Anthony Egeru

Anthony Egeru
Makerere University · Department of Environmental Management

PhD Dryland Resources Management

About

69
Publications
39,585
Reads
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714
Citations
Citations since 2016
48 Research Items
663 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - July 2016
Makerere University
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2011 - May 2015
University of Nairobi
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Adaptation framing remains one of the major challenges to achieving greater implementation of adaptation initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using an integrated analytical framework that frames adaptation indicators into three dimensions; adaptive, absorptive and transformative capacities, we analysed the adaptation diversity in Karamoja sub-r...
Article
Integration of camel (Camelus dromedarius) production in the traditional livestock systems is increasingly gaining significance as a strategy for household adaptation to prolonged and recurrent droughts in African arid and semi-arid lands. There is increasing interest in promoting camels as a strategy to mitigate the effects of prolonged droughts i...
Article
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Grazing management strategies tend to have different effects on rangeland plant production. Changes in grazing management can, therefore, affect the carbon stock potential of rangelands. Despite rangeland ecosystems being important global sinks for carbon, we know relatively little about the effect of traditional grazing management practices on the...
Article
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Afzelia africana Sm. is a highly valued multi-purpose and overexploited tree species in Africa. Ethnobotany of A. africana can guide its sustainable usage, yet there is limited information on such aspect for the species in Uganda. Here, we assessed use values of A. africana and users’ traditional knowledge, and how they relate to plant parts and so...
Article
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Abstract Recurrent and prolonged droughts have exacerbated the problems of pasture and water scarcity in arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), hence, the need for immediate and long-term adaption strategies to such shocks. Camels are increasingly being integrated into mainstream livestock production systems as an adaptation strategy to droughts. Howeve...
Article
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Abstract Many emerging and re-emerging zoonotic infectious diseases occur in Africa. These are projected to increase as human–animal host contact increases owing to increasing environmental degradation that shrinks nature habitats for wildlife over the continent. The current outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) r...
Article
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Phenological properties are critical in understanding global environmental change patterns. This study analyzed phenological dynamics in a savannah dominated semi-arid environment of Uganda. We used moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer normalized difference vegetation index (MODIS NDVI) imagery. TIMESAT program was used to analyse the imag...
Article
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Climate change is considered to be one of a principle reason for spread of invasive alien species. Thus, it is essential to examine potential invasion dynamics of Prosopis juliflora at continental scale under climate change scenario to better guide management of the invasive species. A consensus model derived from five models were used to examine t...
Article
Ecosystems provide climate-change adaptation opportunities including ecosystem services, adaptation benefits and livelihood improvement especially for natural resource dependent communities. To contribute to the understanding of location specific adaptation processes of predominantly agro-pastoralists, a study was carried out in the central cattle...
Article
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Background Malaria remains a major tropical vector-borne disease of immense public health concern owing to its debilitating effects in sub-Saharan Africa. Over the past 30 years, the high altitude areas in Eastern Africa have been reported to experience increased cases of malaria. Governments including that of the Republic of Uganda have responded...
Preprint
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Background: COVID-19 continues to wreak havoc in different countries across the world, claiming thousands of lives, increasing morbidity and disrupting lifestyles. The global scientific community is in urgent need of relevant evidence, to understand the challenges and knowledge gaps, as well as the opportunities to contain the spread of the virus....
Article
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Background: COVID-19 continues to wreak havoc in different countries across the world, claiming thousands of lives, increasing morbidity and disrupting lifestyles. The global scientific community is in urgent need of relevant evidence, to understand the challenges and knowledge gaps, as well as the opportunities to contain the spread of the virus....
Article
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Over 70% of Uganda is infested by the tsetse fly, which has negative effects on human and livestock health. From colonial to post-independent Uganda, the Government of Uganda has worked to eradicate the tsetse menace. Despite these efforts, recent veterinary reports from the Karamoja sub-region have indicated widespread tsetse invasion. This study...
Article
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Soil properties contribute to the widely recognised resilience of semiarid areas. However, limited attention has been given in providing a scientific basis of how semiarid soil properties in the various land covers occur and how they influence forage quantity. is study investigated the influence of different soil properties and land cover types on...
