Antonio R Andres

Antonio R Andres
The German University in Cairo | GUC

PhD in Economics
Full professor of Economics-German University in Cairo (GUC)

About

72
Publications
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1,885
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - August 2014
Eastern Mediterranean University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
Research Article Using data from a sample of 250 people attending a University of the Third Age in a Southern Italian town, this research examines the impact of ICTs on psychological well-being, estimated through the administration of the WHOQOL BREF questionnaire. Discrete choice and multivariate regression models are applied; Psychological and So...
Article
Knowledge economy (KE) has been a central issue in the political economic literature of advanced economies, but little research has focused on the transition towards a KE in Africa. Using a latent profile analysis, six clusters of the KE were found in the region. The clusters range from very prepared with good performance in all KE dimensions (inst...
Article
Missing values and the inconsistency of the measures of the knowledge economy remain vexing problems that hamper policy-making and future research in developing and emerging economies. This paper contributes to the new and evolving literature that seeks to advance better understanding of the importance of the knowledge economy for policy and furthe...
Article
Applications of machine learning techniques to economic problems are increasing. However, care must be taken to apply them correctly, or the wrong conclusions may be drawn. In the technology clubs literature, after applying a clustering algorithm, some authors train a supervised machine learning technique (decision tree or a neural network), to pre...
Book
This volume, edited by Antonio Rodriguez Andres and Siddhartha Mitra, takes a multidisciplinary look at the mental health problem in India with contributions from psychologists, economists and a psychiatrist. A brief look at contents etc. is provided at https://novapublishers.com/shop/a-socio-economic-and-demographic-analysis-of-mental-wellbeing-th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper develops a framework (a) to examine whether or not the African business environment hinders or promotes the knowledge economy (KE), (b) to determine how the KE affects economic performance, and (c) how economic performance relates to the inequality-adjusted human socioeconomic development (IHDI) of 53 African countries during the 1996-20...
Article
Background: Around the globe, 800,000 people die from suicide every year. Despite being one of the leading causes of death, suicide remains a low public health priority. Korea has the second highest total suicide rate among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Aims: The aim of this study was to explore how change...
Article
Full-text available
In the first critical assessment of knowledge economy dynamic paths in Africa and the Middle East, but for a few exceptions, we find overwhelming support for diminishing crosscountry disparities in knowledge-based economy dimensions. The paper employs all the four components of the World Bank's Knowledge Economy Index (KEI): economic incentives, in...
Article
Full-text available
Although the positive socio-economic effects of remittances for recipient countries in the short term are unmistakable, inflows of remittances may at the same time exert adverse effects on the trade competitiveness of an economy, by appreciating the real exchange rate. This phenomenon is characterised as an instance of the ‘Dutch disease’ – the neg...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that there exists an indirect link between globalization and the knowledge economy of African countries in which globalization influences 'peace and stability' and peace and stability affects governance, and through governance the knowledge economy. We model the link as a three-stage process in four testable hypotheses, which permits an em...
Chapter
Full-text available
Using data for 49 African countries over the years spanning 2000-2012, and controlling for a wide range of factors, this study empirically assesses the effects of formal institutions on ICT adoption in developing countries. It deploys 2SLS and FE regression models, (a) to estimate what determines ICT adoption and (b) to trace how ICT adoption affec...
Article
Full-text available
The study examines the effect of software piracy on inclusive human development in 11 African countries for which software piracy data is available for the period 2000-2010. The empirical evidence is based on instrumental variable panel Fixed Effects (FE) and Tobit models in order to control for the unobserved heterogeneity and limited range in the...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine global trajectories, dynamics, and tendencies of software piracy to ease the benchmarking of current efforts towards harmonizing the standards and enforcements of Intellectual Property Rights (henceforth IPRs) protection worldwide. Our empirical exercise is based on 15 different panel regressions, which together consists o...
Research
Full-text available
This paper develops an empirically-relevant framework (a) to examine whether or not the African business environment hinders or promotes the knowledge economy (KE), (b) to determine how the KE which emerges from such an environment affects economic growth, and (c) how growth in turn relates to the ‘inclusive development’ of 53 African countries dur...
Article
Full-text available
Using data for 49 African countries over the years spanning 2000-2012, and controlling for a wide range of factors, this study empirically assesses the effects of formal institutions on ICT adoption in developing countries. It deploys 2SLS and FE regression models, (a) to estimate what determines ICT adoption and (b) to trace how ICT adoption affec...
Article
Full-text available
In the first critical assessment of knowledge economy dynamic paths in Africa and the Middle East, but for a few exceptions, we find overwhelming support for diminishing cross-country disparities in knowledge-base-economy dimensions. The paper employs all the four components of the World Bank’s Knowledge Economy Index (KEI): economic incentives, in...
