Antonella Pedergnana

Antonella Pedergnana
Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum - Archaeological research institute | RGZ · MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution

About

59
Publications
10,894
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465
Citations
Citations since 2016
52 Research Items
452 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Residue analysis is an established area of expertise focused on detecting traces of substances found on the surface of objects. It is routinely employed in forensic casework and increasingly incorporated into archaeological investigations. In archaeology, sampling and data interpretation sometimes lacked strict standards, resulting in incorrect res...
Article
Full-text available
More than 2 million years ago in East Africa, the earliest hominin stone tools evolved amidst changes in resource base, with pounding technology playing a key role in this adaptive process. Olduvai Gorge (now Oldupai) is a famed locality that remains paramount for the study of human evolution, also yielding some of the oldest battering tools in the...
Article
Full-text available
Nineteen broken and complete bone fish hooks and six grooved stones recovered from the Epipaleolithic site of Jordan River Dureijat in the Hula Valley of Israel represent the largest collection of fishing technology from the Epipaleolithic and Paleolithic periods. Although Jor-dan River Dureijat was occupied throughout the Epipaleolithic (~20-10 ky...
Article
Ground Stone Tools (GST) have been identified in several Levantine archaeological sites dating to the Middle Paleolithic. These tools, frequently made of limestone, are often interpreted based on their morphology and damage as having been used for knapping flint, and sometimes for breaking animal bones or processing vegetal materials as well. Howev...
Preprint
Ground Stone Tools (GST) have been identified in several Levantine archaeological sites dating to the Middle Paleolithic. These tools, frequently made of limestone, are often interpreted based on their morphology and damage as having been used for knapping flint, and sometimes for breaking animal bones or processing vegetal materials as well. Howev...
Article
Full-text available
Metrology has been successfully used in the last decade to quantify use-wear on stone tools. Such techniques have been mostly applied to fine-grained rocks (chert), while studies on coarse-grained raw materials have been relatively infrequent. In this study, confocal microscopy was employed to investigate polished surfaces on a coarse-grained litho...
Article
Full-text available
Among the main controversial aspects of residue analysis are the correct identification of the residue type, contamination, and the relationship between the residues and the stone tools on which they are found. This paper focuses on the third key issue: how to correctly establish a direct correlation between the micro-residues located on tools and...
Article
Full-text available
In prehistoric human populations, technologies played a fundamental role in the acquisition of different resources and are represented in the main daily living activities, such as with bone, wooden, and stone-tipped spears for hunting, and chipped-stone tools for butchering. Considering that paleoanthropologists and archeologists are focused on the...
Preprint
Cleaning stone tool surfaces is a common procedure in lithic studies. The first step widely applied at any archaeological site (and/or at field laboratories) is the gross removal of sediment from the surfaces of artifacts. Lithic surface alterations due to mechanical action applied in wet or dry cleaning regimes have never been examined at a micros...
Article
The Atapuerca localities present evidence of a long series of hominin occupations from the Early Pleistocene onward and are a key site for understanding the continuity and discontinuity of Western European technological and settlement dynamics. The TD10 unit from Gran Dolina is located in the upper part of the sequence and divided into four lithost...
Article
Full-text available
The Palaeolithic rock engravings that are located along the Nalón river basin in Northern Spain (central area of Asturias) have been studied from various perspectives (morphology, depth, style, manual range), but no use-wear studies on the stone tools used to produce such engravings have ever been undertaken. This paper aims to explore a new approa...
Article
Cleaning stone tool surfaces is a common procedure in lithic studies. The first step widely applied at any archaeological site (and/or at field laboratories) is the gross removal of sediment from the surfaces of artifacts. Lithic surface alterations due to mechanical action applied in wet or dry cleaning regimes have never been examined at a micros...
Article
Full-text available
Confocal microscopy has been increasingly employed in the field of traceology to acquire metrological data of surface changes on a micro-scale. However, its advantages for a traditional visual inspection of use-wear are rarely highlighted. As traditional optical microscopy (OM) has proven unable to entirely fulfil the prerequisites for an ideal obs...
Article
Full-text available
Use-wear studies rely heavily on experiments and reference collections to infer the function of archeological artifacts. Sequential experiments, in particular, are necessary to understand how use-wear develops. Consequently, it is crucial to analyze the same location on the tool’s surface during the course of an experiment. Being able to relocate t...
Article
Quartzite has been poorly studied from a functional point of view since the foundation of use-wear analysis, as the method was largely built upon the observation of wear on fine-grained raw materials (e.g., chert). In the case of the Middle Pleistocene Gran Dolina-TD10.1 site in Spain (ca. 300 kya), the sole raw material that can provide functional...
Article
Full-text available
Dental and artifact microwear analyses have a lot in common regarding the questions they address, their developmental history and their issues. However, few paleontologists and archeologists are aware of this, and even those who are, do not take into account most of the methodological insights from the other field. In this focus article, we briefly...
Poster
Full-text available
Common approaches within archaeological traceological studies harness life-like experimentation, which changes the sample surfaces through use, followed by comparison with wear-patterns on archaeological specimens (Marreiros et al., 2015). The coexistence of multiple variables and human variability in actualistic experiments makes quantification an...
Article
Full-text available
Many archeologists are skeptical about the capabilities of use-wear analysis to infer on the function of archeological tools, mainly because the method is seen as subjective, not standardized and not reproducible. Quantitative methods in particular have been developed and applied to address these issues. However, the importance of equipment, acquis...
Data
Raw data, and RStudio project, R markdown scripts and HTML outputs of the statistical procedures. All files are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2594755).
Data
Values of ISO 25178-2 parameters on the flint and quartzite samples (1st sheet), and of ISO 4287 Ra parameter on the roughness standard (2nd sheet). Units are given in the 3rd sheet.
Data
