Antonia Larraín

Antonia Larraín
Alberto Hurtado University · Educational Psychology

Doctor in Psychology

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65
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Classical psychology and philosophy have conceived of thinking as being intimately related to concepts. According to predominant psychological theories, concepts are the building blocks of propositional thought. Although important authors such as William James and Lev Vygotsky offered alternative accounts of concepts, they have been largely ignored...
Article
If inner speech is first of all speech, then a critical departure point is to study its discursive nature. The aim of this paper is to deepen the notion of inner speech from a discursive and dialogical perspective. Drawing on the works of Vygotsky, Bakhtin, and Vološinov, we discuss the idea that consciousness is structured by language, exploring t...
Article
Vygotsky stated that concepts cannot be transmitted from mind to mind but instead developed through communication. Specifically, the instructional use of language would be the means for concept development. However, there is evidence to show that school concepts are particularly difficult to develop. Argumentation has been shown to promote the deve...
Article
The relationship between dialogue and disciplinary content knowledge learning is neither direct nor simple, but complex and mediated. Although there has been much interest in this relationship, and several empirical studies have been conducted, the mechanism through which dialogue promotes learning remains unclear. There is compelling evidence to s...
Article
Since the late 1990s, there has been consensus among educational researchers that argumentation should play a central role in science education. Although there has been extensive relevant research, it is not clear enough how oral argumentation spontaneously occurs in science teaching. This is particularly important with regard to the empirical evid...
Article
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Science teaching has been called to contribute to citizenship insofar as it requires scientific competencies such as articulating theory and evidence, and the critical evaluation of different points of view. To promote argumentation in science teaching is key but not simple and requires teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) of argumentation...
Chapter
In this chapter, we argue for the possible, as that which is opened through the juxtaposition of different perspectives in the unfolding of language, as both the main field of, and transformed by, concepts. We follow Vygostky’s (1934/1987) theory of concept formation to understand concepts not as mental and neutral representations but as different...
Article
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Democracies are increasingly dependent upon sustainable citizenship, that is, active participation and engagement with the exercising of rights in a field of plural interests, often contradictory and in conflict. This type of citizenship requires not only social inclusion, habits of knowledge, and evidence-based reasoning but also argumentation ski...
Article
The dialogic teaching approach has been studied widely, both empirically and theoretically. However, despite four decades of research suggesting that dialogical interactions promote student learning, it has been very difficult to reflect this in practice. Teachers’ professional development programmes oriented towards promoting dialogical pedagogies...
Article
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The aim of the present research study is to describe professor beliefs and their role in the teaching of argumentative skills in higher education. An explorative-descriptive study with a qualitative approach is performed. The population surveyed is composed of 16 professors that taught the first two years of philosophy and law undergraduate degrees...
Article
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Conocer las ideas de los estudiantes es el punto de partida para una enseñanza orientada a la comprensión. En relación a la teoría de la evolución por selección natural, un eje estructurante de la biología, sabemos que estudiantes secundarios y universitarios muestran una comprensión limitada, sosteniendo ideas alternativas incluso después dela ins...
Article
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Durante las últimas décadas, la argumentación ha ganado importancia central como parte de los objetivos educativos del siglo XXI. Está ampliamente aceptado que la argumentación es una característica clave para el aprendizaje. Si bien se considera que los resultados de los estudiantes en el aprendizaje y el razonamiento se asocian positivamente con...
Article
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A significant number of articles published in Theory & Psychology have been inspired by, or discuss, Vygotsky’s contribution to psychology. However, most of the available publications and discussions on Vygotsky overlook his theory of art and emotions and, more broadly, his view on subjectivity. In this article we offer a reading of Vygotsky’s The...
Article
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To understand and formulate arguments, that is, to identify positions in a given a controversy, and to reconstruct the relationship between premises and conclusions; and to respond to them taking grounded point of views, is one of the most important competencies of digital citizen nowadays. However, there is scarce knowledge regarding adolescent ar...
Article
There is compelling evidence that arguing with peers in educational contexts fosters students’ content knowledge and argumentation skills. Indeed, curricula have already been developed that, through tailored support for peer argumentation, promote both content knowledge and argumentation skills simultaneously. However, we do not yet know how to opt...
Article
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El presente artículo tiene como objetivo describir las transformaciones de prácticas pedagógicas y uso pedagógico de la argumentación en docentes, a partir del apoyo de materiales curriculares soportados tecnológicamente con un software piloto denominado argumentApp. Se utilizó una metodología cualitativa, mediante el estudio de cuatro casos de pro...