Article
Full-text available
Using Kauffman, Kraay, and Mastruzzi governance indicators, this article analyzes the impact of formal institutions on the knowledge economy by assessing how the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) through good governance mechanisms affects the knowledge economy. The article also employs the World Bank’s four components of the knowle...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine global trajectories, dynamics, and tendencies of software piracy to ease the benchmarking of current efforts toward harmonizing the standards and enforcements of intellectual property rights (henceforth IPRs) protection worldwide. Design/methodology/approach For that purpose, the authors estimate dyn...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Depression is a mental health state whose frequency has been increasing in modern societies. It imposes a great burden, because of the strong impact on people's quality of life and happiness. Depression can be reliably diagnosed and treated in primary care: if more people could get effective treatments earlier, the costs related to dep...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background: Depression is a mental health state whose frequency has been increasing in modern societies. It imposes a great burden, because of the strong impact on people’s quality of life and happiness. Depression can be reliably diagnosed and treated in primary care: if more people could get effective treatments earlier, the costs relate...
Article
Full-text available
This paper develops an empirically-relevant framework (a) to examine whether or not the African business environment hinders or promotes the knowledge economy (KE), (b) to determine how the KE which emerges from such an environment affects economic growth, and (c) how growth in turn relates to the ‘inclusive development’ of 53 African countries dur...
Article
Full-text available
Previous literature has used common aggregated indices as a proxy for intellectual property rights (IPR) institutional quality to assess their importance in determining piracy rates. The main contribution of this study is to empirically assess the relative importance of IPR institutional developments by differentiating between provision of laws pro...
Article
Full-text available
A previous analysis of the impact of formal institutions on the knowledge economy of 22 Middle-Eastern and Sub-Sahara African countries during the 1996-2010 time period concluded that formal institutions were necessary, but inadequate, determinants of the knowledge economy. To extend that study, this paper claims that globalization induces peace an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Inequality in health services access and utilization are influenced by out-of-pocket health expenditures in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Various antecedents such as social factors, poor health and economic factors are proposed to direct the choice of health care service use and incurring out-of-pocket payments. We inves...
Article
Full-text available
Inequality in health services access and utilization are influenced by out-of-pocket health expenditures in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Various antecedents such as social factors, poor health and economic factors are proposed to direct the choice of health care service use and incurring out-of-pocket payments. We investigated the...
Article
Using Kauffman, Kraay, and Mastruzzi governance indicators, this article analyzes the impact of formal institutions on the knowledge economy by assessing how the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) through good governance mechanisms affects the knowledge economy. The article also employs the World Bank's four components of the knowle...
Article
The present chapter deals with three interdependent components related to knowledge governance. The first one examines the effect of knowledge governance on medium term growth. Using the software industry as benchmark, the authors' findings suggest that poor knowledge governance reduces economic growth over the medium term, but the relationship is...
Chapter
Full-text available
IPRs indices in general developed to measure the quality or strength of IPR institutions across countries usually do not differentiate between de jure and de facto IPR institutions. In addition, they neglect the different impact these individual variables comprising these indices might have by simply averaging all variables or assigning arbitrary w...
Article
Full-text available
This article integrates previously missing components of government quality into the governance-piracy nexus in exploring governance mechanisms by which global obligations for the treatment of IPRs are effectively transmitted from international to the national level in the battle against piracy. It assesses the best governance tools in the fight ag...
Article
Full-text available
This paper employs a recent methodological innovation on IPRs harmonization to project global timelines for common policies against software piracy. The findings on 99 countries are premised on 15 fundamental characteristics of software piracy based on income-levels (high-income, lower-middle-income, upper-middle-income and low-income), legal-origi...
Article
Full-text available
This article integrates previously missing components of government quality into the governance-piracy nexus in exploring governance mechanisms by which global obligations for the treatment of IPRs are effectively transmitted from international to the national level in the battle against piracy. It assesses the best governance tools in the fight ag...
Chapter
The objective of this chapter is to analyze the mobility of health professionals, in particular medical doctors within the context of the European Union (EU) to address some major policies and strategies to immigration. This chapter provides the major characteristics of the health systems in relation to availability of medical doctors and to their...
Article
Full-text available
Healthcare utilization studies show how well documented disparities between migrants and non-migrants. Reducing such disparities is a major goal in European countries. However, healthcare utilization among Italian immigrants is under-studied. The objective of this study is to explore differences in healthcare use between immigrant and native Italia...