Descriptive statistics of ISO 25178-2 parameters from both objectives on the flint and quartzite samples (1st sheet), and of ISO 4287 Ra parameter on the roughness standard (2nd sheet). n = sample size, min = minimum, max = maximum, SD = standard deviation.
Data
Python script and results of the Bayesian Multi-factor ANOVA. All files are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2594746).
Data
PDF export of the results of the ConfoMap template applied to all analyzed surfaces. Editable *.mnt files (which include the unprocessed surfaces) are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1479117).
Data
Raw data, and RStudio project, R markdown scripts and HTML outputs of the statistical procedures. All files are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2594755).
Data
Python script and results of the Bayesian Multi-factor ANOVA. All files are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2594746).
Data
Values of ISO 25178-2 parameters on the flint and quartzite samples (1st sheet), and of ISO 4287 Ra parameter on the roughness standard (2nd sheet). Units are given in the 3rd sheet.
Data
Descriptive statistics of ISO 25178-2 parameters from both objectives on the flint and quartzite samples (1st sheet), and of ISO 4287 Ra parameter on the roughness standard (2nd sheet). n = sample size, min = minimum, max = maximum, SD = standard deviation.
Data
Video of the procedure to adhere the beads onto the sample. The video has been accelerated for convenience; the whole procedure was performed in approximately 2 min and 12 s.
Data
PDF export of the results of the ConfoMap template applied to all analyzed surfaces. Editable *.mnt files (which include the unprocessed surfaces) are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1479072)
Data
Descriptions of the ISO 25178-2 parameters applied to all surfaces. [The original file is in XLSX format but it is not allowed on RG. Feel free to ask for the raw data, or download them from Springer at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12520-019-00801-y]
Data
Descriptive statistics of ISO 25178-2 parameters on both microscopes. n = sample size, min = minimum, max = maximum, SD = standard deviation.
Data
Raw data, and R markdown scripts and HTML outputs of the statistical procedures. All files are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2578975).
Article
Full-text available
The term “Mental Template” has been used frequently, especially in discussions about Acheulean handaxes. Nevertheless, the standardization of shape not only affects handaxes but also cleavers. The aim is to analyze the whole sense of the cleaver tool-type through the study of the quartzite cleavers of the Middle Pleistocene sites of Gran Dolina -TD...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although the debate regarding whether the organic material on ancient lithic artefacts may survive and be microscopically identified is still on-going, the study of residues is in fact already one of the key components of functional analysis. Indeed, the study of different kind of organic residues (e.g. bone, wood, plants, blood cells, starch granu...
Poster
Full-text available
Interpreting how tool production and use might have varied through time and space is one of the main research areas for investigating the evolution of human behavior, for which functional studies are of major importance. From the current state-of-the-art in use-wear analysis, researchers rely on experimental replication of past potential uses in or...
Article
Full-text available
Preliminary functional results obtained from the quartzite assemblage of the Early Middle Palaeolithic site of Payre (South-eastern France) are presented. In an area rich in flint, hominins at Payre also collected quartzite in their local environment, specifically along the Rhône River banks. Although the Payre lithic assemblage is largely composed...
Article
Full-text available
Residue analysis applied to stone tools is a useful aid for better understanding their past function and, by extension, reconstructing early human behaviour. However, if the nature of residues found on the lithic tools is misinterpreted, so will be our understanding of their archaeological context. As a consequence, correctly identifying residues i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the eighties, functional studies have suffered a series of methodological ups and downs. These allowed to improve the method in several occasions, while sometimes they have caused some discredit of the discipline. In the last past years, studies about functionality (concerning both use-wear and residues) have exponentially increased, disregar...
Article
In general, quartz and most of non-flint rocks have not been extensively studied from a functional point of view. Very frequently the definitions of micro-features connected with flint surfaces have been used to describe those encountered on non-flint tools. This circumstance has repeatedly posed serious methodological problems for evaluating the a...
Article
Pilot experiments involving the butchering of bird carcasses and the use of non-retouched flint flakes were performed. The executed actions comprised skinning and defeathering various avifaunal species (Circaetus gallicus and Gyps fulvus). The main aim of this experimental programme was to document the use-wear on flint implements employed in the t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Durante los últimos años -debido a nuevos métodos y técnicas- se ha producido un gran incremento en investigaciones de carácter funcional, así como importantes avances en microscopía. Aun así, han resurgido trabajos basados en métodos de escasa capacidad diagnóstica. Por ello proponemos una serie de pasos a seguir de cara a un estudio de funcionali...
Article
Residue analysis is a method frequently used to infer the function of stone tools and it is very often applied in combination with use-wear analysis. Beyond its undeniable potential, the method itself has several intrinsic constraints. Apart from the exceptional circumstances necessary for residues to survive, the correct identification of the resi...
Article
Sequential experiments were performed with quartzite flakes with the main purpose of monitoring use-wear formation processes. The two main objectives of this research were the construction of a wide reference collection to serve for future functional interpretations of the archaeological material and to achieve a better comprehension of the mechani...
Article
This overall research initiative was undertaken to evaluate the role of lithic raw material variability in use-wear formation processes, focusing specifically on two lithological varieties of quartzite present in the Lower and Middle Pleistocene lithic assemblages of the Gran Dolina, Galería and Sima del Elefante sites (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In general, quartz and most of non-flint rocks have not been extensively studied from a functional point of view. Very frequently the definitions of micro-features connected with flint surfaces have been used to describe those encountered on non-flint tools. This circumstance has repeatedly posed serious methodological problems for evaluating the a...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Characterization of micro-residues through the aid of lenses and fancy techniques
Project
Understanding use-wear formation on quartzite through the aid of microscopy.
Archived project