Anton-Rupert Laireiter

Anton-Rupert Laireiter
University of Vienna | UniWien · Institut für Klinische und Gesundheitspsychologie

Doctor of Psychology

About

148
Publications
74,830
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Introduction
Anton-Rupert Laireiter currently works at the Institut für Angewandte Psychologie: Gesundheit, Entwicklung und Förderung, University of Vienna and at the Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg. His current work deals mainly with Psychotherapy Research ('Intersession Processes in ambulatory psychotherapy', training in psychotherapy, applied psychotherapy research and blended group therapies for mental disorders) and Positive Psychology Interventions (PPI) (Positive Psychotherapy, positive psychology coaching, humor and humor interventions).
Additional affiliations
October 2015 - present
University of Vienna
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2000 - present
University of Salzburg
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Leader of the Research group and leader of the outpatient treatment center for Clinical Psychology, Psychotherapy and Health Psychology

Publications

Publications (148)
Chapter
Text Allgemeine Psychotherapie (→ Psychotherapieforschung). Es gibt viele Versuche, verschiedene psychotherapeutische Richtungen zu integrieren; die bedeutungsvollsten sind die (theoretisch entwickelten) → integrativen Therapien (z. B. Petzold) und die (empirisch gewonnenen) allgemeinen (Therapieschulen übergreifenden) Psychotherapiemodelle von Orl...
Chapter
Text Generisches Modell der Psychotherapie (→ Psychotherapieforschung). Das "Generic Model of Psychotherapy" von Orlinsky und Howard ist ein allgemeines Prozessmodell der Psychotherapie ohne präskriptiven Anspruch. Empirisch aus Ergebnissen der → Prozess-Ergebnis-Forschung gewonnen, stellt es einen schulen übergreifenden Raster für Forschung und Pr...
Chapter
Text Qualitätssicherung (→ Psychotherapieforschung). Beschreibt die Gesamtheit aller Maßnahmen, um das Ausmaß einer Leistung sicherzustellen und zu verbessern. Aus der Industrie kommend, wurde der Begriff von Dienstleistung und Handel übernommen und in internationalen Qualitätsnormen formalisiert. Die Normenreihe 9000-9004 der Internationalen Stand...
Chapter
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Die Dokumentation gehört zu den gesetzlich (z. B. Ärzte-, Psychotherapiegesetz, Patientenrechte) vorgegebenen Berufspflichten von Psychotherapeuten. Zur Vereinheitlichung haben verschiedene Berufsverbände Standards zu Struktur und Inhalt der zu dokumentierenden Daten entwickelt, die in standardisierten Systemen realisiert werden, und die Rahmenbedi...
Article
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The current COV-19 pandemic increases the need for remote treatment. Among several provision strategies, tele groups have been tested as an efficient option. Still, the number of studies is comparably low, with a clear lack of studies investigating supposed treatment mechanisms. Sixty-one mildly to moderately depressed participants from Salzburg,...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Praxisorientierte Psychotherapieforschung benötigt die Erfahrung, Sichtweisen und Mitarbeit praktizierender Psychotherapeut_innen. Es ist erstaunlich, dass bisher erst eine bereits 15 Jahre alte Studie über die Einstellung österreichischer Psychotherapeut_innen zur Psychotherapieforschung existiert. Um diese Forschungslücke zu schli...
Article
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This study aimed at evaluating the extent of benzodiazepine (BZD) consumption among nursing home residents and examining additional mental health problems. Urine samples were collected in nursing homes in a border region between Austria and Germany and analyzed for BZD using a liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric method (LC–MS/MS). In a...
Article
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In order to contribute to the consolidation in the field of Positive Psychology, we reinvestigated the factor structure of top 10 positive emotions of Barbara Fredrickson. Former research in experimental settings resulted in a three-cluster solution, which we tested with exploratory and confirmatory methodology against different factor models. With...
