Antoine Boivin

Antoine Boivin
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine

MD, MSc, PhD, FCFP
Canada Research Chair in Partnership with Patients and Communities

About

74
Publications
14,041
Reads
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2,169
Citations
Citations since 2017
40 Research Items
1468 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2012 - August 2014
Université de Sherbrooke
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on the mental health of the population such as increased levels of anxiety, psychological distress, isolation, etc. Access to mental health services has been limited due to the “overflow” of demands. The Recovery College (RC) model, an education-based approach, has addressed this challenge and provide...
Article
Introduction: Since 2018, four establishments in Quebec, Canada, have decided to implement the PAROLE-Onco programme, which introduced accompanying patients (APs) in healthcare teams to improve the experience of cancer patients. APs are patient advisors who have had a cancer treatment experience and who conduct consultations to complement the serv...
Article
Cover Caption: The cover image is based on the Review Article The Ecology of Engagement: Fostering cooperative efforts in health with patients and communities by Antoine Boivin MD, PhD et al. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.13571.
Article
Full-text available
Context: Patients and community members are engaged in nearly every aspect of health systems. However, the engagement literature remains siloed and fragmented, which makes it difficult to connect engagement efforts with broader goals of health, equity and sustainability. Integrated and inclusive models of engagement are needed to support further t...
Article
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Objectives: The present study aims to evaluate the effect of an online Recovery College (RC) program implemented in Quebec (Canada) during the COVID-19 pandemic. From October 2020 to June 2021, 27 training groups were conducted with a total of 362 attendees. Methods: Outcome was evaluated using a single group repeated measure design, assessing part...
Article
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Objectives To understand identity tensions experienced by health professionals when patient partners join a quality improvement committee. Design Qualitative ethnographic study based on participatory observation. Setting An interdisciplinary quality improvement committee of a Canadian urban academic family medicine clinic with little previous exp...
Article
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Context: Partnership between patients and health-care professionals (HCPs) is a concept that needs a valid, practical measure to facilitate its use by patients and HCPs. Objective: To co-construct a tool for measuring the degree of partnership between patients and HCPs. Design: The CADICEE tool was developed in four steps: (1) generate key dimensio...
Article
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Background Patient and public engagement (PPE) in research is growing internationally, and with it, the interest for its evaluation. In Canada, the Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research has generated national momentum and opportunities for greater PPE in research and health-system transformation. As is the case with most countries, the Canadian re...
Article
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Background Quebec is one of the Canadian provinces with the highest rates of cancer incidence and prevalence. A study by the Rossy Cancer Network (RCN) of McGill university assessed six aspects of the patient experience among cancer patients and found that emotional support is the aspect most lacking. To improve this support, trained patient adviso...
Article
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Background: Partnering with patients in healthcare research now benefits from a strong rationale and is encouraged by funding agencies and research institutions. However, this new approach raises ethical issues for patients, researchers, research professionals and administrators. The main objective of this review is to map the literature related t...
Article
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Purpose – Centralized waiting lists (CWLs) for patient attachment to a primary care provider have been implemented across Canada, including Quebec. Little is known about the implementation of CWLs and the factors that influence implementation outcomes of such primary care innovations. The purpose of this paper is to explain variations in the outcom...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter presents the way in which citizen and patient participation in Quebec’s health and social services system came about, particularly though the presentation of what is now recognized as the “Montréal Model”, which refers to simultaneous integration of patients in education, research and the health system. Thanks to a structured process a...
Article
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We were very glad to read the six commentaries about our scoping review on the needs and challenges of health systems that Responsible Innovation in Health (RIH) could address. The commentators offered great suggestions to further research on RIH and health systems. We provide clarifications to their queries and explain why revisiting the relations...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Centralized waiting lists (CWLs) for patient attachment to a primary care provider have been implemented across Canada, including Quebec. Little is known about the implementation of CWLs and the factors that influence implementation outcomes of such primary care innovations. The purpose of this paper is to explain variations in the outcome...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In 2016, the Canadian government legalized medical assistance in dying (MAiD) for adults with terminal illness. The objective of this study was to explore the information needs of health care professionals and members of the public regarding MAiD. Methods: This was a qualitative study involving a 1-day face-to-face forum followed by...
Article
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Background: While responsible innovation in health (RIH) suggests that health innovations could be purposefully designed to better support health systems, little is known about the system-level challenges that it should address. The goal of this paper is thus to document what is known about health systems’ demand for innovations. Methods: We search...
Article
This Special Issue of Healthcare Quarterly aims to provide an overview of patient and family engagement in healthcare system improvement. It brings together experts (patients, clinicians, researchers, policy makers) from across the country tasked with sharing their experiential learning regarding engagement in the Canadian healthcare system. A team...
Article
Patient and citizen engagement is taking root in a number of healthcare organizations. These initiatives show promising results but require a supportive environment to bring systemic and sustainable impacts. In this synthesis article, we propose an ecosystemic perspective on engagement in health, outlining key elements at the individual, organizati...
