Anthony Gill

Anthony Gill
The University of Sydney · Chau Chak Wing Museum

PhD

About

136
Publications
105,234
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,441
Citations
Citations since 2017
38 Research Items
1152 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction
Systematics of anthiadine serranids, pseudochromids, gobioids (particularly xenisthmids), acanthuriforms, and various other acanthomorph fish taxa, including taxonomic revisions and phylogenetic studies based on osteology and larval morphology; cladistic biogeography of Indo-Pacific shorefishes.

Publications

Publications (136)
Article
Although previously classified in the genus Pseudanthias Bleeker, 1871, the holotype of Anthias xanthomaculatus Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979 from New Caledonia was recently shown to be a juvenile specimen of the genus Odontanthias Bleeker, 1873, and possibly conspecific with Odontanthias grahami Randall & Heemstra, 2006 from eastern Australia. Meanin...
Article
Previously regarded as a subgenus of Pseudanthias Bleeker, Mirolabrichthys is rediagnosed and restricted to three species, the type species, M. tuka Herre & Montalban, along with M. pascalus (Jordan & Tanaka) and M. evansi (Smith). Five other species previously classified in Mirolabrichthys are reallocated to Nemanthias Smith, which beforehand had...
Article
Full-text available
Conniella apterygia is redescribed from re-examination of the holotype, two paratypes, and six additional specimens. The genus is closely allied to Cirrhilabrus, sharing similarities in general morphological and meristic details, but is separated from Cirrhilabrus and most other labrid fishes in lacking pelvic fins and a pelvic girdle. Recent molec...
Article
Full-text available
The pseudochromid Labracinus atrofasciatus (Herre, 1933) is redescribed based on examination of the holotype from Culion, Calamian Islands, and three newly acquired non-type specimens from a fish landing site in Barangay Sandoval, Municipality of Taytay, northern Palawan, Philippines. Prior to this, the species was known only from the holotype; fro...
Article
Full-text available
Three new species of anthiadine species are described from specimens trawled from Australian waters. Pseudanthias paralourgus n. sp. is described from five specimens collected off southeastern Queensland. It resembles P. elongatus (Franz, 1910) from Japan to the South China Sea, but differs in male live coloration. The remaining two species are ass...
Article
Type material of 12 mammal taxa originally proposed as species or subspecies are housed in the former Macleay Museum (now Macleay Collections, Chau Chak Wing Museum), University of Sydney and consist of seven holotypes and 12 syntypes. These were published from 1875 to 1887, five by N.N. Miklouho-Maclay and seven by E.P. Ramsay, of which six are cu...
Article
The anthiadine genus Dactylanthias is reviewed. Two species, Dactylanthias aplodactylus (Bleeker, 1858) and Dactylanthias baccheti Randall, 2007 are currently recognised, each known only from their holotypes. A specimen of Dactylanthias matching D. baccheti in coloration was recently collected from Nauru in the West Pacific Ocean. It was retained b...
Article
Australian species of the anthiadine genera Plectranthias and Selenanthias are reviewed. Twenty-two species of Plectranthias and two species of Selenanthias are recorded from Australian waters: Plectranthias sp. 1 from a seamount north of Middleton Reef and Norfolk Ridge, Tasman Sea; P. alleni Randall from off southwest Western Australia; P. azuman...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudojuloides pluto, new species, is described on the basis of the holotype and 11 paratypes from Wake Island, northeastern Micronesia, and nine paratypes from the Maug Islands, Northern Mariana Islands. The new species has previously been confused with Pseudojuloides atavai, but molecular analysis of mitochondrial COI reveals a difference of 6.8%...
Article
Full-text available
The anti-equatorial labrid Pseudojuloides elongatus has a wide but disjunct distribution across the Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Oceans, with populations occurring in Western Australia, southern Japan, and the southwest Pacific Ocean. Principal component analysis of morphological characters and coalescent-based species-tree estimates of mitoc...
Article
Full-text available
The taxonomy and classification of the microcanthid fish genus Microcanthus Swainson has been a subject of contention dating back to the 19 th century. Its allopatric, disjunct anti-equatorial distribution across the Indo-West Pacific has resulted in the recognition of several nominal taxa, though these have been widely regarded as synonyms of Micr...
Article
Plectranthias cruentus new species is described from the holotype and two paratypes collected off Ball’s Pyramid and a paratype from Lord Howe Island. It resembles P. pelicieri Randall & Shimizu 1994 in live coloration and most morphological details, including absence of predorsal scales anterior to the supratemporal commissure, but differs in havi...