Article
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Background Sample size planning (SSP) is vital for efficient studies that yield reliable outcomes. Hence, guidelines, therefore, emphasize the importance of SSP. The present study investigates the practice of SSP in current trials for depression. Methods Seventy-eight RCTs published between 2013 and 2017 were examined. Impact of study design (e.g....
Article
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Objective: To examine immediate and long-term effectiveness of an adjunctive Internet intervention for depression in a large sample of patients undergoing routine psychotherapy. Method: The current study evaluated a subgroup of patients from the Evident trial, a randomized investigation of a 12-week minimally guided Internet intervention (Deprexis)...
Article
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Smartphone-based devices are increasingly recognized to assess disease symptoms in daily life (e.g. ecological momentary assessment, EMA). Despite this development in digital psychiatry, clinical trials are mainly based on point assessments of psychopathology. This study investigated expectable increases in statistical power by intense assessment i...
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Therapists hold a key role for the uptake of digital mental health interventions (DMHI) within regular care services but have demonstrated cautious attitudes towards such interventions. It is relevant to explore in detail what factors may positively influence therapists' perception when considering DMHI implementation within routine care. We recent...
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Background and aims Internet addiction, sex addiction and compulsive buying are common behavioral problems, which share similarities with gambling disorder and substance use disorders. However, little is known about the efficacy of their treatments. The objective of this meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of the treatments of such problem be...
Article
Die Praxis der Psychotherapie und deren öffentliche Sicht sind stark durch Kontexte bestimmt, innerhalb derer sie angeboten wird. Wie sind hierzu die staatlichen Rahmenbedingungen der Psychotherapie in den deutschsprachigen Ländern Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz (= DACH)? Der Beitrag skizziert das Verständnis von Psychotherapie, deren Ersc...
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Disordered gambling is a public health concern associated with detrimental consequences for affected individuals and social costs. Currently, opioid antagonists are considered the first-line treatments to reduce symptoms of uncontrolled gambling. Only recently, glutamatergic agents and combined pharmacological and psychological treatments have been...
Article
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Background: Blended group therapy (bGT) has been investigated a several times for anxiety and depression, but information on patients’ adherence to and therapists’ perception of the novel format is nonexistent. Furthermore, many studies investigated mainly female and highly educated populations, limiting the validity of previous findings. Objective...
Article
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This study examines the efficacy of Positive Psychotherapy (PPT) in comparison to well established Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). A total of 92 individuals fulfilling the criteria for depressive disorder were randomly assigned to 14 sessions of manualized PPT or CBT in groups. Primary outcome was change in self-reported and clinician-rated dep...
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Background The Bologna Process was initiated to harmonize study processes and contents throughout Europe in order to facilitate communication and cross-border study exchange. However, when it comes to postgraduate education and practical work in clinical psychology, no such harmonization exists - there is still significant heterogeneity between Eur...
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Background:Humor trainings have positive effects on mental health and well-being. However, studiesinvestigating the effects of humor trainings in clinical samples are still rare. This study investigated the efficacy andfeasibility of a humor training for people suffering from depression, anxiety and adjustment disorders. Methods:Based on a diagnost...
Article
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Three positive psychology interventions (coping humor, three funny things, three good things) were compared with a placebo control condition (early memories) in a randomized placebo-controlled online trial. A total of 182 healthy participants participated in a one week web-based diary study and completed evaluation measures at pre, post, and one mo...
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Aim: Real-time monitoring of psychotherapeutic processes was recently described as a promising, new way of tracking periods of change in ongoing treatments. This approach generates complex, multivariate datasets that have to be presented in an intuitive way for clinicians to aid their clinical decision-making. Using network modeling and new approac...
Preprint
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Aim: real-time monitoring of psychotherapeutic processes was recently described as a promising, new way of tracking periods of change in ongoing treatments. This approach generates complex, multivariate datasets that have to be presented in an intuitive way for clinicians to aid their clinical decision-making. Using network modeling and new approac...