Article
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Background Access to primary healthcare is an important social determinant of health and having a regular general practitioner (GP) has been shown to improve access. In Canada, socio-economically disadvantaged patients are more likely to be unattached (i.e. not have a regular GP). In the province of Quebec, where over 30% of the population is unatt...
Article
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Background First-contact accessibility remains an important problem in Canada, with this indicator staying the worst of all Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. In the province of Quebec, a number of primary healthcare (PHC) organizations have adopted measures to improve access (e.g. advance access scheduling, expanded...
Article
Full-text available
Patient engagement practices are increasingly incorporated in health research, governance, and care. More recently, a large number of evaluation tools and metrics have been developed to support engagement evaluation. This growing interest in evaluation reflects a maturation of the patient engagement field, moving from a "craft" to a reflective "art...
Article
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Purpose: In response to more than 15% of Canadians not having a family physician, 7 provinces have implemented centralized waiting lists for unattached patients. The aim of this study is to analyze the association between family physicians' characteristics and their participation in centralized waiting lists. Methods: Cross-sectional observation...
Article
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Background Patient engagement helps to improve health outcomes and health care quality. However, the overall relationships among patient engagement measures and health outcomes remain unclear. This study aims to integrate expert knowledge and survey data for the identification of measures that have extensive associations with other variables and ca...
Article
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Background: The value proposition of including patients at each step of the research process is that patient perspectives and preferences can have a positive impact on both the science and the outcomes of comparative effectiveness research. How to accomplish engagement and the extent to which approaches to community engagement inform strategies fo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patient and public engagement is growing, but evaluative efforts remain limited. Reviews looking at evaluation tools for patient engagement in individual decision making do exist, but no similar articles in research and health systems have been published. Objective Systematically review and appraise evaluation tools for patient and publ...
Poster
Patients and caregivers have unique experience and expertise in the diseases and illnesses they deal with. This expertise is particularly valuable in the context of chronic diseases, such as organ failure and organ transplantation, in which illness and medication with adverse effects are part of patients’ and caregivers’ lives. The Canadian Nation...
Article
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Objective To make pragmatic recommendations on best practices for the engagement of patients in emergency medicine (EM) research. Methods We created a panel of expert Canadian EM researchers, physicians, and a patient partner to develop our recommendations. We used mixed methods consisting of 1) a literature review; 2) a survey of Canadian EM rese...
Article
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Background While there is an extensive literature on Health System (HS) strengthening and on the performance of specific HSs, there are few exhaustive syntheses of the challenges HSs are facing worldwide. This paper reports the findings of a scoping review aiming to classify the challenges of HSs investigated in the scientific literature. Specifica...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is a growing emphasis on the need to engage patients in order to improve the quality of health care and improve health outcomes. However, we are still lacking a comprehensive understanding on how different measures of patient experiences interact with one another or relate to health status. This study takes a network perspective to...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The patient medical home (PMH) model aims to improve patient satisfaction and health outcomes in Canada, but since its introduction in 2009, there has been no evaluation of the extent to which primary care conforms with PMH attributes. Our objective was to compare current primary care across Canada with the 10 goals of the PMH model. Met...
Article
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Background With 4.6 million patients who do not have a regular family physician, Canada performs poorly compared to other OECD countries in terms of attachment to a family physician. To address this issue, several provinces have implemented centralized waiting lists to coordinate supply and demand for attachment to a family physician. Although sign...
Book
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Le présent document présente les définitions des principaux concepts fondateurs du partenariat patient en santé et services sociaux. Cette terminologie est le fruit du travail des patients et des professionnels (éducateurs et chercheurs) de l’Université de Montréal, principalement regroupés au Centre d’excellence sur le partenariat avec les patient...
Article
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Background End-of-life policies are hotly debated in many countries, with international evidence frequently used to support or oppose legal reforms. Existing reviews are limited by their focus on specific practices or selected jurisdictions. The objective is to review international time trends in end-of-life practices. Methods We conducted a syste...
Article
End-of-life policies are hotly debated in many countries, with international evidence frequently used to support or oppose legal reforms. Existing reviews are limited by their focus on specific practices or selected jurisdictions. The objective is to review international time trends in end-of-life practices. We conducted a systematic review of empi...
Article
Background: Medical end-of-life practices are hotly debated in Canada, and data from other countries are used to support arguments. The objective of this pilot study was twofold: to adapt and validate a questionnaire designed to measure the prevalence of these practices in Canada and the underlying decision-making process, and to assess the feasib...
Article
Objective To examine access to primary care in new and traditional models using 2 dimensions of the concept of patient-centred access. Design An international survey examining the quality and costs of primary health care (the QUALICOPC study) was conducted in 2013 in Canada. This study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey method using data...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To examine access to primary care in new and traditional models using 2 dimensions of the concept of patient-centred access. Design: An international survey examining the quality and costs of primary health care (the QUALICOPC study) was conducted in 2013 in Canada. This study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey method using...
Article
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Background Performance reporting in primary health care in Canada is challenging because of the dearth of concise and synthesized information. The paucity of information occurs, in part, because the majority of primary health care in Canada is delivered through a multitude of privately owned small businesses with no mechanism or incentives to provi...