Article
The relationship between peer argumentation and thinking and conceptual development has increasingly caught the attention of scholars since the work of Piaget. Analysing face-to-face peer-group classroom argumentation is challenging. There are very good analytic frameworks, but their usefulness for analysing large corpora and conducting quantitativ...
Article
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La argumentación escrita es una habilidad relevante para la vida en sociedades complejas. Sin embargo, estas han sido escasamente focalizadas como objetivo pedagógico en el sistema educativo en Chile, y poco sabemos del desempeño en tareas de argumentación en escolares chilenos. Este estudio tiene por objetivo contribuir al conocimiento de las habi...
Article
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This paper reports a study aimed at evaluating the effect of two different writing guidelines on the quality of argumentative essays of psychology students. The study consisted of a secondary analysis of a database which included the grades of 543 students (355 women) that took the undergraduate course Educational Psychology between the years 2012...
Article
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La psicología en tanto práctica profesional y de investigación científica no puede ni debe permanecer aislada de los contextos en los que se desarrolla. Frente a los profundos sentimientos de malestar expresados por el pueblo chileno en movilizaciones sociales desde el 18 de octubre de 2019, que responden directamente a la implementación de un mode...
Article
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Psychology as a professional and scientific practice should and must not remain isolated from the contexts in which it develops. Considering the deep feelings of discomfort expressed by the Chilean people during social mobilizations since October 18th, 2019, in response to the implementation for decades of a neoliberal model devoid of social justic...
Article
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Peer argumentation, especially the discussion of contrary points of view, has experimentally been found to be effective in promoting science content knowledge, but how this occurs is still unknown. The available explanations are insufficient because they do not account for the evidence showing that gains in content knowledge are unrelated to group...
Article
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Mainstream psychology has assumed a notion of the self that seems to rest on a substantialist notion of the psyche that became predominant despite important critical theories about the self that were elaborated with the formation of psychology. Although cultural psychology has recognized the diverse, dialogical, historical, narrative and performati...
Article
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El pensamiento crítico es una competencia relevante en la formación profesional actual, con una emergente cantidad de investigaciones en la formación de pedagogos. El estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer conceptualización y tipos de intervención en pensamiento crítico utilizados en la formación pedagógica en Iberoamérica. La metodología se dividió en...
Article
Experimental evidence has shown the effect of peer‐group argumentation on scientific concept development. However, questions regarding how and why it happens remain. The aim of this study is to contribute, with experimental evidence gathered in naturalistic settings (classrooms), to the understanding of the relationship between peer‐group argumenta...
Article
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RESUMO De acordo com Bakhtin, falar é responder, e as respostas não são nem conhecidas antecipadamente, já que são atos criativos irrepetíveis, nem são totalmente inéditas, uma vez que recriam a palavra dada. Assim, uma questão relevante é como um enunciado leva a uma específica resposta contingente, entre tantas outras possibilidades. A fim de con...
Article
Background Dialogic teaching, specifically the use of argumentation in teaching, is seen as promoting scientific literacy and understanding. However, international evidence consistently shows that the prevailing modes of classroom talk are monologic. The problem is how to transform science education into dialogic and argumentative spaces. One way t...
Article
There is compelling evidence to show that peer argumentation prompts student scientific concept development at different ages. However, there is also evidence that when students discuss their ideas with their peers, the gains are delayed rather than being immediately evident. Moreover, group outcomes do not seem to be related to individual gains. I...
Article
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According to Bakhtin, to speak is to reply, and replies are neither known in advance, as they are unrepeatable creative acts, nor completely novel, as they recreate the given word. Thus, one relevant question is how a given utterance leads to a specific contingent contestation among many possible others. In order to contribute to answering this que...
Article
This case study set out to explore the potential of curriculum materials to scaffold classroom argumentation in a primary-school science classroom in Chile. One teacher and thirty students participated in the study. The teacher was given curriculum materials especially designed to foster argumentation during the teaching of physics. Lessons were vi...
Article
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Las habilidades de argumentación juegan un rol central en la formación universitaria. Evidencia disponible muestra que los estudiantes universitarios cuentan con mejores habilidades argumentativas que sus pares no universitarios. Sin embargo, no se sabe si esto se debe a su formación o si es un factor de autoselección. El objetivo de este estudio f...
Preprint
Full-text available
In The Psychology of Art, Vygotsky (1925/1971) conceives of art as a technique for emotional production. The main idea is that art is a cultural way of producing and manipulating emotions. Human emotions, then, are not natural but socially constituted processes. The main point of this paper is to discuss the aesthetic character of experience and it...