Article
This study aims at identifying the factors of aggregate and disaggregate crime categories in Japan over the period 1964–2009. All crime categories are related to police outlays, police numbers, unemployment, divorce and urbanization rates. Bounds testing approach to cointegration is implemented to test the existence of a long-run relationship among...
Article
The question to what extent corruption influences suicide still remains unanswered. This paper examines the effect of corruption on suicide using a panel data approach for 24 OECD countries over the period 1995–2004. Our results show that suicide rates are lower in countries with lower levels of corruption. We also find evidence that this effect is...
Article
We examine the effect of software piracy on medium term growth using cross-country data over 2000–2007. While the empirical literature has focused on identifying the causes of software piracy, our contribution is to examine its effects. Our findings suggest that software piracy reduces economic growth over the medium term but the relationship is no...
Article
Full-text available
This article integrates previously missing components of government quality into the governance-piracy nexus in exploring governance mechanisms by which global obligations for the treatment of IPRs are effectively transmitted from international to the national level in the battle against piracy. It assesses the best governance tools in the fight ag...
Article
Japan has the highest suicide rates among the OECD countries and this public health problem seems to be accelerating in over the recent decades. Investigating and understanding the suicidal behaviour is of crucial importance to society and health policy makers. Such an investigation could provide with useful information for those responsible in for...
Article
Unlike previous studies, which address the impact of alcohol advertising restrictions on alcohol demand, this article turns the issue around by investigating the determinants of alcohol advertising restrictions. Estimating a series of Probit models, our results show that the probability of adopting advertising restrictions tends to be higher in cou...
Article
This article examines the influence of corruption on software piracy across countries. Drawing on a simple theoretical model and a large sample of countries for a recent time period, it addresses three key questions: (i) What are the key determinants of software piracy?; (ii) How do nations with different piracy levels respond differently to factor...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents new evidence on the relationship between corruption and income inequality. Using a panel data methodology, we find that lower corruption is associated with higher income inequality in Latin America. This result is in contrast to other empirical studies but it makes sense in Latin America for a number of reasons. The finding of...
Article
This paper provides further evidence on the hypothesis of the natural rate of suicide using the time series data for 15 OECD countries over the period 1970-2004. This hypothesis suggests that the suicide rate of a society could never be zero even if both the economic and the social conditions were made ideal from the point of view of suicide (Yang...
Article
This research examines empirically the determinants of suicides in Denmark over the period 1970-2006. To our knowledge, there exist no previous study that estimates a dynamic econometric model of suicides on the basis of time series data and cointegration framework at disaggregate level. Our results indicate that suicide is associated with a range...
Article
This paper investigates the causes of variations in software piracy rates using panel data of 16 European countries for the years 1994, 1997 and 2000. Prior empirical research argued that much of piracy occurs due to a lack of economic development, education, weak enforcement, institutional quality and social culture. This paper, in addition to val...
Article
To empirically assess the impact of firearm regulation on male suicides. A negative binomial regression model was applied by using a panel of state level data for the years 1995-2004. The model was used to identify the association between several firearm regulations and male suicide rates. Our empirical analysis suggest that firearms regulations wh...
Article
Full-text available
Although many authors have investigated the impact of sex on the association between socio-economic status (SES) and suicide, a definite consensus has not yet emerged. Using Danish population registration data including 15 648 suicide deaths of individuals aged 18-65 year during 1981-97 and matched population controls, we investigate the associatio...
Article
Full-text available
A vast and often confusing economics literature relates competition to investment in innovation. Following Joseph Schumpeter, one view is that monopoly and large scale promote investment in research and development by allowing a firm to capture a larger fraction of its benefits and by providing a more stable platform for a firm to invest in R&D. Ot...
Article
This paper presents new evidence on income inequality in Latin America over the period 1981-2000. Using a panel data methodology, we find that a reduction in corruption is associated with a rise in inequality. This counterintuitive result can be explained by privatisation. Privatisation removes industries from government influence (and corruption)...
Article
This paper investigates the effect of public spending on health and welfare on total, male and female suicide rates using panel data for U.S. states over the time period 1982–1997. We show that the share of health and welfare in total public spending are strong predictors of suicide rates and yield estimated coefficients that are both statistically...
Article
Full-text available
While conventional farming systems face serious problems of sustainability, organic agriculture is seen as a more environmentally friendly system as it favours renewable resources, recycles nutrients, uses the environment’s own systems for controlling pests and diseases, sustains ecosystems, protects soils, and reduces pollution. At the same time o...