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While monitoring systems in psychotherapy have become more common, little is known about the attitudes that mental health practitioners have towards these systems. In an online survey among 111 Austrian psychotherapists and trainees, attitudes towards therapy monitoring were measured. A well-validated questionnaire measuring attitudes towards outco...
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Background: the typical mode of assessment in studies on intersession processes (ISP) in psychotherapy is using cross-sectional or weekly measurements. Daily dynamics of intersession processes have not yet been studied. Method: intersession process data from 22 ambulatory psychotherapy cases were collected in a naturalistic study with high tempora...
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Background: Web-based and blended (face-to-face plus Web-based) interventions for mental health disorders are gaining significance. However, many licensed psychotherapists still have guarded attitudes toward computer-assisted therapy, hindering dissemination efforts. Objective: The objective of this study was to provide a therapist-oriented evalua...
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Background: Blended group therapy combines group sessions with Web- and mobile-based treatment modules. Consequently, blended group therapy widens the choice within blended interventions at reasonable costs. This is the first qualitative study on blended group therapy. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the patient-centered f...
Article
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The present study investigates the feasibility of a humor training for a subclinical sample suffering from increased stress, depressiveness, or anxiety. Based on diagnostic interviews, 35 people were invited to participate in a 7-week humor training. Evaluation measures were filled in prior training, after training, and at a 1-month follow-up inclu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Praxisorientierte Psychotherapieforschung und insbesondere verfahrensübergreifende, patientenorientierte Aspekte stellen den aktuellen State of the Art dar, der die Interessen der Praxis sowie die akademischen Anforderungen sinnvoll verbindet. Der vorliegende Leitfaden dient als Orientierungshilfe in Bezug auf Grundlagen für Wissenschaft und Forsch...
Article
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The study tested effectiveness and feasibility of a humor training for members of a community mental health center suffering from schizophrenia, personality disorders, depression, or anxiety. The training group (n = 28) was compared to a treatment-as-usual control group (n = 26). Outcomes were divided into primary (coping humor and cheerfulness) an...
Preprint
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Z u s a m m e n f a s s u n g Die österreichische Gesetzeslage trennt die Klinische Psy-chologie von der Psychotherapie. Klinische PsychologInnen können ohne spezifische Ausbildung keine Psychotherapie betreiben. Das Psychologengesetz beinhaltet jedoch auch für Klinische PsychologInnen das Recht zur Behandlung von Menschen mit verschiedensten Leid...
Article
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Objective This study investigated the feasibility of a novel blended (face-to-face and computer-based) group intervention for the reduction of depressive symptoms in major depression. Design Patient-centred uncontrolled interventional study. Setting University setting in a general community sample. A multimodal recruitment strategy (public health...
Chapter
Zur Entstehung psychischer Störungen im Alter wird allgemein angenommen (z. B. Maercker, 2002a; Maercker, 2003; Jagsch, 2006), dass sie sich einerseits durch eine Kumulation von Risikofaktoren im Verlauf des Lebens erstmals manifestieren könnten, andererseits aus früheren Lebensphasen ins Alter „mitgenommen“ würden. In beiden Fällen würden sich im...
Chapter
Gesundheitsförderung und Prävention haben sich in den letzten beiden Jahrzehnten als wichtige Strategien der Gesundheitsversorgung etabliert und wurden so auch zentrale Gegenstände der öffentlichen Gesundheitsvorsorge und der Kassenversorgung.
Chapter
Die vorliegende Arbeit basiert auf einer Reihe vorangegangener Arbeiten (Laireiter 2003, 2010; Laireiter et al. 2001), in denen über den Stand der Entwicklung der Dokumentation berichtet wurde. Um Redundanzen zu vermeiden, werden hier zwei Schwerpunkte gesetzt, einen Überblick zu geben über die (aktuellen) gesetzlichen und berufsrechtlichen Rahmenb...