Article
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Peers' discussion of contradictory ideas has been proven to promote students' learning. Some empirical evidence suggests that whole-class argumentation has similar benefits, but there is no clarity yet on whether discussion accounts for this effect. This study aimed at testing the effects of different aspects of whole-class argumentation on science...
Article
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Estudios recientes sugieren que la profundidad del vocabulario es más importante que la amplitud en determinar la capacidad para comprender textos. La relación entre amplitud del vocabulario, profundidad del vocabulario y comprensión del discurso no ha sido estudiada en la edad pre-escolar. Este informe reporta el resultado de dos estudios donde se...
Article
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Los estudios disponibles acerca del desarrollo de la argumentación revelan resultados contradictorios. Mientras unos muestran que los niños desde la edad preescolar son capaces de comprender y elaborar todos los aspectos de la argumentación, otros señalan que la capacidad de elaborar contra-argumentos se desarrolla avanzada la adolescencia y es alt...
Article
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The ability to argue is fundamental to be socially fit. However, evidence suggests that school systems show little capability to promote the development of these kinds of skills. In part, this is a consequence of the difficulty to measure and acknowledge progress. The objective of these study was to construct an instrument to measure written argume...
Presentation
Full-text available
¿La formación universitaria en Chile promueve el desarrollo de argumentación más allá de las condiciones de entrada de los estudiantes y en mayor medida que otras actividades educacionales no universitarias?
Article
Research Findings: Two studies examined the effects of specific reading styles on the comprehension of stories of at-risk preschool Chilean children. Study 1 examined the effect of word elaboration on story comprehension with 72 children. Children who were exposed to elaborations of unknown words during storybook reading achieved better comprehensi...
Article
Recent studies and theories suggest that vocabulary depth may be more important in determining an individual's reading comprehension, than vocabulary breadth. The relationship between discourse comprehension and breadth and depth of vocabulary has not been studied in preschoolers. This report describes results of two studies that examine this relat...
Article
Empirical evidence on argumentation development shows contradictory results. Whilst some studies suggest that from an early age children are able to understand and elaborate all the components of an argument, other studies show that counter-argumentation does not develop until late adolescence. This paper is aimed at showing the results of a study...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Postgraduate Hospital Education Environment Measure (PHEEM) questionnaire, is a valid and reliable instrument to measure the educational environment (EE) in postgraduate medical education. Aim: To evaluate the EE perceived by the residents of a postgraduate training program using the PHEEM. Material and methods: The PHEEM was a...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1990s, there has been consensus about the relevance of argumentation for science teaching. However, although many studies have sought to study argumentation in the science classroom, most of them have been small in scale. This article presents an exploratory video study that aims to identify key dimensions to understand argumentation in s...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Postgraduate Hospital Education Environment Measure (PHEEM) questionnaire, is a valid and reliable instrument to measure the educational environment (EE) in postgraduate medical education. Aim: To evaluate the EE perceived by the residents of a postgraduate training program using the PHEEM. Material and Methods: The PHEEM was applie...
Article
Two studies examined the effects of specific reading styles on vocabulary learning of at-risk preschool Chilean children (aged 3-5 yrs.) during shared book reading. Study 1 examined the effect of explicit instruction of new words on vocabulary acquisition, comparing the effect of shared book reading with and without word elaboration, with 112 child...
Article
We explore a dialogical conception of experience as experience of otherness, in order to suggest how to put together its socio-linguistic constitution and its phenomenologically non-reflexive nature. Through the analysis of a piece of conversation accounting for the flow of tension during verbal interaction, we argue that the felt and lived charact...
Article
Full-text available
The central idea of the paper is that human thinking consists a movement through which a person socially interacts with herself. Consequently, thinking does not offer the experience of a private refuge the intimacy of the individual thinker's self-knowing, but a field where multiple points of view interact by contesting, distancing, approaching, ag...
Article
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Este artículo reporta dos estudios que evalúan la efectividad de estrategias de enseñanza de palabras nuevas durante la lectura compartida a preescolares. El estudio 1 evalúa la efectividad de la instrucción explícita de palabras nuevas en su aprendizaje, comparando el efecto de lectura compartida con y sin definición. El estudio 2 buscó evaluar si...
Article
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The goal of the paper is to briefly sketch a theoretical proposal about the role played by discourse in the texture and texturing of lived experience. Inspired by the work of Bakhtin, we develop implications of concepts of inner speech, dialogicality, and specially outsideness, disputing the idea that phenomenological approaches are well equipped t...
