulate gene expression primarily at the posttranscriptional level. We previously found that miR-335 is critically involved in the regulation and differentiation capacity of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in vitro. In this study, we investigated the significance of miR-335 for the therapeutic potent...
Article
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess unique paracrine and immunosuppressive properties, which make them useful candidates for cellular therapy. Here, we address how cellular senescence influences the therapeutic potential of human MSCs (hMSCs). Senescence was induced in bone marrow-derived hMSC cultures with gamma irradiation. Control and senescen...
Article
Full-text available
Polμ is an error-prone PolX polymerase that contributes to classical NHEJ DNA repair. Mice lacking Polμ (Polμ-/-) show altered hematopoiesis homeostasis and DSB repair and a more pronounced nucleolytic resection of some V(D)J junctions. We previously showed that Polμ-/- mice have increased learning capacity at old ages, suggesting delayed brain agi...
Article
Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) from adult myocardium offer an alternative cell therapy approach for ischaemic heart disease. Improved clinical performance of CPCs in clinical trials requires a comprehensive definition of their biology and specific interactions with the environment. In this work we characterize specific human CPC surface markers an...
Article
Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) from adult myocardium offer an alternative cell therapy approach for ischaemic heart disease. Improved clinical performance of CPCs in clinical trials requires a comprehensive definition of their biology and specific interactions with the environment. In this work we characterize specific human CPC surface markers an...