Article
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Long-term trend analysis at local scale for rainfall and temperature is critical for detecting climate change patterns. This study analysed historical (1980-2009), near future (2010-2039), mid-(1940-2069) and end-century (2070-2099) rainfall and temperature over Karamoja sub-region. The Modern Era-Retrospective Analysis for Research and Application...
Article
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This paper analyses Uganda’s rangeland policies and their ecological and socio-economic consequences, beginning in pre-colonial times. The paper interrogates what informed these policies, their objectives and outcomes that have been realized. Policy actions are recommended to correct the deficiencies identified in the analysis. This analysis shows...
Article
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Spices have always been used for their flavor-enhancement characteristics and for their medicinal properties. In Benin, scientific research on spices is scarce, despite their importance in the local population’s daily needs. This study investigated the diversity of wild spices and documented the associated traditional knowledge that can be used for...
Article
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Information on forest structure is fundamentally important to track successional vegetation dynamics for efficient forest management. This study reports on vegetation characteristics, dominance patterns and species height growth in a northern mistbelt forest type in South Africa. Common alpha-diversity indices (species richness and Shannon–Weiner d...
Article
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Camel production is a potential avenue for improved food and income security in dryland areas of East Africa. Despite this potential, there is a dearth of information on the increasing choice of camel production among pastoralists in the region. Camel-owning households were obtained through snowball sampling approach whereas those without camels we...
Article
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•We present information useful to various stakeholders, including land managers, agency personnel, practitioners, and researchers, as it presents methodology for○Determining the best period for hay harvest corresponding to peak productivity of the vegetation in rangelands;○Estimating the amount of hay available (biomass) at peak productivity, using...
Article
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Background Drought is regarded as a leading cause of food insecurity affecting about 220 million people in sub-Saharan Africa. Drought early warning systems (DEWSs) have the potential to strengthen capacity of communities in managing and reducing drought effects through building preparedness and providing coping strategies. The Karamoja subregion i...
Article
Drought Early Warning Systems (DEWS) are instrumental in drought mitigation because they provide drought-prone communities with information on how to mitigate and cope with drought. This study assesses the quality of DEWS information in the Karamoja sub-region of Uganda. Data were collected from 173 households that accessed information from DEWS in...
Article
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Camels have the potential to increase the resilience of pastoral communities to the impacts of climate variability and change. Despite this potential, there is limited documentation of the camel forage species, their availability and distribution. The study was conducted in Karamoja sub-region in Uganda and involved assessment of vegetation with in...
Article
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This study identified the major options adopted by households in the rangelands of Uganda to meet their food needs, the factors that affect their choices and barriers to making use of various choices. A cross-sectional survey using semi-structured questionnaires was administered among 180 pastoral households in selected rangeland area of Uganda. Th...
Article
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Drought episodes have been on the increase in the semi-arid areas of Uganda with harmful effects like crop failure, and human and livestock mortality, among others. There are barely any studies that have examined why agro-pastoral communities take specific actions in coping with drought. This study examined the factors influencing the choice of cop...
Conference Paper
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This article was inspired by a dialogue that transpired during the 5th All Africa Higher Education Week and Biennial Conference of the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM), held in October 2016. The conference gathered over 850 participants from 72 countries and is usually a convening event that brings together...
Chapter
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Precipitation, a very important weather parameter is often variable, resulting into droughts and floods as extreme weather events in Uganda. These are causing great economic impact especially on agriculture and water resources. Meteorological drought is a creeping hazard; it develops slowly and has a prolonged existence leading to the development o...
Conference Paper
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Climate Research for Development in Africa (CR4D) represents a paradigm shift in dealing with climate change and development in Africa. It provides a mechanism for integrating Africa wide climate research initiatives, bringing both the scientists and institutions including development actors together to deliver on priority end user needs. In this p...
Conference Paper
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By 2025, every smallest personal items to the largest continents, everything, and everywhere will be digitally connected, and responsive to people's wants and likes. Universities have no choice but to increase the use and availability of knowledge and information digitally. This study has shown that there has been growth in the volume of resources...
Conference Paper
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This study examined why rural small holders have remained hostages to subsistence cultivation in Serere District, Eastern Uganda. Four hundred and ninety (490) subsistence holders were selected and individual interviews conducted to identify the diversity of livelihood sources and other socioeconomic dynamics of subsistence livelihood. Focused Grou...
