Antoaneta Dimitrova

Antoaneta Dimitrova
Leiden University | LEI · Institute of Security and Global Affairs

Professor

About

61
Publications
24,540
Reads
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1,832
Citations
Citations since 2017
19 Research Items
770 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
September 1999 - present
Leiden University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
Given its depth and ambition, the Association Agreement (AA) concluded between the EU and Ukraine may have been expected to result in significant reverse influence on the EU. However, this article shows that this influence is indirect, arising from mechanisms and international processes brought into sharp relief by the AA. These are: the power asym...
Preprint
Why do people disseminate fake news online? We investigate this question by focusing on the effect of perceived conflict on the endorsement of fake news in the context of a regional conflict between Russia and the West as experienced by Ukrainian citizens. In our survey experiment, a sample of Ukrainians (N= 1,615) was randomly assigned to read neg...
Article
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What is the importance of linkages between civil society and external actors? In this article we map the landscape of civil society organisations in Belarus and Ukraine linked to the EU or Russia. Compiling an extensive dataset of organisations, we identify which domains they belong to. We find that linkages with Russia prevail in the culture domai...
Article
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This article introduces a special issue that investigates the interplay between domestic socio-political orders and changing external influences – of the EU, Russia, Turkey and other external actors in the region. In this introduction, we lay the conceptual framework and propose theoretical mechanisms linking state capacity and the actions of exter...
Article
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This article argues that the EU’s enlargement negotiations with Eastern European applicants have become possible to a large extent by the introduction of objective assessment by the Commission, which allowed integration to proceed despite the threat of deadlock. The process of negotiations and preparation, however, should be better seen as a consta...
Article
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State capacity declines with democratization, yet high state capacity supports the stability of both democracies and autocracies. Ukraine has been a paradigmatic example of capacity decline in democratization and Belarus of an authoritarian regime with high capacity. We set out to discover which aspects of state capacity might contribute to opening...
Article
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This article identifies patronage networks in three Ukrainian regions and develops some ideas on the relation between these networks, economic and political openness, and the provision of public goods. The research represents a rich empirical study linking business and politics in three regions (Kharkiv, Mykolaiv, and Ivano-Frankivsk) with differen...
Article
This special issue provides a much-needed occasion for reflection on Bulgaria and Romania's integration into the European Union (EU) and subsequent Europeanization. Reflection and empirical examination are much needed to put both countries’ records and development in a broader comparative perspective in the context of current studies of democratic...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter argues that EU enlargement has reached its limits as foreign policy in the Western Balkans. The main argument why the policy is not credible, even before Macron's recent veto on North Macedonia and Albania for starting negotiations, is public opinion in the older member states.
Article
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How successful is the EU at institutionalising judicial reforms in accession countries of the Western Balkans? Does its aid and assistance deliver formal compliance and sustainable institutionalisation of new rules and processes? Using a neo-institutionalist approach, we assess the extent to which new EU-supported measures introduced to improve the...
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This article proposes that to understand backsliding in Central and Eastern Europe, we need a broad “Tillyian perspective” emphasising elite–citizen interactions and the role of the state. The article views backsliding as the outcome of processes of state capture by rent-seeking elites united in party ideological or network configurations. Simultan...
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In this article, we discuss some of the recent proposals developed by Bruno Frey for making future societies more democratic and prosperous. While sharing Frey’s conviction that new ways of involving citizens in political decision-making in representative democracies are needed, we engage in debate on his proposals on voting rights, referenda and r...
Article
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This contribution introduces the concept of integration capacity and summarizes our research on the European Union (EU)’s integration capacity in Eastern enlargement. Integration capacity refers to the ability of the EU to prepare non-members for membership (external integration capacity) and to preserve its functioning and cohesion once they join...
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This article examines the role of citizens’ discourses as constraints and opportunities for future enlargements. Public opinion is an increasingly important factor influencing EU’s integration capacity. When governments’ decisions on enlargement are challenged in referenda, the credibility of the EU’s promise is diminished and integration capacity...
Book
Full-text available
The research project entitled “Maximizing the integration capacity of the European Union: Lessons and prospects for enlargement and beyond” (MAXCAP) aimed to evaluate the European Union (EU)’s enlargement to the East. The consortium of nine high profile European Universities and think tanks was led by the idea that evaluating the EU’s approach and...
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In this article we focus on compliance with European Union (EU) directives in the context of multilevel governance. Policies specified by EU directives move through different decision-making stages before they are implemented. We integrate these decision-making stages and actors in a game-theoretical model aiming to explain implementation in the EU...
Conference Paper
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This paper reviews the European Union’s efforts for political integration of the post-communist states that joined in the 2004-2007 enlargement. The paper traces the EU’s focus on different democratic institutions, as it evolved from minority problems to rule of law and the struggle against corruption and highlights different modes and tools of pol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction The enlargement of the European Union (EU) in 2004-2007 was a process of intergovernmental negotiations that culminated in accession of twelve new members to the EU and affected the lives of citizens in incumbent and acceding member states alike. To discover what citizens thought, felt and understood from this process, we have conducte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we focus on compliance with EU directives in the context of multi-level governance. Policies specified by EU directives move through different decision-making stages before they are implemented. We integrate these decision-making stages and actors in a game-theoretical model aiming to explain implementation in the EU setting. We first...