Article
Osteological characters supporting monophyly and identification of extant Leiognathidae are reviewed. Ten osteological synapomorphies support monophyly of the Leiognathidae, involving modification of the ribs, gill arches, palatoquadrate, median fins and branchiostegals. Fourteen additional characters are noted that nest the Leiognathidae within th...
Article
Lobotes, Datnioides and Hapalogenys are assigned to a newly defined Acanthuriformes on the basis of their pattern of tooth replacement (termed posterolateral tooth replacement), where new teeth form at the posterolateral ends of series. Posterolateral tooth replacement is shown to be a synamorphy of the order. The order is expanded to include Chaet...
Article
Full-text available
The geographic distributions of marine fishes have been shaped by ancient vicariance and ongoing dispersal events. Some species exhibit anti‐equatorial distributions, inhabiting temperate regions on both sides of the tropics while being absent from equatorial latitudes. The perciform fish Microcanthus strigatus (the stripey) exhibits such a distrib...
Article
Anthias albofasciatus Fowler Bean, known only from the holotype collected east of Hong Kong in the South China Sea, has been considered a valid species of either Anthias or Pseudanthias. The holotype is compared with the holotype of Tosana niwae Smith Pope from Urado Bay, Shikoku, Japan, as well as non-type specimens from the South China Sea and so...
Article
Full-text available
Gymnoxenisthmus flavicinctus n. sp. is described from the 20.2 mm SL holotype collected from Sharm Obhur, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, central Red Sea. It differs from the holotype and only known specimen of its congener G. tigrellus in having entirely unbranched pectoral-fin rays (versus only upper two rays and lowermost ray unbranched), 17 (versus 15) p...
Article
Anthias xanthomaculatus is redescribed from re-examination of the holotype. On the basis of fin shape, meristic details and presence of two closely spaced supraneural bones, it is assigned to the genus Odontanthias Bleeker. It is compared with known Odontanthias species, and shown to be a valid species of the genus and a possible senior synonym of...
Article
Full-text available
Chromis tingting sp. nov., is described on the basis of the holotype and three paratypes from Sagami Bay, Japan. The new species likely belongs to a complex consisting of C. mirationis, C. okamurai and C. struhsakeri, with which it shares the following character combination: dorsal rays XIV,13-14; anal rays II,12; pectoral rays 19-20; tubed lateral...
Article
Following publication of the original article (Tea et al., 2018), an error was noted in the museum registration number for the holotype of the new species Cirrhilabrus cyanogularis (PNM 15354). This registration number is a duplicate number already in use for the holotype of Cirrhilabrus shutmani (Tea & Gill, 2017). The new registration number for...
Article
Type specimens were located in the Macleay Museum for five species described by F.L. de Castelnau: Kurtus gulliveri (syntype), Pseudoambassis macleayi (lectotype and two paralectotypes), Pseudoambassis elongatus (lectotype and paralectotype), Acanthoperca gulliveri (syntype) and Engraulis nasutus (syntypes). The last-named is shown to be a senior s...
Article
Recent exploratory trawling off the coast of Myanmar by the R/V Dr Fridtjof Nansen has resulted in the collection of six species of anthiadine serranid fishes. Four of the species are represented by specimen vouchers: Pseudanthias emma sp. nov., P. gibbosus (Klunzinger), Odontanthias rhodopeplus (Günther) and Plectranthias sp. 1. The remaining two...
Article
Full-text available
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) commits its 196 nation parties to conserve biological diversity, use its components sustainably, and share fairly and equitably the benefits from the utilization of genetic resources. The last of these objectives was further codified in the Convention's Nagoya Protocol (NP), which came into effect in 201...
Article
Full-text available
Cirrhilabrus cyanogularis, sp. nov., is described on the basis of the holotype and three paratypes from Banguingui Island, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, and a paratype from Sulawesi, Indonesia. The new species belongs to a complex consisting of C. filamentosus (Klausewitz), C. rubripinnis Randall & Carpenter, and C. tonozukai Allen & Kuiter. Aside...
Article
Full-text available
Taxonomy is a scientific discipline that has provided the universal naming and classification system of biodiversity for centuries and continues effectively to accommodate new knowledge. A recent publication by Garnett and Christidis [1] expressed concerns regarding the difficulty that taxonomic changes represent for conservation efforts and propos...