Article
To determine health care professionals' understanding of the current legal status of different end-of-life practices and their future legal status if medical aid in dying were legalized, and to identify factors associated with misunderstanding surrounding the current legal status. Cross-sectional survey using 6 clinical scenarios developed from a v...
Article
Full-text available
Background North American patients are experiencing difficulties in securing affiliations with family physicians. Centralized waiting lists are increasingly being used in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries to improve access. In 2011, the Canadian province of Quebec introduced new financial incentives for family physici...
Article
End-of-life policy reforms are being debated in many countries. Research evidence is used to support different assumptions about the effects of public policies on end-of-life practices. It is however unclear whether reliable international practice comparisons can be conducted between different policy contexts. Our aim was to assess the feasibility...
Article
End-of-life policy reforms are being debated in many countries. Research evidence is used to support different assumptions about the effects of public policies on end-of-life practices. It is however unclear whether reliable international practice comparisons can be conducted between different policy contexts. Our aim was to assess the feasibility...
Article
Full-text available
Background Most national and provincial commissions on healthcare services in Canada over the past decade have recommended that primary care services be strengthened in order to guarantee each citizen access to a family physician. Despite these recommendations, finding a family physician continues to be problematic. The issue of enrolment with a fa...
Article
Full-text available
Context: In the past 50 years, individual patient involvement at the clinical consultation level has received considerable attention. More recently, patients and the public have increasingly been involved in collective decisions concerning the improvement of health care and policymaking. However, rigorous evaluation guiding the development and imp...
Article
Full-text available
Patients are increasingly seen as active partners in healthcare. While patient involvement in individual clinical decisions has been extensively studied, no trial has assessed how patients can effectively be involved in collective healthcare decisions affecting the population. The goal of this study was to test the impact of involving patients in s...
Article
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Introduction. Solo practices have generally been viewed as forming a homogeneous group. However, they may differ on many characteristics. The objective of this paper is to identify different forms of solo practice and to determine the extent to which they are associated with patient experience of care. Methods. Two surveys were carried out in two r...
Article
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Background: To explore how clinical practice guidelines can be adapted to facilitate shared decision making. Methods: This was a qualitative key-informant study with group discussions and semi-structured interviews. First, 75 experts in guideline development or shared decision making participated in group discussions at two international confere...
Article
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Objectives: Measuring disease prevalence poses challenges in countries where information systems are poorly developed. Population surveys soliciting information on self-reported diagnosis also have limited capacity since they are influenced by informational and recall biases. Our aim is to propose a method to assess the prevalence of chronic disea...
Article
As health professionals and patients are moving toward shared models of decision making, there is a growing need for integrated decision support tools that facilitate uptake of best evidence in routine clinical practice in a patient-centered manner. This article charts the landscape of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and patient decision aids....
Article
Full-text available
Reviewers independently extracted data on key components of PPIPs and barriers and facilitators to their operation. Data synthesis. Over half of the studies were published after 2002, and more than half originated from the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Germany. CPGs that involved patients and the public addressed a variety of he...
Article
Full-text available
Public priorities for improvement often differ from those of clinicians and managers. Public involvement has been proposed as a way to bridge the gap between professional and public clinical care priorities but has not been studied in the context of quality-indicator choice. Our objective is to assess the feasibility and impact of public involvemen...
Data
Description of the quality indicators used in the Target for Improvement Trial. Additional file 1 includes the detailed description of the final 37-item 'menu' of quality indicators used in the trial, with references to the original indicator sets.
Article
Full-text available
Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are important tools for improving patient care. Patient and public involvement is recognised as an essential component of CPG development and implementation. The Guideline International Network Patient and Public Involvement Working Group (G-I-N PUBLIC) aims to support the development, implementation and evaluatio...
Article
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There is increasing emphasis on providing patient-focused health care and ensuring patient involvement in the design of health services. As health technology assessment (HTA) is meant to be a multidisciplinary, wide-ranging policy analysis that informs decision making, it would be expected that patients' views should be incorporated into the assess...
Article
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Clinical practice guidelines are largely conceived as tools that will inform health professionals' decisions rather than foster patient involvement in decision making. The time now seems right to adapt clinical practice guidelines in such a way that both the professional's perspective as care provider and the patients' preferences and characteristi...
Article
Several organizations are advocating for patients' preferences to be considered in clinical practice guideline development and implementation. However, lack of agreement on the goal and meaning of this policy curtails evaluation and development of patient involvement programs. To describe guideline developers' discourses on the goal of considering...
Article
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As more complex and uncertain forms of health innovation keep emerging, scholars are increasingly voicing arguments in favour of public involvement in health innovation policy. The current conceptualization of this involvement is, however, somewhat problematic as it tends to assume that scientific facts form a "hard," indisputable core around which...
Article
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Failure to reconcile patient preferences and values as well as social norms with clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) recommendations may hamper their implementation in clinical practice. However, little is known about patients and public involvement programs (PPIP) in CPGs development and implementation. This study aims at identifying what it is ab...