Article
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This article investigates whether EU accession can help Bulgaria and Romania limit state capture and the undue influence of business actors on the policy process. Particularly vulnerable to such influence, Bulgarian and Romanian institutions are monitored through the EU's co-operation and verification mechanism and the Commission and ECJ infringeme...
Article
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This essay analyses convergence with EU rules in Ukraine in two policy areas—foreign and security policy and state aid regulation. Comparing the two, we find different levels of convergence, somewhat higher in foreign policy (but slowing down after 2010) than in state aid law regulation. We explain this by analysing the presence and actions of olig...
Article
This article proposes an analytical model of implementation that is used to examine the implementation of the European Union's cultural heritage policy in Bulgaria. It begins by outlining a rational choice framework conceptualizing implementation as a three‐stage game with key roles for an enforcer, domestic policy‐makers and implementing actors. T...
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This article highlights the lessons from the European Union's (EU's) eastern enlargement relevant for Turkey. The EU's approach to candidates, developed during the last enlargement, was founded on asymmetry, objectivity and conditionality, with the latter evolving as the key policy tool. Clearly, some of the tools and rules of the previous enlargem...
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During the enlargement negotiations with the post communist states from CEE, the EU required sets of rules to be established creating independent administrations, judiciary, competition regulators and other key institutions. This article argues that the fate of these institutional rules adopted in response to the EU’s conditions for membership is a...
Article
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This paper explores the relationship between administrative co-ordination of EU affairs at the national level and compliance with EU law. First, we develop two hypotheses about the impact of co-ordination. We expect that the strength of the co-ordination structure (level of centralisation and political support) will improve levels of transposition...
Article
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The question of how effective the EU's external governance is cannot be answered without looking at the broader geographical and historical framework in which the Union extends its influence. We argue that interdependence between Ukraine and Russia in several key aspects shapes the context within which the EU and Russia compete to export their poli...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the relationship between administrative co-ordination of EU affairs at the national level and compliance with EU law. First, we develop two hypotheses about the impact of co-ordination. We expect that the strength of the co-ordination structure (level of centralisation and political support) will improve levels of transposition...
Article
Full-text available
This paper sets out to explore the puzzle of possible institutionalization or reversal of rules 'imported' by new member states from Central and Eastern Europe during their preparation for accession to the EU. It argues that the institutionalization of formal rules adopted as part of enlargement requirements is not automatic post accession. New for...
Article
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This paper examines the evolution of coordination structures for EU policy-making in the new member states from Central and Eastern Europe. The study maps the main features of the established EU coordination machineries, and traces the most important reforms of their organisational structures. It proposes an actor-centred, ‘politics of institutiona...
Article
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In this article we analyze the effectiveness of EU conditionality. Viewing accession negotiations as a bargaining game, we find incentives to defect exist if the final date of accession is known, but conditions for cooperation prevail if the date is not known. Therefore we find that regardless of domestic conditions, EU conditionality is not equall...
Chapter
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Ukraine’s history and geopolitical position seem to define its destiny of a state that needs to maintain a difficult balancing act between Russia and the West. Yet, after the Orange revolution in 2004, the possibility of European Union membership for Ukraine has emerged. While in the past Ukraine’s European choice has been more of a declared, symbo...
Book
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This is a report on a research project into processes, instruments and techniques of transposition of EC Directives in six Member States of the EU. The project was commissioned by the Dutch Government (Ministry of Justice) in 2005. Summary of findings & recommendations: The central question of the research project was: What kind of transpositio...
Article
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Transposition research provides an excellent opportunity to bring new data to bear on two of the most dominant theoretical approaches to European Union studies: rational choice institutionalism and sociological institutionalism. Yet the goal of comparable testing is hampered by the underspecified nature of the sociological perspective. This paper t...
Article
Full-text available
Transposition research provides an excellent opportunity to bring new data to bear on two of the most dominant theoretical approaches to European Union studies: rational choice institutionalism and sociological institutionalism. Yet the goal of comparable testing is hampered by the underspecified nature of the sociological perspective. This paper t...
Article
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The paper discusses the transferability of Danish 'best practices' in the coordination of preparation of EU legislation. The background to this question is that EU coordination systems in the CEE member states, are presently under pressure to live up to the new demands and opportunities flowing from membership of the EU. An important challenge is t...
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This article focuses on the key influence of international organizations, and specifically the European Union, in the process of democratization in central and eastern European (CEE) states. It argues that the process of accession to the EU by these post-communist states undergoing regime change, including the pressure to conform to the EU's pre-me...