Article
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Modern technologies like smartphones, tablet computers and other Internet-enabled devices spread rapidly and reach an increasing number of people. In the field of mental health, many different approaches for supporting assessment, treatment planning, but also treatment of mental disorders have been developed. The possibilities for providing univers...
Preprint
Full-text available
While monitoring systems in psychotherapy become more and more common, not much is known about the attitudes that mental health practitioners have towards these systems. Also, not only session-by-session monitoring systems are currently used in psychotherapy, but also systems using daily measures to capture the therapeutic process in real time. In...
Chapter
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Die Positive Psychologie sieht die Förderung psychischer Gesundheit in der Entwicklung positiver Emotionen, Lebensqualität, Ressourcen und persönlichen Stärken. Aufbauend auf in diesem Zusammenhang entwickelte Methoden wurde von den AutorInnen ein multimodales Seminar zum Glückscoaching entwickelt mit den Komponenten Psychoedukation, individuelles...
Preprint
While monitoring systems in psychotherapy become more and more common, not much is known about the attitudes that mental health practitioners have towards these systems. Also, not only session-by-session monitoring systems are currently used in psychotherapy, but also systems using daily measures to capture the therapeutic process in real time. In...
Article
Full-text available
Die Verbreitung moderner Medien wirkt sich zunehmend auf psychologische Behandlungsangebote aus. Während die empirische Basis internetbasierter Interventionen zur Behandlung häufiger psychischer Beeinträchtigungen wächst und ihre Anwendung in der Regelversorgung gegenwärtig international erprobt wird, bestehen zusätzliche Bestrebungen, das gewonnen...
Article
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Background: In recent years, the assessment of mental disorders has become more and more personalized. Modern advancements such as Internet-enabled mobile phones and increased computing capacity make it possible to tap sources of information that have long been unavailable to mental health practitioners. Objective: Software packages that combine...
Article
Background: Because of physiological changes, elderly people are much more exposed to the adverse effects of alcohol. Therefore, hazardous drinking is defined at lower levels as compared to younger adults. This work aims to evaluate the validity of the current cut off levels of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test - Consumption questions (...
Article
Background and aims In the light of growing traditional and novel forms of gambling, the treatment of disordered gambling is gaining increasing importance and practical relevance. Most studies have examined face-to-face treatments. Although trials implementing self-guided treatments have recently been conducted, these options have not yet been syst...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have documented links between sub-clinical narcissism and the active pursuit of short-term mating strategies (e.g., unrestricted sociosexuality, marital infidelity, mate poaching). Nearly all of these investigations have relied solely on samples from Western cultures. In the current study, responses from a cross-cultural survey of...
Article
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Background: Blended interventions aim to capitalise on the strengths of both computer-based and face-to-face therapy. Studies on this innovative treatment format remain scare. This especially accounts for the group treatment of depression. Method: The present study applied eclectic psychotherapy methods to an adult sample exhibiting a variety of de...
Article
Full-text available
Z u s a m m e n f a s s u n g Die österreichische Gesetzeslage trennt die Klinische Psy-chologie von der Psychotherapie. Klinische PsychologInnen können ohne spezifische Ausbildung keine Psychotherapie betreiben. Das Psychologengesetz beinhaltet jedoch auch für Klinische PsychologInnen das Recht zur Behandlung von Menschen mit verschiedensten Leid...
Article
Full-text available
Z u s a m m e n f a s s u n g Hintergrund: Es liegen noch nicht viele Studien zur Wirk-samkeit der klinisch-psychologischen Behandlung (KPB) vor. Daher wird diese im Rahmen eines naturalistischen Designs überprüft und mit der kognitiven Verhaltensthera-pie (KVT) und der Systemischen Therapie (ST) verglichen. Methodik: Es wurde eine retrospektive Ka...