Article
The question to what extent governance structure affects people’s well-being, here reflected in the decision to commit suicide, remains still largely unknown. This paper examines the effects of political institutions and governance structure on suicide using a balanced panel for 26 Swiss states (cantons) over the period 1980–1998. Our results indic...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an empirical analysis of the relationship between software protection and national piracy rates across 23 European countries over a period of three years (1994, 1997, and 2000). The analysis not only constructs a new index of copyright software protection but remedies previous econometric and methodological shortcomings by apply...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the extent to which income inequality influences national piracy rates across a sample of 34 countries. Economic inequality seems to have a negative significant effect on national rates of piracy. Consistent with previous studies, we also find that judicial efficiency affects piracy rates. Additionally, research results show that inc...
Article
While conventional farming systems face serious problems of sustainability, organic agriculture is seen as a more environmentally friendly system as it favours renewable resources, recycles nutrients, uses the environment’s own systems for controlling pests and diseases, sustains ecosystems, protects soils, and reduces pollution. At the same time o...
Article
Full-text available
Most panel data studies have employed overall suicide rates (male and female) to identify the determinants of suicide. This research has also neglected the use of country specific linear time trends. Neglecting these factors may confound the empirical estimates of socio-economic variables due to the impact of unobserved country specific determinant...
Article
The study of self-reported mental health is a fairly recent area for economists, although sociologists, psychologists and public health specialists have been studying it for years. One methodological problem with earlier research is that there are many unobserved characteristics of individuals that may be correlated with self-reported mental health...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we empirically examine the relationship between software protection and piracy rates using a panel data set for 24 European countries. In addition, a new measure of software protection is constructed. We find evidence that software protection has a significant negative effect on piracy rates. We also find that per capita income has a...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo examina, mediante el uso de modelos econométricos de datos de panel, los determinantes socio-econ¿omicos del delito en España. Los resultados del estudio sugieren que una vez controlada la posible endogeneidad de la probabilidad de captura, la variable no es significativa. Factores demogr¿aficos tienen un impacto sobre las tasas de del...
Article
In this paper we analyse the effects of some proposed tariff scenarios on universal service in Spain. For that, we use a model of demand for telephone lines to derive an econometric model of the net demand for new access lines, for the period 1980–1993, using quarterly observations. We use cointegration techniques to obtain long and short run equat...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the determinants of the "digital divide" using a macro panel data set of 188 countries over the period 1990-2004. Prior research shows that the "digital divide" relates to economic development, education, regulatory environment, internet costs, enforcement, personal computers, spoken language, and digital communications infrastr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper tests whether economic inequality is related to suicide mortality. Using an unbalanced panel of 40 countries for the period 1947-2001 allows us to control for the effect of unobserved factors that may have an impact on suicide rates. Our results indicate that there is a statistically insignificant positive effect of inequality on the inc...
Article
Full-text available
Using individual-level data from China, Korea, and Japan for 2006, this research examines how the age of children of the relationship influences marital satisfaction for males and females in East Asian countries. Our results show that the marital satisfaction of males is barely affected by a child of the relationship, whereas the marital satisfacti...
Article
Full-text available
Panel data regressions for 24 OECD countries showed that the less corrupt a society is, the lower the total suicide rate. This effect was approximately three times larger for males than for females. It follows that corruption has a detrimental effect on social well-being.
Article
Full-text available
Using panel data for 24 (OECD) countries during the period 1980–2004 this study examines how social trust affects fertility. The major finding through the random effects approach is that the social trust increases the fertility rate. A 1% rise in the trust rate leads to an increase in fertility by 0.01 points. The results presented here suggest tha...

Questions

Questions (10)
Question
I wonder if I might predict the number of suicides over time and across states by using neuronal networks instead of using time series analysis
Question
Does anyone know any paper related to the economics of touring by rock bands? I know it is likely to get gross figures for concerts but I wonder why they still keep touring even when many of them are billionaires (see Rolling Stones)
Any help is appreciated

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Projects (10)
Project
We will employ ML techniques for the selection of the control variables according to some statistical criteria. In particular, we use LASO approach using a cross national panel dataset.
Project
We try to conduct a sentiment analysis using information from Ozzy's album released in studio. We try to see if there is a change in the narrative after the passing of Randy Rhoads.
Project
Identify the factors behind heavy metal music production at regional level. For that purpose, we use a rich dataset of 4500 Spanish heavy metal bands from the Encyclopedia of Metallum.