Anton A. Kiss

Anton A. Kiss
The University of Manchester · School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science

PhD CEng CSci FIChemE FREng
Education, Research, Development & Innovation

About

295
Publications
243,104
Reads
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7,267
Citations
Introduction
Tony Kiss is a professor & chair in chemical engineering at The University of Manchester, and Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award holder. He is also professor of Separation Technology at University of Twente. Tony worked for over a decade in the chemical process industry, as Senior Project Manager / RD&I Specialist in Process Technology at AkzoNobel (now Nouryon). He leads research, development & innovation projects, writes scientific publications and educates the next generation of chemical engineers. More info at: www.tonykiss.com
Additional affiliations
October 2017 - present
The University of Manchester
Position
  • Chair
Description
  • Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award holder
December 2014 - December 2019
University of Twente
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Building bridges between the industrial and academic research
October 2005 - September 2017
AkzoNobel
Position
  • Project Manager
Description
  • Turning sustainability into profitable innovative chemical process technology
Education
March 2000 - February 2004
University of Amsterdam
Field of study
  • Chemical Engineering

Publications

Publications (295)
Article
Full-text available
Monoethanolamine is an essential chemical used as feedstock in the production of detergents, emulsifiers, pharmaceuticals, polishes, corrosion inhibitors, and chemical intermediates. It is produced industrially by treating ethylene oxide with aqueous ammonia, but the reaction also leads to di- and tri-ethanolamine as less desired by-products. This...
Chapter
Reactive distillation (RD) is a widespread process intensification method that combines reaction and separation into a single unit which allows the simultaneous production and removal of products. This improves the productivity and selectivity, reduces the energy use, eliminates the need for solvents and leads to intensified and highly-efficient sy...
Chapter
In the early stages of process design, the design space is enormous, often requiring simplified models that are based on conventional unit operations with their inherent strengths and limitations. In this paper, we present a novel conceptual framework and a synthesis methodology applied to a specific design problem featuring an equilibrium-limited...
Article
Among other fuel additives - such as MTBE, ETBE, or TAME - 2-methoxy-2-methyl heptane (MMH) can increase the fuel octane number and reduce the CO emission. MMH can be obtained through the exothermal etherification of 2-methyl-1-heptene and methanol. Lately, many researchers have developed more and more efficient processes considering the kinetics c...
Article
Two chemistry routes are known for 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate production: the direct esterification of acrylic acid with 1,4-butanediol, and the transesterification of methyl acrylate with 1,4-butanediol. However, very scarce information in the literature is available about industrial production, or design and operation of production processes. In thi...
Article
There are only a handful of process control structures applied to the neat operation of both homogeneous and heterogeneous reactive distillation, for two-reactants / two-products one-reaction systems. All of these control structures employ inferential temperature control (or concentration analyzers) at some location in the column to balance the rea...
Article
Particle size and shape significantly affect powder processing and their end-product quality in a variety of industries. Imaging methods can successfully characterize populations of needle-like particles. Prior to off-line imaging, adjusting the particle density can reduce particle overlaps but increase measurement/processing times. Discarding data...
Article
Full-text available
Acetic acid is an essential chemical used in the production of many chemical products. Using methanol as bio-building block, the acetic acid produced may be incorporated in bio-based products. This study deals with enhancing the efficiency of separations in a process using homogeneous catalyst, which is the most applied today industrially. Several...
Article
Distillation has a thermodynamic efficiency of only 10-12%, due to the degradation of energy associated to the temperature difference between the reboiler and condenser, and the mixing of liquid streams of different compositions on each stage. RevSep is a new concept; it has a higher thermodynamic and thermal efficiency, by near diabatic reversible...
Article
Process intensification (PI) is a major area of interest for downstream processing in biorefineries, where dilute aqueous streams must be processed to separate and purify valuable components. For example, lactic acid (LA) purification faces these challenges as the feed consists of a dilute aqueous mixture of LA and other organic acids as impurities...
Article
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Methodologies for designing intensified processing units are necessary to enable the industrial application of process intensification concepts. This article presents a ruled-based systematic methodology for the synthesis and conceptual design of a dual reactive dividing wall column (dual R-DWC). A decomposition approach is used to identify the tas...
Article
Full-text available
1,3-butadiene is an essential platform chemical for producing rubberlike polymers, which is extracted from C4 hydrocarbons that are produced through steam cracking. The current state-of-the-art technology is the BASF process that uses thermally coupled extractive distillation (ED) followed by two distillation columns. However, the process requires...
Article
The Design Project is a major piece of work for any undergraduate in chemical engineering, enabling students to demonstrate skills and knowledge gained elsewhere in the degree programme, alongside their own abilities to create and innovate. As such, the main learning process is activity based and associated with the undertaking of an open-ended, bu...
Article
The chemical industry uses about one third of the total energy used in industry Distillation alone is responsible for about 40% of the energy used in the chemical industry. This article focuses on distillation and potential improvements for a more sustainable future. There is an increasing need and scope for advanced distillation technologies, but...
Article
Full-text available
This work is the first to explore the influence and illustrate the impact of the stage average residence time distribution (SARTD) in the reaction section on the performance of reactive distillation (RD) systems, providing guidance for the design of the internals and industrial applications of RD processes. The experimental validation and process o...
