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Anton Van Rompaey

Anton Van Rompaey
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences

Professor of Geography

About

162
Publications
78,890
Reads
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6,551
Citations
Introduction
Anton Van Rompaey is a Professor of Geography who works at the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Leuven. Anton does research in Geography, Land System Science and Sustainable Development. His current projects focus on rural-urban interactions in the Global South.
Additional affiliations
July 2006 - August 2006
University of California, Santa Barbara
Position
  • Visiting Scientist
July 2004 - August 2004
Clark University
Position
  • Visiting Scientist
October 2003 - present
KU Leuven
Position
  • Professor Geography

Publications

Publications (162)
Article
Full-text available
Water is one of the fundamental resources of economic prosperity, food security, human habitats, and the driver of many global phenomena, such as droughts, floods, contaminated water, disease, poverty, and hunger. Therefore, its deterioration and its inadequate use lead to heavy impacts on environmental resources and humans. Thus, we argue that to...
Article
Full-text available
Urban land leasing is a land monetization strategy that was introduced in 1991 by the contemporary regime. Since then, urban center slum demolitions and their replacement by high-end commercial buildings and urban peripheral low-cost residential condominium expansions have been common occurrences in Addis Ababa. Land rentiers quote extreme land pri...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater pollution poses a severe threat and issue to the environment and humanity overall. That is why mitigative strategies are urgently needed. Today, studies mapping groundwater risk pollution assessment are being developed. In this study, five new hybrid/ensemble machine learning (ML) models are developed, named DRASTIC-Random Forest (RF),...
Article
Full-text available
Geotourism is a sustainable type of tourism that focuses on the geological and geomorphological heritages of an area, and the associated cultural and biodiversity features. Though the popularity of geotourism is rapidly growing, research on the demand side, particularly on segmenting tourists to geosites and understanding their profiles, is limited...
Article
Full-text available
For any hydrological or hydrogeological system, the arrival of new rains is the input signal to the system. This isotopic signature of precipitation is of major interest in understanding the recharge processes of the aquifer system. On the scale of a given basin, staged stations at different altitudes and spread out in space allow this input signal...
Article
Cities in sub-Saharan Africa are characterised by rapid urban sprawl, which has implications for urban food accessibility. Urban sprawl results in inefficient structures of cities, and is often related to patterns of socioeconomic segregation. An important research gap in food accessibility studies is that these local socioeconomic imbalances are n...
Article
Full-text available
Soil erosion is an increasingly issue worldwide, due to several factors including climate variations and humans’ activities, especially in Mediterranean ecosystems. Therefore, the aim of this paper is: (i) to quantify and to predict soil erosion rate for the baseline period (2000–2013) and a future period (2014–2027), using the Revised Universal So...
Article
Although progress has been made in addressing hunger and poor diets in African cities, many urban residents still suffer from food insecurity, and there is large heterogeneity within cities. We examine spatial variations in hunger and dietary quality using a representative study of 983 households and 440 food retailers in a South African secondary...
Article
Full-text available
Urban resilience, the combinational characteristic of nature and society, that reflects the dynamic accumulation process that is multi-level and multi-dimensional. Particularly, the rational spatial distribution structure of land mixture and compactness is an effective way to improve urban resilience because the evolution of morphology and density...
Article
Full-text available
This work was undertaken to develop a low-cost but reliable assessment method for agricultural water requirements in semi-arid locations based on remote sensing data/techniques. In semi-arid locations, water resources are often limited, and long-term water consumption may exceed the natural replenishment rates of groundwater reservoirs. Sustainable...
Article
Full-text available
Human activity influences both the occurrence and impact of landslides in mountainous environments. Population pressure and the associated land-use changes are assumed to exacerbate landslide risk, yet there is a lack of statistical evidence to support this claim, especially in the Global South where historical records are scarce. In this work, we...
Article
Full-text available
Rural–urban migration in developing countries is considered to be a key process for sustainable development in the coming decades. On the one hand, rural–urban migration can contribute to the socioeconomic development of a country. On the other hand, it also leads to labor transfer, brain-drain in rural areas, and overcrowded cities where planning...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, circa 30% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa resides in cities, and this figure is expected to double in 2040. The recent literature describes the urban expansion processes of African cities in much detail. However, the urbanization wave in Africa also leads to important intra-urban land use dynamics, which have important consequenc...
Article
Sub-Saharan Africa is rapidly urbanising. This urbanisation may contribute to socio-economic development as more people participate in the urban economy. Nevertheless, rapid urbanisation is not always sustainable. Primary cities often grow fast, leaving secondary towns lagging behind with weaker economies. Viable strategies for sustainable urbanisa...