Article
Este estudio tuvo por objetivo explorar la naturaleza de los procesos de pensamiento matemático presentes en el discurso de profesoras y profesores que enseñan en el segundo ciclo de educación básica de escuelas públicas en Chile. Se codificaron 77 videos de clases de profesores participantes en el Sistema de Evaluación Nacional Docente del Gobiern...
Article
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The goal of this study was to explore the nature of the processes of mathematical thinking evidenced in the discourse of teachers working at Chilean middle-school level public schools. Seventy seven classroom videos filmed as a part of the Chilean Government National Teaching Assessment System were coded according to a rubric that distinguished 4 f...
Article
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In diesem Beitrag setzen wir uns mit dem Konzept der Ideologie auseinander. Dabei verstehen wir Sprache als eine gemeinsame Grundlage des Sozialen und des Psychologischen. Um diese Betrachtung vorzunehmen stützen wir uns auf Bakhtins Diskurstheorie. Dies geschieht insbesondere weil Sprechakte in Bakhtins Theorie als Positionierungen verstanden werd...
Article
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RESUMEN El objetivo del artículo es presentar un método de análisis dialógico de habla privada argumentativa. Este método fue desarrollado especialmente para responder la pregunta por las condiciones retóricas que caracterizan la aparición de ciertas figuras argumentativas en este tipo de discurso. Tomando elementos tanto de Análisis Argumentativo...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del artículo es presentar un método de análisis dialógico de habla privada argumentativa. Este método fue desarrollado especialmente para responder la pregunta por las condiciones retóricas que caracterizan la aparición de ciertas figuras argumentativas en este tipo de discurso. Tomando elementos tanto de análisis argumentativo de la co...
Article
Full-text available
Accession Number: 2011-27850-006. First Author & Affiliation: Strasser, Katherine; Escuela de Psicologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Translated Title: Narrative comprehension in the preschool age: An assessment instrument.. Release Date: 20121203. Publication Type: Journal, (0100); Peer Reviewed Journal, (0110); . Me...
Article
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Narrative comprehension is a fundamental ability for children's literacy development that has been largely ignored by researchers and educators, due to the difficulties in understanding and measuring it, particularly in the early ages. The results of a study, whose goal was to construct and validate an instrument to measure narrative comprehension...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a research aimed to suggest which competences students have to develop during their undergraduate training in psychology according to the Psychology School academic community from Universidad Alberto Hurtado and professional psychologists in general. It consists of three studies. Findings suggest some specific competences critic...
Article
Chile tiene amplios desafíos en términos de rendimiento y aprendizaje escolar. Particularmente el nivel de alfabetización científica de los jóvenes chilenos no es comparable con el nivel alcanzado por jóvenes provenientes de países desarrollados. Esto es preocupante toda vez que esta competencia es sindicada por organismos internacionales como clav...
Article
Full-text available
El análisis de la enunciación, entendido como un tipo de análisis del discurso que concibe el discurso como siempre marcado subjetivamente, representa para las humanidades, y específicamente par la psicología, una herramienta de gran valor. No obstante lo anterior, este tipo de análisis carece de cohesión y consenso, permaneciendo como un conjunto...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Our aim is to compare the effects of two professional development programs on teachers' pedagogical knowledge of argumentation, reasoning skills, and argumentative writing. Our goal is to better understand how to better promote argumentative teaching practices for in-service teachers.
Archived project
Nombre completo: Indagación acerca de aquellas competencias que deben ser promovidas a lo largo de la formación universitaria de psicólogos para una propuesta de articulación y secuenciación de éstas a lo largo del proceso formativo ofrecido por la Escuela de Psicología de la Universidad Alberto Hurtado (Financiado por Fondos Internos UAH)
Archived project
Objetivo general Evaluar la relación entre la formación universitaria y desarrollo de habilidades de argumentación escrita. Objetivos específicos Describir el nivel de entrada en habilidad de argumentación escrita en estudiantes de educación universitaria, y estudiantes de carreras técnicas. Evaluar la existencia de ganancias en habilidad de argumentación escrita a lo largo de un año de formación universitaria. Identificar diferencias en la ganancia de habilidades de argumentación escrita entre estudiantes universitarios y estudiantes no universitarios. Identificar diferencias en la ganancia de habilidades de argumentación escrita en estudiantes de educación superior según año de formación. Evaluar la fuerza predictiva que tienen los antecedentes educativos y sociodemográficos (género, edad, tipo de establecimiento escolar de origen, origen geográfico, nivel socioeconómico) en el desarrollo de la argumentación en estudiantes de educación superior. Describir la relación entre habilidad de argumentación escrita y rendimiento académico en estudiantes de educación superior.