Article
Full-text available
Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an environmentally friendly agent with low toxicity and fast biodegradability. DMC synthesis by transesterification of propylene carbonate with methanol has been developed as a cost-efficient option. However, even reactive distillation combined with a series of distillation columns requires significant energy and capital...
Article
Full-text available
Dimethyl carbonate is an eco-friendly essential chemical that can be sustainably produced from CO2, which is available from carbon capture activities or can even be captured from the air. The rapid increase in dimethyl carbonate demand is driven by the fast growth of polycarbonates, solvent, pharmaceutical, and lithium-ion battery industries. Dimet...
Article
Full-text available
Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is an essential chemical used as raw material for the production of other methacrylates and poly-MMA. There are various chemistry routes, available or not at industrial scale, to produce MMA. These routes use the same or different raw materials, and present common chemistry and processing steps. Many of these routes though...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclic distillation is an emerging process intensification technology that significantly improves the separation efficiency as compared to conventional distillation, in a cost effective way. This paper provides a scientific and industrial perspective on cyclic distillation, which is an innovative technology that holds tremendous promise for the hyd...
Article
Full-text available
3-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (3M3P) is an essential intermediate for the production of synthetic ketone fragrances such as Iso E Super®. The traditional batch production of 3M3P suffers from low selectivity and efficiency along with the drawbacks of using homogeneous catalysts, hence major improvements are needed to upgrade the production in a sustainab...
Article
Full-text available
Owing to its high reactivity, monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is an essential intermediate that is used in manufacturing a wide variety of chemicals. The industrial process for MCA production is highly energy and capital intensive, requiring additional costly purification steps by hydrogenation and crystallisation to remove the dichloroacetic acid (DCA...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: 3-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (3M3P) is an indispensable raw material for the synthesis of OTNE (octahydrotetramethyl acetophenone), a synthetic ketone fragrance known by commercial trade names such as Iso E Super, which is one of the most important ingredients in perfumes. This work is the first to unravel the reaction route and kinetics for...
Chapter
Process intensification applied to distillation aims to increase the energy and separation efficiency and thus reduce the overall costs. This chapter focuses on the use of cyclic distillation technology in the ethanol production. This uses separate phase movement to enable key advantages, such as increased column throughput, reduced energy usage an...
Chapter
This chapter covers adsorption separation processes with a main focus on industrial applications using various adsorbents, such as activated carbon, zeolites, silica gel and alumina adsorbents, polymeric adsorbents, and ion exchange resins. It provides the basics of adsorption equilibrium and kinetics, mass transfer of adsorption beds, adsorbent re...
Chapter
This chapter covers membrane and osmotic distillation processes as cost-effective separations in various industrial applications – including desalination and water production, concentration of acids, VOCs removal, water removal from blood and protein solutions, wastewater treatment and concentration of radioactive solutions.
Article
Full-text available
Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is a valuable eco-friendly compound which can be sustainable produced from CO2. Its rapid increase in demand is driven by the fast growth of its wide-ranging end-use industries (e.g. polycarbonates, solvent, pharmaceutical, and the lithium-ion battery industries). DMC can be produced in different ways, but the indirect alco...
Chapter
Full-text available
The application of reactive distillation in the chemical process industry promises significant benefits, such as boosting energy efficiency and reducing the overall cost. However, assessing and designing a reactive distillation process is still challenging as these tasks usually demand time-consuming procedures. To overcome this problem, the presen...
Chapter
Full-text available
This work shows that it is feasible to convert a greenhouse gas to a green solvent. Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an eco-friendly chemical compound which can be obtained by indirect alcoholysis of urea with propylene glycol, followed be the trans-esterification of propylene carbonate (PC) with a large excess of methanol. However, this process route r...
Article
Full-text available
The need for greater sustainability for the production of fuels and chemicals has spurred significant research to rethink energy use in the chemical industry, and eventually substitute fossil fuel sources by renewable sources. Nowadays, the chemical industry is responsible for about one third of the total energy used - and the associated CO2 emissi...
Article
Full-text available
Process Systems Engineering (PSE) is a discipline that deals with decision-making, at all levels and scales, by understanding any complex process system using a holistic view and a systems thinking framework. A closely related discipline (considered usually a part of PSE) is the Computer Aided Process Engineering (CAPE) which is a complementary fie...
Article
Full-text available
Acetic acid is an essential chemical product. The need for ‘green’ acetic acid has spurred new research in developing more sustainable processes. This paper presents an original conceptual design of a low-energy and low-emissions sustainable process for acetic acid manufacturing by methanol carbonylation. The emphasis is set on energy efficiency, s...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive distillation (RD) is a useful process intensification technique used in the chemical process industries as it offers important advantages such as energy and cost savings, relative to conventional technologies. However, industrial application of RD is still limited by the complexity of designing and understanding such a complex process. Whi...
Article
Full-text available