Article
Full-text available
Geotourism is a niche form of sustainable tourism that focuses on the geological and geomorphological features of an area, and the associated culture and biodiversity. Geosites are important resources for geotourism development. The eastern and southeastern Lake Tana region in Ethiopia has several geosites with a potential for geotourism developmen...
Book
Full-text available
Anthropogenic and natural disturbances to freshwater quantity and quality is a greater issue for society than ever before. To successfully restore water resources in impaired watersheds requires understanding the interactions between hydrology, climate, land use, water quality, ecology, social and economic pressures. Current understanding of these...
Article
Full-text available
Questionnaire S1. Questionnaire for rating the scenic beauty of the 34 geosites by the NGB-NV and GB-NV groups 1 , based on representative photographs of the geosites. The objective of this questionnaire is to rate the scenic beauty of geosites. Geosites are understood here as geomorphological or geological features with associated cultural and/or...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Scenic beauty is one of the most-commonly used indicators in the inventory and assessment of geosites for geoconservation, geoheritage management and geotourism development. It is an important driver of tourists to visit natural areas and it also provides support for the protection of natural heritage. Previous studies on scenic beauty ma...
Chapter
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Income inequality has steadily increased in Suriname and it is considered to be at one of the highest levels in the Caribbean. This chapter analyses socio-economic and ethnic segregation between 2004 and 2012 in the Greater Paramaribo Region in Suriname. To investigate the link between income inequality and socio-economic segregation, occupation is...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropogenic activity leading to forest structural and functional changes needs specific ecological indicators and monitoring techniques. Since decades, forest structure, composition, biomass, and functioning have been studied with ground-based forest inventories. Nowadays, satellites survey the earth, producing imagery at different spatial and te...
Article
Full-text available
Rural and urban areas are often conceptualized as two separate entities and studied accordingly. However, in reality, they are related in multiple ways. Here we explore this relation between rural and urban areas from a land use perspective. We argue that land should be characterized along a gradient from rural to urban. Further, we argue that land...
Article
Full-text available
Sub-Saharan African cities are expanding horizontally, demonstrating spatial patterns of urban sprawl and socioeconomic segregation. An important research gap around the geographies of urban populations is that city-wide analyses mask local socioeconomic inequalities. This research focuses on those inequalities by identifying the spatial settlement...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanization leads to a continuous loss of agricultural land, both directly under the form of land take, and indirectly through the use of agricultural land for non-productive rural activities like recreation, horse keeping or hobby farming. These urbanization processes put pressure on farmers, making farming activities harder through reduced agric...
Article
Full-text available
In the 1990s, some districts in the Northern Vietnamese highlands were opened for international tourism. The development of tourism was expected to bring a new income source to remote mountain areas. This paper analyzes the association between tourism development, local livelihoods and land cover change at the household level. Sa Pa district was se...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to develop a method to assess regional water balances using remote sensing techniques. The Boufakrane river watershed in Meknes Region (Morocco), which is characterized by both a strong urbanization and a rural land use change, is taken as a study case. Firstly, changes in land cover were mapped by classifying remote sensing images...
Article
In the Northern Vietnamese Mountains, paddy fields are the main source of foods and an important indicator to define wealth in ethnic communities. This paper deals with an application of multilevel model to predict spatial patterns of paddy field productivity according to hierarchical levels such as individual fields, individual households and indi...
Poster
Full-text available
The Boufekrane watershed, located in the upper part of the Sebou watershed, limited by the Middle Atlas mountain chain in the south. Characterized by a very important areas for agricultural practice with high quality of soils and a very large quantity of water resources. However, it is undergoing rapid changes in land use due to natural and anthrop...
Article
Full-text available
In order to construct a suitable transport policy, based on the needs of the inhabitants and city users, planners have to be aware of the needs of urban residents. In this research, Hägerstrand's space‐time geography is used to understand constraints that individuals from contrasting livelihoods experience regarding their daily mobility in Kampala....
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses built‐up area expansion and socioeconomic segregation within the Greater Paramaribo Region, Suriname. Built‐up expansion between 1987 and 2015 was assessed via time‐series analysis of Landsat images. By identifying visible spatial residential characteristics in Google Earth© images, the residential built‐up area was differentiat...
Article
Full-text available