Article
Full-text available
Navigobius kaguya is described on the basis of two specimens from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, and Luzon, Philippines. It differs from other described species of the genus in live coloration, and in having: second dorsal-fin rays I,16; anal-fin rays I,16; pectoral-fin rays 21-22; gill rakers 5-6 + 17; and first dorsal fin weakly to moderately incised...
Article
Full-text available
Cirrhilabrus shutmani, new species, is described on the basis of four specimens from Didicas Volcano, Babuyan Islands, Cagayan province, northern Philippines. The holotype and three paratypes were collected at a depth of 50-70 m, along denuded rubble slopes. The new species belong to a complex consisting of C. blatteus, C. claire, C. earlei, C. jor...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudanthias tequila is described on the basis of two specimens from the Ogasawara Islands. It also is recorded from the Mariana Islands on the basis of colour photographs. The species belongs to a complex that includes P. randalli (Lubbock & Allen), P. pulcherrimus Heemstra & Randall, P. flavicauda Randall & Pyle, P. oumati Williams, Delrieu-Trott...
Article
Full-text available
The Pseudochromis reticulatus complex is diagnosed to include species of Pseudochromis with the combination of a pointed caudal fin (rounded with middle rays produced), a reticulated colour pattern on the upper part of the body, dorsal-fin rays modally III,26, anal-fin rays modally III,15, and pectoral-fin rays modally 18. Members of the complex in...
Article
Full-text available
Three species of the xenisthmid genus Xenisthmus Snyder are recorded from the Red Sea. Xenisthmus polyzonatus (Klun-zinger), the only described species previously known from the Red Sea, is reported on the basis of eight specimens from Egypt, Eritrea and Saudi Arabia. Xenisthmus oligoporus new species is described from four specimens, 17.7–25.0 mm...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudotrichonotus belos new species, described from three specimens trawled in 100–120 m offshore between Exmouth Gulf and Shark Bay, Western Australia, represents the first record of the sand-diving fish family Pseudotrichonotidae from Australian waters. It differs from its two congeners in having a more posteriorly positioned dorsal fin (predorsa...
Article
Full-text available
Plectranthias takasei is described from two specimens collected in Izu Oceanic Park, Sagami Bay, Honshu, Japan. It is distinguished from congeners in having the following combination of characters: dorsal rays X,15; no fleshy flaps on dor-sal-fin spines; pectoral rays 13, all unbranched; branched caudal-fin rays 8 + 7; lateral line scales 28 (inclu...
Article
Gill (2004) recognised fifty-seven species in the Indo-Pacific genus Pseudochromis Ruppell (1835) but noted that the genus is undiagnosed cladistically and effectively serves as a catch-all for species that can’t be placed in other pseudochromine genera (sensu Gill 2013). Since publication of Gill’s revision, 13 additional species of Pseudochromis...
Article
Full-text available
Zootaxa 4173 (1): 085–093 Abstract Synchiropus sycorax n. sp. is described from six specimens (22.6–40.1 mm SL) collected from Jolo Island, Sulu Archipelago , Philippines. It appears to be most closely related to S. tudorjonesi, which ranges from the Maldive Islands through Indonesia and the Philippine Islands to southern Japan. The new species dif...
Chapter
Willi Hennig (1913–76), founder of phylogenetic systematics, revolutionised our understanding of the relationships among species and their natural classification. An expert on Diptera and fossil insects, Hennig's ideas were applicable to all organisms. He wrote about the science of taxonomy or systematics, refining and promoting discussion of the p...
Article
Acanthuroid fishes are often considered archetyal coral-reef fishes. We use characters of both larvae and adults to redefine the Acanthuroidei to include the traditional acanthuroid families (Acanthuridae, Ephippidae, Luvaridae, Scatophagidae, Siganidae, Zanclidae) and several taxa usually placed within the Percoidei (Antigonia, Chaetodontidae, Dre...
Article
The presence or absence of teeth on the vomer and palatoquadrate bones has a long history in fish systematics. Dentition of these bones is often consistent across families, and is often included in keys to families and family diagnoses. The angelfish family Pomacanthidae has been almost consistently diagnosed as lacking both vomerine and palatine t...
Article
William John Macleay (1882) described Serranus magnificus from the holotype collected by Andrew Goldie in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. The holotype was originally in the Macleay Museum, but was subsequently transferred to the Australian Museum (AMS) in 1907, along with around 500 additional lots of mostly Goldie New Guinea and "Chevert" expediti...