The need for greater sustainability for the production of fuels and chemicals has spurred significant research to rethink the energy use in the chemical industry, and eventually substitute fossil fuel sources by renewable sources. Nowadays, the chemical industry is responsible for about one third of the total energy used - and the associated CO2 em...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive distillation (RD) is a great process intensification concept taking advantage of the synergy created when combining (catalyzed) reaction and separation into a single unit, which allows the concurrent production and removal of products. This feat improves the productivity and selectivity, reduces the energy usage, eliminates the need for so...
Article
Full-text available
The paper proposes innovative eco-efficient processes for converting waste lipid feedstock with up to 35% free fatty acids into biodiesel. Free fatty acids pre-treatment is a key issue, which can be handled by esterification with methanol or glycerol, using hetero- or homogeneous catalyst. The integration with the transesterification stage is possi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Higher acrylates are used in special applications. However, production at high capacity in continuous reactive distillation (RD) systems, throughout the whole year of only one acrylate, may be hindered by a low market and periodic demands. Thus, for the asset to be fully utilized, one may consider to build a multi-product reactive distillation syst...
Chapter
Full-text available
Reactive distillation (RD) technology offers key benefits in many chemical processes, including energy savings and costs reduction. Prior to its application in industry, screening, addressing technical feasibility and economic viability, must be performed at the conceptual design level. But these tasks can be challenging and time-consuming since de...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recently, the butanol purification from acetone-butanol-ethanol mixture was achieved in one azeotropic dividing-wall column requiring 2.7 MJ/kg butanol, which represents just 7.5% of the energy content of butanol. Compared to a conventional separation sequence, this design allows 60% energy savings due to heat integration and use of a heat pump. Th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Process Systems Engineering (PSE) deals with decision-making, at all levels and scales, by understanding complex process systems using a holistic view. Computer Aided Process Engineering (CAPE) is a complementary field that focuses on developing methods and providing solution through systematic computer aided techniques for problems related to the...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclic distillation is a proven process intensification method for enhanced separation of various mixtures. It uses an alternative operating mode based on separate phase movement which leads to important practical advantages (vs conventional mode) such as: increased column throughput, lower equipment cost (using much less trays at the same reflux r...
Article
Full-text available
Furfural is one of the oldest renewable chemicals, alongside ethanol, acetic acid and sugar. It has spurred much interest recently because furfural is listed by US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) as one of the 30 bio-based chemicals able to compete with fossil-based chemicals. Typically, furfural is produced by the hydrolysis reaction o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Ethyl levulinate (EL) is an important chemical that can be used as a bio‐based replacement of fuel additives such as MTBE and TAME. The EL production from lactic acid and ethanol is a viable option, as both precursors can be obtained from biomass. But the problem of EL production by esterification is that this reaction is hindered by the...
Article
Full-text available
This review paper presents some of the topics discussed at the 2018 ‘Chemical process development trends’ seminar organized by the Swiss Process and Chemical Engineers Society in Basel, Switzerland. The first subject covers the use of computer aided tools for systematic reaction route selection, the second one addresses the recent development in th...
Article
Full-text available
An efficient downstream process has been developed for the acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE), allowing about 60% energy savings as compared to a conventional separation sequence. This is achievable in an azeotropic dividing-wall column (A-DWC) coupled with a heat pump and applying heat integration. The energy use is reduced to only 2.7 MJ/kg butanol (o...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive distillation (RD) offers major benefits such as costs reduction and energy saving, but the understanding and design of RD processes usually demand complex tasks that include extensive studies and rigorous simulations. To reduce this complexity and the time required, this study applies a novel mapping method to quickly provide insights into...
Chapter
Applications in Design and Simulation of Sustainable Chemical Processes This book illustrates, by means of industrially relevant applications, the use of systematic methods backed by computer simulation for designing sustainable chemical processes in the context of transitioning from fossil-based economy to renewable raw materials. • Includes co...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive distillation (RD) is an efficient process intensification technique that integrates chemical reaction and distillation in a single apparatus. The process is also known as catalytic distillation when a solid catalyst is used. RD technology has many key advantages such as reduced capital investment and significant energy savings, as it can s...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive distillation (RD) is an efficient process intensification technique that integrates catalytic chemical reaction and distillation in a single apparatus. The process is also known as catalytic distillation when a solid catalyst is used. RD technology has many key advantages such as reduced capital investment and significant energy savings, a...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive distillation (RD) allows reaction and separation to take place simultaneously in the same unit, thus giving major benefits especially to equilibrium limited reactions. Although the application of RD in chemical industries is attractive, it is considerably challenging. Unlike classic distillation, the optimal configuration of RD from an eco...
Article
Full-text available
Stronger sustainability needs for the production of fuels and chemicals have spurred extensive research to substitute fossil fuel sources by renewable sources. Yet, the major cost of biorefineries is in the downstream processing. This issue has to be addressed properly to make biofuels an economically viable alternative. As a renewable fuel, biobut...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a dual academic and industrial view on cyclic distillation. The cyclic mode of operation is based on separate phase movement (SPM) that can be achieved with specific internals. This leads to major advantages: increased column throughput, reduced energy requirements, and better separation performance (exceeding 200% Murphree effi...