Involvement of stakeholders in sustainable tourism, particularly in developing countries, is crucial for the success of tourism development. However, its implementation is often criticized for not considering stakeholders’ needs. This study explores tourists’ preferences for tourism activities, designed by local stakeholders, in one of the oldest c...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing economic pressure on farmers has resulted in lower gross margins, lower income, and a continuous decrease in the number of farmers in large parts of the world. Most remaining farmers upscale their activities by taking over the land of their former competitors, resulting in a decrease in agricultural employment and an increase in average...
Article
Understanding of the often complex forest cover change drivers, and the perceived and observed forest cover changes substantially contributes to the sustainable management of tropical forests. This paper aims at developing an integrated view on tropical forest cover change and its drivers by combining the perception of the stakeholders (farmers, fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Saiss plain is one of the very important zones for the agricultural practice in Morocco, with a significant amount of water. Obviously, these resources have experienced degradation in the last years, with population growth, the development of the industrial activity in and the overexploitation in the agriculture. The main objective of this work...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose a correction of the Mobility Entropy indicator (ME) used to describe the diversity of individual movement patterns as can be captured by data from mobile phones. We argue that a correction is necessary because standard calculations of ME show a structural dependency on the geographical density of observation points, render...
Poster
The North Tanganyika and Kivu Rift zones (Burundi, DR Congo, Rwanda) encompass a region where environmental factors such as heavy rainfall, tectonic activity, and steep topography favor the occurrence of landslides. These landslides have a negative impact on the livelihoods of the local population that suffers yearly from damage to infrastructure a...
Poster
Full-text available
The North Tanganyika and Kivu Rift zones (Burundi, DR Congo, Rwanda) encompass a region where environmental factors such as heavy rainfall, tectonic activity, and steep topography favor the occurrence of landslides. These landslides have a negative impact on the livelihoods of the local population that suffers yearly from damage to infrastructure a...
Article
Full-text available
An in-depth understanding of the main factors behind built-up development is a key prerequisite for designing policies dedicated to a more efficient land use. Infill development policies are essential to curb sprawl and allow a progressive recycling of low-density areas inherited from the past. This paper examines the controlling factors of built-u...
Article
Full-text available
Severe land degradation and the consequent series of drought and famine episodes have caused major waves of human migration in Ethiopia over the past 5 decades. The main objective of this study was to assess the impacts of consecutive resettlement programs (spontaneous and planned) on the forests in southwest Ethiopia. The spatial distribution and...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have highlighted significant interactions between soil C reservoir dynamics and global climate and environmental change. However, in order to estimate the future soil organic carbon sequestration potential and related ecosystem services well, more spatially detailed predictions are needed. The present study made detailed predictions of...
Article
Conversion of tropical forests remains high on the international agenda, but the effectiveness of the proposed framework to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+) has been questioned. We hypothesized that an effective implementation of REDD+ would require understanding of the functioning of the local social-ecological system an...
Article
Numerous cities in developing regions worldwide are expanding at a tremendous rate. This requires adequate strategies to address the needs of these growing cities with diverse populations. Nonetheless, the development of urban policies is often hampered by the lack of reliable data or insight in the socio-spatial dynamics of this urban expansion. T...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decade, several scholars have argued that livelihood diversification in terms of off-farm activities is key for rural households to escape from poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Although the continuous growth of tourism in many SSA countries has created an additional off-farm income activity, empirical evidence is lacking to substa...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports major land use changes in India’s worst badland incised area. India, being an agriculture dependent economy, suffers a great economic loss to badlands. Strategically, it is important to know the state-of-the-art status on the dynamics of badlands. Furthermore, it is equally important to assess the processes and factors which co...
Article
Full-text available
Forest cover change is driven by complex processes that depend on political, conservation, and biophysical conditions. At present, mountain areas worldwide are undergoing intense forest cover change. Local-scale studies exist, but policy makers lack reliable and consistent information at the regional scale about long-term trends, controlling factor...
Article
Full-text available
Since the late 1970s, the Pearl River Delta (PRD) in China has undergone a rapid transition from an agricultural landscape to a metropolitan area. The rapid urbani-zation has not only increased the area of impervious surfaces in the central plain; it has displaced farmland to the hilly peripheral areas. The objectives of this study are to: (1) anal...
Article
Full-text available
A valuable aid to assessing and managing flood risk lies in a reliable database of historical floods. In this study, a newspaper-based flood database for Shanghai (NFDS) for the period 1949–2009 was developed through a systematic scanning of newspapers. After calibration and validation of the database, Mann-Kendall tests and correlation analysis we...