Article
Full-text available
Gymnoxenisthmus tigrellus is described from the 15.2 mm SL holotype collected from the Farasan Archipelago, southern Red Sea. It is distinguished from other xenisthmid genera in having the following combination of characters: head pores absent; no scales; first dorsal fin with five spines; at least some dorsal-, anal- and pectoral-fin rays branched...
Article
Full-text available
Acanthoplesiops cappuccino is described from the 16.4 mm SL holotype collected from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. The following combination of characters distinguishes it from congeners: dorsal-fin rays XVIII,4; anal-fin rays VII,4; pectoral-fin rays 18; caudal fin not connected to last rays of dorsal and anal fins by membrane; and caudal peduncle...
Article
Full-text available
h D epartement Syst ematique et Evolution, Mus eum national d'Histoire naturelle, CP 51, 55 rue Buffon, 75231, Paris, France; i National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, No. 2, Houwan Road, Checheng, Pingtung, 944, Taiwan; j Department of Science and Education, The Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL, 60605, USA; k D eparte...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the current state of taxonomic knowledge of Lates in the countries bordering the Indian and (western) Pacific Oceans, provides aids to the identification of the known species, and remarks on conservation issues that relate to taxonomic knowledge.
Article
The monotypic Australian pseudochromid fish genera Assiculus and Assiculoides had been previously included in the sub-family Pseudochrominae on the basis of symplesiomorphic characters. Osteological synapomorphies are identified in sup-port of a closer relationship to the remaining pseudochromid subfamilies. Two synapomorphies (five or fewer infrao...
Article
Full-text available
After the publication of “Towards an Australian Bioregionalisation Atlas: A provisional area taxonomy of Australia’s biogeographical regions” (Ebach et al . 2013), we were informed of an incorrect, and missing type locality for the Cape York Peninsula respectively. The correct type locality for the Cape York Peninsula Cracraft 1991 phyto- and zooge...
Article
Full-text available
The large number, definition, varied application and validity of named Australian biogeographical regions reflect their ad hoc development via disparate methods or case study idiosyncracies. They do not represent a coherent system. In order to resolve these uncertainties an Australian Bioregionalisation Atlas is proposed as a provisional hierarchic...
Article
In an annotated checklist of the family Labridae, Parenti and Randall (2000) noted that Pseudolabrus psittaculus (Richardson, 1840), described from Tasmania, is preoccupied by Labrus psittaculus Lacepède, 1801 [=Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791)], a Caribbean species, and proposed the next available name, Labrichthys rubicunda Macleay, 1881, be u...
Article
Full-text available
Two new species of Lates Cuvier are described. Lates lakdiva, new species, from western Sri Lanka, differs from its Indo-Pacific congeners by its lesser body depth, 26.6‒27.6% SL; 5 rows of scales in transverse line between base of third dorsalfin spine and lateral line; 31‒34 serrae on the posterior edge of the preoperculum; third anal-fin spine l...
Article
Full-text available
Thalasseleotrididae n. fam. is erected to include two marine genera, Thalasseleotris Hoese & Larson from temperate Australia and New Zealand, and Grahamichthys Whitley from New Zealand. Both had been previously classified in the family Eleotrididae. The Thalasseleotrididae is demonstrably monophyletic on the basis of a single synapomorphy: membrane...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudochromis ammeri sp. nov. and P. eichleri sp. nov. are described from Indonesia (Raja Ampat Islands, West Irian and Halmahera) and the Philippines (Calamianes Group, Boracay and northern Palawan), respectively. In having in combination a dark longitudinal stripe on the body and the anterior tip of the palatine tooth patch directed medially behi...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudochromis oligochrysus new species is described from nine specimens collected from Nusa Penida (off Bali) and Pura Island (between Pantar and Alor), Indonesia. It resembles P. flavopunctatus Gill & Randall from Komodo, Indonesia, but differs in live coloration and scale counts. Pseudochromis rutilus new species is described from the holotype co...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudochromis fuligifinis is described from 12 specimens from Verde Island, west coast of Mindoro and Apo Reef in the Philippines. It closely resembles P. elongatus Lubbock from Indonesia and P. striatus Gill, Shao & Chen from the Batanes Islands, Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands, but differs in various meristic and coloration details. Manonichthys sc...
Article
Full-text available
Species of pseudoplesiopine and pseudochromine fishes from the Socotra Archipelago are reported based mainly on collections made in 1999 and 2000. Two species of the pseudoplesiopine genus Chlidichthys Smith are recorded: C. bibulus (Smith) and C. cacatuoides Gill and Edwards. Seven species of the pseudochromine genus Pseudochromis Rüppell are reco...