Article
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Im ersten Teil der Publikation (Mestel et al. 2016, Skeptiker 1/2016, S. 14-23) wurde der theoretische Hintergrund der Studie dargestellt, die Fragestellungen, Methoden und erste Ergebnisse zur Frage präsentiert, ob sich vier Personengruppen hinsichtlich ihres Glaubens an Gott und ihrer Spiritualität unterscheiden. Bei diesen Gruppen handelt es sic...
Article
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Aktive Mitglieder skeptischer Vereinigungen gegenüber Parawissenschaften wurden bisher kaum hinsichtlich kennzeichnender psychologischer und demografischer Merkmale untersucht. Diesem Mangel soll mit der vorliegenden Arbeit begegnet werden. Dazu wird die Gruppe der Skeptiker zunächst hinsichtlich demografischer und sozialer Merkmale sowie anschließ...
Chapter
Einrichtungen der Altenpflege sind wichtige Tätigkeitsfelder der klinischen Gerontopsychologie. Bisher wurden psychologische Aufgaben in diesen jedoch erst wenig beschrieben und evaluiert. Der vorliegende Beitrag gibt daher eine Übersicht über Ansatzpunkte und Interventionen in vier Teilbereichen: die Übersiedelung in ein Wohn- und Pflegeheim, die...
Chapter
Selbsterfahrung ist in der Ausbildung in Psychotherapie verpflichtend. Je nach Orientierung umfasst sie verschiedene Komponenten (Eigen- oder Lehrtherapie, Selbstanwendung therapeutischer Methoden, themenzentrierte Gruppen etc.). Ihr generelles Ziel ist die Unterstützung der Entwicklung psychotherapeutischer Kompetenzen, insbesondere persönlicher u...
Article
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Der Artikel beschreibt ein Projekt, das die Autoren und ihre Arbeitsgruppe seit 1997 in den Seniorewohnhäusern der Stadt Salzburg durchführen. Es handelt sich dabei primär um Einzeltherapien im aufsuchenden Setting. In erster Linie werden depressive Störungen aber auch Belastungs- und Anpassungs-, sowie Angststörungen behandelt. Im zweiten Teil der...
Book
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http://www.goeg.at/cxdata/media/download/01_praxisorientiertepsychotherapieforschung_tagungsband2014.pdf
Conference Paper
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Psychotherapieforschung in der Praxis ist mit vielen Problemen und Hürden assoziiert. Am Beispiel einer Studie, die die Wirksamkeit von Psychotherapie (Verhaltenstherapie) von Psychotherapeuten in Ausbildung unter Supervision mit der von fertigen und in die Psychotherapeutenliste eingetragenen Psychotherapeuten vergleichen sollte und die letztlich...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Die bisherige Psychotherpieforschung hat sich in erster Linie mit Ereignissen und Prozessen innerhalb der Therapie, im besonderen innerhalb von Therapiesitzungen, beschäftigt. Psychotherapeutische und veränderungsrelevante Prozesse finden aber auch außerhalb derselben statt. Eine Gruppe von diesen Prozessen, die zwischen den Therapiesitzungen anges...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Based on Berry's acculturation theory and on concepts of social support, we tested the assumption that sponsorships by laypeople would moderate acculturative stress by reducing psychological and physical strain and by enhancing psychological and socio-cultural adaptation in refugees. Methods: N = 63 Chechnyan and Afghan refugees (N = 2...
Article
Background: There are few studies about the prevalence of alcohol and benzodiazepine use among elderly employing besides self reports and third party reports also objective biomarkers. Therefore an EU funded INTERREG study was conducted in the county of Salzburg and 2 rural districts of Bavaria, Germany. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess th...
Article
Background: Based on Berry's acculturation theory and on concepts of social support, we tested the assumption that sponsorships by laypeople would moderate acculturative stress by reducing psychological and physical strain and by enhancing psychological and socio- cultural adaptation in refugees. Methods: N= 63 Chechnyan and Afghan refugees (N= 27...