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Book reviewed: Simon Duke - The EU and Crisis Management: Development and Prospects, Council-based Institutions to Deal with Conflict
Article
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Michael T. Charles: Governance & Public Security, Alasdair Roberts (Ed.), Campbell Public Affairs Institute, The PricewaterhouseCoopers Endowment for The Business of Government, New York (2002), 150 pp. Antoineta Dimitrova: The EU and Crisis Management: Development and Prospects, Simon Duke, European Institute of Public Administration, Maastricht (...
Article
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Does the EU governance of the Central and Eastern European candidate states unleash a process of Europeanisation? It is argued here that the current enlargement has generated its own mode of governance, characterised by asymmetry and conditionality. Enlargement governance has recently focused on developing administrative capacity or 'institution-bu...
Article
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In this article we evaluate Bulgaria's progress in preparing for accession to the European Union and the country's achievements and problems related to it. Following from the examination of the most salient aspects of the relationship between Bulgaria and the EU, we argue that perceptions of the country in the West have not caught up with the recen...
Article
In this article we evaluate Bulgaria's progress in preparing for accession to the European Union and the country's achievements and problems related to it. Following from the examination of the most salient aspects of the relationship between Bulgaria and the EU, we argue that perceptions of the country in the West have not caught up with the recen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the question of whether European integration results in convergence in the domestic politics of EU member states. Some recent studies claim that as a result of European integration the national policies of member states are becoming more alike. The introduction of various exemptions and ‘flexibility’ arrangements in the Treatie...
Article
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In this paper we address the issue of the steady and significant increase in the scope of the codecision procedure and the motivation of the member states for increasing the power of the European Parliament. Using a rational choice framework we argue that the important variable in the assessment of the changes in the decision making procedures is t...
Article
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The institutional structures dedicated to coordination of EU negotiations and policy making have undergone considerable change and adaptation in the post communist countries joining the European Union in 2004. The far reaching changes in organizational structures, rules and power resources present institutionalist scholars with an interesting puzzl...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
Focus on the making and implementation of EU environmental policies. Within and beyond the EU's borders.
Project
The ‘big bang enlargement’ of the European Union (EU) has nurtured vivid debates among both academics and practitioners about the consequences of ‘an ever larger Union’ for the EU’s integration capacity. The research project MAXCAP will start with a critical analysis of the effects of the 2004-2007 enlargement on stability, democracy and prosperity of candidate countries, on the one hand, and the EU’s institutions, on the other. We will then investigate how the EU can maximize its integration capacity for current and future enlargements. Adopting an inter-disciplinary and mixed methods approach that combines desk research, in-depth interviews and Q-methodology, MAXCAP will a) explain the effects of the EU’s integration modes and strategies on democracy and socio-economic development in the new members, candidates and neighbourhood countries; b) inquire into the relationship between the widening and deepening of the EU by establishing conditions for effective decision-making and implementation in an enlarged EU; c) identify the social limits to the EU’s integration capacity related to citizens’ perceptions of the last and future enlargements; d) study the EU’s current and past negotiation strategies in the context of enlargement and investigate to what extent they need to be adjusted to changing conditions in the EU and the candidate countries; e) examine how the EU employs different modes of integrating countries with highly diverse economic powers, democratic qualities of governance, and institutional capacities and f) assess whether alternative models, such as the European Neighbourhood Policy, can be successful in bringing countries closer to the EU. MAXCAP which features a nine-partner consortium of academic, policy, dissemination and management excellence will create new and strengthen existing links within and between the academic and the policy world on matters relating to the current and future enlargement of the EU.
Project
Ten years after its inception, the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) has fallen short of accomplishing its mission. The war in Ukraine and the rising tensions with Russia have made a re-assessment of the ENP both more urgent and more challenging. EU-STRAT will address two questions: First, why has the EU fallen short of creating peace, prosperity and stability in its Eastern neighbourhood? Second, what can be done to strengthen the EU’s transformative power in supporting political and economic change in the six Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries? Adopting an inside-out perspective on the challenges of transformation the EaP countries and the EU face, EU-STRAT will • develop a conceptual framework for the varieties of social orders in EaP countries to explain the propensity of domestic actors to engage in change; • investigate how bilateral, regional and global interdependencies shape the scope of action and the preferences of domestic actors in the EaP countries; • de-centre the EU by studying the role of selected member states and other external actors active in the region; • evaluate the effectiveness of the Association Agreements and alternative EU instruments, including scientific cooperation, in supporting change in the EaP countries; • analyse normative discourses used by the EU and Russia to enhance their influence over the shared neighbourhood. • formulate policy recommendations to strengthen the EU’s capacity to support change in the EaP countries by advancing different scenarios for developmental pathways. EU-STRAT features an eleven-partner consortium including six universities, three think-tanks, one civil society organization and one consultancy. This consortium will achieve the research and policy relevant objectives of the project by bringing together various disciplinary perspectives and methodologies and strengthening links with academics and policy makers across six EU member states, Switzerland and three of the EaP countries.