Article
Full-text available
The assertion that phylogenetic inference algorithms are not authoritarian because results are repeatable, predictable and freely available misses the point that the authority resides in underlying algorithm models that are not cladistic. We show that optimi-zation procedures can group using symplesiomorphy and that optimization is not always equiv...
Article
Full-text available
Wiley et al. (2011) begin their critique of our paper (Mooi & Gill, 2010) with an assertion: “we need to make itclear that the foundation of their arguments rests not on scientific rigor, but rather on opinions about the re-classification of fishes using molecular data. This bias is the reason that they only targeted researchers who proposed change...
Article
Full-text available
Now, when I have spoken on these matters in the past, it has sounded to some as if I had taken upon myself the task of denigrating paleontology and individual paleontologists. That is not so. I am concerned with what I find is a real problem.—Nelson, 1969 in Williams and Ebach, 2004: 711
Article
The Systematics Association (SA), a London based organisation dedicated to the promotion of systematic (comparative) biology in all its various aspects, was founded in May 1937. It is based on objectives set out for its earlier incarnation, the “Committee on Systematics in Relation to General Biology” (some relevant history can be found in Winsor 2...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudochromis erdmanni is described from eight specimens from Halmahera, Ambon and the Raja Ampat Islands, Indo-nesia. It is also recorded from Lembeh Strait, Sulawesi, on the basis of photographs. Pseudochromis erdmanni belongs to a clade of species with medially placed palatine tooth patches, which also includes P. colei Herre, P. howsoni Allen,...
Article
The familial classification of gobioid fishes is in a state of flux, reflecting incomplete understanding of phylogenetic relationships within the suborder. However, there has been rapid progress over the past decade or so, which is likely to continue, undoubtedly leading to the erection of new family-group names. One such family, Odontobutidae, was...
Article
Full-text available
We contend that the move away from providing character evidence with phylogenies has diminished fish systematics and systematics in general, and amounts to a crisis. Present practices focus on solutions to matrices rather than on character homology, and rely on algorithms and statistics rather than biology to determine relationships. Optimization p...
Article
Full-text available
The composition of the Microdesminae has been inconsistently reported in recent molecular studies. A monophyletic Microdesminae consisting of both Indo-Pacific and New World/Atlantic genera is diagnosed here by the following synapomorphies: maxilla with elongate projection extending anteriorly over ascending processes of premaxilla; palatine medial...
Article
Pseudochromis matahari n. sp. is described from the 44.7 mm SL holotype from Halmahera, Indonesia. It is distinguished from other pseudochromines in having the following combination of characters: Dorsal-fin rays III,26; anal-fin rays III,16; anal-fin spines moderately slender and weakly pungent, the second spine only slightly stouter than the thir...
Article
Biogeography, the study of organismal distribution, adheres to the same basic reasoning no matter where organisms are distributed. Wickramasinghe and Wickramasinghe (Astrophys. Space Sci. doi:10.1007/s10509-008-9851-2), however, are possibly the first to propose a mechanism of distribution for extraterrestrial organisms, thus venturing into the unc...
Article
The coral reef fish previously known as Pictichromis aurifrons is shown to consist of two species including P. caitlinae, which is described as new based on eight specimens, 26.3-42.6 mm SL, from Cenderawasih Bay, western New Guinea. Although both species are known only from New Guinea, the two are geographically separated by approximately 2,700 km...
Article
Pseudochromis jace is described from three specimens, 37.9-62.5 mm SL, collected in the vicinity of Triton Bay, Papua Barat Province (western New Guinea), Indonesia. It is most similar to P. pictus from the Indonesian island of Alor, which lies about 1130 km southwest of Triton Bay, and to P. reticulatus from off north-western Australia. The three...
Article
Full-text available
Lubbockichthys myersi is described from a single 38.6 mm SL specimen from Blue Hole, Guam. It is unique among pseudoplesiopines in having a very slender body (greatest body depth 15.8 % SL; body depth at dorsal-fin origin 15.3 % SL) and a higher number of vertebrae (14 + 18).
Article
Paraxenisthmus cerberusi, described from four specimens from Augulpelu Reef, Palau, differs from its only congener (P. springeri from the Solomon Islands) in the following characteristics: pectoral fin rays 15-16 (vs. 18); posterior nasal (B) and ventral preopercular (Q′) cephalic lateralis pores absent (vs. present); head, nape, ventral abdomen, a...