Conference Paper
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African Universities are facing an unprecedented growth in enrolment that has more than doubled in the last decade alone. This growth pattern has affected the teaching, learning, supervision and mentorship processes as on average one professor has at least 50% more students compared to the global average. The Regional Universities Forum for Capacit...
Conference Paper
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Smallholder farmers typify agricultural production in Uganda.
Conference Paper
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Camels thrive best in arid and semi-arid lands of Africa and have the potential to reduce the vulnerability of pastoral communities to impacts of climate change and variability. The study was conducted in Karamoja sub-region and involved assessment of vegetation with intent to characterize the foraging range for the camels. The camel grazing area w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Climate change has continued to be a global challenge with the effects manifested to a greater extent in the arid and semi-arid areas like Karamoja. In these areas, livestock is the key livelihood option which is greatly affected by the variations in climate, thus potentially making livestock less effective as a sustainable livelihood option. This...
Conference Paper
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Despite being recognised as one of the key components for unlocking Africa's development, higher education in sub-Saharan Africa has continued to be plagued by low student-academic staff ratio that is affecting quality of training and skills development. This situation is being orchestrated by increased enrolment into higher education institutions...
Article
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Africa remains an intensely agrarian continent, with two-thirds of its people directly or indirectly deriving their livelihood from agriculture. Higher agricultural education has thus emphasised production of graduates with the requisite skills to drive agricultural development. Despite these efforts, too few graduates in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) h...
Article
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Climate change is one of the potent challenges facing smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa in the recent past owing to the pattern and magnitude with which it presents the extreme events such as floods and drought. This review finds a general consensus that climate change is already happening in the region and the projections in the early, mid...
Article
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Low input pastoral production systems rely exclusively on natural forage resources in space and time. Information on the abundance and diversity of such pastures is vital in improving livestock production and managing the biodiversity of grazing landscapes. This study documented grass and browse forage species utilised in pastoral Karamoja, and det...
Article
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Rangelands are important ecosystems as they offer livelihood options and food security to many people in Uganda. There is barely any study that has analyzed the intricate relationship between household food basket, income and rangelands in Uganda. This study determined the contribution of rangelands to household food basket and income in Nakaseke d...
Presentation
Full-text available
A presentation made at the University of Dar es Salaam.
Article
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Pastoralists in East Africa face a range of stressors, climate variability and change being one of them. Effective climate risk management involves managing the full range of variability and balancing hazard management with efforts to capitalize on opportunity; climate risk management information is central in this process. In this study, pastorali...
Article
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Low-input pastoral production systems provide up to 90 % of livestock and livestock products consumed in Uganda. However, pastoral communities are increasingly faced with the challenge of meeting their livestock needs in terms of forage, a situation exacerbated by climatic variability. The study identified the patterns of forage availability and qu...
Article
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Piospheres in semi-arid areas are gradients of animal impacts around watering holes. Few studies have examined the impact dynamics of herbaceous and woody species composition and abundance in relation to piospheres in East Africa. In this study, we identified the trend in piosphere development, assessed piosphere use and change indicators, and iden...
Article
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This report presents results of a rapid desk review of academic and grey literature on the evidence relating to trees and livelihoods in Karamoja a region in north eastern Uganda. The review identified the range of problems in the Karamoja sub-region; benefits of trees to people and communities living in Karamoja; the role of trees in resilience bu...
Article
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Uganda like most African countries is a vast mosaic of diverse and contrasting landscapes. Much of the country is characterized by an equatorial vegetation but with significant dryland areas mostly pronounced in northeastern sub-region of Karamoja. In this sub-region, the pastoral and agro-pastoral population is dependent artificial waterholes. In...
Conference Paper
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Executive Summary The Graduate Research Grants (GRG) Call provides opportunity to member universities of the Regional Universities Network for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM); a Network of 46 Member Universities in sub-Saharan Africa to develop and submit applications for research and training. The process is based on a competitive grant...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents results of a rapid desk review of academic and grey literature on the evidence relating to trees and livelihoods in Karamoja a region in north eastern Uganda. The review identified the range of problems in the Karamoja sub-region; benefits of trees to people and communities living in Karamoja; the role of trees in resilience bu...
Book
Full-text available
Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) Working Document SEries No. 9 featuring articles contributed at the 4th Biennial Conference under the theme "African Higher Education Week: Transforming Tertiary Agricultural Education - a Platform for the Way Forward".